Machida, Tokyo

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Machida

町田市
Machida-City-Office2013.jpg
Machida City Hall
Flag of Machida, Tokyo.svg
Flag
Emblem of Machida, Tokyo.svg
Seal
Machida in Tokyo Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Machida in Tokyo
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Machida
 
Coordinates: 35°42′38″N139°26′19″E / 35.71056°N 139.43861°E / 35.71056; 139.43861 Coordinates: 35°42′38″N139°26′19″E / 35.71056°N 139.43861°E / 35.71056; 139.43861
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Area
  Total71.80 km2 (27.72 sq mi)
Population
(February 2016)
  Total429,040
  Density5,980/km2 (15,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Zelkova serrata
• Flower Scarlet sage
• Bird Common kingfisher
Phone number042-722-3111
Address1-20-23 Nakamachi, Machida-shi, Tokyo 194-8520
Website www.city.machida.tokyo.jp
One of the ponds of Yakushi-Ike Park in Machida Yakushi.jpg
One of the ponds of Yakushi-Ike Park in Machida
A road lined with cherry blossom trees in Machida Street blossoming cherry trees Yakushidai.jpg
A road lined with cherry blossom trees in Machida

Machida(町田市,Machida-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 429,040, and a population density of 5980 persons per km². Its total area is 71.80 square kilometres (27.72 sq mi)

Cities of Japan administrative division of Japan

A city is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as towns and villages, with the difference that they are not a component of districts. Like other contemporary administrative units, they are defined by the Local Autonomy Law of 1947.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Population All the organisms of a given species that live in the specified region

In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding. The area of a sexual population is the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas.

Contents

Geography

Machida is located in the Tama Hills of southern Tokyo Metropolis, bordered by Kanagawa Prefecture on the west, south, and east approximately 40-50 kilometers from the center of Tokyo. The Tama River does not flow through the city.

Tama Hills is an area of hills stretching across southwest Tokyo and northeast Kanagawa Prefecture in the Kantō Plain on Honshū, Japan. Its total area is approximately 300 km2. The Tama River marks its northeastern boundary. The Tama Hills border the Sagamino plateau.

Tama River river in Japan

The Tama River is a major river in Yamanashi, Kanagawa and Tokyo Prefectures on Honshū, Japan. It is officially classified as a Class 1 river by the Japanese government. Its total length is 138 kilometres (86 mi), and the total of the river's basin area spans 1,240 square kilometres (480 sq mi).

Surrounding municipalities

Tama, Tokyo City in Kantō, Japan

Tama is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 147,953, and a population density of 7040 persons per km². Its total area is 21.01 square kilometres (8.11 sq mi).

Kanagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture located in Kantō region of Japan. The capital of the prefecture is Yokohama. Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanagawa Prefecture is home to Kamakura and Hakone, two popular side trip destinations from Tokyo.

Kawasaki, Kanagawa Designated city in Kantō, Japan

Kawasaki is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the 8th most populated city in Japan and one of the main cities forming the Greater Tokyo Area and Keihin Industrial Area.

History

The area of present-day Machida was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Machida was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Minamitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Tama was elevated to town status on April 1, 1913. The town was bombed by American forces on May 24, 1945 during World War II

Musashi Province province of Japan

Musashi Province was a province of Japan, which today comprises Tokyo Metropolis, most of Saitama Prefecture and part of Kanagawa Prefecture. It was sometimes called Bushū (武州). The province encompassed Kawasaki and Yokohama. Musashi bordered on Kai, Kōzuke, Sagami, Shimōsa, and Shimotsuke Provinces.

Meiji Restoration restoration of imperial rule in Japan

The Meiji Restoration, also known as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Although there were ruling emperors before the Meiji Restoration, the events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the emperor of Japan.

Minamitama District, Tokyo

Minamitama was a district or county (gun) of Tokyo (Metropolis/{refecture), Japan. It was created in the early Meiji era when the old Tama District of Musashi Province was divided into four parts and split between Kanagawa and Tokyo. It lost its status as an administrative unit in the 1920s when county governments and councils were abolished across the country. As a geographical unit, it ceased to exist in 1971 when its last two remaining municipalities were promoted to independent cities.

Machida expanded through annexation of the neighboring village of Minami on April 1, 1954, followed by the villages of Tsurukawa, Tadao and Sakai on February 1, 1958 to become the city of Machida. A USMC RF-8A crashed in Machida on April 1, 1964. From 1973, the Tama New Town development resulted in a rapid increase in population, turning the city into a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama.

Vought F-8 Crusader carrier-based fighter aircraft

The Vought F-8 Crusader is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, and for the French Navy. The first F-8 prototype was ready for flight in February 1955. The F-8 served principally in the Vietnam War. The Crusader was the last American fighter with guns as the primary weapon, earning it the title "The Last of the Gunfighters".

1964 Machida F-8 crash

The 1964 Machida F-8 crash occurred on 5 April 1964 in Machida, Tokyo, Japan. In the crash, a United States Marine Corps Vought RF-8A Crusader, BuNo 146891, returning from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, to its home base of Naval Air Facility Atsugi, Kanagawa Prefecture, suffered a mechanical malfunction and crashed into a residential neighborhood in the Hara-Machida area of Machida City. The crash killed four people and injured 32 others on the ground. The aircraft's pilot successfully ejected and was not seriously injured.

Tama New Town is a large residential development, straddling the municipalities of Hachiōji, Tama, Inagi and Machida cities, in Tokyo, Japan. It was designed as a new town in 1965. It is approximately 14 kilometers long stretching east-west, and between 1 and 3 kilometers wide, located in an expanse of hills known as Tama Hills about 20 kilometers west of the center of the special wards of Tokyo.

Education

Universities and colleges

J. F. Oberlin University university

J. F. Oberlin University is a private university in Machida, Tokyo, Japan. The university was founded by Yasuzo Shimizu. Its name is derived from that of pastor and philanthropist J. F. Oberlin, and the name also shows the university's historical ties with Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, which the university's founder attended.

Kokushikan University university

Kokushikan University is a private university in Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan.

Showa Pharmaceutical University is a private university at Machida, Tokyo, Japan. The predecessor, Showa Women’s Pharmaceutical Junior College, was founded in 1930, and it was chartered as a university in 1949.

Primary and secondary education

International schools

Transportation

Railway

Odakyu Electric Railway - Odakyū Odawara Line
Tokyu Corporation - Tōkyū Den-en-toshi Line
JR East - Yokohama Line
Keio Corporation - Keiō Sagamihara Line

Highway

Politics

Machida is governed by a 26-member city council, whose members are elected for a four-year term.

Mayors

  1. Tokichiro Aoyama (19581970, 3 terms)
  2. Katsumasa Oshita (19701990, 5 terms)
  3. Kazuo Terada (19902006, 4 terms)
  4. Joichi Ishizaka (20062010, 3rd term incumbent)

Notable people from Machida

Local attractions

Sports

Related Research Articles

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Fuchū, Tokyo City in Kantō, Japan

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References

  1. "ウリハッキョ一覧" (Archive). Chongryon. Retrieved on October 14, 2015.