Macquarie Park, New South Wales

Last updated

Macquarie Park
Sydney,  New South Wales
Macquarie Centre.JPG
Macquarie Centre
Population8,144 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density1,198/km2 (3,102/sq mi)
Established5 February 1999 [2]
Postcode(s) 2113
Area6.8 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
Location15 km (9 mi) north-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Ryde
State electorate(s) Ryde, Lane Cove
Federal Division(s) Bennelong
Suburbs around Macquarie Park:
South Turramurra West Pymble Killara
Marsfield Macquarie Park West Lindfield
North Ryde North Ryde Chatswood West
M2 Motorway seen from Culloden Road (1)M2 Motorway.jpg
M2 Motorway seen from Culloden Road
Macquarie University Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia - lake.jpg
Macquarie University
University sports fields, Culloden Road (1)Sports Fields Culloden Road-2.jpg
University sports fields, Culloden Road

Macquarie Park ( /məˈkwɒri/ ) is a suburb in northern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Macquarie Park is located 13 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Ryde. Macquarie Park is part of the Northern Suburbs region.

Contents

Macquarie Park was part of the suburb of North Ryde until it was gazetted as a suburb in its own right on 5 February 1999, [2] and many businesses still use North Ryde as the address. Both suburbs share the 2113 postcode but Macquarie University, which is located at the northern part of the suburb, has its own postcode of 2109.

Aboriginal culture

Wallumatta Nature Reserve Wallumatta Nature Reserve.jpg
Wallumatta Nature Reserve

The whole area between the Parramatta and Lane Cove Rivers was originally known by its Aboriginal name Wallumatta. Contact with the first white settlement's bridgehead into Australia quickly devastated much of the population through epidemics of smallpox and other diseases. Their descendants live on, though their language, social system, way of life and traditions are mostly lost. The Aboriginal name survives in a local reserve, the Wallumatta Nature Reserve, located at the corner of Twin and Cressy roads, North Ryde. Very few remnants of Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest still exist. The most substantial undisturbed area is the Wallumatta Nature Reserve in North Ryde, which is owned and managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service. This small and critically endangered reserve, also known as the Macquarie Hospital Bushland, is one of the last remnants of the remaining 0.5% (as at 2007) [3] of original and endangered [4] turpentine-ironbark forests on Wianamatta shale soil in Sydney. [5] See Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest.

History

Macquarie Park is located within what was once the larger suburb of North Ryde.

Macquarie Park is named for Governor Lachlan Macquarie (1762–1824), a British military officer and colonial administrator who served as the Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821. The area that is now Macquarie Park was part of the suburb of North Ryde from the late 19th century. The area was once filled with market gardens, poultry farms and vast tracts of bushland, with many beautiful picnic spots and waterfalls.

The mid-1960s saw the establishment of Macquarie University and the 'Macquarie Park Employment Area' which saw the rezoning of 'Green Belt' bushland to allow for industrial activities. The initial concept for Macquarie Park was based on the idea of a similar hi-tech industrial area surrounding Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, the goal being to provide for the interaction between industries and the university. [6]

During the 1970s, companies such as Amalgamated Wireless Australasia Limited, Beiersdorf, Racal and Universal Press located their corporate headquarters in the area. Macquarie Park has since gained a reputation of being a leading high-tech industrial area in Australia. It attracts many local and international companies from high-tech fields including electronic, scientific, computing, medical, communication, pharmaceutical and business supply.

Economy

Macquarie Park is Northern Suburb's centre for major commercial and retail districts. The "Sydney global economic corridor", is used to describe a geographical "arch" of Sydney, home to international corporations.

Corporate headquarters

The corporate prestige, close access to facilities and aesthetically pleasing environment are an attraction for many corporations. Macquarie Park had a total number of 32 308 jobs in 2001, making it the fourth largest concentration of jobs in NSW after Sydney CBD, North Sydney and Parramatta. Large businesses in the suburb include: AC Neilsen, Avaya, AstraZeneca, BOC, Canon, CA, Compuware, Australian Radio Network: 101.7 WSFM & Edge 96.1, [7] CSC, Kyocera, Fujitsu, Fuji Xerox, Ford Motor Co/Premiere Automotive Group (Aston Martin, Jaguar, Volvo, Land Rover), Foxtel, General Motors (Holden & Saab), George Weston Foods, Hitachi, Hyundai, Johnson & Johnson, Kenwood, Kimberly-Clark, Lucent Technologies, Metcash, Microsoft, Nestle Purina, Nortel Networks, Novartis, Bilfinger Berger, Optus [8] (moved in late 2007 from North Sydney), [9] Oracle Corporation, Orix, Philips, Raytheon, Sanofi-Aventis, Siemens, Memjet, Smiths Medical, Sony, Toshiba, TPG Telecom, Warner Music Group, Wesfarmers Industrial & Safety. Businesses that have previously operated in Macquarie Park include Mix 106.5 (until 2006 when it moved to Hornsby), Network Ten (until 1991 when it moved to Ultimo then Pyrmont in 1996) and Global Television Network Studios (until mid-2007).

Retail and shopping

Macquarie Centre is a major regional shopping Centre opposite Macquarie University and next to Macquarie University Station. There are also two smaller nearby shopping centres, Eden Park Centre on Lane Cove Road and Lachlan's Line (currently under construction with stage one due to open at the end of 2019).

Restaurant and cafes

Macquarie Park has a wide variety of restaurants and cafes and is known as a major dining destination in the Northern Suburbs of Sydney. There are a large number of restaurants ranging from Australian to Chinese (including Cantonese), Japanese and Korean restaurants and eateries.

Hotels

There are many hotels in Macquarie Park. This includes Astra Apartments, Quest, Courtyard by Marriott and Meriton Suites.

Macquarie University Station Precinct

A substantial re-development of the Macquarie University Station Precinct (also known as the Herring Road Precinct) in Macquarie Park is planned as part of the NSW state government's "Priority Growth Precincts" program (originally known as the "Urban Activation Precincts" program). The objective is to provide housing and employment close to transport to help meet Sydney's growth needs, including up to 2,400 new homes by 2021 and up to 5,800 by 2031 that are within a ten-minute walk from Macquarie University Station. Following public display and consultation, the rezoning proposal was finalised in September 2015. [10] [11]

Transport

Macquarie University station Stationmq.JPG
Macquarie University station

Macquarie Park has access to the M2 Hills Motorway, that runs through the northern part of the suburb. It is serviced by Busways, Forest Coach Lines, Hillsbus, State Transit and Transdev NSW bus services.

During peak hour, the whole area gets very congested with traffic.

Macquarie Park railway station, Macquarie University railway station and North Ryde railway station are underground stations on the Epping to Chatswood rail line previously operated by the Sydney Trains network. The line opened on 23 February 2009 and closed for metro conversion on September 30, 2018. These stations are to be reopened in early 2019 as part of Sydney Metro Northwest.

At the 2011 census, only 27.3% of employed people travelled to work on public transport and 42.4% by car (either as driver or as passenger).

Education

Macquarie University is one of Australia's largest universities. It features a 126-hectare park-like campus beside a high-technology corridor. [12]

University Lake at Macquarie University MGSM North Ryde Campus.jpg
University Lake at Macquarie University

The University is affiliated with a number of colleges also located in the suburb including Dunmore Lang College, [13] Robert Menzies College [14] an Anglican college, Macquarie Christian Studies Institute [15] and Sydney Institute of Business & Technology. [16]

Macquarie University has in recent years become a major research centre, with Macquarie University Hospital and the Cochlear Research Centre located within the university grounds.

Excelsia College moved to a Macquarie Park campus in 2016. [17]

Demographics

At the 2016 census, Macquarie Park recorded a population of 8,144. Of these: [1]

Age distribution 
In keeping with its proximity to the university, Macquarie Park shows an over-representation of younger adults compared to the rest of the country. Macquarie Park residents' median age was 29 years, compared to the national median of 38. Children aged 0–14 years made up just 10.7% of the population (compared to the national average of 18.7%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.1% of the population (national average is 15.8%).
Ethnic diversity 
31.8% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 14.8%, India 9.4%, South Korea 3.1%, Philippines 2.9% and Hong Kong 2.6%. However, only 10.2% identify their ethnic ancestry as Australian; the other most common self-identified ancestries were Chinese 20.8%, English 12.6%, Indian 9.4% and Irish 4.2%. 35.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 15.5%, Cantonese 4.8%, Hindi 4.5%, Korean 3.4% and Indonesian 2.1%.
Religion 
This is an optional question on the Census. Of the people who answered it, the most common responses were No Religion 33.8% and Catholic 13.8%.
Income 
The median weekly household income was $1,631, higher than the national average of $1,438.
Housing 
Most private dwellings (79.6%) were flats, units or apartments. A further 18.8% were semi-detached (townhouses etc.). 58.3% were family households, 31.8% were single person households and 9.8% were group households. The average household size was 2.1 people.

Politics

Macquarie Park is in the State of New South Wales electorates of Lane Cove and Ryde, and the Federal electorate of Division of Bennelong.

Climate

Macquarie Park has a warm temperate climate with warm to hot summers and cool, damp winters. The record low of −3.5 °C (26 °F) was recorded 30 years ago, on 28 July 1986. The record maximum temperature was recorded more recently, on 21 December 1994 when the temperature reached 43.1 °C (110 °F).

Climate data for Macquarie Park
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)41.5
(106.7)
41.4
(106.5)
40.7
(105.3)
33.5
(92.3)
28.5
(83.3)
24.8
(76.6)
26.0
(78.8)
30.1
(86.2)
34.4
(93.9)
39.1
(102.4)
42.0
(107.6)
43.1
(109.6)
43.1
(109.6)
Average high °C (°F)27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
25.9
(78.6)
23.4
(74.1)
20.3
(68.5)
17.4
(63.3)
17.1
(62.8)
18.5
(65.3)
21.1
(70.0)
23.3
(73.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.1
(80.8)
22.8
(73.0)
Average low °C (°F)16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
15.2
(59.4)
12.0
(53.6)
9.2
(48.6)
6.5
(43.7)
4.9
(40.8)
5.7
(42.3)
7.8
(46.0)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
15.6
(60.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F)8.5
(47.3)
8.9
(48.0)
6.1
(43.0)
2.5
(36.5)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
0.1
(32.2)
0.9
(33.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.5
(43.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)120.1
(4.73)
144.8
(5.70)
131.1
(5.16)
110.8
(4.36)
86.0
(3.39)
114.0
(4.49)
56.3
(2.22)
53.9
(2.12)
60.1
(2.37)
84.5
(3.33)
93.7
(3.69)
86.0
(3.39)
1,141.8
(44.95)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)12.513.013.210.410.310.98.67.78.110.713.011.3129.7
Source: [18]

Macquarie Park is also the location for the Lane Cove River Tourist Park where the Australian soap opera Home and Away is partly filmed.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Town Hall railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Town Hall railway station is a heritage-listed underground commuter rail station located in the centre of the Sydney central business district in New South Wales, Australia. The station opened on 28 February 1932. It is named after the Sydney Town Hall, located directly above the station.

Ryde, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Ryde is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Ryde is located 13 km north-west of the Sydney central business district and 8 km east of Parramatta. Ryde is the administrative centre of the local government area of the City of Ryde and part of the Northern Suburbs area. It lies on the north bank of the Parramatta River.

Lane Cove River river in Australia

The Lane Cove River, a northern tributary of the Parramatta River, is a tide-dominated, drowned valley estuary west of Sydney Harbour, located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The river is a tributary of the Parramatta River, winding through a bushland valley. It joins Parramatta River at Greenwich and Woolwich, where together they form an arm of Sydney Harbour.

Eastwood, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Eastwood is a suburb of Sydney, Australia. Eastwood is located 17 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government areas of the City of Ryde and the City of Parramatta. Eastwood is in the Northern Suburbs region.

North Ryde, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

North Ryde is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. North Ryde is located 15 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Ryde. North Ryde is in the Northern Suburbs region of Sydney.

East Ryde, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

East Ryde is a suburb in the Northern Suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. East Ryde is located 12 kilometers north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Ryde. East Ryde sits on the western bank of the Lane Cove River. East Ryde shares the postcode of 2113 with adjacent suburb of North Ryde though it does not have a Post Office of its own.

Marsfield, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Marsfield is a suburb in the North Western region of Sydney, Australia. The multi-cultural residential suburb is noted for its proximity to a number of leading scientific and tertiary educational institutions. Marsfield is located 16 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Ryde. Due to its close proximity to Macquarie University, the Macquarie Park Business Park, Macquarie University Hospital, Macquarie University railway station and Macquarie Shopping Centre, it is a growing suburb.

The Wallumettagal or Wallumedegal tribe was an indigenous Aboriginal tribe that inhabited the area of Sydney today known as the Ryde–Hunters Hill area of the Northern Suburbs. Common Aboriginal names in this part of Lower Northern Sydney also include Willandra and Jacaranda. Specifically the region is described as "North shore of the Parramatta River, including the City of Ryde, from the intersection of the Lane Cove River and west to Parramatta." The Wallumedegal are listed as part of the Eora.

South Turramurra Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

South Turramurra is an affluent suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia 18 kilometres (11 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council. Turramurra and North Turramurra are separate suburbs.

Meadowbank, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Meadowbank is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Meadowbank is located 15 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Ryde and part of the Northern Suburbs area. Meadowbank sits in a valley on the northern bank of the Parramatta River.

Denistone East is a suburb in the Northern Suburbs of Sydney, Australia. Denistone East is 16 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Ryde. Denistone and Denistone West are separate suburbs; Denistone East was gazetted as a suburb in its own right on 5 February 1999.

Wallumatta was the original name given to the Ryde-Hunters Hill area of the Lower North Shore of Sydney, Australia. Prior to the time that the area was known as Kissing Point, Wallumatta was the formal title and was named in honour of the area's native inhabitants: The Wallumettagal Aboriginal tribe.

Parramatta River ferry services

Parramatta River ferry services connect suburbs along the Parramatta River in Sydney with Circular Quay by commuter ferry. The services are numbered F3 and form part of the Sydney Ferries network.

Epping Road road in Sydney

Epping Road is a 10-kilometre-long (6.2 mi) arterial road located on the Lower North Shore and Northern Suburbs in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Epping Road is a major route linking the lower north shore and Sydney central business district to the north western suburbs and Hills District of metropolitan Sydney, being a major access road to the commercial, industrial and university areas of North Ryde and Macquarie Park.

Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest

The Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest (STIF) is one of six main indigenous forest communities of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, that is typically in the Inner West region of Sydney. It is also among the three of these plant communities which have been classified as Endangered, under the New South Wales government's Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, with only around 0.5% of its original pre-settlement range remaining. As of 26 August 2005, the Australian Government reclassified Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest as a "Critically Endangered Ecological Community", under the Commonwealth's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Boronia Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Boronia Park, or the Boronia Park Reserve, is a waterfront parkland and nature reserve wholly within the suburb of Hunters Hill, in the Municipality of Hunter's Hill, New South Wales, Australia. The park dates back to pre-colonial New South Wales, with original and widely diverse flora and fauna:

...Boronia Park is the best place to gain an idea of Hunter's Hill's pre-European landscape, as it has the largest intact stretch of bushland. Its sandstone slopes carry characteristic open-forest of Eucalyptus piperita, Eucalyptus gummifera and Angophora costata, with a great variety of understorey shrubs and small trees. Towards the top of the slope is an area of Kunzea ambigua shrubland, while Blackbutt, Eucalyptus pilularia grow on the more sheltered aspects, and a small creek tumbles down a steep waterfall to form a pool beside Grey Mangroves along the river's edge...the Turpentine-Ironbark forest's only remnant in Hunters Hill today is a small stand of Syncarpia glomulifera, with some understorey shrubs, near the entrance to Boronia Park...

Northern Suburbs Region of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia

The Northern Suburbs is the metropolitan area on the northern bank of the Parramatta River in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia beginning with suburbs in line with or east of West Pennant Hills and ending with suburbs west of the Lane Cove National Park, south of Hornsby. This area includes suburbs in the local government areas of Hornsby Shire, City of Ryde, the Municipality of Hunter's Hill, and parts of the City of Parramatta.

Lane Cove Bushland Park

Lane Cove Bushland Park is located in suburban Lane Cove, 5 kilometres from the centre of Sydney, Australia. It is regarded as one of the more interesting areas of fungi in the country. In the year 2000, Bushland Park was placed on the Register of the National Estate, under the Australian Heritage Commission Act, 1975. Average annual rainfall is 1220 mm. Soils are moderately fertile, based on Hawkesbury sandstone and Ashfield Shale. The climate is warm and humid.

Ecology of Sydney

The ecology of Sydney, located in the state of New South Wales, Australia, is diverse for its size, where it would mainly feature biomes such as grassy woodlands and some sclerophyll forests, with a few pockets of mallee shrublands, subtropical and temperate rainforests (evergreen), heathlands, and wetlands. The combination of climate, topography, moisture, and soil influence the dispersion of these ecological communities across a height gradient from 0 to 200 metres. There are many hiking trails, paved and unpaved roads for exploring the many different biomes and ecosystems.

Wallumatta Nature Reserve Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Wallumatta Nature Reserve, also called the Macquarie Hospital Bushland, is a 6-hectare (15-acre) nature reserve bushland area, surrounded by the residential suburb of East Ryde, in suburban Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Once part of the Field of Mars of 1804, the reserve is the largest surviving area of Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest, an endangered ecosystem. Soils are based on Ashfield Shale and Hawkesbury Sandstone.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Macquarie Park (State Suburbs)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 September 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 "Macquarie Park (suburb)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 27 April 2014. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. City of Ryde Council website, "NATIVE VEGETATION: Sydney Turpentine – Ironbark Forest" Archived 27 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine , dated 1 January 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
  4. National Parks and Wildlife Service (New South Wales) "Sydney turpentine-ironbark forest – endangered ecological community listing" Archived 5 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine , 16 October 1998. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
  5. Wallumatta Nature Reserve Archived 30 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine National Parks and Wildlife Service(information page). Retrieved 1 July 2007.
  6. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN   0-207-14495-8, page 189
  7. "3 Byfield Street, Macquarie Park: Key Property Information". Stockland. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.
  8. "Optus Centre, Macquarie Park: Key Property Information". Stockland. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008.
  9. "Optus campus is a showcase of innovation". The Northern District Times. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2008.
  10. "Urban Activation Precinct - Herring Road, Macquarie Park". NSW Department of Planning and Infrastructure. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  11. "Frequently Asked Questions: Macquarie University Station Precinct" (PDF). Department of Planning & Environment, State Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  12. "Macquarie University" . Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  13. "Dunmore Lang College" . Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  14. "Robert Menzies College" . Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  15. "Macquarie Christian Studies Institute". Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  16. "Sydney Institute of Business & Technology" . Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  17. Steven Deare, (16 February 2016), Excelsia College, formerly Wesley Institute, opens at Macquarie Park, Northern District Times Retrieved 11 March 2016
  18. "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 9 February 2014.

Coordinates: 33°46′38″S151°07′27″E / 33.77720°S 151.12412°E / -33.77720; 151.12412