Madakhel

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The Madakhel is a Pakhtoon/Pashtoon/Pathan tribe. It is a division of the Isazai clan of the Yousafzai tribe.

Contents

History

The MadaKhel are from the family of The Black Mountain (Tor Ghar) Tribes. They are a division of the Isazai clan of the Yousafzai tribe. [1] MadaKhels are the descendants of Pir Madai Baba the son of Isa (Isazai) and the grandson of Yusaf/Yousaf/(Yousafzai). [2] The MadaKhels are further divided into four Sections; each Section having two or more sub-sections. [3]

Sections and sub-sections

Sub ClanSectionSub-section (Khel)
Mada KhelHasanbaz KhelBara Khel and Gunda Khel
 Bazid KhelAlrabi Khel and Tota Khel
 Hassan KhelSaid Ali Khel and Sultan Khel
 Mada NamaNil

Geography

MadaKhels are among the dwellers on the Torghar Black Mountain, Tehsil Balakot Village Sangar, Tehsil Oghi and Tehsil Allai. MadaKhel country is on the northern slopes of the Mahaban Mountain down to the right bank of the Indus and is bounded on the north by the Hassanzais, on the east by the Indus, on the south and west by the Tanolis and Amazais. Most of the villages are on Mahaban Mountain, with two on the banks of the Indus. The easiest approaches to Mada Khel territory pass through Hassanzai territory. [4] The large number of Madakhel are living in Allai and near river kunar in Tehsil Balakot, Village Sangar.

Culture and traditions

Like other Pashtoons, Mada Khels maintained their cultural identity and individuality. They lead their lives in accordance with code of ethics of Pashtoonwali, which combines Manliness, Goodness, Gallantery, Loyalty and Modesty. Mada Khels have also maintained the Pashtoon customs of Jirga (Consultative Assembly), Nanawati (Delegation pleading guilty), Hujhra (Large drawing room) and Melmasteya (Hospitality). [5]

Language

Pushto is the basic language of Mada Khels. Living away from urban centres and having less interaction with people from other languages, Mada Khels speak pure form of Pushto. Due to migrations for better prospects of life and marriage in non-Pushtoon families, some Mada Khels adopted other languages such as Hindko and Urdu.

Recent developments

On 28 January 2011, Tor Ghar became the 25th district of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. [6] Judba is the capital of this newly born district with following tehsils:-

Most of the Mada Khel areas come under the Mada Khel tehsil.

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The Pashtuns or Pathans have a large community in the Uttar Pradesh state in India, who form one of the largest Muslim communities in the state. They are also known as khans, which is a commonly used surname amongst them, although not all those who use the surname are Pathans, for example the Khanzada community of eastern Uttar Pradesh, who are muslim rajputs, are also commonly known as khan. Indeed, in Awadh, the boundary between the Khanzada and Pathans are blurred. In addition, the phrase Pathan Khanzada is used to describe muslim rajput groups, found mainly in Gorakhpur, who have been absorbed into the Pathan community. However, in Rohilkhand, and in parts of the Doab and Awadh, there are communities of partial Pashtuns ethnicities, such as the agricultural farmers community of Rohilla.

Akazai is a Pakhtoon tribe of northern Pakistan. It is a division of the Isazai clan within the Yousafzai tribe, which is regarded as one of the most powerful, famous, and respected tribes of Pashtoons. Military historian Colonel Harold Carmichael Wylly provided a personal perspective of the large Yousafzai tribe, stating, "The Yousafzai is an agriculturist, generally a fine, well-limbed man of a good physique and appearance with great deal of race-pride, well dressed and cheery, while his hospitality is proverbial".

Kakazai

The Kakazai, also known as Loi or Loye Mamund, a division of the Mamund clan, are part of the larger Tarkani (ترکاڼي) tribe who are primarily settled in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan, but originally hailed from the Laghman province of Afghanistan. However, it has grown and scattered around to such an extent that it is recognized as tribe of its own.

Black Mountain , is located in Hazara division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Tor Ghar is Pushto word which means Tor (Black) Ghar (Mountain). It is also called Kala Dhaka, which means the same as its Pushto name; in Hindko a local language spoken by the people of Tanawal and Agror which are located on eastern side of Tor Ghar, however, the original name of this mountain is Tor Ghar. Tor Ghar lies to the east of the River Indus from Thakot to Darband. The total length of this mountain is about twenty five to thirty miles and its average height about 8000 feet above sea level. It ascends from the Indus basin at its southern end near the village of Kiara and goes up to its watershed near the village Baradar; then it runs north-east by north to the point on the crest known as Chitabat. From here the range runs due north, finally descending to the Indus by two large spurs, at the foot of the easternmost of which lies Thakot. The Indus, after passing Thakot, turns westward along the northern foot of the mountain till it washes the western of the two aforementioned spurs, when it takes a sharp bend to the south, and runs below and parallel to the western foot of this mountain range.

Khan Khel is a sub-tribe of the Yusufzai Pashtun tribe.

References

  1. Ibbetson, Sir Denzil; Maclagan, Sir Edward (1911). A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province: Based on the Census Report for the Punjab, 1883. superintendent, Government printing, Punjab. p. 10.
  2. Watson, Hubert Digby (1992). Gazetteer of the Hazara district, 1907. Sarhad Urdu Academy. p. 166.
  3. Murray, J. Wolfe (1899). A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes on the North-west Frontier of India. Office of the Superintendent, Government Print., India.
  4. Wylly, H.C. (1899). "II". A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes on the North-west Frontier of India. Office of the Superintendent, Government Print., India. pp.  24–53. Madakhel , p. 24, at Google Books
  5. Singh, Surinder; Gaur, I. D. (2008). Popular Literature and Pre-modern Societies in South Asia. Pearson Education India. ISBN   978-81-317-1358-7.
  6. Tor Ghar: Kala Dhaka becomes 25th K-P district The Express Tribune. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.