Madame Tussauds

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Madame Tussauds and the London Planetarium Madame Tussauds London.jpg
Madame Tussauds and the London Planetarium

Madame Tussauds ( UK: /tjˈsɔːdz/ , US: /tˈsz/ ) [1] [N. 1] is a wax museum in London; it has smaller museums in a number of other major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. It used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's"; the apostrophe is no longer used. [2] [3] Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters.

British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom. Variations exist in formal, written English in the United Kingdom. For example, the adjective wee is almost exclusively used in parts of Scotland and Ireland, and occasionally Yorkshire, whereas little is predominant elsewhere. Nevertheless, there is a meaningful degree of uniformity in written English within the United Kingdom, and this could be described by the term British English. The forms of spoken English, however, vary considerably more than in most other areas of the world where English is spoken, so a uniform concept of British English is more difficult to apply to the spoken language. According to Tom McArthur in the Oxford Guide to World English, British English shares "all the ambiguities and tensions in the word 'British' and as a result can be used and interpreted in two ways, more broadly or more narrowly, within a range of blurring and ambiguity".

American English Set of dialects of the English language spoken in the United States

American English, sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. American English is considered one of the most influential dialects of English globally, including on other varieties of English.

Wax museum museum displaying a collection of wax representations of famous people

A wax museum or waxworks usually consists of a collection of wax sculptures representing famous people from history and contemporary personalities exhibited in lifelike poses, wearing real clothes.

Contents

History

Background

Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked for Philippe Curtius in Bern, Switzerland, who was a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling beginning when she was a child. He moved to Paris and took his young apprentice, then only 6 years old, with him. [4]

Marie Tussaud French artist

Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.

Strasbourg Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department.

Philippe Curtius German artist

Philippe Curtius (1737–1794) was a Swiss physician and wax modeller who taught Marie Tussaud the art of wax modelling.

Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire. [5] At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months and awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend. [4] Other famous people whom she modelled included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims. [6]

Wax sculpture

A wax sculpture is a depiction made using a waxy substance. Often these are effigies, usually of a notable individual, but there are also death masks and scenes with many figures, mostly in relief.

Voltaire French writer, historian and philosopher

François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plumeVoltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity, especially the Roman Catholic Church, as well as his advocacy of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state.

Palace of Versailles French palace on the outskirts of Paris

The Palace of Versailles was the principal royal residence of France from 1682, under Louis XIV, until the start of the French Revolution in 1789, under Louis XVI. It is located in the department of Yvelines, in the region of Île-de-France, about 20 kilometres southwest of the centre of Paris.

Grosholtz inherited Curtius's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection. She married Francois Tussaud in 1795 and took his surname. She renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a magic lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London. She did not fare particularly well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits.

Paul Philidor

Phylidor, also spelled "Phylidoor" or "Philidor", also known as "Paul Filidort" and probably the same as Paul de Philipsthal, was a magician and a pioneer of phantasmagoria shows.

Magic lantern

The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates, one or more lenses, and a light source. It was mostly developed in the 17th century and commonly used for entertainment purposes. It was increasingly applied to educational purposes during the 19th century. Since the late 19th century smaller versions were also mass-produced as a toy for children. The magic lantern was in wide use from the 18th century until the mid-20th century, when it was superseded by a compact version that could hold many 35 mm photographic slides: the slide projector.

Phantasmagoria Form of theatre that includes the use of magic lantarns

Phantasmagoria was a form of horror theatre that used one or more magic lanterns to project frightening images such as skeletons, demons, and ghosts onto walls, smoke, or semi-transparent screens, typically using rear projection to keep the lantern out of sight. Mobile or portable projectors were used, allowing the projected image to move and change size on the screen, and multiple projecting devices allowed for quick switching of different images. In many shows the use of spooky decoration, total darkness, (auto-)suggestive verbal presentation, and sound effects were also key elements. Some shows added all kinds of sensory stimulation, including smells and electric shocks. Even required fasting, fatigue and drugs have been mentioned as methods of making sure spectators would be more convinced of what they saw. The shows started under the guise of actual séances in Germany in the late 18th century, and gained popularity through most of Europe throughout the 19th century.

She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar" (on the west side of Baker Street, Dorset Street, and King Street). [7] This site was later featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836. [8]

Napoleonic Wars Series of early 19th century European wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1921

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

Baker Street street in the Marylebone district of the City of Westminster in London

Baker Street is a street in the Marylebone district of the City of Westminster in London. It is named after builder William Baker, who laid out the street in the 18th century. The street is most famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who lived at a fictional 221B Baker Street address on the north of the street. The area was originally high class residential, but now is mainly occupied by commercial premises.

Origins

Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London 1835. Madame Tussaud affiche 1835.jpg
Poster for the Tussaud wax figures exhibition, Baker Street, London 1835.

By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street, London and opened a museum. [9] One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors. The name is often credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843. [10]

Chamber of Horrors (Madame Tussauds)

The Chamber of Horrors was an original exhibition at Madame Tussauds in London, being an exhibition of waxworks of notorious murderers and other infamous historical figures. The gallery first opened as a 'Separate Room' in Marie Tussaud's 1802 exhibition in London and quickly became a success as it showed historical personalities and artifacts rather than the freaks of nature popular in other waxworks of the day. It closed permanently in April 2016.

<i>Punch</i> (magazine) British weekly magazine of humour and satire

Punch; or, The London Charivari was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and wood-engraver Ebenezer Landells. Historically, it was most influential in the 1840s and 1850s, when it helped to coin the term "cartoon" in its modern sense as a humorous illustration.

This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Lord Nelson and Sir Walter Scott.[ citation needed ]

Some sculptures still exist that were made by Marie Tussaud herself. The gallery originally contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925, coupled with German bombs in 1941, severely damaged most of such older models. The casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, and these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. She died in her sleep on 16 April 1850.[ citation needed ]

Bernard Tussaud finishes the wax figure of Lady Alice Scott and the Duke of Gloucester - 1935.10.16 Bernard Tussaud befejezi Lady Alice Scott es a Gloucesteri herceg viasszobrat - London, 1935.10.16.tif
Bernard Tussaud finishes the wax figure of Lady Alice Scott and the Duke of Gloucester – 1935.10.16

By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road. The new exhibition galleries were opened on 14 July 1884 and were a great success. [11] But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half share in the business in 1881, and that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital. He formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen, led by Edwin Josiah Poyser. [12]

The first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908; a total of ten have been made since. [13] The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970. [14]

Ownership changes

In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai, Dubai International Capital, for £800m (US$1.5bn). In May 2007 Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion; [15] the company was merged with Blackstone's Merlin Entertainments and operation of Madame Tussauds was taken over by Merlin. [16] [15] After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment. [17] The Tussauds Group as a separate entity ceased to exist.

On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement. [18] Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease. [16]

Recent status

Madame Tussaud's wax museum became a major tourist attraction in London. Until 2010 it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, and famous murderers. It has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe).

In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler. This was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, and other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, and the perpetrator has admitted that he attacked the statue to win a bet. [19] The original model of Hitler was unveiled in Madame Tussauds London in April 1933; it was frequently vandalised and a 1936 replacement had to be carefully guarded. [20] [21] [22] In January 2016, the statue of Adolf Hitler was removed from the London museum in response to an open letter sent by a staff writer of The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles , followed by significant support for its removal from social media. [23]

The first Madame Tussauds in India opened in New Delhi on 1 December 2017. Its operator, Merlin Entertainments, planned an investment of 50 million pounds over the next 10 years. [24] [25] [26] It features over 50 wax models, including political and entertainment figures such as Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan, Sachin Tendulkar, Kim Kardashian, Tom Cruise, Leonardo DiCaprio, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Asha Bhosle, Kapil Dev, and Mary Kom. [27]

Museum locations

Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin Madame Tussauds in Berlin.JPG
Entry of Madame Tussauds in Berlin
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000. Madame Tussauds NYC.jpg
Madame Tussauds in New York City opened in 2000.
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C. in 2007. Madame Tussauds, Washington, D.C. 2011 crop.jpg
Madame Tussauds opened in Washington, D.C. in 2007.
Madame Tussauds opened in Hollywood in 2009. Hollywood Madame Tussauds P4050188.jpg
Madame Tussauds opened in Hollywood in 2009.

Asia

Wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain at the Madame Tussauds Museum in Shanghai, China Madame Tussaud's Museum in Shanghai, China.jpg
Wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain at the Madame Tussauds Museum in Shanghai, China

Europe

North America

Oceania

Celebrity poses with their wax figures

Many times celebrities pose like their wax figures as pranks and publicity stunts.

Films

Games

Literature

Music

The amateur tenor, whose vocal villainies
All desire to shirk,
Shall, during off-hours
Exhibit his powers
To Madame Tussaud's waxwork.

Stage productions

Television

List of notable wax figures

London

FilmMusicSportsLeaders and History
Terminator Michael Jackson Muhammad Ali Elizabeth II
Katniss Everdeen One Direction Usain Bolt Donald Trump
ET Madonna David Beckham Theresa May
Darth Vader Lady Gaga Mo Farah Nelson Mandela
Spider-Man Will.i.am Tom Daley Barack Obama
Audrey Hepburn Miley Cyrus Rafael Nadal Vincent van Gogh
Steven Spielberg Adele Sachin Tendulkar Albert Einstein
Alien Britney Spears Virat Kohli Charles Dickens
King Kong Rihanna Cristiano Ronaldo Stephen Hawking
Iron Man Bob Marley Pablo Picasso
Michael Caine Freddie Mercury William Shakespeare
The Incredible Hulk The Beatles Mahatma Gandhi
Alfred Hitchcock Dua Lipa Narendra Modi
Shah Rukh Khan Lata Mangeshkar
Priyanka Chopra
Deepika Padukone
Salman Khan
Notes: [61]

Hollywood

The 90'sSpirit of HollywoodModern ClassicsMoviesPop IconsMarvelCountryA-List Party
Sarah Michelle Gellar Bette Davis Sylvester Stallone Robin Williams Whitney Houston Iron Man Paul Newman Jennifer Lopez
Whoopi Goldberg Marilyn Monroe Tom Hanks Edward Scissorhands Michael Jackson Thor Clint Eastwood Betty White
Britney Spears Alfred Hitchcock John Travolta Jim Carrey Madonna Wolverine John Wayne Kylie Jenner
Selena Quintanilla Elvis Presley E.T. Jason Derulo
Audrey Hepburn Demi Lovato
Joan Rivers Taylor Swift
Judy Garland Zoe Saldana
Lady Gaga
Justin Timberlake
Snoop Dogg
Rihanna

Nashville

AdmissionsRecording StudioSoul/JazzMTVOpry Finale
Taylor Swift Elvis Presley Louis Armstrong Rihanna Keith Urban
Johnny Cash Carl Perkins Diana Ross Beyonce Reba McEntire
Jerry Lee Lewis Stevie Wonder Katy Perry Carrie Underwood
Johnny Cash Ella Fitzgerald Miley Cyrus Alan Jackson
Justin Timberlake Eric Church
Bruno Mars Jason Aldean
Trisha Yearwood

Beijing

Leaders and HistorySportsMusic IndustryEntertainment IndustryFilm
Elizabeth II David Beckham Lady Gaga Nicky Wu Benedict Cumberbatch
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Li Xiaopeng Elvis Presley Yang Lan Johnny Depp
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Lang Ping Cui Jian Liu Xiao Ling Tong Leonardo DiCaprio
Barack Obama Kobe Bryant Luhan Yang Mi Kate Winslet
Vladimir Putin Zhang Yixing Leslie Cheung Anduin Lothar
Lao She Raini Rodriguez Jackie Chan Durotan
Yang Liwei Michael Jackson Deng Chao
Mei Lanfang Liu Wen
Hou Baolin Yang Yang
Zhao Liying
Huang Xiaoming
Notes: [62] [63] [64] [65] [66]

Washington, D.C.

U.S PresidentsFirst LadiesCultural IconsA-ListMusicSportsEntertainment
Donald Trump Michelle Obama Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe Marvin Gaye Babe Ruth Jimmy Fallon
Abraham Lincoln Hillary Clinton Rosa Parks Zac Efron Taylor Swift Tyra Banks
Barack Obama Nancy Reagan George Clooney Miley Cyrus
George Washington Brad Pitt Beyonce
Angelina Jolie Rihanna
Johnny Depp Justin Bieber

Bangkok

HistoryLeadersArts/SciencesSportMusicFilmIndian FilmTVHollywood
Princess Diana Queen Elizabeth II Albert Einstein Wayne Rooney Katy Perry Hugh Jackman Shah Rukh Khan Oprah Winfrey Jackie Chan
Mahatma Gandhi Michelle Obama Mark Zuckerberg Yao Ming Madonna Mario Maurer Katrina Kaif Anne Thongprasom Vin Diesel
Prince Mahidol Adulyadej Aung San Suu Kyi Ludwig van Beethoven Serena Williams Nichkun Horvejkul Leonardo DiCaprio Hrithik Roshan Theeradej Wongpuapan Brad Pitt
Princess Srinagarindra Barack Obama Pablo Picasso Cristiano Ronaldo Beyoncé Johnny Depp Prabhas Lady Gaga
Plaek Phibunsongkhram Sunthorn Phu David Beckham Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Bruce Lee
Pridi Banomyong Silpa Bhirasri Khaosai Galaxy Tata Young Will Smith Angelina Jolie

Blackpool

TV StarsPop Stars
Paddy McGuinness Olly Murs
Simon Cowell Ed Sheeran
Keith Lemon Lady Gaga
Gok Wan Michael Jackson
Bear Grylls Peter Andre
David Jason Ariana Grande
Notes: [67]

Las Vegas

TV StarsHollywood StarsPop StarsAthletes
Sofia Vergara Sandra Bullock Britney Spears Muhammad Ali
Simon Cowell Leonardo DiCaprio Whitney Houston Chuck Liddell
Eva Longoria Halle Berry Lady Gaga Tiger Woods
Kathy Griffin Hugh Hefner Michael Jackson Shaquille O'Neal
Notes: [68]

New York

ActorsMusiciansAthletesLeadersIconsCharactersTelevisionFashion
Jennifer Aniston Pharrell Williams Carmelo Anthony Barack Obama Albert Einstein ET Jimmy Fallon Adriana Lima
Leonardo DiCaprio Selena Gomez Lionel Messi Ronald Reagan Marilyn Monroe Iron Man Michael Strahan Sofía Vergara
Robert Pattinson Rihanna Muhammad Ali Abraham Lincoln Charlie Chaplin Spider-Man Jon Hamm
Angelina Jolie Katy Perry Eli Manning John F. Kennedy Jacqueline Kennedy The Incredible Hulk Anderson Cooper
Whoopi Goldberg Taylor Swift Derek Jeter Mahatma Gandhi James Dean King Kong Tyra Banks
Julia Roberts Ed Sheeran Cristiano Ronaldo Martin Luther King Jr. Jenna Marbles Nick Fury
Priyanka Chopra Michael Jackson Dalai Lama
Notes: [69]

Orlando

Justice LeagueFilmPartyHistory & World LeadersSportsMusicTV
Aquaman Audrey Hepburn Selena Gomez Donald Trump David Beckham Justin Bieber Neil Patrick Harris
Wonder Woman Kung Fu Panda Anne Hathaway Albert Einstein Serena Williams Pitbull Jim Parsons
Superman Marilyn Monroe Ryan Gosling Abraham Lincoln Miley Cyrus Oprah Winfrey
Batman Jackie Chan Jennifer Aniston Madame Marie Tussaud Ricky Martin Jimmy Fallon
E.T Will Smith Neil Armstrong Madonna Sofia Vergara
Shrek and Princess Fiona Angelina Jolie Walt Disney Katy Perry
Jennifer Lawrence Brad Pitt Rihanna
Channing Tatum Michael Jackson
Johnny Depp Elvis Presley
Taylor Swift

San Francisco

SportsHistory and LeadersMusicFilm
Jeremy Lin Edwin Lee Jimi Hendrix Leonardo DiCaprio
Muhammed Ali Steve Jobs Adele Alfred Hitchcock
Joe Montana Barack Obama Michael Jackson Whoopi Goldberg
Tiger Woods Abraham Lincoln Lady Gaga Steven Spielberg
Serena Williams George Washington Madonna Marilyn Monroe
Stephen Curry Martin Luther King Jr. Rihanna Audrey Hepburn
Notes: [70]

Shanghai

SportsHistory and leadersMusicFilmTV show
Sun Yang Vladimir Putin Teresa Teng Bruce Lee He Jiong
David Beckham Barack Obama Elvis Presley Brad Pitt Kangxi Lai Le
Michael Jordan Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson Nicole Kidman Zhou Libo
Ronaldo Bill Clinton Lady Gaga Angelina Jolie Fan Bingbing
Kobe Bryant Winston Churchill Madonna Marilyn Monroe Nicky Wu
Liu Xiang Kylie Minogue Audrey Hepburn Sun Li
Yao Ming Wu Yifan Donnie Yen Hu Ge
S.H.E Jackie Chan Yang Yang
Andy Lau Yao Chen William Chan
Nicholas Tse Chen Kun Lee Minho
Joker Xue Zhang Yixing
Notes: [71]

Hong Kong

SportsHistory and LeadersMusicFilm
David Beckham Mao Zedong Elvis Presley Nicole Kidman
Yao Ming Deng Xiaoping Madonna Brad Pitt
Tiger Woods Queen Elizabeth II Beyonce Angelina Jolie
Ronaldinho Diana, Princess of Wales Britney Spears Sir Alfred Hitchcock
Rudy Hartono Sukarno Lady Gaga Johnny Depp
Maria Sharapova Joko Widodo Anita Mui Jackie Chan
William Shakespeare Anggun Bruce Lee
Mahatma Gandhi Lang Lang Michelle Yeoh
Jiang Zemin Siwon Choi Amitabh Bachchan
Pablo Picasso Nichkhun Donnie Yen
Saddam Hussein Jay Chou Andy Lau
Adolf Hitler One Direction Jacky Cheung
Narendra Modi Michael Jackson Leslie Cheung
The Beatles Leon Lai
Jackson Wang Audrey Hepburn
Kim Soo-hyun
Zhang Yixing Bae Yong-joon
Hugh Jackman (as Wolverine)
Astroboy
Pia Wurtzbach

Amsterdam

A-listMusicMarvelFashionSportWorld LeadersDJ'sFilm
George Clooney Taylor Swift Loki Justin Bieber Rafael van der Vaart Barack Obama Martin Garrix E.T.
Zayn Malik Ariana Grande Thor Doutzen Kroes Rafael Nadal Angela Merkel Afrojack Marilyn Monroe
Ryan Gosling Adele Hulk Kate Moss Dalai Lama Daniel Craig
Angelina Jolie Lady Gaga Captain America
Johnny Depp Dua Lipa Iron Man

Vienna

World War IIParty & HollywoodSportFilmPoliticians & VisionariesArts & CultureMusicHistory
Oskar Schindler Angelina Jolie Renate Götschl Julie Andrews Dalai Lama Gottfried Helnwein Cro Marie Antoinette
Winston Churchill Taylor Swift David Alaba Daniel Craig Queen Elizabeth II Friedensreich Hundertwasser Conchita Wurst Napoleon
Leopold Figl Benedict Cumberbatch Hermann Maier Alfred Hitchcock Barack Obama Ludwig Van Beethoven Udo Jürgens Maria Theresia
Karl Renner Morgan Freeman Herbert Prohaska Sandra Bullock Angela Merkel Gustav Klimt Michael Jackson Anne Frank
Kate Winslet Peter Alexander Luciano Pavarotti Katy Perry
Will Smith Audrey Hepburn Sigmund Freud Hansi Hinterseer
Lady Gaga Romy Schneider Elvis Presley
Johnny Depp
Leonardo DiCaprio
Quentin Tarantino

Sydney

BollywoodJustice LeagueFilm & TVHistory & World LeadersMarvelMusicPartySportsFashion
Shah Rukh Khan Superman Mel Gibson Dalai Lama Wolverine Lady Gaga Barack Obama Layne Beachley Miranda Kerr
Priyanka Chopra Jonas Aquaman Steve Irwin Mahatma Gandhi Spider-Man Pink Chris Hemsworth and Liam Hemsworth Tim Cahill Megan Gale
Wonder Woman Marilyn Monroe Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William Iron Man Adele Rebel Wilson Sally Pearson Elle Macpherson
Batman Curtis Stone Bob Hawke Taylor Swift Nicole Kidman Cathy Freeman
The Flash E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial Ned Kelly John Farnham Ryan Gosling Greg Inglis
Olivia Newton-John John Howard Kylie Minogue Johnny Depp Mark Webber
Jackie Chan Arthur Phillip Justin Bieber Rove McManus Don Bradman
Audrey Hepburn James Cook Keith Urban Dannii Minogue
Banjo Patterson Katy Perry Angelina Jolie
Charles Kingsford Smith Jimmy Barnes Cate Blanchett
Julia Gillard Michael Hutchence Delta Goodrem
Hu Jintao Ricky Martin Leonardo DiCaprio
Eddie Mabo Rihanna
Nelson Mandela Michael Jackson
Albert Einstein
Queen Elizabeth II
Madame Marie Tussaud
Mary McKillop

See also

Notes

  1. The family themselves pronounce it /ˈts/ .

Related Research Articles

The Tussauds Group is now part of Merlin Entertainments. The merger between Tussauds and Merlin means that they overtake Universal Studios as the world's second largest leisure group, after Disney. It is based in Poole, Dorset from where it manages a portfolio of brands and over 50 attractions. These attractions include the Madame Tussauds waxworks, Legoland Theme Parks, Legoland Discovery Centers, Sea Life Centres, Gardaland in Italy, Heide Park Resort in Germany, The Dungeons, The London Eye, The Blackpool Tower attractions, The Orlando Eye, Warwick Castle, Alton Towers, Thorpe Park, and Chessington World of Adventures.

Louis Tussaud British museum creator

Louis Joseph Kenny Tussaud was the great-grandson of Marie Tussaud, creator of the Madame Tussauds wax museums. He worked at Madame Tussauds museum as a wax figure sculptor but left when his brother John Theodore Tussaud became chief artist and manager of the museum after a limited company was formed in 1888 and sold in 1889. The main shareholder was Edwin Josiah Poyser.

Merlin Entertainments British leisure company

Merlin Entertainments plc is a British-based entertainments company headquartered in Poole, Dorset (England). It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

Madame Tussauds Las Vegas museum in Las Vegas, Nevada

Madame Tussauds Las Vegas is a wax museum located in the Las Vegas Strip at The Venetian Las Vegas casino resort in Paradise, Nevada. The attraction opened in 1999, becoming the first Madame Tussauds venue to open in the United States. It features over 100 wax figures of famous celebrities, film and TV characters, athletes, musicians and Marvel superheroes, as well a 4D movie theatre. Subsequent Madame Tussauds venues opened in the U.S in New York City in 2000, Washington D.C. in 2007, and Hollywood, California in 2009.

Madame Tussauds Hong Kong

Madame Tussauds Hong Kong, is part of the renowned chain of wax museums founded by Marie Tussaud of France, is located at the Peak Tower on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is the first Madame Tussauds museums in Asia, the other being the Shanghai branch, which opened in 2006 and the third branch at Bangkok which opened in 2010. The Hong Kong branch houses nearly 100 wax figures of internationally known personalities, with Asian figures taking up more than a third of the total, of which sixteen were Hong Kongers. The wax figures are featured in a range of themed settings such as Hong Kong Glamour, Music Icons, Historical and National Heroes, The Champions and World Premiere.

Madame Tussauds Hollywood wax museum in Hollywood, California

Madame Tussauds Hollywood is a wax museum and tourist attraction located on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California. It is the ninth location for the Tussauds franchise, which was set up by sculptor Marie Tussaud, and is located just west of the TCL Chinese Theatre. Madame Tussauds is owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments.

Madame Tussauds New York

Madame Tussauds New York is a tourist attraction located on 42nd Street in the heart of Times Square in New York City. Voted as one of New York’s most unique attractions, Madame Tussauds is the only place with no ropes or barriers holding their guests back from experiencing thousands of celebs, stars, and heroes in mind-blowing accurate detail. Madame Tussauds was founded by the wax sculptor, Marie Tussaud, and is now operated by the United Kingdom-based entertainment company, Merlin Entertainments. The Madame Tussauds New York location opened in November 15, 2000 with five floors of attraction space and over 100 figures. Now with over 85,000 square feet of interactive entertainment, it has quickly become a popular destination in New York City.

Madame Tussauds San Francisco is a wax museum located in Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco in California. The attraction opened on June 26, 2014 and became the 17th Madame Tussauds museum to open worldwide. The attraction features wax figures of famous figures from movies, music, politics, popular culture and sport. It also celebrates “The Spirit of San Francisco” with wax figures of local artists, musicians and activists from the city's past.

Madame Tussauds Washington D.C.

Madame Tussauds Washington D.C. is a wax museum located in Washington D.C., the capital city of the United States. The attraction opened in October 2007 and became the 12th Madame Tussauds venue worldwide. and features wax sculptures of famous figures from politics, culture, sports, music and television. In comparison to other Madame Tussauds venues, the venue features more waxworks of political figures, with sculptures of all 45 U.S. presidents displayed.

Madame Tussauds Sydney is a wax museum located in Darling Harbour in Sydney, Australia and is situated on the Aquarium Wharf. Madame Tussauds is part of Merlin Entertainments which owns and operates attractions globally.

Madame Tussauds Blackpool is a wax museum located in Blackpool, United Kingdom. The attraction opened in 2011, replacing the previous Louis Tussauds waxworks. It features over 80 wax figures of famous celebrities, film and television characters, athletes and musicians.

Madame Tussauds Amsterdam Wax museum in the Netherlands

Madame Tussauds Amsterdam is a wax museum situated in Amsterdam, the capital city of the Holland. It is located in the centre of the city on Dam Square, near the Royal Palace of Amsterdam. Founded in 1970, it was the first Madame Tussauds that was opened in mainland Europe as well as being the first foreign branch of the British institution. The collection of Madame Tussauds Amsterdam consists of a collection of wax figures of famous celebrities in different categories such as the Golden Age of Dutch history, music, sport & movie.

Madame Tussauds Delhi is a wax museum and tourist attraction located on Regal Theatre in New Delhi, India.It is the twenty third location for the Tussauds, which was set up by sculptor Marie Tussaud. Madame Tussauds is owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments.

Madame Tussauds Vienna

Madame Tussauds Vienna is a wax museum and tourist attraction located at the famous amusement park Wiener Prater in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Marie Tussaud and is the eleventh location for the Tussauds franchise. It officially opened on April 1st 2011 by the former Austrian president Heinz Fischer. So far, it features more than 80 figures on three floors. Madame Tussauds is now owned and operated by the United Kingdom-based entertainment company Merlin Entertainments.

References

  1. Wells, John C. (2009). "Tussaud's". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN   978-1-4058-8118-0.
  2. Rothstein, Edward (24 August 2007). "Ripley's Believe It or Not – Madame Tussauds". The New York Times . Retrieved 12 May 2010.: "Madame Tussaud (who gave the attraction its now-jettisoned apostrophe) ..."
  3. Times Online Style Guide – M: "Madame Tussauds (no longer an apostrophe)."
  4. 1 2 "The Baker Street Bazaar". 26 May 2012.
  5. Du Plessis, Amelia. "England – [https://www.thomascook.in/international-tourism/singapore-tourism/places-to-visit-in-singapore/madame-tussauds/14434 Madame Tussauds]". Informational site about England. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); External link in |title= (help)
  6. "Marie Tussaud Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Marie Tussaud". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  7. Pilbeam (2006) pp. 102–106
  8. Pilbeam (2006) pp. 100–104
  9. "The History of Madame Tussauds". Madame Tussauds.com.
  10. Berridge, Kate...But now British actress Emma Watson is already to set and appear here... (2006). Madame Tussaud: A life in wax. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN   978-0-06-052847-8.
  11. Pilbeam, ibid. pp. 166, 168–9.
  12. Pilbeam, ibid. p. 170.
  13. Pamela Pilbeam Madame Tussaud: And the History of Waxworks. P.199.
  14. "Madame Tussauds' to open shop in Delhi – Times of India".
  15. 1 2 Cho, David (6 March 2007). "Blackstone Buys Madame Tussauds Chain". The Washington Post.
  16. 1 2 "Merlin conjures up leaseback deal". The Daily Telegraph. 17 July 2007.
  17. "Tussauds firm bought in £1bn deal". BBC News. 5 March 2007.
  18. "Alton Towers sold in £622m deal". BBC News. 17 July 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  19. "Adolf Hitler returns to Berlin museum after beheading". meeja.com.au. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2008.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. Pilbeam, ibid. p. 199.
  21. "Madame Tussauds to repair beheaded Hitler". Associated Press. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  22. Carrel, Paul (5 July 2008). "Man rips head from Hitler wax figure". Reuters.
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  28. "Madame Tussauds Beijing" (in Chinese). madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  33. "Madame Tussauds Delhi". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  39. "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  40. "Madame Tussauds Istanbul" (in Turkish). madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  41. "Madame Tussauds London". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  42. "Madame Tussauds Prague" (in Czech). madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  44. "Madame Tussauds Holywood". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  45. "Madame Tussauds Las Vegas". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
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  52. The Weather Channel (30 December 2009). "Al makes people jump out of their skin" via YouTube.
  53. Ozzy Osbourne scares people at Madame Tussauds. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  54. It's really them! One Direction prank four delighted fans by pretending to be wax work models for Surprise Surprise, Daily Mail
  55. "Carmelo Anthony Takes The Time To Prank Visitors at Madame Tussaud's " NBA.com – All Ball Blog with Lang Whitaker". National Basketball Association.
  56. Pincus, Eric. "Jeremy Lin pranks at Madame Tussauds, pretends to be wax likeness". Los Angeles Times.
  57. "Entertain This! – Daily hits and misses in pop culture". USA Today.
  58. "Meltdown (At Madame Tussaud's) – Meltdown – Steve Taylor Discography". Sock Heaven. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  59. "Cloning Around With Steve Taylor". Todays Christian Music. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  60. "Beatles waxworks sell for £81,500". BBC. 28 October 2005.
  61. "Madame Tussauds™ London: One of London's Best Tourist Attractions". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)
  62. "EXO's Lay Meets His Wax Figure at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  63. "List of Wax Figures".
  64. "Wax Likeness of Supermodel Liu Wen Debuts at Madame Tussauds in Beijing".
  65. "北京杜莎夫人蜡像馆".
  66. 3 Michael Jackson wax figures unveiled in Beijing - China.org.cn
  67. "Madame Tussauds Blackpool". madametussauds.com. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  68. "Madame Tussauds New York – Celebrity Wax Attraction in Times Square". madametussauds.com.Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)
  69. Graphico. "Famous Wax Figures and icons – Madame Tussauds New York". madametussauds.com.Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  70. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  71. "Explore Madame Tussauds Shanghai". Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help),

Bibliography

Coordinates: 51°31′22″N0°09′19″W / 51.52278°N 0.15528°W / 51.52278; -0.15528