Madeleine Meilleur

Last updated

Madeleine Meilleur
Ontario MPP
In office
2003–2016
Preceded by Claudette Boyer
Succeeded by Nathalie Des Rosiers
Constituency Ottawa—Vanier
Ottawa City Councillor
In office
2001–2003
Preceded by Stéphane Émard-Chabot
Succeeded by Georges Bédard
Constituency Rideau-Vanier Ward
Vanier City Councillor
In office
1991–1994
Preceded by Marc Grandmaître
Succeeded by Robert Crête
Constituency William D'Aoust Ward
Ottawa-Carleton Regional Councillor
In office
1991–2000
Preceded by Guy Cousineau
Succeeded by Position abolished
Constituency Vanier (1991-1994)
Rideau-Vanier Ward (1994-2000)
Personal details
Born (1948-11-22) November 22, 1948 (age 69)
Kiamika, Quebec, Canada
Political party Liberal
Residence Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Occupation Registered Nurse, Lawyer

Madeleine Meilleur (born November 22, 1948) is a Canadian nurse, lawyer and former politician in Ontario, Canada. She was a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 2003 to 2016. She represented the riding of Ottawa—Vanier. She was a cabinet minister in the governments of Dalton McGuinty and Kathleen Wynne.

Ontario Province of Canada

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.

The Ontario Liberal Party is a provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. The party is ideologically aligned with the Liberal Party of Canada but the two parties are organizationally independent and have separate, though overlapping, memberships.

Legislative Assembly of Ontario single house of Legislature of Ontario

The Legislative Assembly of Ontario is one of two components of the Legislature of Ontario, the other being the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. The Legislative Assembly is the second largest Canadian provincial deliberative assembly by number of members after the National Assembly of Quebec. The Assembly meets at the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park in the provincial capital of Toronto.

Contents

In May 2017, she was nominated by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to become Canada's next Official Languages Commissioner. Her appointment had to be approved by the House of Commons of Canada and Senate to become official. [1] On June 7, 2017, she withdrew her name from consideration due to controversy around her selection. [2]

Justin Trudeau 23rd Prime Minister of Canada

Justin Pierre James Trudeau is a Canadian politician serving as the 23rd prime minister of Canada since 2015 and Leader of the Liberal Party since 2013. Trudeau is the second-youngest Canadian Prime Minister after Joe Clark; he is also the first to be related to a previous holder of the post, as the eldest son of Pierre Trudeau.

The Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages of the Canadian government is responsible for achieving the objectives of, and promoting, Canada's Official Languages Act. Canada has two official languages: English and French.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

Background

Meilleur was born in the Quebec community of Kiamika. She is both a registered nurse and a lawyer, specializing in labour and employment law and has served on the Ottawa-Carleton Regional District Health Council, the Champlain District Health Council, the Ottawa-Carleton Children's Aid Society and the Vanier Housing Corporation.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

Kiamika, Quebec Municipality in Quebec, Canada

Kiamika is a municipality in the Laurentides region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Antoine-Labelle Regional County Municipality.

Municipal politics

Meilleur was elected to the city of Vanier's municipal council in 1991, and also served as a council member in the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton (which included members from Vanier and other local municipalities). [3] In 2000, she was acclaimed as a city councillor in the newly amalgamated city of Ottawa. [4] During her time in municipal government, Meilleur represented the council on the French-Language Services Advisory Committee. She received the United Way's Community Builder's Award in 2001. [5]

Vanier, Ontario Neighbourhood in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Vanier is a historically francophone neighbourhood in the Rideau-Vanier Ward in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada's east end. The neighbourhood was a separate city until being amalgamated into Ottawa in 2001. It no longer has a majority francophone population. In fact, in 2012 its francophone population has shrunk to less than 40% from 63% in the early 1980s. The neighbourhood is located on the east bank of the Rideau River, across from the neighbourhoods of Lowertown and Sandy Hill, and just south of Rockcliffe Park, New Edinburgh, Lindenlea, and Manor Park. To the east of Vanier are the suburbs of Gloucester. Vanier has a relatively small area with a high population density. Montreal Road is the main thoroughfare of the community.

United Way of Canada

United Way Centraide Canada is the national organization for the over 90 autonomous, volunteer-based United Ways and Centraides across Canada.

Provincial politics

McGuinty government

In the 2003 provincial election, Meilleur was elected in the riding of Ottawa—Vanier as the Liberal Party candidate. [6]

Ottawa—Vanier (provincial electoral district)

Ottawa—Vanier is a provincial electoral district in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 1908. It is located in the east end of Ottawa.

The Liberal party won the election, and Meilleur was appointed Minister of Culture with responsibility for Francophone Affairs on October 23, 2003. [7] In November 2003, Meilleur announced that provincial grants would be made available to libraries in rural communities. In April 2004, she announced the extension of demolition controls on heritage buildings. In 2008, she became the province's first cabinet minister ever to attend an international summit of La Francophonie .

On April 5, 2006, Meilleur was appointed Minister of Community and Social Services. [8] She was reelected to her Ottawa—Vanier riding in the 2007 provincial election. [9]

After she was re-elected in the 2011 provincial election, [10] she was appointed Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services.

Julie Bilotta

On September 29, 2012, in a story that made international headlines, a 26-year-old woman from Cornwall, Ontario, Julie Bilotta, was forced to give birth to her now-deceased son, Gionni Garlow, in the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre, a jail under Ontario jurisdiction. While it is not unusual that a prisoner would give birth while incarcerated, Bilotta alleges that the prison guards and the medical staff ignored her cries for medical assistance. At the time this incident took place, Meilleur was the Ontario Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services, making her the minister responsible for the institution in question. Meilleur subsequently announced a review into health care in Ontario’s provincial correctional facilities.

Wynne government

When Kathleen Wynne took over as Premier in 2013, Meilleur continued in her position as Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services. [11] She was re-elected in the 2014 provincial election. [12] On June 24, 2014 she was appointed Attorney General of Ontario, the first francophone to hold the position. [13]

In 2016, she was criticized over her initial refusal and subsequent delay in releasing the Special Investigations Unit's report on the police shooting of Andrew Loku. [14]

On June 9, 2016, Meilleur announced her retirement after 25 years in politics. Her resignation from the legislature coincided with a June 2016 cabinet shuffle. [14] [15]

Cabinet positions

Ontario Provincial Government of Kathleen Wynne
Cabinet post (1)
PredecessorOfficeSuccessor
John Gerretsen Attorney General
2014–2016
Also responsible for Francophone Affairs
Yasir Naqvi
Ontario Provincial Government of Dalton McGuinty
Cabinet posts (3)
PredecessorOfficeSuccessor
Jim Bradley Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services
2013–2014
Also Responsible for Francophone Affairs
Yasir Naqvi
Sandra Pupatello Minister of Community and Social Services
2006–2011
John Milloy
David Tsubouchi Minister of Culture
2003–2006
Also Responsible for Francophone Affairs
Caroline Di Cocco

Commissioner of Official Languages

Meilleur was nominated to become the Commissioner of Official Language by the federal government on May 15, 2017. Her appointment was challenged as failing to be sufficiently non-partisan due to Meilleur's links to the ruling Liberal Party of Canada. [16] She withdrew her name from consideration on June 7, 2017. [2] In the end, this position was filled by Raymond Théberge. [17]

Electoral record

Ontario general election, 2014 : Ottawa—Vanier
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Madeleine Meilleur 21,81055.55+4.04
Progressive Conservative Martin Forget8,75022.29-1.16
New Democratic Hervé Ngamby5,22813.32-6.29
Green Dave Bagler3,1448.01+3.49
Libertarian Phillip Richard3290.84
Total valid votes39,261 100.00
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 517 1.30 +0.88
Turnout39,778 48.86 +2.05
Eligible voters81,412 
Liberal hold Swing +2.60
Source(s)
"Valid Votes Cast for Each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
Ontario general election, 2011
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Madeleine Meilleur19,61551.4
Progressive Conservative Fred Sherman8,93123.4
New Democratic Paul Étienne Laliberté-Tipple7,52519.7
Green Dave Bagler 1,7194.5
Family Coalition Emmanuel Houle3520.9
Total valid votes 38,142 100.0
Ontario general election, 2007
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Madeleine Meilleur20,95150.8-1.7
Progressive Conservative Bruce Poulin9,16922.2-4.0
New Democratic Ric Dagenais6,14414.9-0.8
Green Leonard Poole4,28710.4+5.9
Family Coalition Frank Cioppa4001.0
Independent Robert Larter2560.6
Total valid votes 38,142 100.0
Ontario general election, 2003
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Madeleine Meilleur22,18853.5+0.5
Progressive Conservative Maurice Lamirande10,87826.2-5.6
New Democratic Joseph Zebrowski6,50715.7+5.2
Green Raphael Thierrin1,8764.5+2.1
Total valid votes 41,449 100.0

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References

  1. "Liberals nominate Madeleine Meilleur as official languages commissioner". CBC News. May 15, 2017.
  2. 1 2 Tasker, John Paul (June 7, 2017). "Madeleine Meilleur takes herself out of the running for languages commissioner job". CBC News.
  3. Asimakopulos, Anna (November 13, 1991). "Vanier: Cousineau comes from behind". The Ottawa Citizen. p. B4.
  4. "Ward 12:Rideau-Vanier: Meilleur acclaimed". The Ottawa Citizen. November 14, 2000. p. B5.
  5. "Sidelines". The Ottawa Citizen. September 27, 2001. p. C7.
  6. "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. October 2, 2003. Retrieved 2014-03-02.[ permanent dead link ]
  7. "Premier Dalton McGuinty and his 22-member cabinet were sworn in Thursday". Canadian Press NewsWire. October 23, 2003. p. 1.
  8. Macaluso, Grace (April 6, 2006). "MPP gets new post: Sandra Pupatello: Ont. cabinet's most powerful woman". The Windsor Star. p. 1.
  9. "Summary of Valid Ballots Cast for Each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. October 10, 2007. p. 11 (xx). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 7, 2009. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
  10. "Summary of Valid Ballots Cast for Each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. October 6, 2011. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 30, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
  11. "Ontario's new cabinet". Waterloo Region Record. Kitchener, Ont. February 12, 2013. p. A3.
  12. "General Election by District: Ottawa-Vanier". Elections Ontario. June 12, 2014. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014.
  13. Richard Brennan; Robert Benzie; Rob Ferguson (June 24, 2014). "Kathleen Wynne warns financial cupboard is bare". Toronto Star.
  14. 1 2 Robert Benzie (June 9, 2016). "Ontario Attorney General Madeleine Meilleur resigning from politics". Toronto Star.
  15. "Struggling Wynne Shuffles Cabinet, Adds 7 New Ministers". Toronto Star. June 13, 2016.
  16. Hebert, Chantal (24 May 2017). "Madeleine Meilleur's appointment fails the non-partisan smell test: Hébert". The Toronto Star . Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  17. "Raymond Théberge named Canada's official languages commissioner". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-03-01.