Maderas

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Maderas (volcano)

Maderas seen from the South by ET.JPG

Maderas, as seen from the south (April 2008)
Highest point
Elevation 1,394 m (4,573 ft) [1]
Coordinates 11°26′46″N85°30′54″W / 11.446°N 85.515°W / 11.446; -85.515 Coordinates: 11°26′46″N85°30′54″W / 11.446°N 85.515°W / 11.446; -85.515 [1]
Geography
Nicaragua relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Maderas (volcano)
Location in Nicaragua
Location Rivas Department, Nicaragua
Geology
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Last eruption Unknown

With a height of 1,394 metres (4,573 ft), Maderas is the smaller of the two volcanoes which make up the island of Ometepe, situated in Lake Nicaragua in Nicaragua, Central America. Unlike Concepción, [2] the other volcano on the island, Maderas has not been active in historical times. Its crater contains a crater lake.

Volcano A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

Ometepe island

Ometepe is an island formed by two volcanoes rising out of Lake Nicaragua in the Republic of Nicaragua. Its name derives from the Nahuatl words ome (two) and tepetl (mountain), meaning "two mountains". It is the largest island in Lake Nicaragua.

Lake Nicaragua largest lake in Central America

Lake Nicaragua or Cocibolca or Granada is a freshwater lake in Nicaragua. Of tectonic origin and with an area of 8,264 km2 (3,191 sq mi), it is the largest lake in Central America, the 19th largest lake in the world and the tenth largest in the Americas, slightly smaller than Lake Titicaca. With an elevation of 32.7 metres (107 ft) above sea level, the lake reaches a depth of 26 metres (85 ft). It is intermittently joined by the Tipitapa River to Lake Managua.

Contents

The slopes of Maderas are one of the few places on the Pacific side of Nicaragua where cloud forest grows. The only other place where this is found is at the Mombacho volcano. Cloud forests are characterized by a rich plant and animal life, made possible by the high levels of humidity in the climate. Prehistoric petroglyphs have been found at the Maderas volcano.

Cloud forest rainforest

A cloud forest, also called a water forest and primas forest, is a generally tropical or subtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level, formally described in the International Cloud Atlas (2017) as silvagenitus. Cloud forests often exhibit an abundance of mosses covering the ground and vegetation, in which case they are also referred to as mossy forests. Mossy forests usually develop on the saddles of mountains, where moisture introduced by settling clouds is more effectively retained.

Mombacho mountain

Mombacho is a stratovolcano in Nicaragua, near the city of Granada. It is 1344 metres high. The Mombacho Volcano Nature Reserve is one of 78 protected areas of Nicaragua. Mombacho is not an extinct volcano but the last eruption occurred in 1570. There is no historical knowledge of earlier eruptions.

Climbing to the top of the volcano is a popular tourist activity. Tourists are strongly encouraged by local guiding companies to hire a guide, but the trail from the common starting point at Finca Magdalena is obvious the entire way to the top. The hike to the top of the crater can be difficult, with steep inclines that get muddy when it rains. It rains often on Ometepe Island, so a slippery climb is likely, even in the dry season. The round trip hike takes between 6 and 9 hours and changes from dry forest to humid forest to cloud forest. [3]

There are a number of interesting species that dwell on the volcano, including the white-faced monkey, mountain crab, howler monkeys, and a number of butterflies including the well-known blue morphos.

See also

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Concepción (volcano) volcano on Ometepe

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Altagracia Municipality in Rivas Department, Nicaragua

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Moyogalpa Municipality in Rivas, Nicaragua

Moyogalpa is a municipality in the Rivas department of Nicaragua. Moyogalpa is the largest village and the home of the largest of the three ferry ports on Ometepe Island. There are multiple hotels, hostels, and restaurants on the island, along with small shops called "Pulperias" selling a variety of items from snacks to basic clothing. In 2016, Walmart opened a Pali Supermarket in Moyogalpa to serve the 40,000+ island population, including many expats and the thousands of visiting tourists. Since opening Pali, many of the small pulperias have improved their own meat, produce and items for sale displays, adding many items not offered by Pali.

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Volcán Maderas, a long extinct volcano, stands at 1,394 meters and the trails wind you through an established cloud forest, and it is still by no means an easy feat. Expect around a 6 – 8 hour round trip to the top of this prehistoric volcano. Pack a lunch, and bring at least 2 liters of water per person. If you want to swim in the lagoon inside the crater add another hour hiking plus whatever time you spend there. A Guide is required and should cost around $10 per person, but they will want a minimum of $20. There are also trails around the forest level that wrap completely around the volcano. There are petroglyph tours, coffee and cacao tours, horseback riding, and the San Ramón waterfall is also located on the western side.Ometepe Island MapVolcán Maderas Natural Reserve is a nature reserve in Nicaragua. It is one of the 78 reserves that are under official protection in the country.

Mount Talinis mountain

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The Maderas Rainforest Conservancy is a nonprofit organization which was established to promote the conservation, protection, and management of Mesoamerican forests and animal and plant biodiversity through education, reforestation, preservation, and by working with local communities, and national and international institutions and universities.

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The Ometepe Biological Field School, located on Ometepe Island, Nicaragua, is one of two field school operated by the Maderas rainforest conservancy. It houses courses in primatology, ecology, botany, and other courses related to the flora and fauna of Ometepe Island, Nicaragua. The site is where the Maderas Rainforest Conservancy houses many of its conservation initiatives. These include: a veterinary field mission, a children's workshop for the local children of Ometepe to learn about conservation, a primate corridor project to combat deforestation in the area, and an educational facility to build conservation professionals. This education facility is the field school which offers courses to university students from around the world. The site is Isla de Ometepe. Ometepe is an island of 276 square kilometers lying in Lake Nicaragua. It is the largest island in the world situated in a fresh water lake. Two forested volcanoes dominate the island. One called Maderas raises 1,400 meters above the lake. The other, Concepción reaches a height of nearly 1,700 meters. Ometepe is situated in southeastern Nicaragua and has a population of 30,000 people. The majority of the people who live on the island are of Indian ancestry.

Ometepe Island is an important archaeological site, located in the Lake Nicaragua in the Republic of Nicaragua, administratively belongs to the Rivas Department. Its name derives from the Nahuatl words ome (two) and tepetl (mountain), meaning two mountains, given that it is formed and practically the whole island is formed by two volcanoes: Concepción and Maderas.

El Ceibo Museums

El Ceibo is a major Museum in the Ometepe island in what once were the tobacco farm “Tel Aviv” kilns, known by its former name “El Refugio”, in the community of Sacramento, 10 kilometers from Moyogalpa in Lake Cocibolca or Lake Nicaragua administratively Ometepe Island belongs to the Rivas Department. The name of the island derives from the Nahuatl: ōme 'two' and tepētl 'mountain (s),' since it is almost entirely composed of two volcanic cones: Concepción (volcano) and Maderas volcano.

Ometepe Airport airport in Moyogalpa, Nicaragua

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References

Laguna de Maderas, the crater lake. Laguna de Maderas by ET.jpg
Laguna de Maderas, the crater lake.