Magherafelt

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Magherafelt
Magherafelt, near town center.jpg
Magherafelt, near the town centre.
United Kingdom Northern Ireland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Northern Ireland
Population8,805 (2011 Census)
  Belfast 35 mi (56 km)
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MAGHERAFELT
Postcode district BT45
Dialling code 028
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
County Londonderry
54°45′N6°37′W / 54.75°N 6.61°W / 54.75; -6.61 Coordinates: 54°45′N6°37′W / 54.75°N 6.61°W / 54.75; -6.61

Magherafelt (from Irish : Machaire Fíolta, meaning 'plain of Fíolta', IPA:[ˈmˠaxəɾʲəˈfʲiːlt̪ˠə]) [2] is a small town and civil parish in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 8,805 at the 2011 Census. [3] It is the biggest town in the south of the county and is the social, economic and political hub of the area. It is part of Mid-Ulster District.

Contents

History

Magherafelt has been documented as a town since 1425. An earlier name for the area was Teach Fíolta - ‘Fíolta’s (monastic) house’. This would suggest that there was a monastic settlement here under the leadership of Fíolta. [4] The site of the medieval parish church may be marked by the ruins of a later church and graveyard at the bottom of Broad Street. [5]

The Salters Company of London [6] was granted the surrounding lands in South Londonderry in the seventeenth century as part of the Plantation of Ulster. Subsequently, the town began to take on its current shape with a central diamond forming the heart of the town. [7]

During The Troubles in the late 20th century, 11 people were killed in or near Magherafelt in connection with the conflict.

Governance

The town had its own Magherafelt District Council. On 1 April 2015, it was merged with Cookstown District Council and Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council under local government reorganisation in Northern Ireland becoming Mid-Ulster District Council. The Mid Ulster District Council has 40 councillors of which five are elected by the electors of Magherafelt. In the 2019 Mid Ulster District Council election, the five elected councillors included two members of Sinn Féin, one member of the SDLP and two members of the Democratic Unionist Party.

It is located within the Mid Ulster (Assembly constituency) in the Northern Ireland Assembly and the Mid Ulster (UK Parliament constituency). The current MP is Francie Molloy of Sinn Féin.

Notable buildings

The Bridewell, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 573457 The Bridewell, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 573457.jpg
The Bridewell, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 573457

At the foot of Broad Street is located The Bridewell. This building previously housed the town's court-house and gaol (jail). The name Bridewell is a common name in Britain and Ireland for a prison (see Bridewell Palace). It has since been refurbished and now houses the town's library and tourist centre. [8]

Churches

Transport

Road

Magherafelt lies on the A31 route which connects the south west of the province (Tyrone, Fermanagh) to the north east (Coleraine, Ballymena etc.). Traffic from north and south used to pass through the town centre frequently leading to considerable congestion. In the 1970s a bypass was proposed route which was eventually funded in 2013 and completed in 2016. The road is a single-carriageway around the eastern edge of the town connecting Moneymore Road and Castledawson Road. The old road through the town became the B40 when the road opened. [14]

Rail

Magherafelt railway station opened on 10 November 1856, shut for passenger traffic on 28 August 1950 and shut altogether on 1 October 1959. [15]

Schools

St Mary's Grammar School, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 148952 St Mary's Grammar School, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 148952.jpg
St Mary's Grammar School, Magherafelt - geograph.org.uk - 148952

Primary Schools:

Secondary Schools:

Sport

Magherafelt has several sporting teams, including Magherafelt Reds, O'Donovan Rossa Magherafelt GAC, the Rainey Old Boys Rugby Club and Magherafelt Sky Blues F.C.. There is also the Mid Ulster Athletic Club, the Mid Ulster Swimming Club and the Magherafelt District Motorclub. [16]

Demography

At the 2011 census, there were 8,805 people living in Magherafelt. [3] This represented an increase of 5.2% on the Census 2001 population of 8,372. [17] Of these:

People

See also

Related Research Articles

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Strabane Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Coleraine Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Moneymore Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Draperstown Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Maghera Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Maghera is a small town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Its population was 4,220 in the 2011 Census, increasing from 3,711 in the 2001 Census. It is situated within Mid-Ulster District, as well as the civil parish of Maghera, which it was named after, and the former barony of Loughinsholin.

Newtownabbey Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Ballymoney Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Ballykelly, County Londonderry Human settlement in Northern Ireland

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Swatragh Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Swatragh is a small village and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Swatragh is on the main A29 road north of Maghera, and is situated within Mid-Ulster District. The population was 438 in the 2011 Census. The Clady River a major watercourse in Northern Ireland, flows through the village. The village has three churches: one Roman Catholic, one Church of Ireland, and one Presbyterian. The Catholic and Church of Ireland churches are listed buildings. St John's is the local primary school.

Claudy Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Claudy is a village and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It lies in the Faughan Valley, 6 miles (9.7 km) southeast of Derry, where the River Glenrandal joins the River Faughan. It is situated in the civil parish of Cumber Upper and the historic barony of Tirkeeran. It is also part of Derry and Strabane district.

Kilrea Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Kilrea is a village, townland and civil parish in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It gets its name from the ancient church that was located near to where the current Church of Ireland is located on Church Street looking over the town. It is near the River Bann, which marks the boundary between County Londonderry and County Antrim. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 2,724 people. It is situated within Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Tobermore Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Tobermore is a small village in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It lies 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south-south-west of Maghera and 5.5 miles (8.9 km) north-west of Magherafelt. Tobermore lies within the civil parish of Kilcronaghan and is part of Mid-Ulster District. It was also part of the former barony of Loughinsholin.

Curran, County Londonderry Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Curran is a small village and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 132 people. It is within the Mid-Ulster District Council area, specifically within the Moyola District Electoral Area. The village is in the Mid-Ulster constituency for Westminster and Northern Ireland Assembly elections.

Desertmartin Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Desertmartin is a small village in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is four miles from Magherafelt, at the foot of Slieve Gallion. In the 2001 Census the greater Desertmartin area had a population of 1,276. It lies within Desertmartin parish, Mid-Ulster District, and the historic barony of Loughinsholin. Neighbouring settlements include Draperstown, Magherafelt, Moneymore, and Tobermore.

Knockloughrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Knockloughrim or Knockcloghrim is a small village near Maghera in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 186 people. Knockloughrim lies within the civil parish of Termoneeny and is part of the former barony of Loughinsholin. It is situated within the Mid Ulster District Council area.

Ballymaguigan Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Ballymaguigan is a hamlet and townland in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is near the northwest shore of Lough Neagh and close to Magherafelt. The hamlet forms one part of a parish named Ardtrea North. Ballymaguigan is part of the Mid-Ulster District.

References

  1. The Online Scots Dictionary Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. Placenames Database of Ireland
  3. 1 2 "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Magherafelt Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  4. "A short history of the parish of Magherafelt" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. "Place Names NI" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  6. "The Salters Company" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  7. "A short history of the parish of Magherafelt" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  8. "Your Pace and Mine - Bridewell's History" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  9. "Church of Our Lady of the Assumption". Church of Our Lady of the Assumption. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  10. "St. Swithin's Church". St. Swithin's Church. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  11. "First Presbyterian Church". First Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  12. "Calvary Free Presbyterian Church". Calvary Free Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  13. "History". Magherafelt Baptist. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  14. "A31 Magherafelt Bypass" . Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  15. "Magherafelt station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 3 November 2007.
  16. http://www.magherafeltmotorclub.co.uk/ [ bare URL ]
  17. "Census 2001 Usually Resident Population: KS01 (Settlements) - Table view". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). p. 5. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  18. Peter Doherty Archived 13 January 2013 at archive.today