|Birth name||Samuel Gene Maghett|
|Born||February 14, 1937|
Grenada County, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||December 1, 1969 32) (aged|
Samuel Gene Maghett (February 14, 1937 – December 1, 1969),known as Magic Sam, was an American Chicago blues musician. He was born in Grenada County, Mississippi, and learned to play the blues from listening to records by Muddy Waters and Little Walter. After moving to Chicago at the age of 19, he was signed by Cobra Records and became well known as a bluesman after the release of his first record, "All Your Love", in 1957. He was known for his distinctive tremolo guitar playing.
The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois. Chicago blues is an electric blues style of urban blues.
Grenada County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,906. Its county seat is Grenada. The county is named for the province of Granada in southern Spain. Its western half is part of on the Mississippi Delta. Cotton cultivation was important to its economy well into the 20th century.
McKinley Morganfield, known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues singer-songwriter and musician who is often cited as the "father of modern Chicago blues", and an important figure on the post-war blues scene. His style of playing has been described as "raining down Delta beatitude".
The stage name Magic Sam was devised by Sam's bass player and childhood friend Mack Thompson at Sam's first recording session for Cobra, as an approximation of "Maghett Sam". The name Sam was using at the time, Good Rocking Sam, was already being used by another artist.
Maghett moved to Chicago in 1956, where his guitar playing earned him bookings at blues clubs on the West Side.He recorded singles for Cobra Records from 1957 to 1959, including "All Your Love" and "Easy Baby". They did not reach the record charts but had a profound influence, far beyond Chicago's guitarists and singers. Together with recordings by Otis Rush and Buddy Guy (also Cobra artists), the Westside Sound was a manifesto for a new kind of blues. Around this time Magic Sam worked briefly with Homesick James Williamson. Magic Sam gained a following before being drafted into the U.S. Army. He served six months in prison for desertion and received a dishonorable discharge.
Otis Rush Jr. was an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. His distinctive guitar style featured a slow-burning sound and long bent notes. With qualities similar to the styles of other 1950s artists Magic Sam and Buddy Guy, his sound became known as West Side Chicago blues and was an influence on many musicians, including Michael Bloomfield, Peter Green and Eric Clapton.
George "Buddy" Guy is an American blues guitarist and singer. He is an exponent of Chicago blues and has influenced eminent guitarists including Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Page, Keith Richards, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jeff Beck, Gary Clark Jr. and John Mayer. In the 1960s, Guy played with Muddy Waters as a house guitarist at Chess Records and began a musical partnership with the harmonica player Junior Wells.
In 1963, his single "Feelin' Good (We're Gonna Boogie)" gained national attention. He successfully toured the U.S., Britain and Germany. He was signed to Delmark Records in 1967, for which he recorded West Side Soul and Black Magic .He continued performing live and toured with the blues harp player Charlie Musselwhite and Sam Lay. Magic Sam's breakthrough performance was at the Ann Arbor Blues Festival in 1969, which won him many bookings in the U.S. and Europe.
Delmark Records is the oldest American jazz and blues independent record label. It was founded in 1958 and is based in Chicago, Illinois. The label originated in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1953 when owner Bob Koester released a recording of the Windy City Six, a traditional jazz group, under the Delmar imprint.
West Side Soul is the debut album by Magic Sam. It is cited by Stephen Thomas Erlewine as one of the great electric blues albums.
Black Magic is the second studio album by Magic Sam released in 1968 by Delmark Records.
His career was cut short when he suddenly died of a heart attack in December 1969.He was 32 years old. Magic Sam was buried in the Restvale Cemetery, in Alsip, Illinois. In February 1970, the Butterfield Blues Band played at a benefit concert for Magic Sam, at Fillmore West in San Francisco. Also on the bill were Mike Bloomfield, Elvin Bishop, Charlie Musselwhite and Nick Gravenites.
Restvale Cemetery is located at 11700 S. Laramie Ave. in Alsip, Illinois, United States, a suburb southwest of the city of Chicago. Many Chicago blues musicians are buried here.
The Fillmore West was a historic rock and roll music venue in San Francisco, California, which became famous under the direction of concert promoter Bill Graham from 1968 to 1971. Named after The Fillmore at the intersection of Fillmore Street and Geary Boulevard, it stood at the southwest corner of Market Street and South Van Ness Avenue in the Civic Center district. There is now a Honda automobile dealership at that location. In June 2018, the top two floors of the building reopened as SVN West, a new concert and corporate event venue managed by Non Plus Ultra.
Michael Bernard Bloomfield was an American guitarist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois, who became one of the first popular music superstars of the 1960s to earn his reputation almost entirely on his instrumental prowess, since he rarely sang before 1969. Respected for his guitar playing, Bloomfield knew and played with many of Chicago's blues musicians before achieving his own fame and was instrumental in popularizing blues music in the mid-1960s. He was ranked No. 22 on Rolling Stone's list of "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" in 2003 and No. 42 by the same magazine in 2011. He was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 2012 and, as a member of the Paul Butterfield Blues Band, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2015.
His guitar style, vocals, and songwriting have inspired and influenced many blues musicians. "Magic Sam had a different guitar sound," said his record producer, Willie Dixon. "Most of the guys were playing the straight 12-bar blues thing, but the harmonies that he carried with the chords was a different thing altogether. This tune "All Your Love", he expressed with such an inspirational feeling with his high voice. You could always tell him, even from his introduction to the music."
William James Dixon was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer. He was proficient in playing both the upright bass and the guitar, and sang with a distinctive voice, but he is perhaps best known as one of the most prolific songwriters of his time. Next to Muddy Waters, Dixon is recognized as the most influential person in shaping the post–World War II sound of the Chicago blues.
|"All Your Love"||Cobra 5013A||Magic Sam||1957||Sam Maghett|
|"Love Me with a Feeling"||Cobra 5013B||Magic Sam||1957||Hudson Whittaker (Tampa Red)|
|"Magic Rocker"||Cobra||Magic Sam||Unreleased, recorded 1957||Sam Maghett|
|"Love Me This Way"||Cobra||Magic Sam||Unreleased, recorded 1957||Sam Maghett|
|"Everything Gonna Be Alright"||Cobra 5021A||Magic Sam||1958||Willie Dixon|
|"Look Whatcha Done"||Cobra 5021B||Magic Sam||1958||Sam Maghett|
|"All Night Long"||Cobra 5025A||Magic Sam||1958||Willie Dixon|
|"All My Whole Life"||Cobra 5025B||Magic Sam||1958||Willie Dixon|
|"Call Me if You Need Me"||Artistic 1502A||Shakey Jake Harris (featuring Magic Sam)||1958||Jake Harris|
|"Roll Your Money Maker"||Artistic 1502B||Shakey Jake Harris (featuring Magic Sam)||1958||Jake Harris|
|"Easy Baby"||Cobra 5029A||Magic Sam||1958||Willie Dixon|
|"21 Days in Jail"||Cobra 5029B||Magic Sam||1958||Willie Dixon and L.P. Weaver|
|"Mr. Charlie"||Chief C7013A||Magic Sam and the Ammons Sisters||1960||Sam Maghett|
|"My Love Is Your Love"||Chief C7013B||Magic Sam and the Ammons Sisters||1960||Sam Maghett|
|"Square Dance Rock Part 1"||Chief 7017||Magic Sam||1960||Sam Maghett and Boyd Atkins|
|"Every Night About This Time"||Chief C7026A||Magic Sam||1961||Antoine Domino Jr. and Dave Bartholomew|
|"Blue Light Boogie"||Chief C7033A||Magic Sam||1961||Jessie Mae Robinson|
|"You Don't Have to Work"||Chief C7033B||Magic Sam||1961||Sam Maghett|
|"Out of Bad Luck"||The Blues 302A||Magic Sam||1966||Sam Maghett and Al Benson|
|"She Belongs to Me"||The Blues 302B||Magic Sam||1966||Sam Maghett and Al Benson|
|"Respect Me Baby"||The Blues 303A||Shakey Jake Harris (featuring Magic Sam)||1966||Jake Harris|
|"A Hard Road"||The Blues 303B||Shakey Jake Harris (featuring Magic Sam)||1966||Jake Harris|
|1967||West Side Soul||Delmark||Recorded in Chicago, 1967|
|1968||Black Magic||Delmark||Recorded in Chicago, 1968|
|1969||Raw Blues Live 1969||Rock Beat Records||Recorded in Berkeley, 1969|
|1980||The Late Great Magic Sam||L+R||Recorded 1963–64, 1969|
|1981||Magic Sam Live||Delmark||Recorded live in Chicago, 1963–64, and Ann Arbor, 1969|
|1981||Magic Touch||Black Magic||Recorded live in Chicago, 1966|
|1989||The Magic Sam Legacy||Delmark||Outtakes and alternate takes recorded in Chicago, 1966–68|
|1991||Give Me Time||Delmark||Solo demo and rehearsal home recordings, 1968|
|2001||With a Feeling – The Complete Cobra, Chief & Crash Recordings 1957–1966||Westside||Most pre-Delmark recordings; also available as Out of Luck, P-Vine, 2003|
|2002||Rockin' Wild in Chicago||Delmark||Recorded live in Chicago, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1968|
|2008||Genius: The Final Sessions||Intermedia||Previously unreleased|
|2013||Live at the Avant Garde June 22, 1968||Delmark||Recorded live at the Avant Garde coffeehouse, Milwaukee, June 22, 1968|
Freddie King was an American blues guitarist and singer. He recorded several hits for Federal Records in the early 1960s. His soulful and powerful voice and distinctive guitar style inspired many musicians, particularly guitarists. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012.
The Memphis Jug Band was an American musical group active from the mid-1920s to the late 1950s. The band featured harmonica, kazoo, fiddle and mandolin or banjolin, backed by guitar, piano, washboard, washtub bass and jug. They played slow blues, pop songs, humorous songs and upbeat dance numbers with jazz and string band flavors. The band made the first commercial recordings in Memphis, Tennessee, and recorded more sides than any other prewar jug band.
James Henry Cotton was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, who performed and recorded with many of the great blues artists of his time and with his own band. He played drums early in his career but is famous for his harmonica playing.
Charles Douglas Musselwhite is an American electric blues harmonica player and bandleader, one of the white bluesmen who came to prominence in the early 1960s, along with Mike Bloomfield and Paul Butterfield, or bands such as Canned Heat. He has often been identified as a "white bluesman". Musselwhite was reportedly the inspiration for Elwood Blues; the character played by Dan Aykroyd in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers.
Morris Holt, known as Magic Slim, was an American blues singer and guitarist. Born at Torrance, near Grenada, Mississippi, the son of sharecroppers, he followed blues greats such as Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf to Chicago, developing his own place in the Chicago blues scene.
The Mississippi Sheiks were a popular and influential American guitar and fiddle group of the 1930s. They were notable mostly for playing country blues but were adept at many styles of popular music of the time. In 2004, they were inducted into the Mississippi Musicians Hall of Fame.
Hudson Whittaker, known as Tampa Red, was an American Chicago blues musician.
Bruce Iglauer is the American founder and head of the independent blues record label Alligator Records in Chicago.
Joseph Benjamin Hutto was an American blues musician. He was influenced by Elmore James and became known for his slide guitar playing and declamatory style of singing. He was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame two years after his death.
"Smokestack Lightning" is a blues song recorded by Howlin' Wolf in 1956. It became one of his most popular and influential songs. It is based on earlier blues songs, and numerous artists later interpreted it.
"Hide Away" or "Hideaway" is a blues guitar instrumental that has become "a standard for countless blues and rock musicians performing today". First recorded in 1960 by Freddie King, the song became an R&B and pop chart hit. Since then, it has been interpreted and recorded by numerous blues and other musicians and has been recognized by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Grammy Hall of Fame.
Pete J. Welding was an American historian, archivist, and record producer specializing in jazz and blues.
Shakey Jake Harris was an American Chicago blues singer, harmonicist and songwriter. He released five albums over a period of almost 25 years. He was often musically associated with his nephew Magic Sam.
"All Your Love " or "All Your Love" is a blues standard written and recorded by Chicago blues guitarist Otis Rush in 1958. Of all of his compositions, it is the best-known with versions by several blues and other artists. "All Your Love" was inspired by an earlier blues song and later influenced other popular songs.
"Shake Your Moneymaker" or "Shake Your Money Maker" is a song recorded by Elmore James in 1961 that has become a blues standard. Inspired by earlier songs, it has been interpreted and recorded by several blues and other artists.
"Double Trouble" is a blues song written and recorded by Chicago blues guitarist Otis Rush in 1958. Since its release as a single in 1959, the song has been recorded by several blues and other artists, including several versions by Eric Clapton. Stevie Ray Vaughan named his band "Double Trouble" after Rush's song. In 2008, Rush's original version was inducted into the Blues Foundation Hall of Fame, who called it a "minor-key masterpiece".