Magnificat (Penderecki)

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Magnificat
by Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki 20080706.jpg
The composer in 2008
Occasion1200th anniversary of the Salzburg Cathedral
Text Magnificat
LanguageLatin
Composed1973 (1973)–74
Performed17 August 1974 (1974-08-17)
Scoring
  • bass
  • vocal ensemble of seven men's voices
  • two mixed choirs of 24 voices each
  • boys' voices
  • orchestra

Magnificat is a large-scale sacred composition, a musical setting of the biblical canticle Magnificat, for bass soloist, men's and boys' voices, two mixed choirs, and orchestra, by Krzysztof Penderecki, completed in 1974. It was commissioned for the 1200th anniversary of the Salzburg Cathedral, where it was premiered on 17 August 1974, conducted by the composer.

Contents

History

Penderecki was commissioned to compose the piece by the Austrian broadcaster ORF for the 1200th anniversary of the Salzburg Cathedral. [1] He wrote the music from 1973 to 1974. [1]

The composer conducted the first performance on 17 August 1974 at the Salzburg Cathedral, with Peter Lagger, the ORF Symphony Orchestra and Choir, the Wiener Sängerknaben and the Schola Cantorum Stuttgart. [1] [2] It was published by Schott. [1]

Structure and scoring

Penderecki scored the Magnificat for a bass soloist, a vocal ensemble of seven men's voices, two mixed choirs of at least 24 voices each, boys' voices and orchestra. [3] He structured the work in seven movements: [1] [3]

  1. Magnificat anima mea
  2. Fuga "Quia respexit humilitatem"
  3. Et misericordia eius
  4. Fecit potentiam
  5. Passacaglia
  6. Sicut locutus est
  7. Gloria

The duration is given as 40 minutes. [1] The first section begins with a sustained note which grows to a cluster, into which the choir enters the initial text. The second section is a fugue in dense texture, with sub-divided voices and rich harmonies. In the third section, mercy (misericordia) is depicted by high woodwinds and strings with the voices in chordal clusters. The solo bass expresses power (potentia) in the fourth section, first juxtaposed by lower strings, then concluding alone but still with high intensity. The fifth section is a passacaglia which includes declaimed text sung, spoken and whispered, reminiscent of Penderecki's earlier choral compositions. The sixth section is the most complex, with the voices and several instruments in exchanges, and solo voices corresponding to instrumental motifs. After a climax that "pivots between tonal stability and disintegration", with brass dominating but interjected by strings and timpani, the conclusion arrives in a "mood of anxious and equivocal calm". [3]

Awards

Penderecki received the 1977 Prix Arthur Honegger for the work. [4] [5]

Recording

The composition was recorded by Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Antoni Wit, with Wojtek Gierlach as the soloist. [6] [7] [8] In her review in The Guardian, Kate Molleson noted that the composer wrote his early sacred music in defiance of the Communist regime in Poland and observed that Penderecki was in a period of transition from avant-garde composition to reminiscences of late-romantic music and his Magnificat mixes tone clusters and diatonic chords. On the recording, Magnificat is juxtaposed with Penderecki's Kadisz ["Kaddish"], composed in 2009. [6]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Magnificat". Schott Music . Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  2. "Magnificat, Krzysztof Penderecki" (work details) (in French and English). IRCAM.
  3. 1 2 3 Whitehouse, Richard. "Krzysztof Penderecki (b. 1933) / Magnificat / Kadisz". Naxos Records . Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  4. "Penderecki, Krzysztof". Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon (in German). 21 March 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  5. "Krzysztof Penderecki". Auszeichnungen und Preise (in German). Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  6. 1 2 Molleson, Kate (October 2010). "Penderecki: Magnificat CD review – a peculiar and gripping mix played at full throttle". The Guardian . Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  7. Penderecki, K.: Magnificat / Kadisz (Warsaw Boys Choir, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir And Orchestra, Wit) Naxos OCLC   919576985
  8. "Authentischer Penderecki". Pizzicato (in German). 25 August 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2020.

Further reading