Mahdia, Guyana

Last updated

Mahdia
Town and regional capital
Commercial area in Mahdia.jpg
Commercial area in Mahdia, May 2006
Guyana location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Mahdia
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 5°16′N59°9′W / 5.267°N 59.150°W / 5.267; -59.150 Coordinates: 5°16′N59°9′W / 5.267°N 59.150°W / 5.267; -59.150
Country Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana
Region Potaro-Siparuni
Elevation
1,360 ft (415 m)
Population
 (2012) [1]
  Total2,563

Mahdia is the capital of the Potaro-Siparuni region of Guyana, [2] located near the centre of the country at an altitude of 415 metres (1,362 ft).

Contents

Commerce is centred on the area's gold and diamond mining operations. As such it responds to and is affected by the economic booms and busts and attracts immigrants both local and foreign to obtain wealth through mining.

Demographics

The population in Mahdia as of 2012 was 2,563 people, [1] and is of three groups. The Patamonas, an indigenous Amerindian tribe, are involved in farming, hunting and mining. The Coast Landers, residents from the coastlands of Guyana, migrated to the hinterland to seek employment mainly mining. The third group, called Islanders, are immigrants, and their descendants are from the Caribbean Islands, particularly, St Lucia and Dominica. They focus on farming and burning charcoal. Within recent times, there has been an influx of a new group, the Brazilians, who are also involved in mining and other businesses. On 10 September annually, the Amerindians celebrate Heritage Month in the community of Campbelltown, Mahdia, [3] while the Islanders celebrate the La Rose Festival at the end of August. This festival was originated in St Lucia. [4] Mahdia being the Regional Administrative Centre of Region 8, Potaro-Siparuni has the following relevant infrastructure:

Residents still depend on rainfall and water from the Salbora Falls. While electricity is currently provided by local businessmen.

History

Mahdia was established in 1884, by the Africans after their emancipation. Most of them travelled from the county of Berbice and the East Coast of Demerara in search of gold. The British Consolidated Mining Company, expanded the mining exploration in Mahdia and established, Colonial Administrative offices. During this period Mahdia was only accessible by waterways.

Gold mining attracted a number of St. Lucians to Mahdia, bringing with them the French Patois (Kweol) language and cultural traditions such as La Rose celebration. [5]

In November 1933 a bridge was constructed over the Garraway Stream, linking Mahdia to Bartica by trail. This bridge which is suspended by cables was named the Denham Suspension Bridge, after the then Colonial Governor Sir Edward Denham. It is still in use today and has become a tourist site. [6] In 2018, Mahdia received a town status [7]

Mining

There are one hundred and fifty (150) land dredges in the mining district of Mahdia. Most miners use excavators to extract the overburden and utilize gravel pumps to extract the gravel with gold from the pits. On most occasions the pits are not refilled which causes the anopheles mosquito to breed and so increase the spread of malaria. Recently the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission has embarked upon reinforcing the amendment regulations, 2005, for environmental management, which has instantly created an impact in the community, by curbing the pollution of water ways and encouraged soil reclamation and replanting trees in areas where there has been deforestation.

Climate

Mahdia has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Mahdia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.7
(87.3)
30.8
(87.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
31.1
(88.0)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.0
(87.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.6
(87.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.0
(78.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.3
(81.1)
27.3
(81.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F)21.4
(70.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.9
(71.4)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.6
(72.7)
22.0
(71.6)
22.4
(72.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches)269
(10.6)
185
(7.3)
185
(7.3)
232
(9.1)
364
(14.3)
418
(16.5)
326
(12.8)
263
(10.4)
114
(4.5)
93
(3.7)
140
(5.5)
237
(9.3)
2,826
(111.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [8]

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References

  1. 1 2 "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  2. "Capital towns and economic development". Ministry of Communities. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  3. "Campbelltown to host Heritage Day activities on September 28/29". Guyana Chronicle. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  4. "The La Rose festival of St Lucia". Stabroek News. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  5. "The La Rose festival of St Lucia". Stabroek News. 29 September 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  6. "Region 8 (Potaro-Siparuni". National Trust. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  7. "Mahdia declared Guyana's 10th town". Stabroek News. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  8. "Climate:Mahdia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2020.