Maidan Wardak Province

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Maidan Wardak
میدان وردګ
Sayedabad district patrol, Maidan Wardak, Afghanistan.jpg
A gathering of people receiving gifts from the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a patrol in the Sayedabad district of Wardak Province in November 2011
Wardak in Afghanistan.svg
Map of Afghanistan with Maidan Wardak highlighted
Coordinates(Capital): 34°24′N68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4 Coordinates: 34°24′N68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4
Country Flag of Taliban.svg Afghanistan
Capital Maidan Shar
Government
   Governor Muhammad Arif Shah Jahan
Area
  Total10,348 km2 (3,995 sq mi)
  Land10,348 km2 (3,995 sq mi)
  Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [1]
  Total671,817
  Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 code AF-WAR
Main languages Pashto
Hazaragi and Dari

Maidan Wardak Province [2] (Pashto: میدان وردګ ; Dari: میدان وردگ), also called Maidan Wardag or Wardak, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 671,817. [1] The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District.

Contents

In 2021, the Taliban gained control of the province during the 2021 Taliban offensive.

History

During the communist times, the people of Wardak never gave significant support to the communist government. [3] Wardak Province was significant during the Civil War in Afghanistan, due to its proximity with Kabul and its agricultural lands. Hezb-e Wahdat had a significant presence in the area. Most of the area was captured by the Taliban around winter 1995. [3] It remains a major Taliban travel route to Kabul with Maidan Shar a target for terror.

The security situation rapidly deteriorated in Wardak in 2008 and 2009. According to a report by Mohammad Osman Tariq Elias, both Logar and Wardak, by the end of 2008, were under de facto Taliban control. [3] As of April 2009, the Ministry of the Interior (Afghanistan) had listed the entire province as "High Risk." [4]

In October 2017, US Forces from elements of the 1st Battalion 87 Infantry Regiment and 10th Special Operations Group launched an offensive to wrest the province from Taliban control.

On 21 January 2019, a Taliban attack on a military base and police training center in the province resulted in 125 NDS officers killed. At least 30 people were reported to be injured. The attack came during a time of intense daily violence throughout the country. [5]

US Soldier in Wardak Province in 2011 TSPN2734.jpg
US Soldier in Wardak Province in 2011

Geography

Wardak province is located in the central and eastern region of Afghanistan; bordering Parwan to the northeast, Kabul and Logar to the east, Ghazni to the south and Bamyan to the west. The capital of Wardak province is Maidan Shar, which is located about 35 km from Kabul. Wardak province covers an area of 9,934 km2. It is mountainous like the rest of the country with plains and many valleys, such as the Tangi Valley. The majority of its residents live in rural areas. The most heavily populated areas are along the Kabul–Kandahar Highway. The rest of the province is thinly populated, with villages concentrated in areas with available irrigation and water sources (CSO and UNFPA, 2003). Famous passes include the Unai Pass and the Hajigak Pass.

Politics and governance

The current governor of the province is Mohammad Halim Fidai. His predecessor was Abdul Jabbar Naeemi. The town of Maidan Shar serves as the capital of the province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are conducted by the Afghan National Police (ANP) along with the Afghan Local Police (ALP). The provincial police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including the NATO-led forces.

Economics and industry

In terms of industry, one marble factory is working in the province, and there are marble mines in the provincial center and Sayed Abad District although no mining is currently undertaken there due to the government ban. The majority of commercial activity in Maidan Shahr. Wardak is related to trade in agricultural and livestock products, although stone quarrying is also a growing business in the area. The people from Maidan Shahr are also experts in karez cleaning and repair and go to other parts of the country for this purpose. In Wardak, there are many natural resources like petroleum, iron, rubies, and emeralds.

Agriculture is a major source of revenue for 43% of households in Maidan Wardak province. Four-fifths (79%) of rural households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province. However, nearly a quarter (24%) of households in the province derive income from trade and services, and around half (45%) of households earn some income through non-farm related labor.

Education

A school being renovated in the Jalrez district of Wardak province in 2009 School in Wardak-2009.jpg
A school being renovated in the Jalrez district of Wardak province in 2009

The overall literacy rate in Wardak province is 25%. There are around 251 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 105,358 students. There are 2909 teachers teaching in these schools. [6]

Demographics

Districts of Wardak province Wardak districts.png
Districts of Wardak province

As of 2021, the total population of Wardak province is about 671,817. [1] The province is predominantly Pashtun (70%) with Shia Hazaras and Sunni Tajiks making up most of the remainder of the population. The Tajiks live primarily in northern districts of the province while the Hazaras live in the western part of the province. The province also has a small population of Qizilbash who are ethnically Persian and practice Shia Islam. [7] [8]

Districts

Districts of Wardak Province
DistrictCapitalPopulation [1] Area [9] Notes
Chaki Wardak Chaki Wardak 97,0591,273
Day Mirdad Miran 35,687
Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud 42,582
Jaghatu 52,585Shifted from Ghazni Province in 2005
Jalrez 60,966
Markazi Bihsud Behsud 137,208
Maidan Shar Maidan Shar 46,611
Nirkh 65,562
Saydabad Saydabad 133,57731,163

See also

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Hesa Awal Behsood District District in Maidan Wardak, Afghanistan

Hisa-e-Awali Behsud is a district of Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The district has a Hazara majority resident population, but the district is also used as grazing ground by nomadic Pashtun Kuchis. The Hajigak Mine is located in the district.

Markazi Bihsud District Place in Maidan Wardak, Afghanistan

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
  2. "Wardak". Office of the President of Afghanistan.
  3. 1 2 3 Elias, Mohammed Osman Tariq (2009). "The Resurgence of the Taliban in Kabul, Logar and Wardak". In Giustozzi, Antonio (ed.). Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field. Hurst & Company. ISBN   978-1-85065-961-7.
  4. British Broadcasting Corporation. Afghanistan: Security Map. 19 August 2009. Accessed at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8194230.stm Accessed on [28 September 2009]
  5. Taliban Attack on Afghan Military Base and Police Training Center Kills 12 21 January 2019. Accessed at: Accessed on [21 January 2019]
  6. "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  7. "Maydan Wardak Province". Understanding War. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
  8. "Mayden Wardak Provincial Overview". Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School . Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  9. Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers