Maidstone

Last updated

Maidstone
Maidstone, Kent montage.jpg
From top left: River Medway with Maidstone's historic All Saints Church, County Hall, Leeds Castle, Mote Park, The Mall Maidstone shopping centre.
Kent UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Maidstone
Location within Kent
Population100,439 ONS mid-2019 [1]
OS grid reference TQ759556
  London 32 miles (51 km) [2]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MAIDSTONE
Postcode district ME14–ME18
Dialling code 01622
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°16′19″N0°31′44″E / 51.272°N 0.529°E / 51.272; 0.529 Coordinates: 51°16′19″N0°31′44″E / 51.272°N 0.529°E / 51.272; 0.529

Maidstone is the largest town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town. Maidstone is historically important and lies 32 miles (51 km) east-south-east of London. The River Medway runs through the centre of the town, linking it with Rochester and the Thames Estuary. Historically, the river carried much of the town's trade as the centre of the agricultural county of Kent, known as the Garden of England. There is evidence of settlement in the area dating back before the Stone Age. The town, part of the borough of Maidstone, had an approximate population of 100,000 in 2019. Since World War II, the town's economy has shifted from heavy industry towards light industry and services.

Contents

Toponymy

Saxon charters of about 975 show the first recorded instances of the town's name, de maeides stana and maegdan stane, possibly meaning stone of the maidens or stone of the people. The latter meaning may refer to the nearby megalith around which gatherings took place. The name evolved through medestan/meddestane in the Domesday Book with possible variation Mayndenstan, in 1396. [3] The modern name appeared by 1610. [4] It has been suggested that the name derives from stones set into the river to allow clothes to be rinsed in the cleaner water away from the banks.[ citation needed ]

History

Neolithic finds have revealed the earliest occupation of the area, and the Romans have left their mark in the road through the town and evidence of villas. [5] The Normans set up a shire moot, and religious organisations established an abbey at Boxley, hospitals and a college for priests. Today's suburb of Penenden Heath was a place of execution in medieval times.

Archbishop's Palace Archbishops Palace-by-Stephen-Nunney.jpg
Archbishop's Palace
Maidstone Museum Maidstone 034.jpg
Maidstone Museum

Maidstone played a key role during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. The rebel priest John Ball had been imprisoned there and was freed by Kentish rebels under the command of Wat Tyler, who is reputed to have been a resident of the town.

Maidstone's charter as a town was granted in 1549; although briefly revoked, a new charter in 1551 created the town as a borough. The charter was ratified in 1619 under James I, and the coat of arms was designed, bearing a golden lion and a representation of the river (in heraldic terms: Or, a fess wavy Azure between three roundels Gules, on a chief Gules a leopard passant gardant Or). Recently to these arms were added the head of a white horse (representing Invicta, the motto of the county of Kent), a golden lion and an iguanodon. The iguanodon relates to the discovery in the 19th century of the fossilised remains of that dinosaur, now in the Natural History Museum in London. Maidstone has had the right to a town gaol since 1604.

During the English Civil War, the Battle of Maidstone took place in 1648, resulting in a victory for the Parliamentarians. Andrew Broughton, who was Mayor of Maidstone in 1649 (and also Clerk to the High Court of Justice) was responsible for declaring the death sentence on Charles I, and today a plaque in Maidstone Town Centre memorialises Broughton as 'Mayor and Regicide'.

Paper mills, stone quarrying, brewing and the cloth industry have all flourished here. The paper maker James Whatman and his son invented wove paper (Whatman paper) at Turkey Mill from 1740, an important development in the history of printing. [6]

A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of cavalry barracks in 1798. [7] Invicta Park Barracks is now home to the 36 Engineer Regiment. [8]

Maidstone Prison is north of the town centre and was completed in 1819.

Modern history

Modern Maidstone incorporates a number of outlying villages and settlements (see Geography below).

The county council offices to the north of the town centre were built of Portland stone between 1910 and 1913. On 29 September 1975 a local pub serving Invicta Park Barracks, The Hare and Hounds, was damaged by a bomb during an IRA campaign in England. [9]

Maidstone General Hospital opened on the outskirts of the town in 1983, replacing West Kent General Hospital, which opened 150 years earlier in Marsham Street. It is just to the north of Oakwood Hospital (originally the Kent County Asylum), which closed in the mid-1990s.

Residents are employed in the retail, administrative or service sectors; there are industrial estates around the town providing employment. Some of the workforce commute to other towns, including to London.

Governance

Maidstone Town Hall, completed in 1763 The Old Town Hall, Maidstone 2.jpg
Maidstone Town Hall, completed in 1763

Members of Parliament

The town is divided between the constituencies of Maidstone and the Weald and Faversham and Mid Kent. Before 1997 Maidstone was in the county constituency of Maidstone. The Member of Parliament for Maidstone and the Weald is Conservative Helen Grant. Previous MPs include Ann Widdecombe, Sir John Wells, Sir Alfred Bossom and Benjamin Disraeli. [10] Since 2015 the MP for Faversham and Mid Kent has been Conservative Helen Whately. Prior to the 2015 election, the MP was Conservative Sir Hugh Robertson.

Local government

Kent County Council is responsible for social services, education, maintenance of and new infrastructure, fire services and minerals. It is elected every four years: Maidstone elects nine representatives, and villages are in the four rural wards.

The town is the main town of Maidstone borough, which includes the surrounding rural areas except to the north-west. The town is divided into the 12 local government wards of Allington, Bridge, Downswood and Otham, East, Fant, Heath, High Street, Park Wood, Shepway North, Shepway South, South, and North. [11] These wards have 30 of the 55 seats on Borough Council.

Maidstone Borough Council is responsible for services such as recreation, refuse collection, most planning decisions and social housing. [12]

Geography

A former millpond on the River Len, Mill Street/Palace Avenue Maidstone. RiverLenMarch2017.jpg
A former millpond on the River Len, Mill Street/Palace Avenue Maidstone.
Lower Crisbrook Mill mill pond and Upper Crisbrook Mill, on the Loose Stream. Tovil0154.JPG
Lower Crisbrook Mill mill pond and Upper Crisbrook Mill, on the Loose Stream.

The town is six miles downstream from where the River Medway, having flowed in a generally west–east direction, is joined by the Rivers Teise and Beult at Yalding and changes its course to a northerly one. It cuts through the ridge formed by the greensand, so that the town occupies a site on two opposite hills, the easterly one containing the town centre. Beyond that, and higher, is Penenden Heath.

The River Len joins the Medway at Maidstone. Though a short river, it provided the water to drive numerous watermills. The Loose Stream, which rises at Langley and joins at Tovil, once powered over 30 mills. Mill ponds on these rivers are a prominent feature of the landscape.

Roads connecting to Sevenoaks and Ashford (the A20); the Medway Towns and Hastings (A229); Tonbridge (A26) and Tenterden (A274). All these roads were served by the Turnpike trusts in the 18th/19th centuries.[ citation needed ]

The two railway routes are not principal ones, in spite of Maidstone being the county town, due to an accident of history.[ citation needed ] There are two principal stations: Maidstone East, the more northerly of the two, on the secondary line from London to Ashford, and Maidstone West on the Medway Valley Line.

Maidstone has continued to grow. In doing so it has incorporated hitherto separate settlements, villages and hamlets within its boundaries. These include Allington, Barming, Bearsted, Penenden Heath, Sandling, Tovil and Weavering Street. Housing estates include Grove Green, Harbourland, Ringlestone, Roseacre, Shepway, Senacre and Vinters Park.

Maidstone was at one time a centre of industry, brewing and paper making being among the most important. Nowadays smaller industrial units encircle the town. [13] The site of Fremlin's Brewery, once the largest in Kent, is now Fremlin Walk shopping centre. [14] The pedestrianised areas of the High Street and King Street run up from the river crossing at Lockmeadow; Week Street and Gabriel's Hill bisect this route.

Climate

Kent experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest official Met Office weather station for which online records are available is at East Malling, about three miles west of Maidstone.

East Malling's highest temperature of 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) was recorded in August 2003. [15] The lowest temperature recorded is −17.8 °C (0.0 °F) during January 1947 and 1972. [16] East Malling also holds the record for the mildest January day in South East England, 17.4 °C (63.3 °F), also set in 2003. [17] The lowest temperature recorded in recent years was −10.7 °C (12.7 °F) on 20 December 2010. [18] The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate). [19]

Climate data for East Malling 1961–1990 (Weather station 3 miles (5 km) to the West of Maidstone)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
22.6
(72.7)
27.7
(81.9)
31.2
(88.2)
34.1
(93.4)
35.5
(95.9)
37.4
(99.3)
31.6
(88.9)
29.1
(84.4)
19.5
(67.1)
16.8
(62.2)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
7.1
(44.8)
9.8
(49.6)
12.4
(54.3)
16.3
(61.3)
19.5
(67.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.5
(70.7)
18.9
(66.0)
15.1
(59.2)
10.2
(50.4)
7.8
(46.0)
13.9
(57.0)
Average low °C (°F)1.2
(34.2)
1.2
(34.2)
2.4
(36.3)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
9.8
(49.6)
11.9
(53.4)
11.6
(52.9)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
3.6
(38.5)
2.1
(35.8)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F)−17.8
(0.0)
−9.4
(15.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
1.6
(34.9)
4.7
(40.5)
4.0
(39.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
−10.7
(12.7)
−17.4
(0.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)62
(2.4)
41
(1.6)
49
(1.9)
46
(1.8)
47
(1.9)
50
(2.0)
45
(1.8)
48
(1.9)
60
(2.4)
60
(2.4)
67
(2.6)
65
(2.6)
640
(25.2)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 51.669.4113.9148.5201.0204.8201.0195.6151.4114.469.346.61,567.5
Source: Met Office [20]

Demography

Maidstone compared
MaidstoneMaidstone districtEngland
Population75,070138,94849,138,831
Foreign born5.9%5.2%9.2%
White97%97%91%
Asian1.5%1.1%4.6%
Black0.4%0.2%2.3%
Christian74%76%72%
Muslim0.8%0.5%3.1%
Hindu0.7%0.5%1.1%
Source: 2001 UK census

In the 2001 UK census, Maidstone town wards had a population of 75,070, a density of 28 residents per hectare. The town had 31,142 households, of which 38% were married couples, 29% were individuals, 10% were cohabiting couples, and 9% were single-parent families. 14% of households had someone living alone of pensionable age. [21]

The ethnicity was 96.6% white, 0.9% mixed race, 0.3% Chinese, 1.5% other Asian, 0.4% Black and 0.3% other. The place of birth was 94.1% United Kingdom (91.4% England), 0.6% Republic of Ireland, 0.6% Germany, 1.3% other European countries, 1.7% Asia, 0.9% Africa and 0.8% elsewhere. [21]

Religion was 73.9% Christian, 0.8% Muslim, 0.7% Hindu, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.14% Sikh and 0.11% Jewish. 15.8% had no religion, 0.6% had an alternative religion, and 7.7% did not state their religion. [21]

Economy

Fremlin Walk Fremlin Walk - geograph.org.uk - 948897.jpg
Fremlin Walk
The Stag, by Edward Bainbridge Copnall, outside the Lockmeadow Centre MaidstoneStag0117.JPG
The Stag, by Edward Bainbridge Copnall, outside the Lockmeadow Centre

Industry

Until 1998, the Sharps toffee factory (later part of Cadbury Trebor Basset), was in central Maidstone and provided a significant source of employment.

Loudspeaker manufacturer KEF was founded in 1961 on the premises of the metal-working operation Kent Engineering & Foundry (hence KEF). KEF still occupies the same river-bank site. In the late 1990s KEF manufactured a loudspeaker called "the Maidstone".

The town centre has the largest office centre in the county and the area is a base for the paper and packaging industry. Many high-technology firms have set up in surrounding business parks.

Southern Water and Mid Kent Water operate the Maidstone water system.

Maidstone Borough Corporation began construction of Maidstone power station at Fairmeadow in 1900 and supplied electricity from 1901, firstly for street lighting then other uses. [22] Upon nationalisation of the electricity industry in 1948 ownership of the station passed to the British Electricity Authority and then to the Central Electricity Generating Board. In 1966 the power station had a generating capacity of 13.125 MW and delivered 6,921 MWh of electricity. [23] The CEGB later closed the station and it was demolished in 1973. [22]

Shopping

The town is ranked in the top five shopping centres in the south east of England for shopping yields and, with more than one million square feet of retail floor space, in the top 50 in the UK. [24] Much of this space is located in the two main shopping centres in the town, the 535,000 square feet (49,700 m2) The Mall Maidstone and the 32,500 square metres (350,000 sq ft) Fremlin Walk which opened in 2005. [25]

Other recent developments include the riverside Lockmeadow Centre, with a multiplex cinema, restaurants, nightclubs (now a trampoline park), and the town's market square. The leisure industry is a key contributor with the night-time economy worth £75m per annum. [24]

Employment

In the 2001 UK census, 45.2% of residents aged 16–74 were employed full-time, 12.7% part-time, 7.6% self-employed and 2.5% unemployed, while 2.3% were students with jobs, 3.0% without jobs, 12.9% retired, 6.6% looking after home or family, 3.8% permanently sick or disabled and 3.2% economically inactive for other reasons. These figures were roughly in line with the national average. [21]

Employment, by industry, was 19% retail; 13% real estate; 11% manufacturing; 9% construction; 7% transport and communications; 10% health and social work; 8% public administration; 7% education; 5% finance; 4% hotels and restaurants; 1% agriculture; 1% energy and water supply; and 5% other. Compared to national figures, Maidstone had a high percentage of workers in construction and public administration, and a low percentage in agriculture. [21]

According to the Office for National Statistics estimates, the average gross income of households between April 2001 and March 2002 was £595 per week (£31,000 per year). [21]

Education

The town is served by 15 secondary schools, 23 primary schools, and two special schools. Non-selective secondary schools include Cornwallis Academy, The Maplesden Noakes School, New Line Learning Academy, St Augustine Academy, St. Simon Stock School and Valley Park School. Grammar schools serving the town include Maidstone Grammar School, Invicta Grammar School, Maidstone Grammar School for Girls and Oakwood Park Grammar School. [26]

Alumni of the oldest school, Maidstone Grammar School (founded 1549), include James Burke, television presenter, and Lord Beeching, of the British railway cuts of the 1960s. William Golding, author of Lord of the Flies was once a teacher at the school.

Oakwood Park to the west of the town is host to a regional campus of the University for the Creative Arts (formerly Kent Institute of Art & Design) at which Turner Prize nominated artist Tracey Emin, fashion designer Karen Millen and television personality and artist Tony Hart studied.

In the 2001 census, 15.7% of residents aged 16–74 had a higher education qualification or equivalent, below the national average of 19.9%. 27.5% had no academic qualifications, compared to the national figure of 28.9%.

Religion

All Saints' Church Maidstone0115.JPG
All Saints' Church

In 2001, religions were 73.9% Christian, 0.8% Muslim, 0.7% Hindu, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.14% Sikh and 0.11% Jewish. 15.8% had no religion, 0.6% had an alternative religion, while 7.7% did not state their religion. [21]

All Saints' Church in the town centre was the collegiate church of the College of All Saints built in 1395 next to the Archbishop's Palace. It is a landmark building[ clarification needed ] and is one of the largest and widest parish churches in England.[ citation needed ] It contains a monument to Sir Jacob Astley, the Royalist Civil War soldier and a memorial to Lawrence Washington, great-uncle of George Washington's great-great-grandfather, that includes the stars and stripes in the family coat of arms [27] The college, the church, the palace and the palace's tithe barn are all Grade I listed buildings.

Jubilee Church is an independent Maidstone-based Christian church which forms partnerships not only in Kent, but in Canada and the Ukraine. In the Ukraine it has events with Ockert Potgieter of the Light of the World Church. [28] [29]

Culture

Twinning

A Twinning Association Committee meets every month. It organises annual trips to the Jeanne Hachette Festival in Beauvais. An annual sporting weekend is also held, with Maidstone and Beauvais taking it in turns to host the event. [30]

Radio

There are several radio stations based in the town, or which broadcast to it. KMFM Maidstone, formerly CTR 105.6, is the local commercial station. It used to broadcast from studios on mill street, however now broadcasts from the studios of sister station KMFM Medway in Strood.

Maidstone Radio, which broadcast from the Maidstone Community Support Centre, has recently started broadcasting in December 2019 and is listed as a community radio station. The station currently airs online and on smart speaker devices. [31]

Hospital Radio Maidstone, which broadcasts from Maidstone Hospital, started broadcasting in 1963.

Former Invicta Fm (now Heart Kent) use to broadcast from Canterbury but had a second studio in Earl Street.

Television

The Maidstone Studios formerly called TVS Television Centre, is the UK's largest independent television studio complex based at Vinters Park on New Cut Road. The studio complex first opened in late 1982 providing broadcasting and production output for TVS. The site was also used as a regional office and a newsgathering hub, broadcasting the South East daily edition of Coast to Coast. TVS continued to use Maidstone until the end of their franchise, which they lost in 1991.

The studio is now home to two studios, with Studio One being the flagship studio with 12,000 sqft space, that has seen many national programmes such as Supermarket Sweep, Take Me Out, Catchphrase and many more.

Theatre

The Exchange MaidstoneExchange0030.JPG
The Exchange

Theatres include the Hazlitt Theatre; RiverStage; The Exchange Studio (previously the ‘‘Corn Exchange’’); and the Hermitage Millennium Amphitheatre.

Literature

Maidstone is mentioned several times in Ian Fleming's 1955 James Bond novel, Moonraker . Villain Hugo Drax passes through King Street and Gabriels Hill and later stops at the Thomas Wyatt Hotel. [32]

Writer Jack London recounts his visit to Maidstone in his 1903 book The People of the Abyss . Whilst living in the slums of London in the summer of 1902, he heads to Maidstone in search of hop-picking work up the London Road. He finds lodgings with a "Sea Wife" living in the poor quarter of Maidstone, and persuades her and her husband to let him stay in their front room. [33]

Museums

Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery is located in the town centre, near to the Fremlin Walk shopping centre. Operated by Maidstone Borough Council, the museum is open seven days a week, with free admission. The Museum & Art Gallery has a large collection of over 600,000 objects, including collections about ancient Egyptians; archaeology; costume; ethnography; biology; fine and decorative art; geology; Japanese decorative arts and prints; and local history. [34] It also hosts temporary exhibitions.

The core of the museum is located within the former Chillington Manor, an Elizabethan manor house completed in 1577. New wings were added to the building in the 19th century. A striking gold-coloured extension was added in 2012 which has extended the display space by 40% but the modern design has divided opinion. [35]

Kent Life

Kent Life, formerly the Museum of Kent Life, is an open air rural life museum at Sandling, near Allington Locks, on the east bank of the River Medway. The museum includes a collection of historic buildings including a chapel, village hall and old houses. It also includes displays on agriculture, including a farm yard and farm animals.

Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages

The Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages is located in a Grade I Listed tithe barn near the Archbishop's Palace. The museum was established by Sir Garrard Tyrwhitt-Drake, a former mayor of Maidstone, who amassed a large collection of horse-drawn vehicles.

Martian crater

Following the NASA tradition of naming craters on Mars after small towns, the Maidstone crater was added to the list of Martian geographical features in 1976. [36] [37]

Sport

Football

Maidstone celebrate winning the Kent League title in 2006 7oaks.jpg
Maidstone celebrate winning the Kent League title in 2006

Maidstone United was formed in 1897. The club gained promotion to the Football League in 1989, from non-league football. The club could not bring its London Road Ground up to Football League standards so it ground-shared at Dartford's Watling Street stadium and played its games there. It went bankrupt in 1992. A new club was formed and made its way from the Kent County League Division 4 to the Isthmian (Ryman) Premier Division, in 2014 being in the Ryman Premier Division. The club moved into the new Gallagher Stadium at James Whatman Way in summer 2012. Maidstone United now play in the National League South, the second division of the National League in England, immediately below the top division National League.

Hockey

Maidstone Hockey Club is one of the oldest hockey clubs in the country, founded in 1878. [38] For the 2011/12 season, the Ladies' 1st XI play in the National League East Conference, having won the East Premier League the previous season, [39] and the Men's 1st XI play in the South Hockey League 1st XI Premier League Division 2. [40] The Men's and Women's 1st squad were both represented in the Indoor England Hockey League Division 2, with the Men having previously won the Division 2 title in 2008/09. [41] [42] The club has seven men's and four women's sides playing in national, regional and county leagues.

Rugby union

Maidstone Rugby Football Club is one of the older rugby clubs in England, having been founded in 1880. [43] The club runs 6 senior men's sides and a junior section. In the 2014/15 season they were unbeaten and won the National RFU Intermediate Cup at Twickenham Stadium. [44]

Cricket

Kent County Cricket Club used Mote Park as a regular out-ground for some 150 years until 2005. Mote Park is the town's largest park and includes a number of recreational and sport facilities. The Lashings World XI exhibition cricket team is based in Maidstone and has included a number of high-profile professional cricketers. [45]

Other sports

Maidstone Sailing Club sails on Mote Park lake. Maidstone also has a rowing club, a martial arts school, a tennis club, an athletics club, an American football team and a basketball club.

A baseball team, the Kent Mariners, is based in the town, playing in the BBF AA South division.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Kent County of England

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames, and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais through the Channel Tunnel. The county town is Maidstone.

Chatham, Kent Town in Kent, England

Chatham is a town located within the Medway unitary authority, in North Kent, in South East England.

Folkestone town in Kent, England

Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England. The town lies on the southern edge of the North Downs at a valley between two cliffs. It was an important harbour and shipping port for most of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Rochester, Kent Human settlement in England

Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England. It is at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London.

Medway Place in England

Medway is a conurbation and unitary authority in Kent in the region of South East England. It is a county for the purposes of the Lieutenancies. It had a population in 2019 of 278,016. The unitary authority was formed in 1998 when the City of Rochester-upon-Medway amalgamated with Gillingham Borough Council and part of Kent County Council to form Medway Council, a unitary authority independent of Kent County Council.

Snodland Human settlement in England

Snodland is a small town in the borough of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent, England. It lies on the River Medway, between Rochester and Maidstone, and approximately 27 miles (43 km) from central London. At the 2011 Census, it had a population of 10,211.

Tonbridge Market town in Kent, England

Tonbridge is a market town in Kent, England, on the River Medway, 4 miles (6 km) north of Royal Tunbridge Wells, 12 miles (19 km) south west of Maidstone and 29 miles (47 km) south east of London. In the administrative borough of Tonbridge and Malling, it had an estimated population of 41,293 in 2018.

Gillingham, Kent Town in Kent, England

Gillingham is a large town in the county of Kent in South East England. For local government purposes it is also in the unitary authority of Medway.

Sheerness Human settlement in England

Sheerness is a town and civil parish beside the mouth of the River Medway on the north-west corner of the Isle of Sheppey in north Kent, England. With a population of 12,000, it is the largest town on the island.

Borough of Maidstone Non-metropolitan district in England

The Borough of Maidstone is a local government district with borough status in Kent, England. Its administrative centre is Maidstone, the county town of Kent.

Maidstone United F.C. Association football club in Maidstone, England

Maidstone United Football Club is a professional English football club based in Maidstone, Kent. They currently compete in the National League South, the sixth tier of English football.

Strood Town in Medway in South East England

Strood is a town in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, South East England. It lies on the northwest bank of the River Medway at its lowest bridging point, and is part of the Rochester post town.

Maidstone and The Weald (UK Parliament constituency)

Maidstone and The Weald is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Helen Grant, a Conservative.

Faversham and Mid Kent (UK Parliament constituency)

Faversham and Mid Kent is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since 2015, the seat has been represented by Helen Whately of the Conservative Party.

East Peckham Human settlement in England

East Peckham is a village and civil parish in Kent, England on the River Medway. The parish covers the main village as well as Hale Street and Beltring.

Ditton, Kent Human settlement in England

Ditton is a large village and civil parish in the borough of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent, England. The village is 4.6 miles (7.4 km) west-northwest of Maidstone and 1.8 miles (2.9 km) east of West Malling. The parish, which is long and narrow, straddles the A20, with farmland to the south and industry to the north. It lies in the Medway Valley, on the northern edge of the Kent Weald, and adjoins the ancient parishes of Larkfield, Aylesford and Barming.

Fremlin Walk Shopping mall in Kent, England

Fremlin Walk is an outdoor shopping centre in Maidstone town centre, Kent, England. It opened in 2005 after several years of development by Centros Miller to include 350,000 sq ft (33,000 m2) of shopping and a 760 space car park.

The History of Maidstone and its environs goes as far back as Mesolithic times. It has seen settlement by the Romans and the Normans and played its role in pivotal moments of English history such as the Peasants' Revolt and the English Civil War. It has also hosted a large Army barracks since Napoleonic times and was an important centre for Kent's brewing and papermaking industries.

The Mall Maidstone Shopping mall in Maidstone, Kent

The Mall Maidstone is a covered shopping centre in Maidstone, the county town of Kent. The centre has 535,000 square feet (49,700 m2) of floor space, ranking it as the joint 60th largest shopping centre in the UK according to a 2008 survey by Retail Week.

References

  1. This is the total from the mid-2019 estimates for these wards: E05004982 : Allington 7,411 E05004987 : Bridge 6,716 E05004990 : Downswood and Otham 3,019 E05004991 : East 8,944 E05004992 : Fant 10,810 E05004995 : Heath 7,023 E05004996 : High Street 11,688 E05005000 : North 10,029 E05005002 : Park Wood 9,211 E05005003 : Shepway North 9,322 E05005004 : Shepway South 6,013 E05008555 : South 10,253
  2. "Grid Reference Finder". gridreferencefinder.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  3. Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP40/541, year 1396; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/aCP40no541afronts/IMG_0715.htm Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine ; last entry on the image
  4. "Origin of place name". Hereshistorykent.org.uk. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  5. "UK | England | Kent | Dig uncovers a Roman bath house". BBC News. 3 June 2004. Archived from the original on 14 November 2005. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  6. Roberts, Matt T.; Etherington, Don (1982). "Whatman, James (1741–1798)". Bookbinding and the conservation of books; A dictionary of descriptive terminology . U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN   0844403660.
  7. "Parliamentary accounts and papers". UK Parliament. 23 July 1847. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  8. "A History of 36 Engineer Regiment" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  9. BBC Kent History Archived 6 October 2003 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 11 July 2007
  10. "Widdecombe to stand down as MP". London: Guardian.co.uk. 8 October 2007. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  11. "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 13 November 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  12. "Maidstone Borough Council". Maidstone Borough Council. Archived from the original on 18 March 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2007.
  13. "Locateinmaidstone.com". Locateinmaidstone.com. 23 May 2011. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  14. "Ten Fascinating Historical Facts About Maidstone". Kent Online. 18 March 2016. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  15. "2003 Heatwave". Met Office. Archived from the original on 9 December 2010.
  16. "Coldest temperature". BBC. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  17. "2003 January". Met Office. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  18. "2010 December". Met Office. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  19. "Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  20. "East Malling 1961–90 averages". Met Office. Archived from the original on 10 February 2001. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  22. 1 2 "The forgotten building that powered town's first street lights". Kent Messenger. 16 September 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  23. CEGB Statistical Yearbook 1965-6, CEGB, London
  24. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. The ABB Group Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine ‘‘Fremlin Walk’’ Electrical Contractor
  26. "Kent Schools – Search". webapps.kent.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  27. Harris, Brian (2006) Harris's Guide to Churches and Cathedrals ISBN   978-0-09-191251-2
  28. "Jubilee Church Maidstone". TotalGiving. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  29. "Masada Jubilee Church". Jubilee church. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  30. "Town Twinning (Beauvais)". Maidstone Borough Council. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  31. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2020. Retrieved 22 August 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. Fleming, Ian (1965). Moonraker. Pan. p. 131.
  33. London, Jack (1963). The People of the Abyss. Panther. p. 75.
  34. "Collections". Maidstone Museum. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  35. "Maidstone Museum's new £3.7m extension officially opens". BBC News. 31 March 2014. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  36. "Mars crater named after Tooting". BBC News. 11 January 1998. Archived from the original on 3 November 2005. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  37. "IAU Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  38. Maidstone Hockey Club Archived 27 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  39. "EML Latest results&tables NE". East-hockey2.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 September 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  40. "Premier – Division 1". South-league.com. 16 April 2011. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  41. "Englandhockey.co.uk". Englandhockey.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  42. "Englandhockey.co.uk". Englandhockey.co.uk. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  43. "Maidstone Rugby Club". Maidstonerugby.org.uk. Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  44. "Magnificent Maidstone cap perfect season with Intermediate Cup victory". England Rugby. Archived from the original on 11 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  45. "Lashings CC relinked 15 December 2011". Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  46. "Charlton Athletic: Joe Pigott signs new contract". BBC Sport. BBC. 3 September 2013. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2018.