Mailly-le-Camp

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Mailly-le-Camp
Mailly-le-Camp (2).jpg
Town hall
Blason ville fr Mailly-le Camp (Aube).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Mailly-le-Camp
Mailly-le-Camp
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Mailly-le-Camp
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Mailly-le-Camp
Coordinates: 48°40′07″N4°12′28″E / 48.6686°N 4.2078°E / 48.6686; 4.2078 Coordinates: 48°40′07″N4°12′28″E / 48.6686°N 4.2078°E / 48.6686; 4.2078
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Troyes
Canton Arcis-sur-Aube
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-Claude Robert
Area
1
42.7 km2 (16.5 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
1,829
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10216 /10230
Elevation118–202 m (387–663 ft)
(avg. 120 m or 390 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mailly-le-Camp (French pronunciation:  [maji lə kɑ̃] ) is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.

Contents

History

The town is mentioned as Mailliacus for the first time in 859 AD document.

In 1902 a large military camp was built in its territory.

On 3–4 May 1944, during the German occupation of France, the panzer training camp located a mile north of the town was subjected to a very heavy bombing. The attack was a part of the preparation for the Allied invasion at Normandy, (Operation Overlord). 346 British Avro Lancasters and 14 de Havilland Mosquitoes of RAF Bomber Command were sent to attack the German panzer training center near the village of Mailly-le-Camp. The plan was for targeting aircraft to fly over at low level while the main force of Lancaster bombers orbited some distance away. Once the master bomber was satisfied with the marking the bomb force was to be called in. Although the target was accurately marked, the master bomber was unable to call in the force due to interference over the force's frequency with a USO broadcast and also by unnecessary chatting between nervous pilots. This led to a delay in the main force attack. While they were orbiting, fighter aircraft of the Luftwaffe began to arrive and attack the main force bombers. 42 Lancasters were shot down, 11.6% of the force, resulting in the loss of some 300 aircrew. However 1500 tons of bombs were dropped on the camp, causing considerable damage to the weapons and equipment held there and heavy casualties. No French civilians were killed in the bombing, although there were a small number of casualties when one of the Lancasters shot down crashed on a house.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19621,448    
19681,490+2.9%
19751,593+6.9%
19821,589−0.3%
19901,375−13.5%
19991,423+3.5%
20081,675+17.7%
20121,787+6.7%

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.