Maja Bošković-Stulli

Last updated

Maja Bošković-Stulli
Maja Boskovic-Stulli.jpg
Born(1922-11-09)9 November 1922
Died14 August 2012(2012-08-14) (aged 89)
Zagreb, Croatia
Nationality Yugoslavian, later Croatian
Alma mater University of Zagreb
OccupationFolklorist, writer
RelativesDragutin and Ivanka (née Szarvas) Bošković
(parents)
Magda Bošković
(sister)

Maja Bošković-Stulli (9 November 1922 – 14 August 2012) was a Yugoslav and Croatian slavicist and folklorist, literary historian, writer, publisher and an academic, noted for her extensive research of Croatian oral literature. [1] [2]

Slavic studies, Slavonic studies or Slavistics is the academic field of area studies concerned with Slavic areas, Slavic languages, literature, history, and culture. Originally, a Slavist or Slavicist was primarily a linguist or philologist researching Slavistics, a Slavic (AmE) or Slavonic (BrE) scholar. Increasingly historians and other humanists and social scientists who study Slavic area cultures and societies have been included in this rubric.

Folklore studies academic field

Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in Britain, is the formal academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore. This term, along with its synonyms, gained currency in the 1950s to distinguish the academic study of traditional culture from the folklore artifacts themselves. It became established as a field across both Europe and North America, coordinating with Volkskunde (German), folkeminner (Norwegian), and folkminnen (Swedish), among others.

Contents

Early life

Maja Boskovic-Stulli with older sister Magda prior World War II. Maja and Magda Boskovic.JPG
Maja Bošković-Stulli with older sister Magda prior World War II.

Bošković-Stulli was born in Osijek to a Jewish family of Dragutin and Ivanka Bošković. [3] She joined the Young Communist League of YugoslaviaSKOJ (from Serbo-Croatian: Savez komunističke omladine Jugoslavije) during Gymnasium education. In 1943, after the capitulation of Italy and liberation of the Rab concentration camp, she joined the Partisans. [4] Many members of her family have perished during the Holocaust, including her parents and sister Magda. [5]

Osijek City in Osijek-Baranja, Croatia

Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 108,048 in 2011. It is the largest city and the economic and cultural centre of the eastern Croatian region of Slavonia, as well as the administrative centre of Osijek-Baranja County. Osijek is located on the right bank of the river Drava, 25 kilometres (16 mi) upstream of its confluence with the Danube, at an elevation of 94 metres (308 ft).

Gymnasium (school) type of school providing advanced secondary education in Europe

A gymnasium, also known as middle school, is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools. In its current meaning, it usually refers to secondary schools focused on preparing students to enter a university for advanced academic study. Before the 20th century, the system of gymnasiums was a widespread feature of educational system throughout many countries of central, north, eastern and southern Europe.

The Rab concentration camp was one of the several Italian concentration camps and it was established during World War II, in July 1942, on the Italian-occupied island of Rab.

Education and later years

Bošković-Stulli finished elementary and secondary school in Zagreb. She graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb and received her PhD in 1961. [6] She took part in many national and international conferences and symposiums, including the Inter-University Centre in Dubrovnik. For many years she was chief editor, and afterwards a regular member, of the editorial board for the journal Narodna umjetnost. She worked at the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and from 1952 until her retirement in 1979 she worked at the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research in Zagreb. From 1963-73 she was the Director of the Institute. [7]

Zagreb Capital and largest city of Croatia

Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level. The estimated population of the city in 2018 was 802 762, an increase of 2,8% since 2007. The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is about 1.2 million, approximately a quarter of the total population of Croatia.

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb university department

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences or the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb is one of the faculties of the University of Zagreb.

Dubrovnik City in Dubrovnik-Neretva, Croatia

Dubrovnik is a city on the Adriatic Sea in southern Croatia. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva County. Its total population is 42,615. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites.

Bošković-Stulli wrote around twenty books and a large number of papers in national and international academic journals. She has received a number of awards for her research work, the annual award in 1975 and the Croatian lifework award in 1990, the Herder Prize in Vienna 1991, and Pitre Salomone Marino prize in Palermo 1992. She was a regular member at the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. [5]

The Herder Prize, named after the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder, was a prestigious international prize awarded every year to scholars and artists from Central and Southeast Europe whose life and work have contributed to the cultural understanding of European countries and their peaceful interrelations. Established in 1963, the first prizes were awarded in 1964.

Palermo Comune in Sicily, Italy

Palermo is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea.

In 2005 Bošković-Stulli was named among 35 Croatia's most important women in history. [8] Bošković-Stulli died on 14 August 2012 in Zagreb and was buried at the Mirogoj Cemetery. [9] [10] [11]

Mirogoj Cemetery cemetery

The Mirogoj Cemetery is a cemetery park that is considered to be among the more noteworthy landmarks in the City of Zagreb. The cemetery inters members of all religious groups: Catholic, Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish, Protestant, Latter Day Saints; irreligious graves can all be found. In the arcades are the last resting places of many famous Croatians.

Works

Related Research Articles

Bruno Bjelinski Croatian composer

Bruno Bjelinski was one of a most influential Croatian composers in the 20th century. He was extremely prolific as a composer. His unique musical style was built upon the music of Poulenc, Hindemith, Ravel and Milhaud. He developed his own and recognizable musical language with the elements of neoclassicism. Bjelinski composed six operas, three ballets, 15 symphonies, 2 cello concertos, a cantata, piano music, songs, chamber music, and concertos for piano, violin, viola, bassoon, flute, and piano duo. He also composed music for the Croatian football movie Plavi 9.

Hosea Jacobi Croatian rabbi

Rabbi Dr. Hosea Jacobi was Chief Rabbi of Zagreb, Croatia, for 58 years and the spiritual and religious leader of the Jewish community in Croatia.

Bugarštica, originally known as Bugaršćica, is a form of epic and ballad oral poetry, which was popular among South Slavs mainly in Dalmatia and Bay of Kotor from 15th until the 18th century, sung in long verses of mostly fifteen and sixteen syllables with a caesura after the seventh and eighth syllable, respectively.

Dobriša Cesarić Croatian poet and translator

Dobriša Cesarić was a Croatian poet and translator born in Požega. Despite his limited output, Cesarić is considered as one of the greatest Croatian poets of the 20th century.

Julio Deutsch Croatian architect

Julio Deutsch was a Croatian architect known for his architectural art nouveau style.

Leo Hönigsberg Croatian architect

Leo Hönigsberg was famous Croatian architect and co-owner of the architecture studio Hönigsberg & Deutsch.

Ivan Slamnig was a Croatian poet, novelist, literary theorist and translator.

Stjepan Steiner Physician and Yugoslavian Army general

Stjepan Steiner was Croatian physician, cardiologist, Major general in the Yugoslav People's Army and personal physician of Josip Broz Tito.

Miroslav Feldman Croatian writer

Dr. Miroslav Feldman was Croatian Jewish poet and writer. Feldman was born in Virovitica on 28 December 1899. He studied medicine in Zagreb and Vienna. After graduation, he returned to Croatia and worked as a physician in Virovitica, Osijek, Pakrac, Sarajevo and Zagreb. During World War II he joined the Partisans, where he helped organize the medical corps.

Eva Grlić Croatian journalist and writer

Eva Grlić was Croatian journalist and writer, mother of famous Croatian film director and producer Rajko Grlić.

Robert Domany Croatian partisan

Robert Domany was Croatian Partisan and a People's Hero of Yugoslavia.

Leon Geršković Croatian politician and academic

Dr. Leon Geršković was Croatian Jewish lawyer, legal scholar and politician.

Hugo Ehrlich Croatian architect

Hugo Ehrlich was a Croatian architect.

Vera Fischer (sculptor) Croatian sculptor

Vera Fischer was a Croatian sculptor.

Marta Ehrlich Croatian painter

Marta Ehrlich was a Croatian painter.

Stella Skopal Croatian sculptor

Stella Skopal was a Croatian Jewish sculptor.

Mirjana Gross Croatian historian

Mirjana Gross was a notable Yugoslav-Croatian Jewish historian and writer.

Ervin Šinko Croatian writer, publisher and poet

Ervin Šinko was a Croatian – Hungarian writer, publisher and poet.

Magda Bošković Croatian communist, Partisan and member of the womens rights movement.

Magda Bošković was a Croatian communist, Partisan and member of the women's rights movement.

Tintilinić is a figure in Croatian folklore. He is typically described as a demon child wearing a red cap, soul of an unbaptised child which strolls through houses at night.

References

  1. Croatian Encyclopaedia (2011), Bošković-Stulli, Maja
  2. Kekez, Josip (1989), "Bošković-Stulli, Maja", Croatian Biographical Lexicon (HBL) (in Croatian), Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute
  3. Snješka Knežević (2011 , p. 83)
  4. Jaša Romano (1980 , p. 340)
  5. 1 2 Ciglar, Želimir (22 September 2007). "Znanstveni rad mi je dojadio". Večernji list (in Croatian). p. 50. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  6. "Bošković-Stulli, Maja" (in Croatian). Croatian Writers Society. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  7. "Maja Bošković-Stulli profile" (in Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  8. Biluš, Marina (4 July 2005). "Biramo najznačajniju Hrvaticu u povijesti" [Selecting the most significant Croat woman in history] (in Croatian). Nacional. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  9. HINA (16 August 2012). "Preminula akademkinja Maja Bošković-Stulli" (in Croatian). Croatian Ethnological Society. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  10. "Odlazak vrsne istraživačice usmene književnosti" (in Croatian). Novi list. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  11. Gradska groblja Zagreb: Maja Bošković-Stulli, Mirogoj Ž-119-II-48. ‹See Tfd› (in Croatian)

Bibliography

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.