From top: Majdanpek panorama, Donji Milanovac town panorama
Location of the municipality of Majdanpek within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Dragan Popovic (SNS)|
|• Town||178.08 km2 (68.76 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||931.70 km2 (359.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||362 m (1,188 ft)|
|• Town density||43/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||20/km2 (52/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Majdanpek (Serbian Cyrillic : Мајданпек; Romanian : Maidan) is a town and municipality located in the Bor District of the eastern Serbia, and is not far of Border of Romania. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Majdanpek had a population of 18,686 people, while the town of Majdanpek had a population of 7,699.
The name "Majdanpek" is derived from the words majdan meaning "quarry" (from Arabic maydān) and pek meaning "much, big, very" in Turkish. In Serbian Vlach (and Romanian), the town is known as simply Maidan.
The transition out of the Stone Age occurred between 6000 BCE and 2500 BCE for much of humanity living in North Africa and Eurasia. The first evidence of human metallurgy dates to between the 5th and 6th millennium BCE in the archaeological sites of Majdanpek, Yarmovac, and Pločnik in modern-day Serbia (a copper axe from 5500 BCE belonging to the Vinca culture), though not conventionally considered part of the Chalcolithic or "Copper Age", this provides the earliest known example of copper metallurgy.Chalcolithic excavations exist in Kapetanova Pecina, Praurija, Kameni Rog and Roman site of Kamenjar.
The town is famous as a copper mine district, since the early 17th century. The origin of the name is based on words majdan (related to Turkish madän, mine) and river Pek - mine on river Pek. Throughout its history, mining development was held by many foreign owners (Czechs, Belgians, Austrians), and was extensively exploited. The town was industrialized in the mid-20th century, by the industrial program supported by SFR Yugoslavia's Government of that time, and the personal influence of J.B.Tito (marshal and lifetime prime minister since the end of World War II until 1980). Through the late 20th century, the town was in a period of industrial progress and one of the most developed areas in copper mining and metallurgy.
Majdanpek has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).
|Climate data for Majdanpek|
|Average high °C (°F)||1.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||45|
The municipality includes the following settlements:
According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Majdanpek has a population of 18,686 inhabitants.
Most of the settlements in the Majdanpek municipality have Serb ethnic majority. The settlement with Vlach ethnic majority is Vlaole. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Vlach majority is Jasikovo. The ethnic composition of the municipality:
One of the most notable tourist attractions in Majdanpek is Rajkova Pećina (Rajko's Cave).
Majdanpek mine, owned by RTB Bor, dominates the industrial landscape of the city. The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||128|
|Mining and quarrying||1,115|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||59|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||100|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||399|
|Transportation and storage||143|
|Accommodation and food services||138|
|Information and communication||45|
|Financial and insurance activities||24|
|Real estate activities||-|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||42|
|Administrative and support service activities||64|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||273|
|Human health and social work activities||293|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||56|
|Other service activities||37|
|Individual agricultural workers||87|
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