Majdanpek

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Majdanpek

Мајданпек (Serbian)
Majdanpek sa Starice nocu 01.jpg
Panorama Donjeg Milanovca 1.jpg
From top: Majdanpek panorama, Donji Milanovac town panorama
Grb Majdanpeka.gif
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Majdanpek.png
Location of the municipality of Majdanpek within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°25′N21°56′E / 44.417°N 21.933°E / 44.417; 21.933 Coordinates: 44°25′N21°56′E / 44.417°N 21.933°E / 44.417; 21.933
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Bor
Settlements14
Government
  MayorDragan Popovic (SNS)
Area
[1]
Area rank 15th
  Town178.08 km2 (68.76 sq mi)
  Municipality931.70 km2 (359.73 sq mi)
Elevation
362 m (1,188 ft)
Population
 (2011 census) [2]
  Rank 77th
  Town
7,699
  Town density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
  Municipality
18,686
  Municipality density20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
19250
Area code +381(0)30
Car plates BO
Website www.majdanpek.rs

Majdanpek (Serbian Cyrillic : Мајданпек; Romanian : Maidan) is a town and municipality located in the Bor District of the eastern Serbia, and is not far of Border of Romania. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Majdanpek had a population of 18,686 people, while the town of Majdanpek had a population of 7,699.

Contents

Name

The name "Majdanpek" is derived from the words majdan meaning "quarry" (from Arabic maydān) and pek meaning "much, big, very" in Turkish. In Serbian Vlach (and Romanian), the town is known as simply Maidan.

History

The transition out of the Stone Age occurred between 6000 BCE and 2500 BCE for much of humanity living in North Africa and Eurasia. The first evidence of human metallurgy dates to between the 5th and 6th millennium BCE in the archaeological sites of Majdanpek, Yarmovac, and Pločnik in modern-day Serbia (a copper axe from 5500 BCE belonging to the Vinca culture), though not conventionally considered part of the Chalcolithic or "Copper Age", this provides the earliest known example of copper metallurgy. [3] Chalcolithic excavations exist in Kapetanova Pecina, Praurija, Kameni Rog and Roman site of Kamenjar.

The town is famous as a copper mine district, since the early 17th century. The origin of the name is based on words majdan (related to Turkish madän, mine) and river Pek - mine on river Pek. Throughout its history, mining development was held by many foreign owners (Czechs, Belgians, Austrians), and was extensively exploited. The town was industrialized in the mid-20th century, by the industrial program supported by SFR Yugoslavia's Government of that time, and the personal influence of J.B.Tito (marshal and lifetime prime minister since the end of World War II until 1980). Through the late 20th century, the town was in a period of industrial progress and one of the most developed areas in copper mining and metallurgy.

Geography

Climate

Majdanpek has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Majdanpek
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)1.7
(35.1)
3.3
(37.9)
9.1
(48.4)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
21.8
(71.2)
15.3
(59.5)
7.6
(45.7)
2.8
(37.0)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.2
(29.8)
0.1
(32.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.6
(67.3)
19.5
(67.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.6
(51.1)
4.4
(39.9)
0.3
(32.5)
9.7
(49.4)
Average low °C (°F)−4.0
(24.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.4
(32.7)
4.6
(40.3)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
13.6
(56.5)
13.4
(56.1)
10.0
(50.0)
5.9
(42.6)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.1
(41.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)45
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
45
(1.8)
57
(2.2)
80
(3.1)
93
(3.7)
72
(2.8)
58
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
44
(1.7)
55
(2.2)
56
(2.2)
699
(27.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [4]

Settlements

The municipality includes the following settlements:

Towns
Villages

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194819,610    
195321,155+1.53%
196123,022+1.06%
197126,120+1.27%
198126,628+0.19%
199127,378+0.28%
200223,703−1.30%
201118,686−2.61%
Source: [5]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Majdanpek has a population of 18,686 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

Most of the settlements in the Majdanpek municipality have Serb ethnic majority. The settlement with Vlach ethnic majority is Vlaole. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Vlach majority is Jasikovo. The ethnic composition of the municipality: [6]

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Serbs 14,67078.51%
Vlachs 2,44213.07%
Montenegrins 700.37%
Romanians 680.36%
Macedonians 560.30%
Yugoslavs 510.27%
Croats 330.18%
Bulgarians 220.12%
Others1,2746.82%
Total18,686

Tourism

One of the most notable tourist attractions in Majdanpek is Rajkova Pećina (Rajko's Cave). [7] [8]

Economy

Majdanpek mine, owned by RTB Bor, dominates the industrial landscape of the city. The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018): [9]

ActivityTotal
Agriculture, forestry and fishing128
Mining and quarrying1,115
Manufacturing729
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply59
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities100
Construction126
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles399
Transportation and storage143
Accommodation and food services138
Information and communication45
Financial and insurance activities24
Real estate activities-
Professional, scientific and technical activities42
Administrative and support service activities64
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security273
Education328
Human health and social work activities293
Arts, entertainment and recreation56
Other service activities37
Individual agricultural workers87
Total4,186

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN   978-86-6161-109-4 . Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. "Neolithic Vinca was a metallurgical culture". Archaeo News. Reuters. 17 November 2007. Archived from the original on 19 September 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  4. "Climate: Majdanpek, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  5. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  6. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-03. Retrieved 2010-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Turizam - Srbija - Majdanpek - Rajkova pecina - Rajko's cave". Paundurlic.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  9. "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.