Mala Kachalla

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Mala Kachalla
Governor of Borno State
In office
29 May 1999 29 May 2003
Preceded by Lawal Haruna
Succeeded by Ali Modu Sheriff
Personal details
Born 1941
Died 18 April 2007(2007-04-18) (aged 66)
Political party All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP)

Mala Kachalla (November 1941 – 18 April 2007) was governor of Borno State in Nigeria from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2003.

Borno State State in Nigeria

Borno, also known as Borno State, is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The state was formed in 1976 from the split of the North-Eastern State. Until 1991 it contained what is now Yobe State. It is the homeland of the Kanuri people in Nigeria.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular country.

Contents

Background

Mala Kachalla was born in 1941 in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. [1]

Maiduguri Place in Borno, Nigeria

Maiduguri, also called Yerwa by locals, is the capital and the largest city of Borno State in north-eastern Nigeria. The city sits along the seasonal Ngadda River which disappears into the Firki swamps in the areas around Lake Chad. Maiduguri was founded in 1907 as a military outpost by the British and has since grown rapidly with a population exceeding a million by 2007.

Borno Governor

Location of Borno State in Nigeria NigeriaBorno.png
Location of Borno State in Nigeria

Mala Kachalla was elected as governor of Borno State in April 1999, running for the All People's Party (APP), which was renamed All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP) due to a factional split. His election was financed by Ali Modu Sheriff, who became Senator for Borno Central. [2]

All Peoples Party (Nigeria)

The All People's Party (APP) is a former Nigerian political party. It was formed in late 1998 during a transition from military to civilian rule by a coalition of associations that received considerable support under the regime of Sani Abacha.

Ali Modu Sheriff Senator Ali Sheriff

Ali Modu Sheriff is a Nigerian politician. He is Borno State's first governor to serve two consecutive terms (2003–2011). Though Sheriff had held two elected offices as a member of All Nigeria People's Party, he would later join the All Progressives Congress becoming a founding member of that party. In 2014, Sheriff switched affiliation to the People's Democratic Party. He acted as the National Working Committee chair from 16 February 2016 until the National Convention, when he was removed and replaced by Ahmed Makarfi. On the 26th of April 2018 he defected back to All Progressive Congress

In August 2000, Borno State decided to adopt Sharia law. Mala Kachalla reassured Christians by emphasising that Sharia, which includes punishments like amputation and flogging, would only apply to Muslims. [3] In February 2001, he established a Sharia Implementation Committee, which investigated the practical steps involved in introducing Sharia law in the state. [4] After receiving the report, Mala Kachalla said the Sharia legal system would come into force in June 2001. Applying only to Muslims, the laws would ban gambling, alcohol and prostitution, among other vices. [5]

Sharia, Islamic law or Sharia law is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. In Arabic, the term sharīʿah refers to God's immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations. The manner of its application in modern times has been a subject of dispute between Muslim fundamentalists and modernists.

In February 2002, riots broke out in Lagos between Hausa and Yoruba groups, during which houses were destroyed and over 100 people died, including women and children. Mala Kachalla met with the Lagos State governor Bola Tinubu and broadcast appeals to both sides to end the violence. [6]

Lagos Metropolis in Nigeria

Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos. The city, with its adjoining conurbation, is the most populous in Nigeria and on the African continent. It is one of the fastest growing cities in the world and one of the most populous urban agglomerations. Lagos is a major financial centre in Africa; the megacity has the highest GDP and houses one of the largest and busiest seaports on the continent.

Lagos State State in South West, Nigeria

Lagos, sometimes referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area, is a state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The smallest in area of Nigeria's 36 states, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation's largest urban area. It is a major financial centre and would be the fifth largest economy in Africa, if it were a country.

Bola Tinubu Nigerian politician

Bola Ahmed Adekunle Tinubu is a Nigerian politician who was elected senator for the Lagos West constituency in Lagos State, Nigeria in 1993. The election was just prior to a military take-over in December 1993. After the return to democracy, he was elected governor of Lagos State, holding office from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. He is an influential member of the All Progressives Congress party; he also holds both the chieftaincies of the Asiwaju of Lagos and the Jagaban of the Borgu Kingdom in Niger State, Nigeria. He has been routinely referred to as the national leader of the APC during the presidency of Muhammadu Buhari..

In September 2002 Mala Kachalla said there were conflicting border claims in the Lake Chad area, and that Nigeria was losing control of some island villages there. He said there was no clear cut demarcation between Borno, Chad and Cameroon, and that the region was plagued by armed rebels and trafficking in illicit arms and children. [7]

Lake Chad lake in Africa

Lake Chad is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the centuries. According to the Global Resource Information Database of the United Nations Environment Programme, it shrank by as much as 95% from about 1963 to 1998, but "the 2007 (satellite) image shows significant improvement over previous years." Lake Chad is economically important, providing water to more than 30 million people living in the four countries surrounding it on the edge of the Sahara. It is the largest lake in the Chad Basin.

Chad Country in central Africa

Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. It is the fifth largest country in Africa and the second-largest in Central Africa in terms of area.

Cameroon Republic in West Africa

Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Although Cameroon is not an ECOWAS member state, it is geographically and historically in West Africa with the Southern Cameroons which now form her Northwest and Southwest Regions having a strong West African history. The country is sometimes identified as West African and other times as Central African due to its strategic position at the crossroads between West and Central Africa.

In November 2001 police fired at workers in Maiduguri protesting against the withholding of their wages, a breach of a previous pay agreement. The Borno State Police Commissioner imposed a state of emergency. [8] According to the Nigeria Labour Congress President in Borno State, when Mala Kachalla left office leave grant had not been paid for two years, health and hotel workers were on strike, shoe factory workers could not get their terminal benefits and even pensioners had outstanding arrears. [9]

Later career

Before the April 2003 elections, it became clear that Ali Modu Sheriff would be the ANPP candidate for governor rather than Kachalla. [10] Kachalla left the ANPP and joined the Alliance for Democracy (AD). He was defeated by Ali Modu Sheriff. [11] In February 2006, Kachalla changed parties again, joining the People's Democratic Party (PDP). [12]

Kachalla died at his home in Maiduguri on 18 April 2007, after a brief illness. He was 66 years old. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Mala Kachalla is dead". Daily Triumph. April 19, 2007. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  2. TIMOTHY OLA (16 June 2009). "Opposition parties have fizzled out in Borno – Yusuf Adamu, ANPP scribe". Daily Sun. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  3. Barnaby Phillips (19 August 2000). "Nigeria's Borno state adopts Sharia". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  4. "INTERIM REPORT OF THE SHARIA IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE [BORNO STATE]" (PDF). University of Bayreuth. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  5. "Eleventh Nigerian State To Launch Islamic Law". IslamOnline. 9 April 2001. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  6. MIKAIL MUMUNI (April–June 2002). "Living in Crises" (PDF). Law Enforcement Review. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  7. "Border issues around Lake Chad cause concern". UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 13 September 2002. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  8. "Police shoot strikers in Nigeria". International Committee of the Fourth International. 22 November 2001. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  9. FRANCIS OKEKE (1 July 2009). "You just can't keep a dormant system where people are exiting and the ones that are in are not being trained". Daily Trust. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  10. Amaze Obi (23 February 2004). "The affliction called second term". Daily Sun. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  11. Stanley Nkwocha (7 April 2009). "The Other Defectors..." Leadership Nigeria. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
  12. Njadvara Musa (2006-02-16). "ANPP faction decamps to PDP in Borno". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-12-13.