Malang Regency

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Malang Regency

Kabupaten Malang
Logo Kabupaten Malang - Seal of Malang Regency.svg
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Satata Gama Karta Raharja
Locator kabupaten malang.png
Location within East Java
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Malang Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Malang Regency
Malang Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°58′47″S112°37′49″E / 7.9797°S 112.6304°E / -7.9797; 112.6304
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province East Java
Capital Kepanjen
Government
  RegentRendra Kresna
  Vice RegentSanusi
Area
  Total3,534.86 km2 (1,364.82 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census) [1]
  Total2,654,448
  Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (IWST)
Area code (+62) 341
Website malangkab.go.id

The Malang Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. Malang Regency is the second largest regency in East Java after Banyuwangi Regency, with a total area of 3,534.86 km². [2] Malang is rich in potential for agriculture, medicinal plants and tourism.

Contents

It had a population of 2,446,218 people at the 2010 census [3] and 2,654,448 at the 2020 Census. [4] These figures did not include the areas and populations of the two autonomous cities of Malang and Batu which lie within the regency, but are administratively independent. The capital of the regency is the town of Kepanjen.

Most of the population resides in the Greater Malang (Malang Raya) area, a metropolitan area that includes the cities of Malang and Batu and 15 other districts within the regency in a valley between the two cities. The distance between Malang and Batu is approximately 20 km. This metropolitan area covers 1,200.43 km²; it has a population of 2,325,109 (2010 census), with a density of 1,936.9/km² (5,016/sq mile). [5]

History

Historical and archaeological records from Hindu temples suggest that the Kanjuruhan Kingdom emerged in the region during the 8th and 9th Centuries. [6]

An inscription on the Dinoyo shrine at Badhut places the shrine's inauguration on Friday, Legi 1st, Margasirsa 682 Saka in the Javanese calendar or November 28, 760 AD. [6] The date is celebrated as an anniversary for Malang.

At one time, the Kanjuruhan kingdom was under the leadership of Akuwu Singhasari Ametung, who was married to Ken Dedes. At that time the Kingdom was under the rule of the Kingdom of Kediri, and the Singhasari Government Center was in Tumapel. Only after Ken Arok killed Akuwu Ametung and married Ken Dedes did the centre of control move to the Malang Kingdom, and this only after defeating the Kingdom of Kediri. Kediri at that time fell into the hands of Singhasari.

During its peak, the Mataram Kingdom fell into the hands of Mataram, as well as the Kingdom of Majapahit. The government moved to Demak as Islam was introduced, brought by the Wali Songo. The government was then under the reign of Duke Ronggo Tohjiwo. In the time of the collapse, according to folklore, legendary heroes[ clarification needed ] appeared against Raden Panji Pulongjiwo. He was caught by Mataram soldiers in the village now called Kepanjen Panggungrejo (Kepanji's). The destruction of the town was known as Malang Kutho Bedhah.

In the era of the Dutch East India Company, Malang was a base for the Trunojoyo resistance (1674-1680) against the Company-assisted Mataram. In the early nineteenth century, the government was headed by the Governor-General. The first Malang Regent was Raden Tumenggung Notodiningrat. He was appointed by the Dutch government by resolution of the Governor-General on 9 May 1820.

Since 1984, Malang Regency Hall has had a traditional ceremony, dating from the time of the Kanjuruhan Kingdom, wherein attendees are encouraged to wear traditional costumes of Malang.

Administration Districts

The Malang Regency is divided into thirty-three districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas [7] and their populations at the 2010 Census [8] and the 2020 Census. [9]

Malang in East Java. Locator kabupaten malang.png
Malang in East Java.

The last-mentioned 3 districts, which all lie west of Batu city, are physically separated by Batu from the rest of Malang Regency.

Tourism

Mount Arjuno viewed from Singosari, Malang Regency. Mount Arjuna.jpg
Mount Arjuno viewed from Singosari, Malang Regency.

Malang Regency has 39 natural beaches, 5 of which are frequently visited. Access to the beaches is limited and can be difficult for large vehicles.

Balekambang Beach is 70 kilometres south of Malang City. The beach is 2 kilometers long with a Hindu Temple in Bali. [10] Pantai Bajul Mati beach is a beach which is in between Balekambang Beach and Sendang Biru Beach. The name means "Dead Crocodile" due to a rock in the sea shaped like a crocodile. Batu Bengkung Beach is near Bajul Mati Beach and has a natural pool trap by the sand dunes. [11]

Climate

Malang Regency has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from June to September and heavy to very heavy rainfall from October to May. The following climate data is for the town of Kepanjen.

Climate data for Kepanjen
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.9
(84.0)
29.6
(85.3)
29.8
(85.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F)19.2
(66.6)
19.5
(67.1)
19.3
(66.7)
19.0
(66.2)
18.4
(65.1)
17.4
(63.3)
16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
17.0
(62.6)
17.9
(64.2)
18.5
(65.3)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches)344
(13.5)
284
(11.2)
302
(11.9)
215
(8.5)
153
(6.0)
102
(4.0)
69
(2.7)
38
(1.5)
50
(2.0)
154
(6.1)
251
(9.9)
359
(14.1)
2,321
(91.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org [12]

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References

  1. Badan Pusat Statiustik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. The Regency Administration gives an area total of 2,977.05 km2.
  3. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. The Malang Regency is not completely metropolitan, but only the 15 kecamatan close to Malang are metropolitan, despite that claim in the Wikipedia Indonesian page - see reference under List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia.
  6. 1 2 Indonesia, Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia / National Library of. "Badhut Temple (East Java) - Temples of Indonesia". candi.pnri.go.id. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  7. asgiven by BPS Malang Regency
  8. <Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. Tri Hatma Ningsih (August 1, 2014). "Wisata Jawa Rasa Pulau Dewata".
  11. Ainun Umami (March 6, 2015). "Tercenung di Pantai Bengkung".
  12. "Climate: Kepanjen". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 17 November 2020.

Coordinates: 7°58′47″S112°37′49″E / 7.9797°S 112.6304°E / -7.9797; 112.6304