Temporal range: Late Devonian
Johanson & Ahlberg, 1997
Mandageria fairfaxi (Pronunciation: Man-daj-ee-ree-a fair-fax-i) is an extinct lobe-finned fishthat lived during the Late Devonian period (Frasnian – Famennian). It is related to the much larger Hyneria ; although Mandageria was smaller, it probably hunted in the same way.
The generic epithet, Mandageria, refers to the Mandagery Sandstone formation near Canowindra, Australia, where the fossils were found. The specific epithet, fairfaxi, honors the philanthropist James Fairfax. M. fairfaxi is the state fossil emblem for New South Wales.
Mandageria was a large predator about 1.5 to 2 m (4.9 to 6.6 ft) long. It had a long torpedo-shaped body and large tail fins. Mandageria also had large pectoral fins which could have helped it manoeuvre around submerged logs when preparing to attack its prey. Mandageria had a functional neck joint, an otherwise uncommon feature among fish - Tiktaalik , Tarrasius , placoderms (esp. Arthrodira) and seahorses being other exceptions.
|This article about a prehistoric lobe-finned fish is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|