Mangyongdae

Last updated
Mangyongdae
On Mangyong Hill 04.JPG
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
만경대
Hancha
Revised Romanization Mangyeongdae
McCune–Reischauer Man'gyŏngdae

Mangyongdae (Korean : 만경대) is a neighborhood in Mangyongdae-guyok, Pyongyang, North Korea. North Korean propaganda claims Mangyongdae as the birthplace of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung, although in his memoirs he wrote that he had been born in the nearby neighborhood of Chilgol. Mangyongdae is where his father, Kim Hyong-jik was from, and where Kim Il-sung spent his childhood. [1]

Contents

Mangyongdae has been designated as a historic site since 1947, and is listed as a Revolutionary Site. [2] [3] Original structures at the site have been replaced with replicas. [1]

Mangyongdae has since been incorporated to the city of Pyongyang. [4] The Football at the Mangyongdae Prize Sports Games and Mangyongdae Prize International Marathon are both named after the area.

Related Research Articles

Kim Il-sung Stadium

Kim Il-sung Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Pyongyang, the capital city of North Korea. The stadium is used primarily for association football matches.

Moranbong

Moranbong or Moran Hill forms a park located in central Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Its 312-foot (95 m) summit is the location of the Pyongyang TV Tower.

Moranbong-guyok Guyŏk of Pyongyang in Pyŏngyang-Chikhalsi, North Korea

Moranbong-guyŏk (Korean: 모란봉구역), or the Moranbong District, is one of the 18 guyŏk which constitute the capital city of Pyongyang, North Korea. It is located north of Chung-guyok, the city's central district, and is bordered to the north by Sosong and Taesong-guyoks, to the east by the Taedong River, and the west by the Potong River and Potonggang-guyok. It is named after Moran Hill located in the district's west area. It was designated a guyŏk in October 1960 by the Pyongyang City People's Committee.

Kim Il-sung Square

Kim Il-sung Square is a large city square in the Central District of Pyongyang, North Korea, and is named after the country's founding leader, Kim Il-sung. The square was constructed in 1954 according to a master plan for reconstructing the capital after the destruction of the Korean War. It was opened in August 1954. The square is located on the foot of the Namsan Hill, west bank of the Taedong River, directly opposite the Juche Tower on the other side of the river. It is the 37th largest square in the world, having an area of about 75,000 square metres which can accommodate a rally of more than 100,000 people. The square has a great cultural significance, as it is a common gathering place for rallies, dances and military parades and is often featured in media concerning North Korea.

Mangyongdae-guyok

Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk or Man'gyŏngdae District (Korean: 만경대구역) is one of the 18 guyŏk (wards) that constitute P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It began as a village, Man'gyŏngdae-ri, South P'yŏngan Province and became a district of P'yŏngyang in September 1959. The area is surrounded by several hills, the highest one named Man'gyŏng Hill because one can enjoy a bird's-eye view of the surrounding scenic landscape, and the village at its foot is called Man'gyŏngdae. Man'gyŏngdae was the birthplace of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung.

Pyongyang Marathon

Pyongyang Marathon, also known as Mangyongdae Prize International Marathon, is an annual marathon race contested each April in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. It is categorised as an IAAF Bronze Label Road Race.

Mangyongdae Childrens Palace

The Mangyongdae Children's Palace in Pyongyang is a public facility managed by Korean Youth Corps in North Korea where pioneer members can engage in extra-curricular activities, such as learning music, foreign languages, computing skills and sports. It was established on 2 May 1989 and it is situated in Kwangbok (Liberation) Street, in the north of Mangyongdae-guyok. It is the largest of the palaces in North Korea dedicated to children's after-school activities. In front of the Children's Palace there are a grand sculpture group and two enormous fountains, rising 90 and 100 metres.

Pothong River

The Pothong River is a river in North Korea. It flows through the capital Pyongyang and is a tributary of the Taedong River.

Day of the Sun National day of North Korea commemorates the birthday of Kim Il-Sung on April 15

The Day of the Sun is an annual public holiday in North Korea on 15 April, the birth anniversary of Kim Il-sung, founder and Eternal President of North Korea. It is the most important national holiday in the country, and is considered to be the North Korean equivalent of Christmas. Kim's birthday, which had been an official holiday since 1968, was renamed Day of the Sun in 1997, three years after his death. The name takes its significance from his name; Il-sung is Korean for "become the Sun".

Monument to Party Founding

The Monument to Party Founding is a monument in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea.

Chollima Statue

The Chollima Statue is a monument on Mansu Hill in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. The monument symbolizes the "Chollima speed" of the Chollima Movement. The legendary winged horse Chollima depicted by the monument is said to travel 1,000 ri (400 km) a day.

Chilgol Church Church in Pyongyang, North Korea

Chilgol Church is one of the two Protestant churches in North Korea and is located on Kwangbok Street, Kwangbok in Chilgol in west Pyongyang. It is dedicated to Kang Pan-sok, who was a Presbyterian deaconess and the mother of Kim Il-sung.

Bongsu Church Church in Pyongyang, North Korea

Bongsu Church is a Protestant church in the Konguk-dong of the Mangyongdae District of Pyongyang in North Korea.

April 25 House of Culture

The April 25 House of Culture is a theatre located in Pyongyang, North Korea. It was built in 1974-1975 to provide a venue for military education, and was originally called the February 8 House of Culture. It is located on Pipha Street in the Moranbong District of Pyongyang. The classically colonnaded building is considered one of the best examples of 1970s socialist monumentality in North Korea, the other being the visually similar Mansudae Art Theatre.

Revolutionary Site

Revolutionary Sites are designated historical sites in North Korea. The sites were designated by Kim Jong-il when he began working at the Propaganda and Agitation Department of the Workers' Party of Korea in 1966. He would send troops all over the country to unearth sites that "were supposedly once forgotten and undiscovered". By converting North Korea into a "huge open museum", Kim's goal in designating the sites was to solidify the North Korean cult of personality centered around him and his father Kim Il-sung.

Kaeson Revolutionary Site

Kaeson Revolutionary Site is a Revolutionary Site in Pyongyang. It marks the spot where Kim Il-sung delivered his victory speech after the liberation of Korea on 14 October 1945, entitled "Every Effort for the Building of a New Democratic Korea". At that time, the place was called the Pyongyang Public Ground. There is a mural depicting the scene at the site. A quotation from the speech is carved in stone reads: "To contribute positively to the work of building the state, let those with strength give strength, let those with knowledge give knowledge, let those with money give money". The site is located in the Moranbong area, west of the hill of the same name.

Chilgol

Chilgol (Korean: 칠골) is a suburb of Pyongyang in the Mangyongdae District.

Changsan Revolutionary Site is a Revolutionary Site in Ryonmot-dong, Sosong District in Pyongyang.

References

  1. 1 2 Hoare 2012, p. 257.
  2. Corfield 2014, p. 120.
  3. Willoughby, Robert (15 November 2007). The Bradt Travel Guide: North Korea (Second ed.). Chalfont: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 125. ISBN   978-1-84162-219-4.
  4. Martin, Bradley K. (2007). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 24. ISBN   978-1-4299-0699-9.

Works cited

Further reading

Coordinates: 38°59′28″N125°39′36″E / 38.9911°N 125.6600°E / 38.9911; 125.6600