Manjeri

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Manjeri
Manjeri Town Calicut Road View.jpg
A view of Manjeri town
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Manjeri
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Manjeri
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Manjeri
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Manjeri
Coordinates: 11°07′N76°07′E / 11.12°N 76.12°E / 11.12; 76.12
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Malappuram
Government
  Type Municipality
  BodyManjeri Municipality
  ChairpersonV. M. Subaida (IUML) [1]
  Vice chairmanV P Firoz(INC) [1]
Area
[2]
  Total53.06 km2 (20.49 sq mi)
Elevation
38 m (125 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total97,102
  Density1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Human Development
   Sex ratio (2011)1059 /1000 [2]
   Literacy (2011)95.76% [2]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
676121, 676122, 676123
Telephone code0483
Vehicle registration KL-10
Metropolitan area Malappuram metropolitan area
Website www.manjerimunicipality.lsgkerala.gov.in
Manjeri Stadium MDSC Stadium Manjeri.jpg
Manjeri Stadium
Unity hills in Manjeri Unity hills, Manjeri.png
Unity hills in Manjeri

Manjeri (IPA: [mɐɲd͡ʑeːɾi] ) is a major town and municipality in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It is the fourth-most populous municipality in state. [3] It is situated 23 kilometres (14 mi) southeast to Karipur International Airport and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northeast to Malappuram, the district headquarters, and forms a part of Malappuram metropolitan area. [4] It is one of the major commercial towns under the Malappuram urban agglomeration and serves as the headquarters of Eranad Taluk. [5] Manjeri Municipality is a Local Self Government Institution with a jurisdiction of three villages namely Manjeri, Payyanad, and Narukara.

Contents

Etymology

History

The remains of pre-historic symbols including Dolmens, Menhirs, and Rock-cut caves that have been found from various parts of Manjeri indicates human life at the region in the Stone Age itself. [6] The region was under the control of Zamorins in medieval period. There was a set pattern of succession, indicated by Sthanams (ranks) in the royal line in the Kingdom of Zamorins. [7] Five Sthanams were defined in the kingdom of Zamorin, each with its own separate property enjoyed in succession by the senior members of the three Kovilakams (palaces) of the family [8] . One of these five Sthanams came to be known as Edattaranadu Nambiyathiri Thirumulpadu (the Etatralpadu), which is mentioned in the Manjeri Pulapatta inscription as the overlord of the "Three Hundred" Nairs. The Etatralpadu used to reside in a palace at Edathara near Manjeri. [9] Manjeri Kovilakam was one of the seats of the ruling families of the Zamorins of Calicut. [5]

Manjeri was once the headquarters and the military centre of the Kingdom of Mysore under Tipu Sultan. [10] Under British rule, Manjeri served as the administrative headquarters of Eranad subdistrict, which was the largest subdistrict within the Malabar District. [11] In 1896, the landlords of Manjeri Kovilakam started to evacuate the tenants from their lands. The landless tenants started to revolt under the leadership of Variyan Kunnathu Kunjahammed Haji. They seized the land and properties of the landlords. British army came to help the landlords. The conflict caused the British to risk 94 out of 100 soldiers. [12]

The Malabar district political conference of Indian National Congress held at Manjeri on 28 April 1920, fueled Indian independence movement and national movement in British Malabar. [13] That conference declared that the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms were not able to satisfy the needs of British India. It also argued for a land reform to seek solutions for the problems caused by tenancy that existed in Malabar. However, the decision widened the drift between extremists and moderates within the Congress. The conference resulted in dissatisfaction of landlords with the Indian National Congress. It caused the leadership of the Malabar district Congress Committee to come under the control of the extremists who stood for labourers and the middle class. [14]

The region has been part of movements such as Khilafat Movement and Malabar rebellion following the Manjeri conference. It was one of the strongholds of the Malabar Rebellion in 1921. Manjeri police station was destructed by the rebels on 21 August 1921. The protestors won in removing the colonial rule from the region and establish self-rule for about six months. [10] After Indian independence in 1947, the region continued in Malabar District. In 1969, it became a part of the newly formed Malappuram district. [15] Now it forms a part of the Malappuram metropolitan area. [4]

Demographics

Total population under municipality limits is 97,102 according to the 2011 census. Males form 48.6% and females 51.4%. [2] Malayalam is the widely spoken language in the town. Manjeri has been a multi-ethnic and multi-religious town since the early medieval period. The Muslims form the largest religious group, followed by Hindus and Christians. [16] The municipality of Manjeri has an average literacy rate of 95.8%. [2]

Geography

Valamangalam viewpoint, Manjeri Mlp.jpg
Valamangalam viewpoint, Manjeri

Manjeri is located at 11°07′N76°07′E / 11.12°N 76.12°E / 11.12; 76.12 . [17] It has an average elevation of 38 metres (124 feet) from sea level.

Civic administration

A view of Manjeri town Manjeri City.jpg
A view of Manjeri town

The town is administered by the Manjeri Municipality, headed by a chairperson. For administrative purposes, the town is divided into 50 wards, [1] from which the members of the municipal council are elected for five years. The municipality comes under the jurisdiction of Manjeri police station (formerly known as Eranad Police Station at the time of its formation), which was formed on 14 April 1879. [18] The apex district court of Malappuram district is at Manjeri and the judicial district is known as Manjeri judicial district. [19]

Manjeri
Manjeri Municipality

Manjeri Municipality Election 2020 [20]

S.No.Party NameParty symbolNumber of Councillors
01 UDF UDF logo.png 27
02 LDF Left Democratic Front (Kerala) Logo.svg 14
03Independents No flag.svg 09

Wards

A panoramic view of Calicut Road, Manjeri Calicut-Manjeri road,Manjeri Panorama.jpg
A panoramic view of Calicut Road, Manjeri

Manjeri Municipality is composed of the following 50 wards: [21]

Ward no.NameWard no.Name
1 Kidangazhi 2Erambra
3Pullur4 Chettiyangadi
5 Cherani 6 Nelliparamba
7 Melakkam 8 Chullikkad
9Thadathikuzhi10Kozhikkattukunnu
11Punnakuzhi12 Mangalassery
13Palakkulam14 Thanippara
15College Kunnu16Kizhakkekara
17 Vadakkangara 18 Payyanad
19 Elambra 20Athanikkal
21Thamarassery22 Nellikuth-I
23 Nellikuth-II24Chalukulam
25Kizhakkekunnu26 Pilakkal
27Amayamkode28 Pullenchery
29Vettekode30 Vellerangal
31 Vayparapadi 32 Kovilakamkundu
33Town Ward34 Shanthi Gramam
35 Arukizhaya 36Ulladankunnu
37 Mullampara 38Vakkethodi
39Thadathiparamba40Vattappara
41Puliyanthodi42 Thurakkal
43Pottammal44 Pattarkulam
45 Mariyad 46Veemboor
47 Narukara 48Ambalappadi
49 Karuvambram 50 Ramankulam

Important Institutions

Government

Courts in Manjeri [18]

Other Government Institutions within Manjeri [18]

AIR Manjeri FM Radio Station MANJERI F.M 102.7.jpg
AIR Manjeri FM Radio Station

Education

Government Medical College, Manjeri Manjeri govt medical college.jpg
Government Medical College, Manjeri

Important Educational Institutions within Manjeri [18]

Healthcare

Thurakkal Bypass Junction, Manjeri Manjeri Thurakkal bypass junction.jpg
Thurakkal Bypass Junction, Manjeri

Important Healthcare Institutions within Manjeri [18]

Finance

Near Manjeri Busstand Manjeri CITY.jpg
Near Manjeri Busstand
Manjeri Town 2022 Manjeri (3).jpg
Manjeri Town 2022

Important Financial Institutions within Manjeri [18]

Sports

MDSC Stadium during 2013-14 Indian Federation Cup Malappuram District Sports Complex Stadium.jpg
MDSC Stadium during 2013–14 Indian Federation Cup

The Malappuram District Sports Complex & Football Academy is situated at Payyanad, Manjeri. MDSC Stadium was selected as one of two stadiums, along with the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, to host the group stages of the 2013–14 Indian Federation Cup. [24] The stadium hosted groups B and D. [24]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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