Manouchehr Eghbal

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Manouchehr Eghbal
Manouchehr Eghbal.jpg
37th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
3 April 1957 31 August 1960
Monarch Mohammad Reza Shah
Preceded by Hossein Ala'
Succeeded by Jafar Sharif-Emami
Personal details
Born13 October 1909
Kashmar, Iran
Died25 November 1977 (aged 68)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Nationalists’ Party
Spouse(s)Alice
Children3
Alma mater University of Tehran

Manuchehr Eqbal (Persian : منوچهر اقبال; 13 October 1909 – 25 November 1977) was one of the prime ministers of Iran.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajik Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Iran Islamic Republic in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital, largest city, and leading economic and cultural center.

Contents

Education

Eghbal studied at Darolfonoon, and finished advanced studies in medicine in Paris in 1933.

Dar ul-Funun (Persia) university

Dar ul-Funun, established in 1851, was the first modern university and modern institution of higher learning in Iran (Persia).

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, as well as the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zurich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018. The city is a major railway, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports: Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly. Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily, and is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro. Gare du Nord is the 24th busiest railway station in the world, but the first located outside Japan, with 262 million passengers in 2015.

Career

Eghbal's Cabinet - Ali-Akbar Zargham (far left), Teymur Bakhtiar (fourth from left), Manuchehr Eghbal (center), Jafar Sharif-Emami (left of Eghbal), Jamshid Amouzegar (right of Eghbal), Asadollah Alam (far right) Zargham2.jpg
Eghbal's Cabinet - Ali-Akbar Zargham (far left), Teymur Bakhtiar (fourth from left), Manuchehr Eghbal (center), Jafar Sharif-Emami (left of Eghbal), Jamshid Amouzegar (right of Eghbal), Asadollah Alam (far right)

In 1950, Eghbal was appointed chancellor of Tabriz University, followed by Tehran University in 1954. Five years later he became Iran's envoy to UNESCO. He then taught at Sorbonne for a while and became a member of the French Académie Nationale de Médecine.

UNESCO Specialised agency of the United Nations

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration in education, sciences, and culture in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.

Sorbonne historical monument

The Sorbonne is a building in the Latin Quarter of Paris which was the historical house of the former University of Paris. Today, it houses part or all of several higher education and research institutions in the Paris region.

Académie Nationale de Médecine organization

Situated at 16 rue Bonaparte in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, the Académie nationale de médecine was created in 1820 by king Louis XVIII at the urging of baron Antoine Portal. At its inception, the institution was known as the Académie royale de médecine. This academy was endowed with the legal status of two institutions which preceded it — the Académie royale de chirurgie, which was created in 1731 and of the Société royale de médecine, which was created in 1776.

He served as the minister of health in Ahmad Ghavam's cabinet, minister of culture in Abdolhosein Hazhir's cabinet, minister of transportation in RajabAli Mansur's cabinet, and interior minister in Mohammad Sa'ed's cabinet. He also served as the governor of East Azarbaijan province. [1]

Mohammad Saed Prime Minister of Iran

Muhammad Sa'ed Maraghei was a Prime Minister of Iran.

In April 1957, he became prime minister, replacing Hussein Ala. [1] [2] Eghbal continued as prime minister until fall 1960 and was replaced by Sharif Emami. [3] Until his death, he served as a top executive in Iran's National Oil Company. He was also one of the close aides to the Shah. [4]

National Iranian Oil Company Oil And Gas company

The National Iranian Oil Company, a government-owned corporation under the direction of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran, is a national oil and natural gas producer and distributor headquartered in Tehran. It was established in 1948 and reinforced under The Consortium Agreement of 1954. NIOC ranks as the world's second largest oil company, after Saudi Arabia's state-owned Aramco.

Personal life

Eghbal married a French woman and had three daughters. The eldest Nicole became a nun. The second, Monique, married a Swiss surgeon and had a daughter, Muriel. The youngest daughter, Maryam Francoise, first married Prince Mahmoud Reza Pahlavi in October 1964 when she was 18 years old, [5] but the marriage ended in divorce and she married Prince Shahriar Shafiq.

The French are an ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France. This connection may be ethnic, legal, historical, or cultural.

Shahriar Shafiq Iranian royal

Shahriar Shafiq was an Iranian Imperial Navy Captain and a member of the House of Pahlavi. he was the son of Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, twin sister of the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Death

Eghbal died of a heart attack on 25 November 1977 in Tehran, aged 68.[ citation needed ]

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References

The following reference was used for the above writing: 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN   964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN   964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).

  1. 1 2 "Iran premier will quit". Schenectady Gazette. 2 April 1957. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  2. "Iran minister resigns post". Gettysburg Times. Tehran. 3 April 1957. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  3. "Iran teachers' protest Iranian premier from office". The Press Courier. 5 May 1961. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  4. "Centers of Power in Iran" (PDF). CIA. May 1972. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  5. "People Make News". The Calgary Herald. 22 October 1964. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Hossein Ala'
Prime Minister of Iran
19571960
Succeeded by
Jafar Sharif-Emami
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
Leader of the Nationalists’ Party
19571963
Succeeded by
Party Dissolved