Manpo Line

Last updated
Manpo Line
Overview
Native name만포선(滿浦線)
OwnerMitsui Mining Railway (1918–1927)
Kaech'ŏn Light Railway (1927–1933)
Chosen Government Railway (1933–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
Locale South P'yŏngan, North P'yŏngan, Chagang
TerminiSunch'ŏn
Manpo Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Stations44
Service
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
History
OpenedStages between 1918 - 1939
Technical
Line length299.8 km (186.3 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Old gauge 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Minimum radius 300 m (980 ft)
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
Maximum incline 24.5‰
Route map

DPRK-Manpo Line.png

Contents

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0.0
Sunch'ŏn
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Sunch'ŏn Calcium Cyanamide Factory
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10.9
Chungp'yŏng
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17.7
Kag'am
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January 18 Machinery Complex
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22.1
Ryongwŏlli
(mine)
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32.6
Ch'ŏndong
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38.9
Kaech'ŏn
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46.9
Wŏlli
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49.9
Pongch'ŏn
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54.0
Chajak
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58.3
Ramjŏn
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underground facility
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Ryong'am Line
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mine
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Kujang Cement Complex
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63.0
Kujang Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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northern curve under construction
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68.5
Ŏryong
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71.5
Sinhŭngdong
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81.1
Puksinhyŏn
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Myohyangsan KWP-only station
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90.1
Myohyangsan
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103.0
Pusŏng
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109.8
Hŭich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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Ch'ŏngha
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122.9
Ch'osang
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129.3
Tongsin
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140.0
Kaego Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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Ryŏnmok
Closed
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156.6
Chinp'yŏng
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167.3
Koin
(turntable)
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174.2
Riman
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184.3
Ch'angp'yŏng
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189.5
Unsong
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Unsong Colliery
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195.1
Chŏnch'ŏn
Chŏnch'ŏn Match Factory
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203.1
Hwaam
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212.5
Ssangbangdong
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217.4
Chungsŏnggan
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221.5
Sŏnggan
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230.5
Sinch'ŏng
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Puji
Closed
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243.9
Kongin
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lumber mill
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Sin'ganggye
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250.6
Kanggye
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Kanggye KWP-only station
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260.9
Kokha
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269.8
Ssangbu
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276.9
Anch'an
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286.0
Sijung
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291.9
Kŏnha
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299.8
Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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Ji'an
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Manpo Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Manposeon
McCune–Reischauer Manp'osŏn

The Manp'o Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from Sunch'ŏn on the P'yŏngra Line to Manp'o on the Pukpu Line. The line continues on from Manp'o to Ji'an, China. [1]

Description

The length of the line from Sunch'ŏn Station to Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is 299.8 km (186.3 mi); it is another 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to the border, making the total length from Sunch'ŏn to the border 303.4 km (188.5 mi). [2] It also connects to the Kaech'ŏn, P'yŏngdŏk, Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn, Unsan and Kanggye Lines. Not including Sunch'ŏn, there are 44 stations on the line; the average distance between stations is 6.8 km (4.2 mi). [2]

The Manp'o Line runs in the northwestern part of Korea along the banks of the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn and Changja rivers. It is an important trunk line connecting ten cities, counties and districts in South P'yŏngan, North P'yŏngan and Chagang provinces. This connection is particularly important to the economies of North P'yŏngan and Chagang provinces; a great deal of coal is moved from mines along the Manp'o Line to various power plants and factories in the country. [2]

With the exception of Sunch'ŏn station, which is administered by the P'yŏngyang Railway Bureau, the entirety of the Manp'o line from Chungp'yŏng to Manp'o is under the jurisdiction of the Kaech'ŏn Railway Bureau. [2]

Due to the terrain it traverses, the Manp'o Line has a large number of tunnels, bridges and fills. The ruling grade is 24.5‰ and the minimum curve radius is 300 m (980 ft). There are 180 bridges totalling 7,563 m (24,813 ft) in length, and 53 tunnels totalling 18,306 m (60,059 ft) in length. 125 km (78 mi) of the line - 41% of the total length - is laid with heavy rail, and 5% of the line is laid on concrete sleepers. [2]

History

Pre-Liberation

The Kaech'ŏn–Ch'ŏndong section was originally a 762 mm (2 ft 6.0 in) narrow gauge line opened on 1 December 1918 by the Mitsui Mining Railway (미츠이 광산 전용 철도, Mich'ŭi Kwangsan Chŏn'yong Ch'ŏldo; 三井鉱山専用鉄道, Mitsui Kōzan Sen'yō Tetsudō) as an extension to its Sinanju–Kaech'ŏn mainline; in 1927 the company was renamed Kaech'ŏn Light Railway (개천 경변철도, Kaech'ŏn Kyŏngbyŏn Ch'ŏldo ; 价川軽便鉄道, Kaisen Keibentetsudō), and then was leased to the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) on 1 November 1932. [3]

Sentetsu opened the 32.6 km (20.3 mi) Sunch'ŏn–Ch'ŏndong line on 1 November 1932, and at the same time began converting the Kaech'ŏn–Ch'ŏndong section to standard gauge; this work was completed on 15 July 1933. [4] On 1 September 1933 the two lines were merged and named the Manp'o Line, which on 15 October 1933 was extended with the opening of the 24.1 km (15.0 mi) section from Kaech'ŏn to Kujang. Sentetsu subsequently extended the line several times, reaching Hŭich'ŏn on 1 November 1934 (46.8 km (29.1 mi) from Kujang), Kaego on 1 October 1935 (30.2 km (18.8 mi) from Hŭich'ŏn), Chŏnch'ŏn on 1 December 1936 (63.1 km (39.2 mi) from Kaego), and Kanggye on 1 December 1937, with a 47.5 km (29.5 mi) section of line from Chŏnch'ŏn. [5] The final section finishing the line, 49.3 km (30.6 mi) from Kanggye to Manp'o, was opened on 1 February 1939. [6]

After completing the entire line, Sentetsu opened the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge on 31 July 1939, connecting the Manp'o Line to the Manchukuo National Railway's Meiji Line from Ji'an to Meihekou. New stations and branch lines along the line were also added: Ŏryong Station was opened on 1 May 1941, [7] and from there, the Ryongmun Line on 1 September of that year; [8] Ramjŏn Station was opened on 16 September 1941, [9] and Chungsŏnggan Station was opened on 1 November 1942. [10]

Post-Liberation

After the partition of Korea following the end of the Pacific War and the liberation of Korea, the entire line was located in North Korea and was nationalised by the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea, along with all other railways in the Soviet occupation zone, on 10 August 1946, [11] and subsequently becoming part of the Korean State Railway after the establishment of the DPRK.

In 1948, the electrification of the section from Kaegu to Koin was completed, [11] but this was subsequently destroyed during the Korean War. The re-electrification of the line began in 1975 with the completion of the section from Hŭich'ŏn to Koin, followed by the Kaech'ŏn - Hŭich'ŏn section in 1979; the remaining sections, from Koin to Manp'o and from Kaech'ŏn to Sunch'ŏn, were completed in 1980. [2]

Services

Freight

Freight trains serve the major industries along the line, such as textiles in Kanggye and rubber and cement plants in Manp'o. Coal and forest products are also important commodities shipped on this line. The line is also an important artery for freight traffic to and from China. Due to the large amount of coal shipped on the line, freight traffic towards Sunch'ŏn is three times greater than the amount of freight moved from Sunch'ŏn towards Manp'o. [2]

Most of the coal traffic from Kujang towards Sunch'ŏn supplies Chagang Province with fuel; in the other direction, from Kujang towards Manp'o, coal shipped on the line is for local use for heating, and for large factories at Ch'agap'yŏng and Mun'ak on the Pukpu Line. 58% of all freight traffic between Kanggye and Manp'o is wood. [2]

In terms of freight traffic, Kaech'ŏn and Kujang are the most important stations on the line. Kaech'ŏn is the starting point of the Kaech'ŏn Line, which connects the Manp'o line to the P'yŏngŭi Line at Sinanju, [1] and of a branch to the large colliery at Choyang. Other important coal mines in the area are at Ramjŏn, Pongch'ŏn Colliery and at Kaech'ŏn; this area accounts for 20% of the DPRK's anthracite production. [2] Kujang, which is the point where the Manp'o Line connects to the P'yŏngdŏk and Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'alwŏn lines, is the location of a major cement factory that supplies much of North P'yŏngan province; cement is the major outbound commodity originating at Kujang. [2]

Hŭich'ŏn, Chŏnch'ŏn and Kanggye are major loading points for freight from areas not served by rail. Hŭich'ŏn station is where freight from Tongsin County is transferred to trains, Kanggye station for freight from Usi, Chosan, Wiwŏn, Hwap'yŏng and Changgang counties, and Chŏnch'ŏn for freight from Kopung and Ryongrim counties. [2]

Passenger

The following passenger trains are known to operate on this line and its branches: [12]

An international passenger service from Manp'o to Ji'an exists in the form of a single passenger car attached to the daily cross-border freight train. This train is not open to use by foreigners other than ethnic Koreans from China.

Commuter trains also operate on this line between Sunch'ŏn and Kaech'ŏn (four pairs), Kanggye and Chungsŏnggan (five pairs), Hŭich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Koin (two pairs) and Hŭich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Kaego Ch'ŏngnyŏn (one pair). These trains are intended to serve local workers, and stop at all stations. [2]

Route

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km)Station NameFormer Name
TotalS2STranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)TranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)Connections
(former)
0.00.0Sunch'ŏn순천 (順川) P'yŏngra Line
10.910.9Chungp'yŏng중평 (中坪)
17.76.8Kag'am각암 (閣岩)
22.14.4Ryongwŏlli룡원리 (龍源里)
32.610.5Ch'ŏndong천동 (泉洞) Taegak Line
38.96.3Kaech'ŏn개천 (价川) Choyang Colliery Line,
Chunhyŏk Line,
Kaech'ŏn Line
46.98.0Wŏlli원리 (院里)
49.93.0Pongch'ŏn봉천 (鳳泉) Pongch'ŏn Colliery Line
54.04.1Chajak자작 (自作) Kaech'ŏn Colliery Line
58.34.3Ramjŏn람전 (藍田)
63.04.7Kujang Ch'ŏngnyŏn구장청년 (球場青年)Kujang구장 (球場) Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line,
P'yŏngdŏk Line,
Ryong'am Line
68.55.5Ŏryong어룡 (魚龍) Ryongmun Colliery Line
71.53.0Sinhŭngdong신흥동 (新興洞)
81.19.6Puksinhyŏn북신현 (北薪峴)(Unsan Line)
90.19.0Myohyangsan묘향산 (妙香山)Branch to KWP-only station
(Hyangsan Line)
103.012.9Pusŏng부성 (富成)
109.86.8Hŭich'ŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn희천청년 (煕川青年)Hŭich'ŏn희천청년 (煕川) Chup'yŏng Line
114.74.9Ch'ŏnha천하 (清下)
122.98.2Ch'osang초상 (草上)
129.36.4Tongsin동신 (東新)Myŏngmun명문 (明文)
140.010.7Kaego Ch'ŏngnyŏn개고청년 (价古青年)Kaego개고 (价古)
150.810.8Yŏnmŏk연목 (縁木)
156.65.8Chinp'yŏng진평 (津坪)Kuhyŏn구현 (狗峴)
167.310.7Koin고인 (古仁)
174.26.9Riman리만 (梨満)
184.310.1Ch'angp'yŏng창평 (倉坪)
189.55.2Unsong운송 (雲松)
195.15.6Chŏnch'on전천 (前川)Chung'am중암 (仲岩)
203.18.0Hwaam화암 (花岩)Chŏnch'on전천 (前川)
212.59.4Ssangbangdong쌍방동 (双芳洞)
217.44.9Chungsŏnggan중성간 (中城干)
221.54.1Sŏnggan성간 (城干)Pyŏlha별하 (別河)
230.59.0Sinch'ŏngri신청리 (新清)Omoro오모로 (梧毛老)
237.67.1Puji부지 (富只)
243.96.3Kongin공인 (公仁)
250.66.7Kanggye강계 (江界) Kanggye Line
260.910.3Kokha곡하 (曲河)
269.88.9Ssangbu쌍부 (双富)
276.97.1Anch'an안찬 (安賛)
286.09.1Sijung시중 (時中)
291.95.9Kŏnha건하 (乾下)Oegwi외귀 (外貴)
299.87.9Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn만포청년 (満浦青年) Manp'o 만포 (満浦) Pukpu Line,
Unha Line
Manp'o Yalu River Bridge 만포압록강교량
(満浦鴨緑江橋梁)
DPRK−PRC border
Ji'an, China集安Ji'an辑安 (輯安) CR Meiji Railway

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The Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in the North and South Hwanghae provinces of North Korea, running from Sariwŏn to Haeju. It connects to the P'yŏngbu Line at Sariwŏn, to the Ŭnnyul Line at Ŭnp'a, to the Paech'ŏn Line at Changbang, and to the Ongjin Line at Haeju. It plays an important role in the transportation of freight and passengers in North and South Hwanghae provinces, serving important mining and industrial areas, as well as one of the DPRK's most important ports for foreign trade.

Unnyul Line

The Ŭnnyul Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in the North and South Hwanghae provinces of North Korea, running from Ŭnp'a to Ch'ŏlgwang. It is an important line in economic terms, connecting the agricultural and ore-producing areas of Kwail and Ŭnnyul counties with the rest of the DPRK.

Paechon Line

The Paech'ŏn Line is a partially electrified standard-gauge secondary railway line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Changbang on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Ŭnbit.

Pyongdok Line

The P'yŏngdŏk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea running from Taedonggang Station in P'yŏngyang, where it connects to the P'yŏngbu, P'yŏngnam, P'yŏngra and P'yŏngŭi Lines, to Kujang, where it connects to the Manp'o and Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Lines. The total length of the line is 192.3 km (119.5 mi).

Chongnyon Parwon Line

The Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge secondary railway line of the Korean State Railway in North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Kujang on the Manp'o and P'yŏngdŏk Lines to Kusŏng on the P'yŏngbuk Line.

Paektusan Chongnyon Line

The Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from Kilju on the P'yŏngra Line to Hyesan on the Pukbunaeryuk Line; it connects to the narrow gauge Paengmu Line at Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, and to the Samjiyŏn Line at Wiyŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station.

Paengmu Line

The Paengmu Line is a partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway running from Paeg'am on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Musan on the Musan Line, in the Ryanggang and North Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea.

Hoeryong Tangwang Line

The Hoeryŏng T'an'gwang Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Hoeryŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the Hambuk Line to Yusŏn.

Pyongra Line

The P'yŏngra Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Rason, where it connects with the Hambuk Line. It is North Korea's main northeast–southwest rail line.

Namp'o station is a railway station in Hanggu-guyŏk, Namp'o Special City, North Korea on the P'yŏngnam Line of the Korean State Railway, as well as the starting point of the Tojiri Line. There is an engine house northwest of the station in Munhwa-dong, Hanggu-guyŏk.

Ch'ŏndong station is a railway station in Ryongjin-dong, Kaech'ŏn municipal city, South P'yŏngan province, North Korea on the Manp'o Line of the Korean State Railway; it is also the starting point of the Taegak Branch to Taegak.

Kaech'ŏn station is a railway station in Kaech'ŏn municipal city, South P'yŏngan province, North Korea, on the Manp'o Line of the Korean State Railway; it is also the starting point of the Kaech'ŏn Line to Sinanju, of the Choyang Colliery Line to Choyang Colliery and the Chunhyŏk Line to Chunhyŏngri.

Namyanggukkyong Line

The Namyanggukkyŏng Line, or Namyang Border Line, is a 0.8 km (0.50 mi) long railway line of the Korean State Railway connecting Namyang on the Hambuk Line with Kukkyŏng at the DPRK–China border, continuing on to Tumen, China, 3.3 km (2.1 mi) from Namyang. At Tumen it connects with China Railway's Changtu Railway, Tujia Railway, and Tuhun Railway. The line is electrified between Namyang and Kukkyong.

Kangan Line

The Kangan Line, also spelled Kang'an Line, is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Sinŭiju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Kang'an.

The Ryong'am Line is an electrified freight-only railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kujang County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Kujang at the junction of the Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn, Manp'o, and P'yŏngdŏk Lines, to Ryong'am.

The Changsang Line is an electrified freight-only railway line of the Korean State Railway in South P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Hyangjang on the P'yŏngdŏk Line to Changsang.

The Choyang T'an'gwang Line, or Choyang Colliery Line is an electrified railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kaech'ŏn city, South P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Kaech'ŏn at the junction of the Kaech'ŏn and Manp'o Lines to Choyang Colliery.

The Ryongmun T'an'gwang Line, or Ryongmun Colliery Line is an electrified railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kujang County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Ŏryong on the Manp'o Line to Ryongmun Colliery.

References

  1. 1 2 Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), p. 91, ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "만포선".
  3. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 1741, 26 October 1932 (in Japanese)
  4. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 1947, 7 July 1933 (in Japanese)
  5. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 3244, 6 November 1937 (in Japanese)
  6. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 3598, 19 January 1939 (in Japanese)
  7. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 4269, 18 April 1941 (in Japanese)
  8. 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 4378, 26 August 1941
  9. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 4385, 3 September 1941 (in Japanese)
  10. 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 4715, 15 October 1942 (in Japanese)
  11. 1 2 Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), p.131 ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  12. Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), pp.123-124 ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6