Manuk Abeghian (Armenian : Մանուկ Աբեղյան, Armenian pronunciation: [manuk abɛʁjan] , alternatively Manouk Abeghian, or Manuk Abeghyan, March 15, 1865, Astapat, Nakhichevan – September 26, 1944) was a scholar of Armenian literature and folklore.
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by Armenians. It is the official language of Armenia. Historically being spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands, today, Armenian is widely spoken throughout the Armenian diaspora. Armenian is written in its own writing system, the Armenian alphabet, introduced in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.
Armenian literature begins around AD 400 with the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and jokes. They include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the group. Folklore also includes customary lore, the forms and rituals of celebrations such as Christmas and weddings, folk dances and initiation rites. Each one of these, either singly or in combination, is considered a folklore artifact. Just as essential as the form, folklore also encompasses the transmission of these artifacts from one region to another or from one generation to the next. Folklore is not something one can typically gain in a formal school curriculum or study in the fine arts. Instead, these traditions are passed along informally from one individual to another either through verbal instruction or demonstration. The academic study of folklore is called Folklore studies, and it can be explored at undergraduate, graduate and Ph.D. levels.
Abeghian was born in 1865 in Astapat, Nakhichevan. He began teaching at Yerevan State University in 1923, during the first years that the University was open. He was a member of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
Yerevan State University, also simply University of Yerevan, is the oldest continuously operating public university in Armenia. Founded in 1919, it is the largest and most prestigious university in the country. It is thus informally known as Armenia's "mother university". Of its 3,150 employees, 1,190 comprise the teaching staff which includes 25 academicians, 130 professors, 700 docents, and 360 assistant lecturers. The university has 400 researchers, 1,350 post-graduate students, and 8,500 undergraduates, including 300 students from abroad.
He is the author of a comprehensive history of Armenian literature, the Russian translation of which is entitled, Istoriya drevnearmyanskoi literatury, and of a volume on Armenian folklore, the German translation of which is entitled, Der Armenische Volksglaube.
The Literature Institute of Armenia is named in honor of Abeghian. He is also pictured on an Armenian postage stamp in the "Contribution of Armenians to 20th Century Culture" series.
According to hush.am Manuk Abeghian is buried at Tokhmakh cemetery in Yerevan, Armenia.
Grigor Narekatsi was an Armenian mystical and lyrical poet, monk, and theologian. He is a saint of the Armenian Apostolic Church and was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Francis in 2015.
Mikayel Nalbandian was an Armenian writer, poet, political theorist and activist.
Gagik I was the king of Armenia who reigned between 989 and c. 1017/20, under whom Bagratid Armenia reached its height, and "enjoyed the accustomed experience of unbroken peace and prosperity."
Paruyr Sevak was an Armenian poet, translator and literary critic. He is considered one of the greatest Armenian poets of the 20th century.
Theodore Rshtuni, equated with the patrikiosPasagnathes (Πασαγνάθης) of Theophanes the Confessor, was an Armenian nakharar, famous for resisting the first Arab invasions of Armenia. Rshtuni was appointed as ishkhan and kouropalates of Byzantine Armenia by Emperor Heraclius when the previous ishkan David Saharuni was overthrown by other nakharars.
Samvel Karapetian is an Armenian historian, researcher, author, and expert of medieval architecture, specializing in the study of the historical monuments of Armenia, Nagorno Karabakh and other regions of the Southern Caucasus. He has surveyed and catalogued thousands of artifacts of Armenian history and architecture during the course of more than two decades. Karapetyan is currently head of the Yerevan branch of the NGO Research on Armenian Architecture (RAA). Karapetyan is also known as an outspoken critic of the treatment of Armenian monuments in Turkey: he argues that Turkey has a policy of intentional neglect and planned destruction. He has also presented evidence that accuses Georgia and Azerbaijan of deliberately destroying Armenian historical monuments. He presented his findings to US Congress in 2007 and to the European Court of Human Rights in 2008.
Hrachia Acharian was an Armenian linguist, lexicographer, etymologist, and philologist.
Tsatur Aghayan was a Soviet Armenian historian a Professor at Yerevan State University, an academician of the Armenian Academy of Sciences, the editor of the journal Lraber Hasarakakan Gitutyunneri, and a renowned scientist of the Armenian SSR (1974). Aghayan was born in the village of Pip, Dashkesan.
Armenian studies or Armenology is a field of Humanities covering Armenian history, language and culture. The emergence of modern Armenian studies is associated with the foundation of the Catholic Mechitarist order in the early 18th century. Until the early 20th century, Armenian studies were largely conducted by individual scholars in the Armenian communities of the Russian Empire, Europe, Constantinople and Vagharshapat in Armenia. After the establishment of Soviet rule, Armenian studies, and sciences in general, were institutionalized in Armenia and put under direct control of the Academy of Sciences. Today, numerous publications, research centers specializing in Armenian studies exist in many parts of the world.
Argam Aivazian is an Armenian historian, journalist and researcher. Born in the village of Arinj, in the Nakhichevan ASSR, he is particularly known for his books and monographs about the Armenian culture and history of that region, and has written books about the towns of Hin Jugha and Agulis, as well as more than 200 other works, mostly in Armenian.
Yervand Lalayan was an Armenian ethnographer, archaeologist, folklorist. He was also the founder and the first director of the History Museum of Armenia from 1919 to 1927.
Daredevils of Sassoun is an Armenian heroic epic poem in four cycles (parts).
Movses Khorenatsi was a prominent Armenian historian from the period of Late Antiquity and the author of the History of Armenia.
Manuk Hergnyan is managing partner at EV Consulting and Granatus Ventures, as well as the chairman of Economy and Values Research Center. He holds membership of The Competitiveness Institute, an international association of competitiveness professionals, as well as the Microeconomics of Competitiveness Network of over 80 universities worldwide chaired by Michael E. Porter. He is also a member of the Republic of Armenia Government Scientific and Technical Council, Republic of Armenia Industrial Board Adjacent to the Prime Minister, Coordinating Council of CANDLE Project, and Ayb Club.
Dora Sakayan, Professor of German Studies (retired), McGill University. Specializing initially as a Germanist, today she is known for her work in various areas of Applied Linguistics. Sakayan is also noted for pioneering Armenology in Canada, and introducing the two branches of the Armenian language, Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian, to the English-speaking world.
Edward Jrbashyan was an Armenian literary critic, recognized as one of the most important literary critics in Soviet Armenia. A professor at the Yerevan State University, Jrbashyan directed the Abeghian Literature Institute of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences.
Manuk is an uninhabited volcanic island located in the Banda Sea, Indonesia.
Murad Hasratyan is an Armenian architectural historian.
Artashes Abeghyan was an Armenian philologist, historian, educator, activist and politician. He graduated from Nersisian School. He taught at the University of Berlin.
Morus (Margar) Stepani Hasratyan, was an Armenian historian, philologist, associate member at the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, honored figure in science of Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), and director of the History Museum of Armenia. He is the father of Murad Hasratyan.
Khoren Sargsian was an Armenian writer, critic, doctor of philology, and professor. He graduated from Saint Petersburg University and later went on to become the director of the Literature Institute of the Armenian SA from 1943 to 1947. He authored many publications on famous Armenian figures such as Vahan Terian, Levon Shant, Stepan Zoryan, and Sayat-Nova.
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