María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías

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María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías
Born30 June 1912
Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Died11 March 2009(2009-03-11) (aged 96)
Mexico City, Mexico
NationalityMexican
Other namesMaría Luisa Dehesa de Millán
OccupationArchitect
Years active1939–1989
Spouse(s)Manuel Millán

María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías (30 June 1912 – 11 March 2009) was a Mexican architect who worked for close to 50 years in the Federal District of Mexico City, primarily designing single-family homes and apartment buildings. [1] She was the first Mexican woman to graduate with a degree in architecture.

Mexico City Capital in Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.

Biography

María Luisa Dehesa Gómez Farías was born on 30 June 1912 [2] in Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico to Ramón Dehesa [3] and María Luisa Gómez Farías y Canedo, daughter of the Mexican Minister in London, Benito Gómez Farías  [ es ]. She was the granddaughter of Teodoro A. Dehesa Méndez on her paternal side and great-granddaughter of Valentín Gómez Farías on her maternal side. [2]

Xalapa Municipality and City in Veracruz, Mexico

Xalapa is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz and the name of the surrounding municipality. In the 2005 census the city reported a population of 387,879 and the municipality of which it serves as municipal seat reported a population of 413,136. The municipality has an area of 118.45 km². Xalapa lies near the geographic center of the state and is the second-largest city in the state after the city of Veracruz to the southeast.

Veracruz State of Mexico

Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, is one of the 31 states that, along with the Federal District, comprise the 32 federative entities of Mexico. It is divided in 212 municipalities and its capital city is Xalapa-Enríquez.

Teodoro A. Dehesa Méndez was the Governor of the state of Veracruz in Mexico for five terms from 1892 to 1911.

In 1933 she enrolled at the Academia de San Carlos (the National School of Architecture) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. [3] In her class of 113 students, only five were women [1] and they were required to study in a separate workshop from the men. [3] She graduated in 1937, the first Mexican woman to graduate with a degree in architecture. Her thesis, which won honorable mention from the jurors, [3] was entitled Artillery Barracks Type. It was accepted in 1939 and she attained her professional designation. [4]

National Autonomous University of Mexico public research university in Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico

The National Autonomous University of Mexico is a public research university in Mexico. It ranks highly in world rankings based on the university's extensive research and innovation. UNAM's campus is a UNESCO World Heritage site that was designed by some of Mexico's best-known architects of the 20th century. Murals in the main campus were painted by some of the most recognized artists in Mexican history, such as Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros. In 2016, it had an acceptance rate of only 8%. UNAM generates a number of strong research publications and patents in diverse areas, such as robotics, computer science, mathematics, physics, human-computer interaction, history, philosophy, among others. All Mexican Nobel laureates are either alumni or faculty of UNAM.

After she finished school, Dehesa married Manuel Millán and they subsequently had four children. [2] She joined the Public Works Department in Mexico City and served for nearly 50 years in various divisions, [1] primarily designing single-family homes and apartment buildings. [2] In 1974, she was announced as a joint winner of the Ruth Rivera Prize, together with the first Mexican female civil engineer, Concepción Mendizábal Mendoza. [5] In 2006, the College of Architects of Mexico City, honored her for her contributions. [3]

Notimex published Dehesa's memoirs, entitled Los Años Valientes, with illustrations by her daughter Elizabeth Millán de Guerra, a graphic designer. [2] Dehesa died in Mexico City in 2009. [6]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Prieto Soldevilla, Alain (8 March 2013). "Las arquitectas mexicanas que vencieron la contracorriente" (in Spanish). Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Obrasweb. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Pallais, María Lourdes (11 November 2006). "Cumple María Luisa Dehesa más de medio siglo como arquitecta" (in Spanish). Mexico: MLP's Grand Central. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Mendoza, Ángel (1 March 2007). "María Luisa Dehesa" (in Spanish). Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico: Obrasweb. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  4. "Maria Luisa Dehesa, Primera Mujer Arquitecta en Mexico" (in Spanish) (2398). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico: Gaceta. 20 July 1989. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  5. "Dos Universitarias Recibieron el Premio "Ruth Rivera" 1974" (in Spanish) (8). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico: Gaceta. 2 December 1974. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  6. María Luisa Dehesa Architectuul profile