María Teresa López Boegeholz (August 1, 1927 – June 6, 2006) was a Chilean oceanographer and academic. She was considered a pioneer in the field of marine sciences.
She was born in La Unión. She moved to Santiago in 1948 and studied biology and chemistry at the Instituto Pedagógico de la Universidad de Chile. In 1952, she began working as a teaching assistant at the Liceo Manuel de Salas. She subsequently worked as a researcher at the Instituto Pedagógico and at the Centro de Investigaciones Zoológicas. In 1966, she became a professor of zoology at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. During this period, her interest was mainly focused on organisms in aquatic environments. From 1966 to 1998, when she retired, she was professor at the University of Concepción; she taught courses on ecology, aquaculture, socioecology, women and the environment, marine biology and sustainable development. She was involved with aquaculture and ecologic projects in the Chiloé Archipelago in cooperation with the Instituto de Fomento Pesquero, the Agriculture and Livestock Service of Chile and the Austral University of Chile. She also organized seminars and workshops for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and advised the Confederación Nacional de Pescadores Artesanales de Chile (a national artisanal fishing organization). Boegeholz helped support the participation of women in artisanal fishing.
In 2005, she earned a diploma in gerontology for professionals from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile with the aim of helping to prevent the elderly from being marginalized.
She died in Valdivia after a long illness at the age of 78.
Concepción is a city in central Chile and the core of the commune and metropolitan area of Greater Concepción, the country's third largest urban conurbation. It has a significant impact on domestic trade being part of the most heavily industrialized region in the country. Its location is in the called Zona Centro Sur, in the geographic center of the country, and it is the capital of the Concepción Province and Bío Bío Region. It sits about 500 km south of Santiago, the country's capital.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (UC) is one of the six Catholic Universities existing in the Chilean university system and one of the two pontifical universities in the country, along with the Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso. It is also one of Chile's oldest universities and one of the most recognized educational institutions in Latin America. According to the QS Ranking, its Faculty of Law ranks 44th in the world, and its Faculty of Education ranks 21st worldwide. It was ranked 1st university in Latin America in 2018, 2019 and 2020 according to the same QS ranking.
The Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region, often shortened to Aysén Region or Aisén, is one of Chile's 16 first order administrative divisions. Although the third largest in area, the region is Chile's most sparsely populated region with a population of 102,317 as of 2017. The capital of the region is Coihaique, the region's former namesake.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaiso (PUCV), also known as Universidad Católica de Valparaíso (UCV), is one of six Catholic universities in Chile and one of the two pontifical universities in the country, along with the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. It is located in Valparaíso, Chile and has approximately 14,000 students.
Abdón Cifuentes Espinoza, GCSG was one of Chile's most significant Catholic politicians in the nineteenth century.
Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos (INRB) is the Portuguese state-run institute for research on biological resources. It develops research in agricultural fields, veterinary, animal growth, marine biology and fishing. It provides scientific and technical support to its related sectors of activity.
Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M. was a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santiago de Chile from 1990 to 1998, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1994.
The Montemar Institute of Marine Biology is a modern building in Viña del Mar, Valparaíso Region, Chile. Built between 1941 and 1959, it is considered the most important work of Chilean architect Enrique Gebhard and one of the most representative examples of modern architecture in Chile.
Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography, climate, geology and human factors. Historically agriculture is one of the bases of Chile's economy, now agriculture and allied sectors—like forestry, logging and fishing—account only for 4.9% of the GDP as of 2007 and employed 13.6% of the country's labor force. Some major agricultural products of Chile include grapes, apples, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool, fish and timber. Due to its geographical isolation and strict customs policies, Chile is free from diseases such as Mad Cow, fruit fly and Phylloxera, this plus being located in the southern hemisphere and its wide range of agriculture conditions are considered Chile's main comparative advantages. However, the mountainous landscape of Chile limits the extent and intensity of agriculture so that arable land corresponds only to 2.62% of the total territory.
Fishing in Chile is a major industry with a total catch of 4,442,877 tons of fish in 2006. As of 2010, Chile has the seventh largest commercial catch in the world. With over 4,000 km of viable coastline, fishing has been a vital resource for small-scale business and family development for hundreds of years. Due to the Humboldt Current, the Chilean Sea is considered among the most productive marine ecosystems in the world as well as the largest upwelling system. Artisanal fishing is practised all over Chile's 6,435 km long coastline and combines industrial techniques with pre-Hispanic traditions. Recreational fishing tourism in southern Chile's rivers has recently gained worldwide fame attracting actors such as Harrison Ford, Michael Douglas, and Kevin Costner.
The Chilean National Museum of Natural History is one of three national museums in Chile, along with the Museum of Fine Arts and the National History Museum. It is located in Quinta Normal Park.
Fishing is a major economic activity in Portugal. The country has a long tradition in the sector, and is among the countries in the world with the highest fish consumption per capita. Roman ruins of fish processing facilities were found across the Portuguese coast. Fish has been an important staple for the entire Portuguese population, at least since the Portuguese Age of Discovery.
The coastline of the Russian Federation is the fourth longest in the world after the coastlines of Canada, Greenland, and Indonesia. The Russian fishing industry has an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 7.6 million km² including access to twelve seas in three oceans, together with the landlocked Caspian Sea and more than two million rivers.
Alfonso Calderón Squadritto was a Chilean poet and writer. He won the Chilean National Prize for Literature in 1998. He had been a member of the Academia Chilena de la Lengua since 1981. He died on August 8, 2009 having suffered a heart attack.
The 2011 Chilean protests over the education have been primarily led by the CONFECH, the student unions association of Chile's 25 traditional universities, and CONES the student union association of secondary students of Chile. The student union leaders of emblematic universities and schools account for most of the movements leadership at national level.
Ángel Leopoldo López-Escobar was a Chilean geochemistry academic. His scientific career begun by studying Biology and Chemistry at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. Later he worked at the Austral University of Chile and the University of Chile. In 1996 he started a metallogeny research group at the University of Concepción.
Cruz Family in Chile, they was founded by naval captain, Giovanni della Croce Bernadotte, hispanicized, Juan de la Cruz y Bernardotte. He arrived in Chile in 1743.
José Armando de Ramón Folch was a Chilean historian mostly known for his study of urban history. In 1954 de Ramón joined the newly founded Instituto de Investigacions Históricas of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile led by Jaime Eyzaguirre. He was part of the editorial committee of the journal Historia since it was established in 1961. In 1998 he was awarded the Chilean National History Award.
Ximena Morla Lynch (1891–1987), also known as Ximena Morla de Subercaseaux, was a Chilean feminist writer and painter. The daughter of writer Luisa Lynch and conservative politician Carlos Morla Vicuña, she had five siblings, including Carlos, a diplomat, and Carmen, a writer. Her granddaughter is the novelist Elizabeth Subercaseaux.
The National Prize for Natural Sciences was created in 1992 as one of the replacements for the National Prize for Sciences under Law 19169. The other two prizes in this same area are for Exact Sciences and Applied Sciences and Technologies.