Marama Davidson

Last updated

Marama Davidson

MP
Marama Davidson 2019.jpg
3rd Female co-leader of the Green Party
Assumed office
8 April 2018
Co-leaderwith James Shaw
Preceded by Metiria Turei
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Green party list
Assumed office
4 November 2015
Preceded by Russel Norman
Personal details
Born
Marama Mere-Ana Paratene

Auckland, New Zealand
Political party Green
Relations Rawiri Paratene (father)
ChildrenSix
Website Green Party profile

Marama Mere-Ana Davidson [1] (née Paratene) is a New Zealand politician who entered New Zealand parliament in 2015 as a representative of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand and is also the female co-leader of the Green Party.

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence. It also accepts Te Tiriti o Waitangi as the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand and recognises Māori as Tangata Whenua.

Contents

Early life and education

Davidson was born in Auckland and is of Ngāti Porou, Te Rarawa, and Ngāpuhi descent. [2] Her father is the actor Rawiri Paratene. Both her parents were Māori language campaigners in the 1970s. [3] During her youth, the family moved a lot; Davidson started school in Wellington, but subsequently lived in Dunedin and Christchurch. At age nine, her family moved to Whirinaki in the Hokianga, where she spent the rest of her childhood. She started her degree in Hamilton and finished it in Auckland, from where she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts. [2] [4] She also holds a Graduate Diploma in International Diplomacy for Indigenous Studies through Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi. [2]

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Ngāti Porou Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand

Ngāti Porou is a Māori iwi traditionally located in the East Cape and Gisborne regions of the North Island of New Zealand. Ngāti Porou is affiliated with the 28th Maori Battalion and has the second-largest affiliation of any iwi in New Zealand, with 71,910 registered members in 2006. The traditional rohe or tribal area of Ngāti Porou extends from Pōtikirua and Lottin Point in the north to Te Toka-a-Taiau in the south.

Te Rarawa Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand

Te Rarawa is a Māori iwi of Northland, New Zealand. The iwi is one of five Muriwhenua iwi of the far north of the North Island.

Professional career and community engagement

Davidson worked for the Human Rights Commission from 2003 to 2012. [5] She has worked part-time for Breastfeeding New Zealand. [6] She was a 'Think Tank Member' for the Owen Glenn Inquiry on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence. [7] She is a founding member of Te Wharepora Hou Māori Women's Collective. [5]

The Human Rights Commission is the national human rights institution (NHRI) for New Zealand. It operates as an independent Crown entity, and is independent from direction by the Cabinet.

Owen Glenn expatriate New Zealand businessman and philanthropist

Sir Owen George Glenn is an Indian-born-New Zealand expatriate businessman and philanthropist, who supports humanitarian causes worldwide through his family charity.

Political career

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
20152017 51st List 15 Green
2017 present 52nd List2 Green

Fifth National Government, 2013–2017

Davidson is an environmentalist and human rights advocate. [3] [8] In June 2013 she stood for the Greens in the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election, where she came fourth with 11.15% of the vote. [3] [9]

At the 2014 election she stood in the Tāmaki Makaurau electorate. [10] She was ranked 15th on the Greens party list and entered parliament in 2015 with the resignation of Russel Norman.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Russel Norman New Zealand politician

Russel William Norman is a New Zealand politician and environmentalist. He was a Member of Parliament and former co-leader of the Green Party. Norman resigned as an MP in October 2015 to work as Executive Director of Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand.

Davidson has called for liberalisation of abortion law, in addition to better sex education, improved access to contraception, and more support for adoption, having had an abortion as a teenager. [11]

In October 2016, Davidson took part in the Women's Boat to Gaza, which intended to highlight the Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip. Other passengers aboard included the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mairead Maguire and retired US Army colonel Ann Wright. On 5 October, the Women's Peace Flotilla's ship Zaytouna Oliva was intercepted by the Israeli Navy. In response to the boarding of the Women's Peace Flotilla, Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei called on the Israeli authorities to release Davidson and other activists, and to end the blockade of Gaza. [12] [13]

During the 2017 general election, Davidson was ranked second in the Green Party's final candidate list in April 2017. [14] Following the release of the full election results on 7 October, Davidson was reinstated as a list Member of Parliament. [15] The Green Party won 6.3 percent of the votes and eight seats. [16]

Sixth Labour Government, 2017–present

MP Marama Davidson at Matai Ara Nui Marae Marama Davidson's marae and whanau celebrates her appointment of co-leader in 2018.jpg
MP Marama Davidson at Matai Ara Nui Marae

Following the resignation of Metiria Turei as co-leader of the Green Party in 2017, Davidson was poised as a possible contender for the co-leadership. [17] On 4 February 2018, Davidson officially announced her candidacy for co-leader, [18] and on 8 April won the female co-leadership election, defeating fellow MP Julie Anne Genter who also contested the position. [19] After summing the co-leadership of the Greens, Marama stated that the Greens' responsibility was to push the Labour-led coalition government in a progressive direction including the abolition of letting fees on rental homes. [20]

On 8 July 2018, Davidson reported that she had received rape and death threats against her and her children on social media after tweeting support for the Mayor of Auckland Phil Goff's decision to ban two Canadian far right speakers Lauren Southern and Stefan Molyneux from Auckland Council facilities as part of a speaking tour in August 2018. [21] [22]

In response to this, Davidson stated during an anti-racism rally, attended by families with children, that New Zealand needs to reclaim the word "cunt". [23]

Personal life and family

Marama Davidson is married to Paul Davidson, with whom she has six children; their last child was born in 2008. [24] [25] [26] Davidson is a qualified aerobics instructor and used to teach part-time classes at Les Mills International in order to support her children and university studies. [20]

In late June 2018, Davidson disclosed that she had been sexually abused as an eight-year old child by a distant relative during a Speaking Secrets podcast, a co-production by The New Zealand Herald and Newstalk ZB. [27] [28] During the New Zealand Parliament's formal apology to homosexual men convicted of consensual acts before the passage of the Homosexual Law Reform Act in 1986, Davidson acknowledged that her uncle had assaulted a gay man after reacting badly to his proposition. Her uncle was subsequently convicted of manslaughter and imprisoned when the victim fell into Wellington Harbour and drowned. Davidson apologised on behalf of her late uncle to the LBGT community in New Zealand. [29]

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References

  1. "Declaration by Electoral Commission That Marama Mere-Ana Davidson is Elected a Member of Parliament". 2 November 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 "Marama Davidson". Māori Television . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 Bennett, Adam (26 May 2013). "Greens select child abuse campaigner for Ikaroa-Rawhiti". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  4. "Marama's story". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  5. 1 2 "About Marama Davidson". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  6. "A Mum Did This – Marama Davidson". Mums on Top. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  7. Harvey, Sarah; Kilgallon, Steve (3 July 2013). "Davidson to stay with Glenn inquiry". stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  8. "Marama Davidson selected as Green Party candidate for Ikaroa-Rāwhiti" (Press release). Green Party. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  9. "Results of the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  10. de Graaf, Peter (23 August 2014). "Candidates urged to keep promises". The Northern Advocate . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  11. Davidson, Marama (2 November 2014). "Marama Davidson: For Lent, give up judgment". Herald on Sunday . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  12. Sachdeva, Sam (6 October 2015). "Green MP Marama Davidson detained in Israel, PM John Key says it's a 'less-than-perfect look'". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  13. Davidson, Isaac (7 October 2016). "Green Party MP Marama Davidson heading home after release from Israeli detention centre". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  14. "Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand List 2017". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  15. "2017 General Election list of successful candidates" (PDF). Electoral Commission . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  16. "New Zealand 2017 General Election – Official Results". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  17. "Political Roundup: Why Marama Davidson is likely to become the new Green Party co-leader". The New Zealand Herald . 2 February 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  18. Bracewell-Worrall, Anna (4 February 2018). "Greens co-leadership race: Marama Davidson first off the blocks". Newshub . Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  19. "Marama Davidson elected new Greens co-leader". Newshub. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  20. 1 2 Braae, Alex (9 April 2018). "Marama Davidson: If I'm going to be labelled radical, I'm fine with that". The Spinoff . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  21. Foxcroft, Debrin (8 July 2018). "Greens co-leader Marama Davidson receives violent threats on social media". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  22. "Green Party co-leader Marama Davidson receives death threats". Newshub. 8 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  23. "Green co-leader Marama Davidson says New Zealand must reclaim the 'C-word'". Newshub.co.nz. 7 August 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  24. "Topic: Teina Davidson: 3 years old". Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa . Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  25. "We talk to Marama Davidson about Home Birth". Home Birth Aotearoa. June 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  26. "Marama Davidson says speaking out about suffering sexual abuse as a child is allowing other victims 'to not feel alone'". 1 News. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  27. "Marama Davidson opens up on sexual abuse". Newstalk ZB. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  28. Campbell, Georgina (27 June 2018). "Speaking Secrets: Marama Davidson's painful memory of sexual abuse". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  29. "Green MP Marama Davidson speaks of the harrowing impact of homophobia on family". The New Zealand Herald . 6 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Metiria Turei
Female co-leader of the Green Party
2018–present
Served alongside: James Shaw
Incumbent