Marcel Paquet

Last updated
Marcel Paquet
Marcel Paquet.JPG
Marcel Paquet
Born(1947-02-21)21 February 1947
Jumet, near Charleroi, Belgium
Died22 November 2014(2014-11-22) (aged 67)
Nationality Belgian
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
Main interests
Ontology   Political Philosophy
Esthetics

Marcel Paquet (21 February 1947 22 November 2014) was a Belgian philosopher. The most important influences on his thought were Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, [1] Nietzsche, [2] Heidegger and Michel Foucault. [3]

Contents

Paquet rejected all forms of Idealism in favor of the sensory world. Insofar as he considered human beings to be no more than fragments of nature, thought was considered by him to be the result of cerebral processes which operate largely beneath the level of consciousness. He insisted on the pre-eminence of the body and the fact that, for this reasons, consciousness observes the results of thought, but does not bring them into being.

Inspired by Nietzsche's notion of Eternal Recurrence - which Paquet treated not as a doctrine but an operational principle, that is as a means of disentangling ourselves from secondary aspects of our identity (determined by cultural, religious and moral factors) in order to recover our primary nature - he considered a return to the body as the sole ethical value. [4]

He developed this Spinozan theme in a number of different directions: ontology (L'enjeu de la philosophie, Platon: l’éternel retour de la liberté), political philosophy (Nous autres Européens, Le Fascisme Blanc) and esthetics, the latter in particular in relation to painting which he defined as the art of rendering the sensory visible. [5] He is the author of a large number of essays consecrated to visual artists whom he knew personally: Jean Dubuffet, Alexander Calder, André Masson, René Magritte, Paul Delvaux, Fernando Botero, Sophia Vari, Corneille (one of the six founders of the Cobra movement), [6] Bram Bogart, Anna Wilczynska-Wilska, Amann.

He is also the author of several philosophical novels, namely Renaissance sécondaire, Merde à Jésus, L’affaire Socrate and Marie et les Jean. [7]

He died in Poznań, Poland, on 22 November 2014. [8]

Life

Paquet was born in Jumet, near Charleroi. According to his own account, he had an unhappy childhood. He sought refuge in books, and in particular in Spinoza's Ethics and in Nietzsche's Antichrist. A school trip to London allowed him to discover the works of William Turner; later a visit to Amsterdam gave rise to his passion for the works of Rembrandt and Van Gogh as well as allowing him to meet the situationist painter and architect Constant, whose work Het Opstand van de Homo ludens ("The uprising of Homo Ludens") he translated into French.

He matriculated at the Free University of Brussels in 1964 and in 1967 became assistant to Professor Pierre Verstraeten. His graduation dissertation dealt with the problem of unity in Kant's thought in the Critique of Judgment (L’unité problématique du kantisme dans la Critique de la force de juger).

In 1971, he became a junior associate ("aspirant") at the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research.

He did research into fanaticism and published a number of articles including "Essai sur l’absolu" (Essay on the concept of the Absolute) which brought him to the attention of French philosopher Gérard Lebrun [9] and led to a professorship in the history of German Philosophy at the University of Tunis.

It was during his period in Tunis, which lasted from 1972 to 1974, that he wrote his first published work L’enjeu de la philosophie ("The Question of Philosophy") and he began work on his doctoral dissertation on "The difference between the thought of Kant and Hegel on the question of the essence of art" (La différence des pensées de Kant et de Hegel dans la question de l’essence de l’art. [10]

In 1975, he was one of the founders of the publishing house Les Éditions de la Différence. [11]

In 1978, he obtained his doctorate and continued to work on issues related to painting (René Magritte, [12] Paul Delvaux, Fernando Botero).

In 1981, he took part, together with Hans-Georg Gadamer in the colloquium "1881: The great year of Zarathustra" organised at the Brock University of Saint-Catharines in Canada: [13] he made a presentation of his concept of "dansité", a play on words which suggests both "innerness" and dance, which was later incorporated into his book Magritte ou l’éclipse de l’être. [14]

He subsequently took up residence in Canada, where he lived in Ontario and for a time in Quebec.

In 1988, he taught French literature at the University of Udine in Italy.

Upon his return to Belgium, he made the acquaintance of Bram Bogart [15] in relation to whom he wrote a number of articles.

In Paris in 1990 he met a number of artists of the "New New Painting" group and developed a theoretical account of their artistic approach, set out in a work published by the publishing house Nouvelles éditions françaises. [16]

In 1993, he created the "École européenne de philosophie de Charleroi". This school organized amongst other things courses on the concept of "ethical conciliation" and on a draft political constitution for Wallonia which Paquet drew up. [17]

In 1996, he took up residence in Biarritz [18] where in 1997 he married the painter Anna Wilczynska-Wilska. [19] He organized a retrospective dedicated to Bram Bogart [20] and various events devoted to the painter Amann and the pictorial movement of "New Pigmentation". [21]

Publications

Essays

Novels

Articles and speeches

Notes

  1. "Agenda - Conférence : Spinoza, Philosophe hollandais". www.pharefm.be.
  2. Gerald Alvoet, Nietzsche et l'Europe: "Nous autres, bons Européens", ed. L'Harmattan, 2006, p. 100, ISBN   2296019285
    - Bellefroid et al, Joaquim Vital - esquisses pour un portrait, éditions de la Différence, 2011, p. 96, ISBN   978-2729119256
  3. Politique de théâtre, morale sartrienne et gracieuse dialectique, Nous autres Européens, op.cit.
  4. Platon, l’éternel retour de la liberté, op.cit.
  5. Rouge Absolu, op.cit.
  6. DBNL. "Ons Erfdeel. Jaargang 32 · dbnl". DBNL.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. http://www.wspomnijbliskich.pl/39672362-nekrologi-marcel-paquet%5B%5D
    - Colette Lambriche, "LETTRE DÉCEMBRE 2014 - IN MEMORIAM MARCEL PAQUET", La lettre des Éditions de La Différence, December 2014 Archived 2014-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  9. G. Lebrun, L'envers de la dialectique - Hegel à la lumière de Nietzsche, éd. du Seuil, Paris, 2004, p. 64
  10. Botero, Essai d’analyse philosophique, op.cit., p. 129 ff.
  11. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-11-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. Clara Elizabeth Orban, ed., The Culture of Fragments: Word and Images in Futurism and Surrealism, Ed. Rodopi, Amsterdam, 1997, p. 125, ISBN   90-420-0111-9
  13. M. Paquet, "Nietzsche et l’art moderne", in The great year of Zarathoustra (1881-1981) ; edited by David Goicoechea, University press of America, 1983.
  14. op.cit.
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-11-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. New New Painting, Nouvelles éditions françaises, Paris, 1992
  17. http://archives.lesoir.be/charleroi-richard-miller-ouvre-le-cycle-de-l-ulb-une-no_t-20010530-Z0KHX5.html
    - "L'ULB PARRAINE L'ECOLE DE PHILOSOPHIE DE MARCEL PAQUET, COGITATIONS AU CHATEAU DE MONCEAU - Le Soir". lesoir.be.
  18. Botero, Essai d’analyse philosophique, op.cit, p. 142-154
  19. "L'artiste peintre Anna Wilska exposera en Chine". SudOuest.fr.
  20. "Biarritz consacre une rétrospective à l'artiste hollandais porté sur l'analité. Biarrot Bogart. Rétrospective Bram Bogart, Jusqu'au 16 mai à l'espace muséal Bellevue". liberation.fr. 8 May 1999.
  21. "Biographie hermann amann - Seconde Modernité". www.secondemodernite.com.
    - "En perpétuelle quête de l'énergie du rouge". SudOuest.fr.

Related Research Articles

Gilles Deleuze French philosopher

Gilles Deleuze was a French philosopher who, from the early 1950s until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art. His most popular works were the two volumes of Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Anti-Oedipus (1972) and A Thousand Plateaus (1980), both co-written with psychoanalyst Félix Guattari. His metaphysical treatise Difference and Repetition (1968) is considered by many scholars to be his magnum opus. An important part of Deleuze's oeuvre is devoted to the reading of other philosophers: the Stoics, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, and Bergson, with particular influence derived from Spinoza. A. W. Moore, citing Bernard Williams's criteria for a great thinker, ranks Deleuze among the "greatest philosophers". Although he once characterized himself as a "pure metaphysician", his work has influenced a variety of disciplines across the humanities, including philosophy, art, and literary theory, as well as movements such as post-structuralism and postmodernism.

Henri Lefebvre French philosopher

Henri Lefebvre was a French Marxist philosopher and sociologist, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life, for introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space, and for his work on dialectics, alienation, and criticism of Stalinism, existentialism, and structuralism. In his prolific career, Lefebvre wrote more than sixty books and three hundred articles. He founded or took part in the founding of several intellectual and academic journals such as Philosophies, La Revue Marxiste, Arguments, Socialisme et Barbarie, Espaces et Sociétés.

Vincent Descombes is a French philosopher. His major work has been in the philosophy of language and philosophy of mind.

Jean André Wahl was a French philosopher.

Afrikan Spir Russian philosopher

Afrikan Aleksandrovich Spir (1837–1890) was a Russian neo-Kantian philosopher of German-Greek descent who wrote primarily in German. His book Denken und Wirklichkeit exerted a "lasting impact" on the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche.

Jean-Pierre Faye French philosopher and writer

Jean-Pierre Faye is a French philosopher and writer of fiction and prose poetry.

Clément Rosset was a French philosopher and writer. He was a professor of philosophy at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, and the author of books on 20th-century philosophy and postmodern philosophy.

Library of Friedrich Nietzsche

The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche owned an extensive private library, which has been preserved after his death. Today this library consists of some 1,100 volumes, of which about 170 contain annotations by him, many of them substantial. However, fewer than half of the books he read are found in his library.

Catherine Malabou is a French philosopher. She is a Professor in the Philosophy Department at the Centre for Research in Modern European Philosophy (CRMEP) at Kingston University, at the European Graduate School, and in the department of Comparative Literature at the University of California Irvine, a position formerly held by Jacques Derrida.

Maxence Caron French writer and philosopher

Maxence Caron is a French writer, poet, philosopher and musicologist.

<i>Acéphale</i> periodical literature

Acéphale is the name of a public review created by Georges Bataille and a secret society formed by Bataille and others who had sworn to keep silent. Its name is derived from the Greek ἀκέφαλος.

Robert Misrahi is a French philosopher who specialises in the work of 17th Century Dutch thinker Baruch Spinoza.

Guy Haarscher, born in Belgium in 1946; is a Professor of Legal and Political philosophy at the Free University of Brussels (ULB). He taught every other year from 1985 to 2008 at Duke University School of Law as an Adjunct Professor of Law. He also taught at the Central European University in Budapest from 1992 to 2008 as a Recurrent Visiting Professor. Guy Haarscher currently teaches at the ULB, as well as at the College of Europe in Bruges.

Émile Lasbax was a French philosopher and sociologist of the early 20th century.

Lambros Couloubaritsis Belgian philosopher

Lambros Couloubaritsis is a Greek-born Belgian philosopher.

Marc Crépon French philosopher

Marc Crépon is a French philosopher and academic who writes on the subject of languages and communities in the French and German philosophies and contemporary political and moral philosophy. He has also translated works by philosophers such as Nietzsche, Franz Rosenzweig and Leibniz.

Patrick Waldberg was a Franco-American art critic known for his profiles of Surrealist artists.

André Tosel was a French Marxist philosopher and academic administrator. He taught Philosophy at the University of Franche-Comté and Pantheon-Sorbonne University until he became a full professor of Philosophy at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. He served as its vice president from 1992 to 1998, and as the director of its Center for the History of Ideas from 1998 to 2003. He was the author of several books about Marxism and Marxist theorists.

Adrian l'Alemant (1527-1559) was a French author, translator, and medic.