Marcel Tabuteau

Last updated
Marcel Tabuteau
Born(1887-07-02)July 2, 1887
Compiègne, Oise, France
DiedJanuary 4, 1966(1966-01-04) (aged 78)
Occupation(s)Oboist, Curtis Institute of Music teacher
Instrument(s)Oboe

Marcel Tabuteau (2 July 1887 4 January 1966) was a French-American oboist who is considered the founder of the American school of oboe playing.

Contents

Life

Tabuteau was born in Compiègne, Oise, France, and given a post in the city's municipal wind band at age eleven. He then studied at the Conservatoire de Paris with the legendary oboist Georges Gillet.

Walter Damrosch brought Tabuteau, together with French musicians flutist Georges Barrère, bassoonist Auguste Mesnard, clarinetist Leon Leroy, and Belgian trumpeter Adolphe Dubois to New York in 1905 to play in his New York Symphony Orchestra. Damrosch was fined by the musicians' union for not advertising for musicians from New York, but the emigrating musicians were allowed to stay. [1] [2] In 1906 Tabuteau returned to France to complete his three years of compulsory military service as a French citizen, and served as a military musician in the regimental band of the 45th Infantry Regiment in Compiègne. A French law that had been enacted on July 11, 1892 gave special consideration to graduates of the Conservatoire, allowing him to be demobilized after just one year of service. He returned to the United States in 1907 and the union again tried to have him expelled, on the grounds that there had been a break in his US residence since filing his first citizenship papers. The union was unsuccessful and Tabuteau became a US citizen in 1912.

Tabuteau served as principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1915 to 1954 under Leopold Stokowski and Eugene Ormandy, and just as importantly, taught in Philadelphia at the Curtis Institute of Music. There his classes included Oboe, Woodwind and String Ensembles, Orchestral Winds/Percussion Class, and combined ensembles. He taught at Curtis from 1925 until his retirement in 1954.

Legacy


During the thirty years during which Tabuteau taught at the Curtis Institute of Music, he came to exercise a decisive influence on the standards of oboe playing in the whole United States, as well as raising the level of woodwind achievement in general. Nor was the impact of his teaching confined to winds alone, as is evidenced by the many string players and pianists who attended his classes. [3]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oboe</span> Double-reed woodwind instrument

The oboe is a type of double reed woodwind instrument. Oboes are usually made of wood, but may also be made of synthetic materials, such as plastic, resin, or hybrid composites. The most common oboe plays in the treble or soprano range.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John de Lancie (oboist)</span> American oboist and arts administrator

John Sherwood de Lancie was an American oboist and arts administrator. He was principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra for 23 years and also director of the Curtis Institute of Music.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Mack (musician)</span> American oboist

John Mack was an American oboist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Walter Damrosch</span> German-American conductor and composer (1862–1950)

Walter Johannes Damrosch was a German-born American conductor and composer. He was the director of the New York Symphony Orchestra and conducted the world premiere performances of various works, including George Gershwin's Piano Concerto in F, An American in Paris, and Jean Sibelius' Tapiola. Damrosch was also instrumental in the founding of Carnegie Hall. He also conducted the first performance of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 with the composer himself as soloist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ralph Gomberg</span> American oboist

Ralph Gomberg was the principal oboist of the Boston Symphony Orchestra for 37 years (1950-1987). His brother Harold held the same chair with the New York Philharmonic for much of the same period (1943-1977).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">F. Lorée</span>

F. Lorée is a manufacturer of double reed musical instruments based in Paris, France. Lorée produces professional-level instruments in the oboe family under the brand F. Lorée and student-level oboes under the brand Cabart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georges Barrère</span> French flutist

Georges Barrère was a French flutist.

Alfred Genovese was principal oboe of both the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crystal Records</span>

Crystal Records is an American producer and distributor of classical chamber and solo music recordings. The company was founded in 1966 by Peter George Christ and is incorporated in the state of Washington.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ray Still</span> Musical artist

Ray Still was an American classical oboist. He was the principal oboe of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for 40 years, from 1953–1993.

Laila Storch was an American oboist.

Marc Lifschey was an American oboist who played principal oboe for the Cleveland Orchestra, the San Francisco Symphony, the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, and the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra over the course of his life.

Robert Bloom was an oboist with an orchestral and solo career, a composer and arranger contributing to the oboe repertory, and a teacher of several successful oboists. Bloom is considered seminal in the development of an American school of oboe playing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georges Gillet</span>

Georges-Vital-Victor Gillet was a French oboist, teacher and composer. In addition to premiering oboe works by prominent French composers of the 19th century, including Émile Paladilhe, Charles-Édouard Lefebvre, Clémence de Grandval, and Camille Saint-Saëns, among others, Gillet was the teacher of Fernand Gillet and Marcel Tabuteau at the Paris Conservatory, helped develop the F. Lorée brand of oboe, and composed a number of études that are still used today.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Kincaid (flutist)</span> American flautist (1895–1967)

William Morris Kincaid was an American flutist and teacher. He is known for his work as principal flute of the Philadelphia Orchestra for almost 40 years, teaching at the Curtis Institute and being a guiding force in the creation of an American School of flute playing.

Joseph Robinson is an American oboist most known for serving as the Principal Oboe with the New York Philharmonic from 1978-2005. During the same time period, he also taught at the Manhattan School of Music and served as department chair for Oboe Studies.

Perry Wayne Bauman was an oboist, born and educated in the United States and active in Canada. He served as the principal oboe of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, the CBC Symphony Orchestra, the orchestra of the National Ballet of Canada, and the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra. Bauman taught at the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto and the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario.

Philippe Tondre is a French-British classical oboist. He has served as Principal Oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra since 2020, and a professor of Oboe at the Curtis Institute of Music since 2022.

A reed trio, also known as a trio d’anches, is a mixed chamber ensemble consisting of three reed instruments: oboe, clarinet and bassoon. Either term can also refer to a musical composition for this ensemble.

References

  1. [no author cited], "Damrosch Fined $1,000; Didn't Consult Union", The New York Times, June 1, 1905.
  2. Shilkret, Nathaniel, ed. Shell, Niel and Barbara Shilkret, Nathaniel Shilkret: Sixty Years in the Music Business, Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2005, p. 27; see also caption to centerfold picture of Henri Leon Leroy. ISBN   0-8108-5128-8
  3. Marcel Tabuteau, profile written by Laila Storch and published by To the World's Oboists by the International Double Reed Society, Boulder, Colorado

Further reading