For the Doctor Who serial, see Marco Polo (Doctor Who).
|Players||3 or more|
|Setup time||30 seconds|
|Playing time||30–40 minutes|
|Random chance||very low|
|Skills required||Swimming, sound localization|
Marco Polo ( // ( listen )) is a form of tag played in a swimming pool.
One player is chosen as "It". The "It" player, with closed eyes, tries to find and tag any one of the other players, relying on hearing to find someone to tag. The player who is "It" shouts "Marco" and the other players must all respond by shouting "Polo", which the "It" player uses to try to find them. If a player is tagged, then that player becomes "It".If "It" suspects that a player has left the pool, they can shout "Fish out of water!" and the player who is out of the pool becomes the new "It".
The game can also be played on land, with slightly modified rules. It is similar to blind man's bluff, where one person is blindfolded while others choose hiding places around the room. While playing one cannot hold another player in place to be tagged or that person is it.
The game shares its name with the 13th-century Italian trader and explorer Marco Polo.
There does not appear to be any real connection between the game and the explorer of the same name,although according to one whimsical explanation, "legend has it that the famed explorer didn't really have a clue as to where he was going", this being reflected in the "It" player's behavior. Although water polo is another popular pool game, the name of "Marco Polo" is apparently unrelated.
The game shares similar traits with blind man's bluff, an essentially identical game played on dry land which dates back to at least the 16th century.Marco Polo was known as a water game in America by the 1960s. Between 1965 and 1970, some respondents to a Dictionary of American Regional English survey, when asked to name a game played in the water, responded with "Marco Polo". By the mid-1970s, the game had spread and become very popular in swimming pools frequented by expatriates living in Hong Kong. It did not reach swimming pools in the United Kingdom until later, likely from British kids returning from Hong Kong for their studies.
The game has featured in two episodes of The Simpsons: Oh Brother, Where Art Thou? (1991) and Little Big Mom (2000). It has also appeared in two episodes of Family Guy: E. Peterbus Unum (2000) and Peter's Got Woods (2005). The game is played in the episode entitled Marco Polo of The Sopranos (2004), and the episode of the same name of Modern Family (2014). The game is also played in the Elinor Wonders Why episode "Echolocation" (2021). The game has also influenced a poem called The Hangover by Billy Collins.
In modern times, Marco Polo is played worldwide. Various regions have their own versions of the game,with names such as Mermaid on the Rocks and Alligator. The term "Marco Polo game" is sometimes used to describe an online game where a similar call-and-response system of gameplay is adopted.
Marco Polo is an "easily modifiable game", and is based on the notion of call-and-response.Marco Polo is a location-based game because players are confined to a set space and because players must locate each other using auditory clues. Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society argues "there is bipolarity in the reversal of roles...there are repeated actions, a routine to be repeated, rules to be observed, and verbal signs to be used". Playing this game can allow children to experiment with different social roles, for example learning what it means to be an outcast in the role of "It" (isolated, confined to a space, and unable to see others). According to the Nevada Regional Medical Center, "Marco Polo is not only fun, it can be a good workout. It also puts less stress on your bones and joints because the water makes your body float."
Water polo is a competitive team sport played in water between two teams of seven players each. The game consists of four quarters in which the two teams attempt to score goals by throwing the ball into the opposing team's goal. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins the match. Each team is made up of six field players and one goalkeeper. Excluding the goalkeeper, players participate in both offensive and defensive roles. Water polo is typically played in an all-deep pool so that players cannot touch the bottom.
Canoe polo, also known as kayak polo, is one of the competitive disciplines of kayaking, known simply as "polo" by its aficionados.
Tag is a playground game involving two or more players chasing other players in an attempt to "tag" and mark them out of play, usually by touching with a hand. There are many variations; most forms have no teams, scores, or equipment. Usually, when a person is tagged, the tagger says, "Tag, you're 'it'!" The last one tagged during tag is "it" for the next round.
The National Aquatic Centre (NAC) is an indoor aquatics facility in Blanchardstown, Fingal, Ireland. The State-owned complex houses a 50-metre swimming pool with an associated diving pool, an aquapark and leisure pool, and a fitness centre.
Ponds Forge International Sports Centre is a leisure complex in Sheffield, England, that contains an Olympic-sized swimming pool with seating for 2,600 spectators, family and children's pools, water slides and other sports facilities.
The Manchester Aquatics Centre, abbreviated MAC, is a public aquatics sports facility south of the city centre of Manchester, England, north of the main buildings of the University of Manchester near Manchester Metropolitan University. It was purpose built for the 2002 Commonwealth Games, and cost £32 million to build.
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The following terms are used in water polo. Rules below reflect the latest FINA Water Polo Rules.
Neptunes WPSC is a water polo and swimming club, founded in 1929, based in Balluta Bay, Saint Julian's, Malta.
A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, paddling pool, or simply pool, is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities. Pools can be built into the ground or built above ground, and may be found as a feature aboard ocean-liners and cruise ships. In-ground pools are most commonly constructed from materials such as concrete, natural stone, metal, plastic, or fiberglass, and can be of a custom size and shape or built to a standardized size, the largest of which is the Olympic-size swimming pool.
Water Polo has a long and distinguished history in Dorset, and is arguably the location for the world's first ever structured Water Polo match - held in 1876 off Bournemouth Pier.
Water volleyball is a competitive middle-court oriented water game. It can be played between two teams, each team consisting of 1 to 4 players, depending on the area of water in which the game is being played.
Blind man's buff is a variant of tag in which the player who is "It" is blindfolded. The traditional name of the game is "blind man's buff", where the word buff is used in its older sense of a small push.
The Alfréd Hajós National Swimming Stadium is an aquatics complex located on Margaret Island in Budapest, Hungary.The facility has four floors, covers an area of about 80,000 square meters and has eight indoor and outdoor pools, including training pools, diving pools and competitive swimming pools both for short course and long course.
In water polo, the goalkeeper occupies a position as the last line of defense between the opponent's offence and their own team's goal, which is 2.8 m2 (30 sq ft).
Circolo Canottieri Napoli is one of the most prestigious and renowned Italian nautical clubs. Founded in 1914 and its headquarters are located in the green oasis gardens of "Molosiglio", in San Ferdinando overlooking the bay of Naples in one of the most beautiful beaches of the city. With more than a thousand members in its ranks, houses several olympic games like boating, powerboat, swimming, water polo, tennis, triathlon and more. Napoli's homecourt in downtown of the city housed in the municipal swimming pool in Ulisse Prota Giurleo street.
Night's Black Agents is a role-playing game created by Kenneth Hite and published by Pelgrane Press in 2012.
The rules of water polo are the rules and regulations which cover the play, procedure, equipment and officiating of water polo. These rules are similar throughout the world, although slight variations do occur regionally and depending on the governing body. Governing bodies of water polo include FINA, the international governing organization for the rules; the NCAA, which govern the rules for collegiate matches in the United States; the NFHS, which govern the rules in high schools in the USA; and the IOC, which govern the rules at Olympic events.
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