Margaret Grey

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Margaret Grey
Bornc. 1397
Ruthin Castle, Denbighshire, Wales
Diedafter April 1426 and before October 1427
Noble family Grey
Spouse(s) William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville
IssuePhilippa Bonville (uncertain) [note 1]
William Bonville
Margaret Bonville
Elizabeth Bonville
Father Reginald Grey, Knt., 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn
MotherMargaret de Ros

Margaret Grey (c. 1397 – after April 1426 and before October 1427) [1] [2] was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman, the daughter of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, a powerful Welsh Marcher Lord, who was the implacable enemy of Owain Glyndŵr.


Margaret was the first wife of William Bonville, K.G., first Lord Bonville, who was decapitated by Queen consort Margaret of Anjou following the Yorkist defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans.


Margaret Grey was born in Ruthin Castle, Denbighshire, Wales circa 1397, daughter of Reginald Grey, Knt., 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn (c. 1362 – 1440) and Margaret de Ros (c. 1363 – c. 1413/4). She had two full-blooded brothers and two full-blooded sisters. Her elder brother was Sir John Grey, K.G., who married Constance Holland, the granddaughter of John of Gaunt. Her paternal grandparents were Reginald Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Ruthyn and Alianore Le Strange of Blackmere, and her maternal grandparents were Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros and Beatrice de Stafford.

Her father was a powerful Marcher Lord of the Welsh Marches. It was his dispute with Owain Glyndŵr over a piece of moorland called the common of Croisau that caused the latter's rebellion against King Henry IV of England. [3] Margaret's father was taken prisoner by Glyndŵr in January 1402, and ransomed for the sum of 10,000 marks which was paid by King Henry. [4] In September 1400, the town of Ruthin had been razed to the ground by the Welsh in revenge for the destruction of Glyndŵr's manor of Sycharth by Grey and his men; [5] however, the castle was left standing, and its inhabitants unharmed.

On 7 February 1415, Margaret's father married, secondly, Joan de Astley, by whom he had another six children.

Marriage and issue

On 12 December 1414, Margaret Grey married William Bonville, K.G., first Lord Bonville (1392–1461), eldest son of Sir John Bonville and Elizabeth FitzRoger. She was his first wife. [note 2] They made their home at the Manor of Chewton Mendip, [7] in Somerset, and had several children:

Margaret Grey's husband, William Bonville, K.G., first Lord Bonville, was knighted before 1417 during the campaigns in France of King Henry V. He was Knight of the Shire for Somerset in 1421, and for Devon in 1422, 1425 and 1427. In 1423, he was appointed by the king as Sheriff of Devon. On 8 February 1461, he was elected as a Knight of the Garter. [2] [16]

Margaret Grey herself died sometime after April 1426 and before October 1427. Her husband married secondly about 9 October 1427 to Elizabeth Courtenay, the daughter of Edward Courtenay, 3rd Earl of Devon. Lord Bonville and Elizabeth Courtenay had no issue. On 10 March 1449, he received a writ of summons to Parliament as Lord Bonville of Chewton and became 1st Baron Bonville.



  1. 1 2 There is conflicting evidence regarding Philippa's relationship to William Bonville. The only two 17th-century sources differ: a Heraldic visitation of 1620 states that she was his sister, [8] but William Pole (1561–1635) recorded that she was his daughter. [9] Scholars continue to disagree which is correct, see for example Roskell, 1993, [10] and Weis, 1999. [11]
  2. Vivian (1895), p. 102 states, "Sir William Bonville of Chewton [...] = Margaret, da. of ... Meriet." However, in Weis (1985), [6] "Margaret, da. of Meriet" was identified as Margaret, the daughter of Reynold Grey, Knt., 3rd Lord Grey of Ruthin and his 1st wife, Margaret de Ros by Robert Behra based on Calendar Close Rolls, 1413–1419, p. 199.

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  1. Roskell, J. S. The Commons in the Parliament of 1422: English Society and Parliamentary Representation Under the Lancastrians. (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1954): p. 153. OCLC 797541879 .
  2. 1 2 Roskell, J. S. "BONVILLE, Sir William II (1392–1461), of Chewton-Mendip, Som. and Shute, Devon." The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386–1421. Vol. 2. (Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1993): pp. 284–288.
  3. Costain, pp. 252–8.
  4. Costain, pp. 257–8.
  5. Costain, pp. 253–4.
  6. Weis, Frederick Lewis. The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215. third ed. (1985), p. 16. Line 22-10.
  7. Vivian (1895), p. 102. Pedigree of Bonville.
  8. Vivian, The Visitation of the County of Cornwall in the year 1620. (1874), p. 84.
  9. Pole, p. 387.
  10. Roskell, J. S.; Clark, L.; Rawcliffe, C. R. The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386–1421. Vol. 2. (1993): pp. 284–288 (biog. of Sir William Bonville II): (author states, "These ties were to be strengthened by the marriage ... of two of his daughters, Philippa and Margaret, respectively to William Grenville ... and William Courtenay ...").
  11. Weis (1999), pp. 29–30. (Line 22-9 and 10 shows Philippa Bonville as daughter of Elizabeth Fitz Roger and John Bonville [William's parents]). This was revised from earlier editions of the work.
  12. Feet of Fines: CP 25/1/294/74, number 20. Date: The day after the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 3 Edward IV [3 February 1464]. Parties: John Sydenham of Colmestoke and William Pomeray, querents, and John Almyscombe and Philippe, his wife, deforciants ...
  13. Weis (1999), p. 29. Line 22-10.
  14. Vivian (1895), pp. 102, 246.
  15. Vivian (1895), p. 246. Pedigree of Courtenay.
  16. Cokayne Complete Peerage. Vol. 2. (1912): p. 218