|Born||2 October 1591|
|Died|| 7 February 1632 40) (aged|
|Spouse||Henry II, Duke of Lorraine|
|Father||Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua|
|Mother||Eleonora de' Medici|
Margherita Gonzaga (2 October 1591 – 7 February 1632) was Duchess of Lorraine from 1606 until her husband's death in 1624.
She was born in Mantua, the eldest daughter of Vincenzo I Gonzaga and Eleonora de' Medici; she was also a sister of Francesco IV Gonzaga, Ferdinando I Gonzaga, Vincenzo II Gonzaga and Eleonora Gonzaga. Her brothers all succeeded their father as Duke of Mantua and Eleonora became Holy Roman Empress by her marriage to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Mantua is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.
Vincenzo II Gonzaga was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1626 until his death.
Ferdinand II, a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary (1618–1637). He was the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and Maria of Bavaria. In 1590, his parents, who were devout Catholics, sent him to study at the Jesuits' college in Ingolstadt, because they wanted to isolate him from the Lutheran nobles. In the same year, he inherited Inner Austria—Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and smaller provinces—from his father. Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, who was the head of the Habsburg family, appointed regents to administer Inner Austria on behalf of the minor Ferdinand.
She married Henry II, Duke of Lorraine on 24 April 1606. He had previously been married to Catherine of Navarre, sister of King Henry IV of France, but the marriage was childless due to the bride's age (Catherine was forty years old at the time of her marriage).
Henry II, known as "the Good ", was Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France.
Henry and Margherita had four daughters, two of whom survived infancy:
Nicole de Lorraine was Duchess of Lorraine and Bar from 1 August 1624 to 21 November 1625, and Duchess consort in 1625–1634. She was born in Nancy, the daughter of Henry II, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, and Margerita Gonzaga. She died in Paris.
Charles IV was Duke of Lorraine from 1624 until his death in 1675, with a brief interruption in 1634, when he abdicated under French pressure in favor of his younger brother, Nicholas Francis.
Both of Margherita's two daughters married their cousins, who were Henry's successors due to the fact that Margherita had not given him a son to inherit his estates.
Margherita died in Nancy in 1632 at the age of forty. She had been a widow since 1624.
Nancy is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014.
|Ancestors of Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine|
Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of LorraineBorn: 2 October 1591 Died: 7 February 1632
Claude of Valois
| Duchess of Lorraine |
Christina of Salm
The House of Gonzaga was an Italian princely family that ruled Mantua, in northern Italy, from 1328 to 1708; they also ruled Monferrato in Piedmont and Nevers in France, and also many other lesser fiefs throughout Europe. Their family includes a saint, twelve cardinals and fourteen bishops. Two Gonzaga descendants became empresses of the Holy Roman Empire, and one became queen of Poland.
Francis II was the son of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine and Claude of Valois. He was Duke of Lorraine briefly in 1625, quickly abdicating in favour of his son.
For other women of the same name, see Eleanor Gonzaga (disambiguation)
Vincenzo Ι Gonzaga was ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
Margaret of Savoy was the last Habsburg Vicereine of Portugal from 1634 to 1640. In Portuguese she is known as Duquesa de Mântua, being by marriage the Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat. She was also regent of Montferrat during the minority of her daughter from 1612.
Margherita Gonzaga may refer to:
Ferdinand I Gonzaga was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1612 until his death.
Charles Gonzaga was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1627 until his death. He was also Charles III Duke of Nevers and Rethel, as well as Prince of Arche and Charleville
Anne d'Alençon, Lady of La Guerche, was a French noblewoman and a Marquise of Montferrat as the wife of William IX, Marquis of Montferrat. She acted as Regent of the Marquisate of Montferrat for her son, Boniface from 1518 to his death in 1530.
Vincenzo Gonzaga was a Duke of Guastalla.
Vincenzo was the son of Andrea Gonzaga, Count of San Paolo, and grandson of Ferrante II Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla.
After a childless first marriage, he married Maria Vittoria Gonzaga (1659–1707), the youngest daughter of his cousin, Duke Ferrante III Gonzaga of Guastalla.
Eleonor de' Medici was a Duchess of Mantua by marriage to Vincenzo I Gonzaga. She was a daughter of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria. She was a family member of the famous House of Medici and the sister of Marie de' Medici the Queen of France.
Archduchess Eleanor of Austria was a Duchess of Mantua by marriage to William I, Duke of Mantua. She was the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.
Ferrante III Gonzaga, was a Duke of Guastalla.
Charles II Gonzaga was the son of Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Catherine de Lorraine-Guise, he was the Duke of Nevers and Rethel, together with his father.
Henriette of Cleves was a French courtier and noble, heir of the Cleves-Nevers family. She became the suo jure 4th Duchess of Nevers and the suo jure Countess of Rethel, upon the childless death of her brother, James of Cleves, Duke of Nevers and Count of Rethel, in 1564. She was the spouse of Louis I Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers, 1st Duke of Rethel, and Prince of Mantua and Duchess of Rethel and Princess of Mantua by marriage.
Margaret Palaeologa, was an Italian ruler; ruling Marchioness of Montferrat in 1533 - 1536. She was also Duchess of Mantua by marriage to Federico II, Duke of Mantua. Margaret was the regent of Mantua as the guardian of her two sons from 1540 until 1556 in companionship with her brother-in-law.
Isabella Gonzaga, was an Italian aristocrat by birth member of the House of Gonzaga in the branch of Novellara and Bagnolo and by her two marriages Lady consort of San Martino dall'Argine and Duchess consort of Mantua and Montferrat.
Margherita Farnese was a daughter of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma and Infanta Maria of Guimarães. She was named after her father's mother Margaret of Parma, illegitimate daughter of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Catherine de Mayenne, or Catherine de Mayenne-Lorraine-Guise, was a French aristocrat who became Duchess of Mantua by marriage.