Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine

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Margherita Gonzaga

Margarita Gonzaga, future Duchess of Lorraine as depicted in 1606 by Frans Pourbus the Younger.jpg

Born(1591-10-02)2 October 1591
Died 7 February 1632(1632-02-07) (aged 40)
Spouse Henry II, Duke of Lorraine
House Gonzaga
Father Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua
Mother Eleonora de' Medici

Margherita Gonzaga (2 October 1591 7 February 1632) was Duchess of Lorraine from 1606 until her husband's death in 1624.



She was born in Mantua, the eldest daughter of Vincenzo I Gonzaga and Eleonora de' Medici; she was also a sister of Francesco IV Gonzaga, Ferdinando I Gonzaga, Vincenzo II Gonzaga and Eleonora Gonzaga. Her brothers all succeeded their father as Duke of Mantua and Eleonora became Holy Roman Empress by her marriage to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Mantua Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Mantua is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.

Vincenzo II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua Italian Duke and Catholic cardinal

Vincenzo II Gonzaga was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1626 until his death.

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor Archduke of Austria, 1619 to 1637 Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia

Ferdinand II, a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary (1618–1637). He was the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and Maria of Bavaria. In 1590, his parents, who were devout Catholics, sent him to study at the Jesuits' college in Ingolstadt, because they wanted to isolate him from the Lutheran nobles. In the same year, he inherited Inner Austria—Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and smaller provinces—from his father. Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, who was the head of the Habsburg family, appointed regents to administer Inner Austria on behalf of the minor Ferdinand.

She married Henry II, Duke of Lorraine on 24 April 1606. He had previously been married to Catherine of Navarre, sister of King Henry IV of France, but the marriage was childless due to the bride's age (Catherine was forty years old at the time of her marriage).

Henry II, Duke of Lorraine French noble

Henry II, known as "the Good ", was Duke of Lorraine from 1608 until his death. Leaving no sons, both of his daughters became Duchesses of Lorraine by marriage. He was a brother-in-law of Henry IV of France.


Henry and Margherita had four daughters, two of whom survived infancy:

Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine French noble

Nicole de Lorraine was Duchess of Lorraine and Bar from 1 August 1624 to 21 November 1625, and Duchess consort in 1625–1634. She was born in Nancy, the daughter of Henry II, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, and Margerita Gonzaga. She died in Paris.

Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine

Charles IV was Duke of Lorraine from 1624 until his death in 1675, with a brief interruption in 1634, when he abdicated under French pressure in favor of his younger brother, Nicholas Francis.

Both of Margherita's two daughters married their cousins, who were Henry's successors due to the fact that Margherita had not given him a son to inherit his estates.


Margherita died in Nancy in 1632 at the age of forty. She had been a widow since 1624.

Nancy, France Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Nancy is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name. The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014.


Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine
Born: 2 October 1591 Died: 7 February 1632
Preceded by
Claude of Valois
Duchess of Lorraine
Succeeded by
Christina of Salm

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