Maria do Carmo Silveira
|7th Executive Secretary of the |
9 January 2017 –1 January 2019
|Preceded by||Murade Isaac Murargy|
|Succeeded by||Francisco Ribeiro Telles|
|13th Prime Minister of|
São Tomé and Príncipe
8 June 2005 –21 April 2006
|President||Fradique de Menezes|
|Preceded by||Damião Vaz d'Almeida|
|Succeeded by||Tomé Vera Cruz|
|Born||14 February 1961|
Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Donetsk National University|
Maria do Carmo Trovoada Pires de Carvalho Silveira (born 14 February 1961) served as the 13th prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 8 June 2005 to 21 April 2006.
She was educated as an economist at the Donetsk National University (Ukraine), Master of Public Administration from the National School of Administration in Strasbourgand was the third governor of São Tomé and Príncipe's Central Bank from 1999 to 2005, she succeeded Carlos Quaresma Batista de Sousa and was succeeded by Arlindo Afonso Carvalho and again from 2011 to 2016 as the sixth governor succeeding Luís Fernando Moreira de Sousa.
She served as Prime Minister and Minister of Planning and Finance São Tomé and Príncipe from 8 June 2005 to 21 April 2006.
Silveira, the country's second female Prime Minister, is a member of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) and was a member of the party executive board.
Silveira declared that macroeconomic stability was her priority and made her mark by among others resolving the wage dispute with the unions in the public sector, securing assistance from the IMF and obtaining an agreement with Angola on cooperation in the oil sector.
Her term as Prime Minister ended after the 2006 parliamentary elections, when the opposition defeated the MLSTP-PSD,and she was succeeded as Prime Minister by Tomé Vera Cruz in 2006.
In January 2017, Maria do Carmo assumed the position of Executive Secretary of the Lusophone Commonwealth, succeeding the Mozambican Murade Murargy and being succeeded by the Portuguese Francisco Ribeiro Telles in January 2019.
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were uninhabited at the time of the arrival of the Portuguese sometime between 1469 and 1471. After the islands were discovered by the explorers João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar, Portuguese navigators explored the islands and decided they would be a good location for bases to trade with the mainland.
Maria das Neves Ceita Baptista de Sousa served as the 11th prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe. She was a key figure in the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) and became the first woman head of government in the country.
Joaquim Rafael Branco is a São Toméan politician who was the 16th prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 2008 to 2010. He is the President of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP/PSD).
The Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe – Social Democratic Party is one of the main political parties in São Tomé and Príncipe. Jorge Bom Jesus is the current president of the party.
Manuel Pinto da Costa is a Santoméan economist and politician who served as the first president of São Tomé and Príncipe from 1975 to 1991. He again served as president from 2011 to 2016.
The Independent Democratic Action is a political party in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was established in 1994 by the then president Miguel Trovoada and is a politically centrist party.
Damião Vaz d'Almeida served as the 12th prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe and the vice-president of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD). He became Prime Minister on 18 September 2004 after being chosen by his party, and confirmed by President Fradique de Menezes three days after Menezes had dismissed the government of Maria das Neves. D'Almeida had previously served as minister of labor, employment and solidarity in governments led by Gabriel Arcanjo da Costa and most recently, Maria das Neves.
Guilherme Posser da Costa is a São Toméan who served as the ninth prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from 1999 to 2001.
Patrice Émery Trovoada is a São Toméan politician who was the 15th prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from November 2014 to December 2018. He previously served as Prime Minister from February 2008 to June 2008 and again from August 2010 to December 2012.
The Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe is the central bank of São Tomé and Príncipe, a Portuguese-speaking island nation off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.
Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe in 2011, the first round beginning on 17 July 2011 with a run-off held on 7 August 2011. Incumbent President Fradique de Menezes has served the maximum two terms and could not constitutionally seek a third term. The final result saw former president Manuel Pinto da Costa, aged 74, elected in a narrow victory against Speaker of Parliament Evaristo Carvalho.
Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe on 17 July 2016. Initial results suggested Evaristo Carvalho of Independent Democratic Action had been elected in the first round of voting, defeating incumbent President Manuel Pinto da Costa; however, the results was subsequently annulled, necessitating a second round between Carvalho and Pinto da Costa, which was held on 7 August. However, Pinto da Costa boycotted the second round after claiming the first round had been fraudulent, meaning Carvalho was elected unopposed.
Elsa Maria Teixeira de Barros Pinto is a São Tomé and Príncipe politician, and the country's former Defence and Justice Minister and from December 2018 until September 2020 Foreign Minister.
Célia Posser is a lawyer and politician in São Tomé and Príncipe. She served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Maria do Carmo Silveira between 2005 and 2006 as Secretary of State for Public Administration and Social Communication. After leaving the government she remained in the country to continue to work as a lawyer and was elected head of national bar association in March 2017.
The following lists events that happened during 2006 in the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Parliamentary elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe on 7 October 2018. Municipal elections and elections to the regional council on Príncipe were held alongside them.
Jorge Lopes Bom Jesus, also known as JBJ, is a linguist and politician from São Tomé. He is the 17th and current prime minister of São Tomé and Príncipe. He is a member of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD). Leader of the opposition to Patrice Trovoada, he became prime minister of his country on 3 December 2018.
Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe on 18 July 2021. As no presidential candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round was originally scheduled to be held on 8 August 2021. However, following an objection to the first-round result, the second round was postponed to 29 August 2021, and later postponed again to 5 September 2021.