Maria do Rosário

Last updated
Maria do Rosário
Maria do Rosario em setembro de 2016.jpg
Maria do Rosário in September 2016
Federal Deputy for Rio Grande do Sul
Assumed office
1 February 2003
Minister of Human Rights
In office
1 January 2011 1 April 2014
President Dilma Rousseff
Preceded byPaulo Vannuchi
Succeeded byIdeli Salvatti
State Deputy of Rio Grande do Sul
In office
1 February 1999 1 February 2003
Councillor of Porto Alegre
In office
1 January 1993 15 December 1998
Personal details
Maria do Rosário Nunes

(1966-11-22) November 22, 1966 (age 52)
Veranópolis, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Political party PCdoB (1989–1992)
PT (1993–present)
Spouse(s)Eliezer Pacheco
Alma mater Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

Maria do Rosário Nunes (born 22 November 1966) is a Brazilian teacher and politician. She graduated in pedagogy from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, and took a postgraduate degree at the University of São Paulo. As of 2012 she has served as the Secretary for Human Rights under the Rousseff administration.

Pedagogy the study of education

Pedagogy refers more broadly to the theory and practice of education, and how this influences the growth of learners. Pedagogy, taken as an academic discipline, is the study of how knowledge and skills are exchanged in an educational context, and it considers the interactions that take place during learning. Pedagogies vary greatly, as they reflect the different social, political, cultural contexts from which they emerge. Pedagogy is the act of teaching. Theories of pedagogy increasingly identify the student as an agent, and the teacher as a facilitator. Conventional western pedagogies, however, view the teacher as knowledge holder and student as the recipient of knowledge.

Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is typically referred to as graduate school.

University of São Paulo public state university in Brazil

The University of São Paulo is a public university in the Brazilian state of São Paulo. It is the largest Brazilian public university and the country's most prestigious educational institution, the best university in Ibero-America, and holds a high reputation among world universities, being ranked 100 worldwide in reputation by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. USP is involved in teaching, research and university extension in all areas of knowledge, offering a broad range of courses.


Early life and education

Maria do Rosário Nunes was born on 22 November 1966 in the municipality of Veranópolis. In her youth she was an active member of the student movement. [1] Later, as a teacher in public schools, Maria do Rosário became active in the trade union movement. [1] A graduate teacher, she took a postgraduate degree in domestic violence at the Laboratory for Child Studies of the University of São Paulo. [1]

Veranópolis is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

A trade union, also called a labour union or labor union (US), is an association of workers in a particular trade, industry, or company created for the purpose of securing improvement in pay, benefits, working conditions or social and political status through collective bargaining and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by creation of a monopoly of the workers. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment". This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies.

Domestic violence pattern of behavior which involves the abuse by one partner against another

Domestic violence is violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. It may be termed intimate partner violence when committed by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner, and can take place in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, or between former spouses or partners. Domestic violence can also involve violence against children, parents, or the elderly. It takes a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic, religious, reproductive, and sexual abuse, which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation, and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning, bride burning, honor killings, and dowry deaths.


Maria do Rosário was elected, as a member of the Communist Party of Brazil, to the Porto Alegre City Council for the 1993-1996 term with 7,555 votes. The year after her inauguration she switched to the Workers' Party. In 1996 she was re-elected with over 20,000 votes, the top-voted councillor that year. During her two terms as councilwoman, Maria do Rosário acted as president of the education and human rights committees. [1] Her second term at the Porto Alegre City Council was interrupted when she was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Rio Grande do Sul with over 77,000 votes in 1998. That year she became the second top voted state deputy of Rio Grande do Sul. As a state deputy, she acted as chairwoman of the citizenship and human rights committee and vice-president of the Legislative Assembly for two years. [1]

Communist Party of Brazil political party in Brazil

The Communist Party of Brazil is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Brazil. It has national reach and deep penetration in the trade union and students movements, but little representation in elected positions.

Porto Alegre Municipality in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Porto Alegre is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. Founded in 1769 by Manuel Sepúlveda, its population of 1,481,019 inhabitants (2016) makes it the tenth most populous city in the country and the centre of Brazil's fifth largest metropolitan area, with 4,405,760 inhabitants (2010). The city is the southernmost capital city of a Brazilian state.

Workers Party (Brazil) Brazilian political party

The Workers' Party is a democratic socialist political party in Brazil. Launched in 1980, it is one of the largest movements of Latin America. PT governed at the federal level in a coalition government with several other parties from 1 January 2003 to 31 August 2016. After the 2002 parliamentary election, PT became the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies and the largest in the Federal Senate for the first time ever. With the highest approval rating in the history of the country, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is PT's most prominent member. His successor Dilma Rousseff, also a member of PT, took office on 1 January 2011.

At the next election Maria do Rosário was elected to the Chamber of Deputies with over 140,000 votes. She was re-elected in 2006 with 110,000 votes. [1] In the National Congress she served as the rapporteur of the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry which investigated people responsible for sexual exploitation of children. [1] Maria do Rosário represented the Chamber in the Commission on Political Deaths and Disappearances during the military dictatorship and acted as chairwoman of the Special Committee for the Adoption Bill. [1] In 2003 she became coordinator of the Parliamentary Front in Defense of Children's Rights, in addition to serving as vice-chairwoman of the human rights and education committees. [1] In 2009 she was the chairwoman of the education committee, having coordinated a series of debates about the new National Education Plan, which sets the goals for the area for the period from 2011 to 2020. [1]

Commercial sexual exploitation of children

Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a commercial transaction that involves the sexual exploitation of a child, such as the prostitution of children, child pornography, and the sale and trafficking of children. CSEC may involve coercion and violence against children, economic exploitation, forced labour, contemporary slavery

In 2004 Maria do Rosário was an unsuccessful candidate for deputy mayor on the ticket headed by fellow party member Raul Pont. In 2008 she was a mayoral candidate, losing to incumbent mayor José Fogaça. She was the Workers' Party's vice-president from 2005 to 2007.

José Fogaça Brazilian politician

José Alberto Fogaça de Medeiros is a Brazilian politician who has been the Mayor of Porto Alegre, Brazil, a state deputy, federal deputy and senator.

She was re-elected for a third term in 2010, after resolving legal issues relating to her 2008 campaign. [2] [3]

On 8 December 2010 President-elect Dilma Rousseff appointed Maria do Rosário to succeed Paulo Vannuchi as head of the Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic for Human Rights, a ministerial-level cabinet office. Although she did not indicate priorities, the press points the battle against homophobia [4] and the establishment of truth and reconciliation commissions to investigate the crimes perpetrated by public office holders during the dictatorship among her top priorities. [5] She was also expected to work for the Brazilian government to fulfill the verdict of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights against the country's amnesty law. [5]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (in Portuguese) "Secretaria de Direitos Humanos da Presidência da República - Maria do Rosário". Portal Brasil. 8 December 2010.[ dead link ]
  2. (in Portuguese) Ogliari, Elder. "Justiça barra candidatura de Maria do Rosário no RS". Estadão . 3 August 2010.
  3. 1 2 (in Portuguese) Agência Estado. "Maria do Rosário herda briga com Nelson Jobim". Estadão. 19 de dezembro de 2010.