Maria of Austria, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

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Archduchess Maria
Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

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Maria of Habsburg and her daughter Marie Eleonore
Born(1531-05-15)15 May 1531
Prague
Died 11 December 1581(1581-12-11) (aged 50)
Hambach Castle, Niederzier
Spouse William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Issue Marie Eleonore, Duchess of Prussia
Anna, Countess Palatine of Neuburg
Magdalene, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken
Karl Friedrich of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Sibylle, Margravine of Burgau
Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
House Habsburg
Father Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

Archduchess Maria of Austria (15 May 1531 – 11 December 1581) was the daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I from the House of Habsburg and Anna Jagiello.

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor king of Bohemia and Hungary

Ferdinand I was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564. Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Also, he often served as Charles' representative in Germany and developed encouraging relationships with German princes.

House of Habsburg Austrian dynastic family

The House of Habsburg, also called the House of Austria, was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs from 1438 until their extinction in the male line in 1740. The house also produced emperors and kings of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Croatia, Kingdom of Illyria, Second Mexican Empire, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Portugal, and Kingdom of Spain, as well as rulers of several Dutch and Italian principalities. From the 16th century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between its Austrian and Spanish branches. Although they ruled distinct territories, they nevertheless maintained close relations and frequently intermarried.

She married William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg on 18 July, 1546 as his second wife and they had the following children:

William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg German nobleman; Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

William of Jülich-Cleves-Berge was a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1539–1592). William was born in and died in Düsseldorf. He was the only son of John III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, and Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Berg. William took over rule of his father's estates upon his death in 1539. Despite his mother having lived until 1543, William also became the Duke of Berg and Jülich and the Count of Ravensberg.

  1. Marie Eleonore (25 June 1550 – 1608); married Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia.
  2. Anna (1 March 1552 – 6 October 1632); married Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg.
  3. Magdalene (2 November 1553 – 30 July 1633); married John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, brother of Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg.
  4. Charles Frederick (1555–75)
  5. Elizabeth (1556–61)
  6. Sibylle (1557–1627); married Karl II Habsburg (1560–1618) of Austria, Margrave of Burgau, a morganatic son of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria
  7. John William (28 May 1562 – 25 March 1609), Bishop of Münster, Count of Altena, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg; married firstly, in 1585, to Jakobea of Baden (1558–97), daughter of Philibert, Margrave of Baden-Baden; married secondly, in 1599, to Antonia of Lorraine (1568–1610), daughter of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine).

Ancestors

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