Mariano Felipe Paz Soldán

Last updated
Mariano Felipe Paz Soldán
Minister of Justice and Instruction
In office
28 October 1869 27 May 1870
President José Balta
Preceded by Teodoro La Rosa
Succeeded by José de Araníbar y Llano
Minister of Foreign Relations
In office
26 January 1867 14 February 1867
President Mariano Ignacio Prado
Preceded by Manuel Yrigoyen Arias
Succeeded by Manuel Yrigoyen Arias
Personal details
Born22 August 1821 (2018-05-21UTC15:03:58)
Died 22 August 1886(1886-08-22) (aged 64)
Nationality Peruvian
Alma mater University of San Agustín

Mariano Felipe Paz Soldán y Ureta (August 22, 1821 - December 31, 1886), [1] Peruvian historian and geographer, was born at Arequipa, Peru. He was Minister of Justice and Instruction [1] and Minister of Foreign Relations.

Arequipa Region capital in Peru

Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the Arequipa Region and the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru. It is Peru's second most populous city with 861,145 inhabitants, as well as its second most populous metropolitan area as of 2016, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI)

Peru republic in South America

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.


Education and early career

Paz Soldán was the son of Manuel Paz Soldán and Gregoria de Ureta Araníbar and was educated at Seminary of San Jerónimo and University of San Agustín, where he obtained a degree in Law. He had three brothers Mateo, José Gregorio and Pedro.

He studied law and, after holding some minor judicial offices, was minister to New Granada in 1853. [1] After his return, he occupied himself with plans for the establishment of a model penitentiary at Lima, which he was enabled to accomplish through the support of General Ramon Castilla. [1] In 1860, Castilla made him director of public works, in which capacity he superintended the erection of the Lima statue of Simón Bolívar. He was also concerned in the reform of the currency by the withdrawal of the debased Bolivian coins. [1]

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Simón Bolívar Venezuelan military and political leader, South American libertador

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Atlas, History, and Geographical Dictionary

Great atlas

In 1861, he published his great atlas of the republic of Peru, and, in 1868, the first volume of his history of Peru after the acquisition of her independence. [1] A second volume followed, and a third, bringing the history down to 1839, was published after his death by his son. [1]

Geographical Dictionary of Peru

In 1870, he was minister of justice and worship under President José Balta, but shortly afterwards retired from public life to devote himself to his great geographical dictionary of Peru, which was published in 1877. [1] During the disastrous war with Chile, he sought refuge in Buenos Aires where he was made professor in the Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires and where he wrote and published a history of the war (1884). [1] He died on December 31, 1886. [1]

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