Maribo

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Coat of arms Coat of arms of Maribo.svg
Coat of arms

Maribo is a town in Lolland municipality in Region Sjælland on the island of Lolland in south Denmark. To the north of Maribo is Nørresø ("The Northern Lake" or "Northern Maribo Lake") and to the south is Søndersø ("The Southern Lake" or "Southern Maribo Lake"). Søndersø is the largest lake on Lolland. There are more islands in Søndersø than in any other lake in Denmark. These include the islands of Fruerø, Hestø, Præstø, Borgø, Lindø, Askø and Worsaaes. This is part of the Maribo Lakes Nature Park, which spans the towns of Maribo, Holeby, Sakskøbing and Nysted.

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Town

The merchant town of Maribo is located centrally on Lolland. Its population is 5,790 (1 January 2020). [1] It has, among other facilities, a gymnasium (Secondary school), an open-air museum and a cultural heritage museum.

A brewery, "Maribo Bryghus" used to be located in the town, but it was closed down in 2008 by its owner, Unibrew. Beer labeled "Maribo Øl" is still available, but it is brewed elsewhere.

History

Maribo Cathedral Maribo Domkirke.JPG
Maribo Cathedral

Saint Birgitta (1303–1373), also known as Birgitta of Vadstena, has cast her shadow on this municipality, and is shown on the municipality's coat-of-arms. Her order established the Bridgettine Order's cloister in Maribo, when in 1416 monks from Vadstena cloister were sent to Maribo, then called Skimminge, to help establish a cloister.

In 1536, however, the cloister was abolished. After the old town church burned down in 1596, the cloister then in place received status as town church.

King Christian IV's daughter, Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, was probably the cloister's most famous resident. In 1685 after her release from 21 years imprisonment for high treason from the Blue Tower ( Blåtårn ) in Copenhagen's Castle, she spent her final years in the cloister, and is buried in a crypt at the church.

In 1803-1804 the islands of Lolland-Falster, which previously belonged to the Funen diocese, were made into an independent diocese, and the cloister church was given the status of the diocese's cathedral (domkirke) now known as Maribo Cathedral. The bishop, however, resides in Nykøbing Falster.

Several times during the 1800s the church has been secured against decline.

Maribo municipality

Maribo City Edge MariboCityLimit.png
Maribo City Edge

Until 1 January 2007, Maribo was also a municipality (Danish, kommune ) in the former Storstrøm County. The municipality, which included the islands of Askø ("Ash Island") and Lilleø ("little Island") in the Rågø Sound, covered an area of 154 km², and had a total population of 11,098 (2005). Its last mayor was Liljan Køcks, a member of the Socialist People's Party (Socialistisk Folkeparti) political party.

Maribo municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen ("The Municipality Reform" of 2007). It was merged with Holeby, Højreby, Nakskov, Ravnsborg, Rudbjerg and Rødby municipalities to form the new Lolland municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 892 km² and a total population of 49,469 (2005).

Maribo is also the capital of Lolland Municipality.

Maribo is served by the Lolland Falster Airport.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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Maribo Abbey ancient monument in Lolland Municipality (112312)

Maribo Abbey, established in 1416, was the first Bridgettine monastery in Denmark and became one of the most important Danish abbeys of the late Middle Ages. It was located in the present town of Maribo on the island of Lolland in southern Denmark. The monastery is in ruins, but the abbey church still remains in use as Maribo Cathedral.

Lolland island of Denmark

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Maribo Cathedral Church in Lolland, Denmark

Maribo Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral church in Maribo on the island of Lolland in the southeast of Denmark. It was originally part of Maribo Abbey which was founded in the early 15th century. The chancel, the oldest section of the cathedral, probably dates from 1416. The plan of the church is unusual in that the chancel is at the west end of the building rather than the east as a result of the design instructions left by Saint Bridget.

Lolland Falster Airport airport in Lolland Municipality, Denmark

Lolland Falster Airport, also known as Maribo Airport, is an airport between the towns of Holeby and Rødby south of Maribo on the island of Lolland in Denmark.

Diocese of Lolland–Falster

The Diocese of Lolland–Falster is a diocese within the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark. It comprises Lolland and Falster as well as a number of smaller islands in the south-eastern corner of Denmark. The diocese was disjoined from the Diocese of Funen in 1803 and is the smallest of the 10 dioceses within the Danish state church. The main church is Maribo Cathedral in Maribo but the bishop resides in Nykøbing Falster.

Maribo Open-Air Museum

Maribo Open-Air Museum is a museum located on the western outskirts of Maribo on the Danish island of Lolland. It is located 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from Torvet, to the west of the Maribo Sø Camping site and oak woodland, near the northern banks of Søndersø Lake. It is the third oldest open-air museum in Denmark, and is in the backdrop of the Maribo Lakes Nature Park. Located on Meinckesvej, Maribo, the museum is open to visitors from 1 May to 30 September every day except Monday from 10 am to 4 pm.

Stiftsmuseum Maribo, also known as the Maribo County Museum, is a museum located in the centre of Maribo on the Danish island of Lolland. Its archeological and cultural heritage collections are housed in a specially designed building completed in 1890. Currently the exhibits include rustic furniture from Toreby, a variety of old clocks and the Maribo book collection consisting of some 2,000 volumes. There is also a complete set of the 18th-century Flora Danica illustrations of plants and flowers.

Nørreballe Town in Zealand, Denmark

Nørreballe is a village on the Danish island of Lolland. With a population of 502, it is located 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of Maribo. The village of Østofte with its 14th-century Østofte Church is now part of Nørreballe.

Hunseby Town in Zealand, Denmark

Hunseby is a village located some 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Maribo on the Danish island of Lolland. It belongs to Lolland Municipality in Region Sjælland. As of 2020, it has a population of 374.

Sandby Town in Zealand, Denmark

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Højbygaard Sugar Factory Former Danish sugar factory

Højbygaard Sugar Factory was built in 1872–74 at Holeby on Lolland in southeastern Denmark. It was one of the first modern sugar factories built for the country's emerging sugar beet industry. It was taken over by De Danske Sukkerfabrikker in 1877 and operated until 1959. The buildings were then acquired by De Forenede Papirfabrikker and operated as a paper mill under the name Højbygaard Papirfabrik from 1960 to 1993.

Varinka Wichfeld Muus Danish resistance fighter

Varinka Corinna Wichfeld Muus (1922–2002), whose mother was the Anglo-Irish aristocrat Monica Wichfeld, was a Danish resistance fighter under the German occupation of Denmark in World War II. In 1943, she became the secretary of her husband-to-be Flemming Muus who acted as chief agent in Denmark for the British Special Operations Executive. When Muus was forced to move to Sweden, Wichfeld was charged with telegraphing messages to London as only she knew the secret codes. Together with Muus, she moved to London in 1944 where they remained until the end of the war.

References

Coordinates: 54°46′N11°31′E / 54.767°N 11.517°E / 54.767; 11.517