|Duchess Marie Eleonore|
|Duchess Consort of Prussia|
|Born||16 June 1550|
Cleves, United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
|Died||1 June 1608 57) (aged|
Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia
|Spouse||Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia|
|Issue|| Anna, Duchess of Prussia, Electress of Brandenburg |
Marie, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Albert Frederick of Prussia
Sophie, Duchess of Courland and Semigallia
Eleonore, Electress of Brandenburg
Wilhelm Frederick of Prussia
Magdalene Sibylle, Electress of Saxony
|Father||William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg|
|Mother||Archduchess Maria of Austria|
Duchess Marie Eleonore of Cleves (16 June 1550 – 1 June 1608) was the Duchess Consort of Prussia by marriage to Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. She was the eldest child of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria. She is 7 times great grandmother to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
She was the maternal granddaughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, and sister of John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
While her father was a Reform Catholic, Marie Eleonore, who was of a strong willed character, displayed firm Lutheran sympathies early on. Her father was afraid that she would influence her younger sisters with her religious views, and therefore wished to have her married to someone of her own religious convictions as soon as possible in order to remove her from his domains, and thus considered grooms for his daughter that he would not otherwise have considered.Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, the son of Albert of Prussia, was thus accepted as a suitor, despite showing mental disorders. The wedding was conducted in 1573, and Marie Eleonore departed to Lutheran Prussia.
In 1577, her mentally ill spouse was placed under the regency of his cousin George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, which made the position of Marie Eleonore more difficult at the Ducal court of Köningsberg.In 1591, she returned with her daughters to Jülich, where she remained until 1592. She arranged the marriage of her daughters to German princes to avoid them being married by the Regency Council to Polish suitors, and by the marriage alliances she arranged, she ensured that the Duchy of Jülich would pass to Brandenburg after the death of her brother.
|Ancestors of Marie Eleonore of Cleves|
Albert Frederick was the Duke of Prussia, from 1568 until his death. He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family.
Kleve is a town in the Lower Rhine region of northwestern Germany near the Dutch border and the River Rhine. From the 11th century onwards, Cleves was capital of a county and later a duchy. Today, Cleves is the capital of the district of Cleves in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The city is home to one of the campuses of the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences.
The County of Mark was a county and state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. It lay on both sides of the Ruhr river along the Volme and Lenne rivers.
John III, Duke of Cleves and Count of Mark, called John the Peaceful, was a son of John II, Duke of Cleves and Mathilde of Hesse, daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse.
The Duchy of Cleves was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged from the medieval Hettergau. It was situated in the northern Rhineland on both sides of the Lower Rhine, around its capital Cleves and the towns of Wesel, Kalkar, Xanten, Emmerich, Rees and Duisburg bordering the lands of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster in the east and the Duchy of Brabant in the west. Its history is closely related to that of its southern neighbours: the Duchies of Jülich and Berg, as well as Guelders and the Westphalian county of Mark. The Duchy was archaically known as Cleveland in English.
Limburg-Hohenlimburg was a county in Germany in the Middle Ages. It was created as a partition of Limburg-Isenberg by Diederck I of Isenberg, who called himself in 1246 Diederick I van Limburg. Of Diederick's two sons, the eldest son Johan who died in 1277 at the adge of thirty and left two sons and one daughter. He is the ancestor of the lordship Styrum. His youger brother Everhard continued 30 years more, the struggle with his father for the conquest of former Isenberger family property. Everhard, in 1301 the nearest in the bloodline, succeeded his father.
Count Frederick of Isenberg was a German noble, the younger son of Count Arnold of Altena. Before the split between Arnold Altena-Isenberg the eldest and his brother Friedrich Altena-Mark the younger son of Everhard von Berg-Altena the ‘Grafschaft Mark’ not yet exist, there is no doubt about that! His family castle was the Isenberg near Hattingen, Germany.
Archduchess Maria of Austria was the daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I from the House of Habsburg and Anna Jagiello. She is eight times great grandmother to Queen Victoria.
William of Jülich-Cleves-Berge was a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1539–1592). William was born in and died in Düsseldorf. He was the only son of John III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, and Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Berg. William took over rule of his father's estates upon his death in 1539. Despite his mother having lived until 1543, William also became the Duke of Berg and Jülich and the Count of Ravensberg.
Johann Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
Duchess Anna of Prussia and Jülich-Cleves-Berg was Electress consort of Brandenburg and Duchess consort of Prussia by marriage to John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg. She was the daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, and Marie Eleonore of Cleves.
Eberhard IV of Berg, count of Altena, son of Adolf IV, Count of Berg and Altena.
Arnold of Altena, count of Altena, count of Isenberg and Hövel, Vogt of Werden (1166–1209) was son of Eberhard IV of Berg. He inherited the north-western territorium of Altena, and became 1st count of Isenberg in 1200.
Marie of Prussia was a Prussian duchess by birth and Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth by marriage.
Eleanor of Prussia was a princess of the Duchy of Prussia by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
Sibylle of Brandenburg was a Princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Jülich and Duchess of Berg. She was the governor-regent of Jülich-Berg for her daughter Maria from 1511 to 1524.
Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was the fifth child of Duke William "the rich" of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I.
Princess Jakobea of Baden was daughter of the Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and Mechthild of Bavaria.
Charles Frederick of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, was Hereditary Prince of the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and the counties of Mark and Ravensberg.
Sibylle is a given name. It may refer to: