|Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier d'Ardon|
Le Carlier d'Ardon circa 1792 by Jean-François Gérard dit Fontallard (1772–1857)
|Born||20 November 1752|
Laon, Aisne, France
|Died|| 22 August 1799 46) (aged|
|Known for||Minister of Police|
Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier d'Ardon (20 November 1752 – 22 August 1799) was a wealthy French landowner who entered politics during the French Revolution and was Minister of Police for a few months.
The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.
Marie Jean François Philibert Lecarlier d'Ardon was born in Laon (Aisne) on 20 November 1752. He was one of the wealthiest landowners in the province, and was appointed the king's secretary and mayor of Laon. On 22 March 1789 he was elected deputy of the third estate for Vermandois in the Estates General. He sat with the reformers, and spoke against export of grain. In June 1791 he was secretary of the Assembly. He was president of the district of Chauny after the session.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France. As of 2012 its population is 25,317.
Vermandois was a French county that appeared in the Merovingian period. Its name derives from that of an ancient tribe, the Viromandui. In the 10th century, it was organised around two castellan domains: St Quentin (Aisne) and Péronne (Somme). In today's times, the Vermandois county would fall in the Picardy region of northern France.
Chauny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Lecarlier was elected a member of the National Convention for the department of Aisne on 6 September 1792. At the trial of King Louis XVI of France he voted for the appeal to the people and against the suspension. His vote on the death sentence was not recorded, but he certainly voted in favor. At the end of the Convention's session of 1795 he refused nomination to either of the two councils, but was elected anyway to the Council of Five Hundred on 4 Brumaire IV. He resigned six days later.
The National Convention was the first government of the French Revolution, following the two-year National Constituent Assembly and the one-year Legislative Assembly. Created after the great insurrection of 10 August 1792, it was the first French government organized as a republic, abandoning the monarchy altogether. The Convention sat as a single-chamber assembly from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795.
Aisne is a French department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. It is named after the river Aisne.
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title "King of France and Navarre", which he used until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of "King of the French" until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792.
After the coup of 18 Fructidor V (4 September 1797) Lecarlier was placed on the list of candidates for the French Directory to replace Lazare Carnot and François-Marie Barthelemy, who had been sentenced to deportation. He was not chosen. On 23 Germinal VI (12 April 1798) he was reelected to the Council of Ancients by the department of Aisne. He was appointed Commissioner Plenipotentiary of the French army in Switzerland, and was responsible for the organization of the Helvetic Republic. In this position he addressed a proclamation to the Mountain and helped in defining the treaty of cooperation between the French and Swiss republics.
The Coup of 18 Fructidor, Year V, was a seizure of power by members of the French Directory on 4 September 1797 when their opponents, the Royalists, were gaining strength. Howard G. Brown, Professor of History at Binghamton University, stresses the turn toward dictatorship and the failure of liberal democracy under the Directory, blaming it on "chronic violence, ambivalent forms of justice, and repeated recourse to heavy-handed repression."
The Directory or Directorate was a five-member committee that governed France from 2 November 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety, until 9 November 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, and replaced by the French Consulate. It gave its name to the final four years of the French Revolution.
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, Count Carnot was a French mathematician, physicist and politician. He was known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Lecarlier was appointed Minister of Police on 27 Floréal VI (16 May 1798).He replaced Nicolas Dondeau. He left office on 8 Brumaire VII (29 October 1798) and was replaced by Jean-Pierre Duval, Lecarlier was appointed Commissioner General in Belgium. He was re-elected by his department to the Council of Elders on 23 Germinal VII (12 April 1799). He died in Paris on 22 August 1799.
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The Council of Ancients or Council of Elders was the upper house of French legislature under the Constitution of the Year III, during the period commonly known as the Directory, from 22 August 1795 until 9 November 1799, roughly the second half of the period generally referred to as the French Revolution.
Jean-François-Auguste Moulin was a member of the French Directory. He had a long career as a military officer serving France in the Royal Army of King Louis XVI, the Garde Nationale of the French Revolution, and the Grande Armée of Napoleon Bonaparte.
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