Marie of Anjou

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Marie of Anjou
Marie d'Anjou.jpg
Queen consort of France
Tenure18 December 1422- 14 July 1461
Born14 October 1404
Angers
Died29 November 1463(1463-11-29) (aged 59)
Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou
Burial
Spouse Charles VII of France
Issue Louis XI of France
Radegonde of Valois
Yolande, Duchess of Savoy
Magdalena, Princess of Viana
Charles, Duke of Berry
Joan, Duchess of Bourbon
Catherine of Valois
House Valois-Anjou
Father Louis II of Anjou
Mother Yolande of Aragon
Religion Roman Catholic

Marie of Anjou (14 October 1404 – 29 November 1463) was Queen of France as the spouse of King Charles VII from 1422 to 1461. She served as regent and presided over the council of state several times during the absence of the king. [1]

Contents

Life

Marie was the eldest daughter of Louis II of Anjou, claimant to the throne of Naples, and Yolande of Aragon, claimant to the throne of Aragon. [2]

Marie was betrothed to her second cousin Charles, son and heir apparent of Charles VI of France, in 1413. [2] ل ؤ The wedding took place on 18 December 1422 at Bourges. [3] The marriage made her Queen of France, but as far as it is known, she was never crowned. [1] Her spouse's victory in the Hundred Years War owed a great deal to the support he received from Marie's family, notably from her mother Yolande of Aragon.

Queen

Queen Marie presided over the council of state several times in the absence of the king, during which she had power of attorney as regent and signed acts in the position of "lieutenant of the king" (April 1434). [1] She made several pilgrimages, such as Puy with the king in 1424, and Mount St Michel by herself in 1447.

Marie and Charles had fourteen children, but her spouse's affection was primarily directed towards his mistress, Agnès Sorel, originally Marie's lady in waiting, who became official mistress to the king in 1444 and played a dominant role at court until her death in 1450, somewhat eclipsing the queen. [1]

Robert Blondel composed the allegorical Treatise of the "Twelve Perils of Hell" for Queen Marie in 1455.

Queen dowager

In 1461, Charles VII died and was succeeded by their son Louis XI, making Marie queen dowager. She was granted the Chateau of Amboise and the income from Brabant by her son.

During the winter of 1462-63, Marie of Anjou made a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. It has been speculated that she had a mission in Spain as secret ambassador for her son, due to the political situation at the time and the fact that she made the pilgrimage during winter time, when the roads were so bad that such trips were normally avoided if possible.

She died at the age of 59 on 29 November 1463 at the Cistercian Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou (now in Nouvelle-Aquitaine region) on her return. She is buried in the basilica of Saint-Denis alongside her spouse.

Issue

Marie was the mother of fourteen children:

NameBirthDeathNotes
Louis 3 July 142330 August 1483 King of France. Married firstly, Margaret of Scotland, no issue. Married secondly, Charlotte of Savoy, had issue.
John19 September 1426Lived for a few hours.
Radegonde after 29 August 142819 March 1444Betrothed to Sigismund, Archduke of Austria on 22 July 1430.
Catherine after 29 August 142813 July 1446Married Charles the Bold, no issue.
James14322 March 1437Died aged five.
Yolande 23 September 143423/29 August 1478Married Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy, had issue.
Joan 4 May 14354 May 1482Married John II, Duke of Bourbon, no issue.
Philip4 February 143611 June 1436Died in infancy.
MargaretMay 143724 July 1438Died aged one.
Joanna7 September 143826 December 1446Twin of Marie, died aged eight.
Marie7 September 143814 February 1439Twin of Joanna, died in infancy.
Isabella1441Died young.
Magdalena 1 December 144321 January 1495Married Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, had issue.
Charles 12 December 144624 May 1472Died without legitimate issue.

Ancestry

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Louis III was a claimant to the Kingdom of Naples from 1417 to 1426, as well as count of Provence, Forcalquier, Piedmont, and Maine and duke of Anjou from 1417 to 1434. As the heir designate to the throne of Naples, he was duke of Calabria from 1426 to 1434.

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Charles du Maine (1414–1472) was a French prince of blood and an advisor to Charles VII of France, his brother-in-law, during the Hundred Years' War. He was the third son of Louis II, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples, and Yolande of Aragon.

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Charlotte of Savoy Queen consort of France

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Yolande, was Duchess of Lorraine (1473) and Bar (1480). She was the daughter of Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine, and René of Anjou. Though she was nominally in control of major territories, she ceded her power and titles to her husband and her son. In addition, her younger sister was Margaret of Anjou, Queen of England.

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Agnès Sorel French Royal mistress

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Yolande of Brittany French noble

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John I, Count of Foix also known as Jean de Foix-Grailly was Count of Foix from 1428 until his death in 1436. He succeeded his mother Isabella, Countess of Foix. His father was Archambaud de Grailly.

Marie of Blois, Duchess of Anjou Medieval French noblewoman

Marie of Blois (1345-1404) was a daughter of Joanna, Duchess of Brittany and Charles, Duke of Brittany. Through marriage to Louis I, Duke of Anjou, she became Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Maine, Duchess of Touraine, titular Queen of Naples and Jerusalem and Countess of Provence.

References

Sources

French royalty
Preceded by
Isabeau of Bavaria
Queen consort of France
1422 – 22 July 1461
Succeeded by
Charlotte of Savoy