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|Born||14 August 1887|
|Died||3 February 1938 (aged 50)|
Marija Leiko (14 August 1887 – 3 February 1938), also known as Marija Leyko, was a Latvian silent film actress in Europe, especially popular in Latvia, Germany, and Russia.
Leiko conquered the German big screen first, starring in The Diamond Foundation (1917), Kain (1918), Ewiger Strom (1919), Die Frau im Käfig (1919) and Lola Montez (1919) as the dancer.[ citation needed ]
When the silent movie era ended Leiko retired from film acting. After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, she returned to her native Latvia. In 1935 she visited the Soviet Union and stayed to join the company of the Latvian State Theatre in Moscow.[ citation needed ]
During the so-called "Latvian Operation" the theatre was shut down, and on 15 December 1937, Leiko was arrested on charges of belonging to a "Latvian nationalist conspiracy". On 3 February 1938 at the age of 50 she was shot and buried in a mass grave at the secret NKVD killing field at Butovo, near Moscow.
Maria Leiko was posthumously rehabilitated for the absence of a crime ( corpus delicti ) on May 12, 1958.[ citation needed ]
On May 14, 2017 in Moscow on the wall of the house 9, building 3 at Obolensky lane memorial sign Last Address of Maria Karlovna Leiko was posted.
Marguerita Maria "Mady" Christians was an Austrian-American actress who had a successful acting career in theatre and film in the United States until she was blacklisted during the McCarthy period.
Fritz Kortner was an Austrian stage and film actor and theatre director.
Emma Minna Hilde Hildebrand was a German actress born in Hanover, Germany on 10 September 1897. She died at the age of 78 in Grunewald, Berlin, on 27 May 1976.
Carl Wilhelm, was a prolific German-Jewish film director, film producer and screenwriter of the silent film era, at the end of which his career apparently entirely faded away and he vanished into obscurity.
Theodor August Konrad Loos was a German actor.
Rosa Valetti, born Rosa Alice Vallentin, was a German actress, cabaret performer and singer.
Robert Scholz was a German film actor of the silent era. He appeared in 76 films between 1919 and 1928. He was born in Germany and died in Berlin.
Lil Dagover was a German actress whose career spanned between 1913 and 1979. She was one of the most popular and recognized film actresses in the Weimar Republic.
Leopoldine Konstantin was an Austrian actress. She took acting lessons with Alexander Strakosch, whom she married shortly afterwards, and made her debut in the Deutsches Theater in Berlin in 1907. She played in Frank Wedekind's Spring Awakening (1907), Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet (1907), A Winter's Tale (1908), and A Midsummer Night's Dream (1910).
Friedrich Kühne, born Franz Michna, was a German film actor of the silent era. He appeared in 104 films between 1913 and 1957.
Georg Alexander was a German film actor who was a prolific presence in German cinema. He also directed a number of films during the silent era.
Ernst Stahl-Nachbaur was a German film actor.
Emil Rameau was a German film and theatre actor, and for many years the deputy artistic director at the Schiller Theater. He appeared in nearly 100 films between 1915 and 1949.
Karl Platen was a German actor.
Elsa Bassermann (1878–1961) was a German screenwriter, stage and film actress. She was married to Albert Bassermann and often acted with him. As she was Jewish the couple had to leave Nazi Germany and go into exile in Switzerland and the United States. She later returned to Germany, where she died in 1961.
Johannes Guter was a Latvian filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer. Although most of his work is now lost, he is considered a pioneer of German silent cinema and expressionism.
Bruno Ziener was a German film actor and director. He appeared in over 100 films between 1913 and 1941. He also directed 28 silent films such as The Flight into Death (1921).
The Green Alley is a 1928 German silent film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Grete Mosheim, Gustav Fröhlich and Marija Leiko. The film was made by the German branch of Universal Pictures and was based on the novel Der heilige Skarabäus by Else Jerusalem. The art direction was overseen by Gustav A. Knauer and Willy Schiller.
Lola Montez is a 1919 German silent film directed by Rudolf Walther-Fein and starring Hans Albers, Marija Leiko and Oscar Marion. It is a loose sequel to the 1918 film Lola Montez, and is sometimes known by the alternative titles of Lola Montez, Part II. or Lola Montez, In the Court of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.
Decla Film was a German film production and distribution company of the silent era. Formed in 1911 as the German subsidiary of the French company Eclair, it was taken into German ownership in 1915 during the First World War. Since the company was affiliated with Éclair of France, Decla is an abbreviation for Deutsche Eclair. The company was originally founded by Erich Pommer in 1916 as Decla-Film-Gesellschaft Holz & Co. The co-founder of the company is the Berlin film distributor, Fritz Holz, as referenced in the second part of the company's name. Decla kept this name even after Holz left the company. Under the leadership of Erich Pommer, Decla emerged as one of the leading German film companies of the early Weimar era. Assuming control of Meinert-Film, it appointed Rudolf Meinert to oversee production. At the small Weissensee Studios it produced the expressionist film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, directed by Robert Wiene.
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