Marin County, California

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Marin County
County of Marin
Marin Civic Center.jpg
Point Reyes National Shoreline.jpg
Stinson beach.JPG
Tamalpais-derangedtaco.jpg
Marin County, California
Interactive map of Marin County
Map of California highlighting Marin County.svg
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 38°02′N122°44′W / 38.04°N 122.74°W / 38.04; -122.74
Country United States
State California
Area San Francisco Bay
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Named for Chief Marin, "great chief of the tribe Licatiut"
County seat San Rafael
Largest citySan Rafael (population) Novato (area)
Government
  Type Council–Administrator
  PresidentStephanie Moulton-Peters
  Vice PresidentDennis Rodoni
  President Pro TemMary Sackett
   Board of Supervisors
Supervisors [1]
  County AdministratorMatthew H. Hymel
Area
  Total828 sq mi (2,140 km2)
  Land520 sq mi (1,300 km2)
  Water308 sq mi (800 km2)
Highest elevation
[2]
2,574 ft (785 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total262,231
  Density504/sq mi (195/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Area codes 415 and 628, 707 (Tomales and Dillon Beach only)
FIPS code06-041
GNIS feature ID 277285
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.co.marin.ca.us

Marin County /məˈrɪn/ i mə-RIN (Spanish : Condado de Marín) is located in the northwestern part of the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 262,231. [3] Its county seat and largest city is San Rafael. [4] Marin County is across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco, and is included in the San Francisco–Oakland–Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Marin County's natural sites include the Muir Woods redwood forest, the Marin Headlands, Stinson Beach, the Point Reyes National Seashore, and Mount Tamalpais. Marin is one of the highest-income counties by per capita income and median household income. The county is governed by the Marin County Board of Supervisors.

The Marin County Civic Center was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and draws thousands of visitors a year to guided tours of its arch and atrium design. In 1994, a new county jail facility was embedded into the hillside nearby. [5]

The United States' oldest cross country running event, the Dipsea Race, takes place annually in Marin County, attracting thousands of athletes. Modern Mountain biking has many early origins on the slopes of Mount Tamalpais in Marin. [6] San Quentin State Prison is located in the county.

History

Native American settlement

Thousands of years ago, Coast Miwok people first populated the area today known as Marin County.

In 1770, Coast Miwok population ranged from 1,500 to 2,000, [7] [8] with about 600 village sites throughout the county.

In 1967, the Marin Museum of the American Indian was established, with exhibits focusing on Coast Miwok artifacts, crafts, and artwork. [9] As of 2021, Indigenous-led events include healing drumming, dogbane cordage demonstrations, trade feasts, and traditional dancing. [10]

American colonization

During the Mexican-American war, areas of Marin County were seized by Americans as part of the invasion of California (1846–1847). Marin County is one of the original 27 counties of California, created February 18, 1850, following adoption of the California Constitution of 1849 and just months before the state was admitted to the Union. [11]

The Mission San Rafael Arcangel Saint Raphael Church San Rafael CA.jpg
The Mission San Rafael Arcángel

According to General Mariano Vallejo, who headed an 1850 committee to name California's counties, the county was named for "Marin," great chief of the tribe Licatiut." Marin had been named "Huicmuse" until he was baptized as "Marino" at about age 20. Marin / Marino was born into the Huimen people, a Coast Miwok tribe of Native Americans who inhabited the San Rafael area. Vallejo believed that "Chief Marin" had waged several fierce battles against the Spanish. Marino definitely did reside at Mission Dolores (in modern San Francisco) much of the time from his 1801 baptism and marriage until 1817, frequently serving as a baptism witness and godfather; he may have escaped and been recaptured at some point during that time. Starting in 1817, he served as an alcalde (in effect, an overseer) at the San Rafael Mission, where he lived from 1817 off and on until his death. In 1821, Marino served as an expedition guide for the Spanish for a couple of years before escaping and hiding out for some months in the tiny Marin Islands (also named after him); his recapture resulted in a yearlong incarceration at the Presidio before his return to the Mission San Rafael area for about 15 years until his death in 1839. [12] In 2009, a plaque commemorating Chief Marin was placed in Mill Valley.

Another version of the origin of the county name is that the bay between San Pedro Point and San Quentin Point was named Bahía de Nuestra Señora del Rosario la Marinera in 1775, and that Marin is simply an abbreviation of this name. [13]

Francis Drake and the crew of the Golden Hind was thought to have landed on the Marin coast in 1579 claiming the land as Nova Albion . A bronze plaque inscribed with Drake's claim to the new lands, fitting the description in Drake's own account, was discovered in 1933. This so-called Drake's Plate of Brass was revealed as a hoax in 2003. [14]

Looking east along the Tennessee Valley Trail, part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Tennessee-valley-trail-pano spring facing-east.jpg
Looking east along the Tennessee Valley Trail, part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

In 1595, Sebastian Cermeno lost his ship, the San Agustin, while exploring the Marin Coast. The Spanish explorer Vizcaíno landed about twenty years after Drake in what is now called Drakes Bay. However the first Spanish settlement in Marin was not established until 1817 when Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded partly in response to the Russian-built Fort Ross to the north in what is now Sonoma County.[ citation needed ] Mission San Rafael Arcángel was founded in what is now downtown San Rafael as the 20th Spanish mission in the colonial Mexican province of Alta California by four priests, Father Narciso Duran from Mission San Jose, Father Abella from Mission San Francisco de Asís, Father Gil y Taboada and Father Mariano Payeras, the President of the Missions, on December 14, 1817, four years before Mexico gained independence from Spain.[ citation needed ]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 828 square miles (2,140 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 308 square miles (800 km2) (37.2%) is water. [15] It is the fourth-smallest county in California by land area. According to the records at the County Assessor-Recorder's Office, as of June 2006, Marin had 91,065 acres (369 km2) of taxable land, consisting of 79,086 parcels with a total tax basis of $39.8 billion. These parcels are divided into the following classifications:

Parcel TypeTax IDQuantityValue
Vacant106,900$508.17 million
Single Family Residential1161,264$30.13 billion
Mobile Home12210$7.62 million
House Boat13379$61.83 million
Multi Family Residential141,316$3,973.51 million
Industrial Unimproved40113$12.24 million
Industrial Improved41562$482.83 million
Commercial Unimproved50431$97.89 million
Commercial Improved517,911$4.52 billion
A view of the Golden Gate Bridge from the Marin Headlands GG-bridge-12-2006.jpg
A view of the Golden Gate Bridge from the Marin Headlands
Bicentennial Campground within the Golden Gate National Recreation Area surrounding the San Francisco Bay area Bicentennial in San Francisco.JPG
Bicentennial Campground within the Golden Gate National Recreation Area surrounding the San Francisco Bay area

Geographically, the county forms a large, southward-facing peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, San Pablo Bay, and San Francisco Bay to the east, and – across the Golden Gate – the city of San Francisco to the south. Marin County's northern border is with Sonoma County.

Most of the county's population resides on the eastern side, with a string of communities running along U.S. Route 101 and the San Francisco Bay, from Sausalito to Tiburon to Corte Madera to San Rafael and Novato. The interior contains large areas of agricultural and open space; West Marin, through which State Route 1 runs alongside the California coast, contains many small unincorporated communities whose economies depend on agriculture and tourism. West Marin has beaches which are popular destinations for surfers and tourists year-round.

Notable features of the shoreline along the San Francisco Bay include the Sausalito shoreline, Richardson Bay, the Tiburon Peninsula, Ring Mountain, and Triangle Marsh at Corte Madera. Further north lies San Quentin State Prison along the San Rafael shoreline.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State and local protected areas

The Marin County Department of Parks and Open Space manages numerous county parks and open spaces, including Stafford Lake County Park. The Marin Municipal Water District has 130 mi (209 km) of trails.

State parks

Marine Protected Areas of Marin County

Like underwater parks, these marine-protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems:

Ecology

Mount Tamalpais is the highest peak in the Marin Hills and can be seen here from Berkeley in Alameda County. Mount tamalpais from berkeley.JPG
Mount Tamalpais is the highest peak in the Marin Hills and can be seen here from Berkeley in Alameda County.

Marin County is considered in the California Floristic Province, a zone of extremely high biodiversity and endemism. There are numerous ecosystems present, including Coastal Strand, oak woodland, mixed evergreen forest, and Coast Redwood Forests chaparral and riparian zones. There are also a considerable number of protected plant and animal species present: Fauna include the California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii) and California freshwater shrimp while flora include Marin Dwarf Flax, Hesperolinon congestum ; Tiburon Jewelflower, Streptanthus niger ; and Tiburon Indian paintbrush, Castilleja neglecta .

Muir Woods National Monument, which is on the Pacific coast of southwestern Marin County Muir Woods National Monument, Marin County, California.jpg
Muir Woods National Monument, which is on the Pacific coast of southwestern Marin County

A number of watersheds exist in Marin County, including Walker Creek, Lagunitas Creek, Miller Creek, and Novato Creek.

Notably, the Lagunitas Creek Watershed is home to the largest remaining wild run of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Central California. These coho are part of the "Central California Coast Evolutionarily Significant Unit, [16] " or CCC ESU, and are listed as "endangered" at both the state and federal level.

Significant efforts to protect and restore these fish [17] have been underway in the Watershed since the 1980s. Fifty percent of historical salmon habitat is now behind dams. Strong efforts are also being made to protect and restore undammed, headwater reaches of this Watershed in the San Geronimo Valley, where upwards of 40% of the Lagunitas salmon spawn each year and where as much as 1/3 of the juvenile salmon (or fry) spend their entire freshwater lives. The "Salmon Protection and Watershed Network" [18] leads winter tours for the public to learn about and view these spawning salmon, and also leads year-round opportunities for the public to get involved in stream restoration, monitoring spawning and smolt outmigration, juvenile fish rescue and relocation in the summer, and advocacy and policy development. Around 490 different species of birds have been observed in Marin County. [19]

Despite the lack of rain in the Marin County area due to historic drought levels, [20] in 2014, an estimated 20,000 juvenile Coho salmon made the migration from their spawning grounds in the Lagunitas Creek area to the Pacific Ocean. This increase in migration was significantly up from the previous historic record for the same migration measured in 2006 at 11,000. [21]

In 2010, all of the county's beaches were listed as the cleanest in the state. [22]

When Richard Henry Dana, Jr. visited San Francisco Bay in 1835, he wrote about vast tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes) herds near the Golden Gate on December 27: "...we came to anchor near the mouth of the bay, under a high and beautifully sloping hill, upon which herds of hundreds and hundreds of red deer [note: "red deer" is the European term for "elk"], and the stag, with his high branching antlers, were bounding about...," although it is not clear whether this was the Marin side or the San Francisco side. [23]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850 323
1860 3,334932.2%
1870 6,903107.0%
1880 11,32464.0%
1890 13,07215.4%
1900 15,70220.1%
1910 25,11459.9%
1920 27,3428.9%
1930 41,64852.3%
1940 52,90727.0%
1950 85,61961.8%
1960 146,82071.5%
1970 206,03840.3%
1980 222,5688.0%
1990 230,0963.4%
2000 247,2897.5%
2010 252,4092.1%
2020 262,2313.9%
2022 (est.)256,018 [24] −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [25]
1790–1960 [26] 1900–1990 [27]
1990–2000 [28] 2010 [29] 2020 [30]

2020 census

Marin County, California – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [29] Pop 2020 [30] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)183,830173,14972.83%66.01%
Black or African American alone (NH)6,6216,1202.62%2.33%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)5315550.21%0.21%
Asian alone (NH)13,57716,1755.38%6.17%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)4364570.17%0.17%
Some Other Race alone (NH)1,0342,0400.41%0.78%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)7,31114,4152.90%5.50%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)39,06949,41015.48%18.84%
Total252,409262,321100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Ethnic origins in Marin County Ethnic Origins in Marin County, CA.png
Ethnic origins in Marin County

Places by population, race, and income

2010 Census

The 2010 United States Census reported that Marin County had a population of 252,409. The racial makeup of Marin County was 201,963 (80.0%) White, 6,987 (2.8%) African American, 1,523 (0.6%) Native American, 13,761 (5.5%) Asian, 509 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 16,973 (6.7%) from other races, and 10,693 (4.2%) from two or more races. There were 39,069 people of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race (15.5%). [38]

Demographic profile [39] 2010200019901980
White80.0%84.0%88.9%92.8%
Asian5.5%4.5%4.0%3.0%
Black or African American2.8%2.9%3.5%2.5%
Native American or Native Alaskan0.6%0.4%0.4%0.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander0.2%0.2%
Some other race6.7%4.5%
Two or more races4.2%3.5%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)15.5%11.1%7.4%4.2%
White alone72.8%78.6%84.6%89.8%

2000

As of the census [40] of 2000, there were 247,289 people, 100,650 households, and 60,691 families residing in the county. The population density was 476 inhabitants per square mile (184/km2). There were 104,990 housing units at an average density of 202 per square mile (78/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.0% White, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 11.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, there were 100,650 households, out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, 20.3% of the population was under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

Life expectancy

According to the most recent data on U.S. life expectancy, published in 2010 by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, a female in Marin County could expect to live 85.0 years, the longest for any county in the United States. The national average is 80.8 years for a female. [41]

Race and ethnicity

According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of Marin County was as follows:

Religion

[42] [ better source needed ]

Place of birth

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey (ACS), 81.3% of Marin County's residents were born in the United States. Approximately 80.0% of the county's residents were born in one of the fifty states or born abroad to American parents.

Foreign-born individuals made up the remaining 18.7% of the population. Latin America was the most common birthplace of foreign-born residents; those born in Latin America made up the plurality (42.2%) of Marin County's foreign population. Individuals born in Europe were the second largest foreign-born group; they made up 25.3% of Marin County's foreign population. Immigrants from Asia made up 23.7% of the county's foreign population. Those born in other parts of North America and Africa made up 3.9% and 3.8% of the foreign-born populace respectively. Lastly, residents born in Oceania made up a mere 1.2% of Marin County's foreign population.

Source: [43]

Language

According to the 2006–2008 ACS, English was the most commonly spoken language at home by residents over five years of age; those who spoke only English at home made up 77.1% of Marin County's residents. Speakers of non-English languages accounted for the remaining 22.9% of the population. Speakers of Spanish made up 11.7% of the county's residents, while speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 7.1% of the populace. Speakers of Asian languages and indigenous languages of the Pacific islands made up 3.4% of the population. The remaining 0.7% spoke other languages. Source: [43]

Ancestry

According to the 2007–2009 ACS, there were 16 ancestries in Marin County that made up over 0.9% of its population each. [43] The 16 ancestries are listed below:

Income

Ross is the 4th most expensive zip code in the United States. Post Office Ross California.jpg
Ross is the 4th most expensive zip code in the United States.

The median income for a household in the county was $71,306 and the median income for a family was $88,934. As of 2007, these figures had risen to $83,732 and $104,750. [45]

In May 2010, the county had the lowest unemployment rate in California. [46] According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, however, in July 2010, Marin's unemployment rate rose to 8.3%. [47]

Government and infrastructure

Law enforcement

San Quentin State Prison of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is in the county. San Quentin houses the male death row and the execution chamber of California. [48]

Fire protection

Marin County Fire Department
MarinCountyFireDepartmentLogo.png
Agency overview
EstablishedJuly 1, 1941
Employees145
Fire chief Jason Weber
IAFF 1775
Facilities and equipment
Stations 6
Engines 5 - Type 1
10 - Type 3
Rescues 1
Tenders 3
Bulldozers 1
Website
Official website
IAFF website

The first formal fire department in what is now Marin County was The Tamalpais Forestry Association, formed around the turn of the 19th century. [49] The California State Legislature had been discussing legislation for forest-fire suppression as early as 1881, but the formal department did not come into being until approximately 1901. The Marin County Fire Department came into existence in its current incarnation on July 1, 1941, with passage of an ordinance and two resolutions by the Board of Supervisors. [50]

Politics

In the United States House of Representatives, Marin County is in California's 2nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [51] From 2008 to 2012, Huffman represented Marin County in the California State Assembly.

In the California State Legislature, Marin County is in:

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

For most of the 20th century, Marin County was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. From 1880 until 1984, the only Democrats to win there were Franklin Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson. However, the brand of Republicanism prevailing in Marin County was historically a moderate one. Like most of the historically Republican suburbs of the Bay Area, it became friendlier to Democrats as the demographics of the area changed and the national party embraced social and religious conservatism. In 1984, it very narrowly voted for Walter Mondale and has supported the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since then. Out of all California counties, only San Francisco County voted more Democratic in the 2020 presidential election.

United States presidential election results for Marin County, California [54]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 24,61215.79%128,28882.33%2,9301.88%
2016 21,77115.48%108,70777.27%10,2057.25%
2012 30,88022.92%99,89674.14%3,9552.94%
2008 28,38420.19%109,32077.77%2,8662.04%
2004 34,37825.40%99,07073.21%1,8771.39%
2000 34,87228.32%79,13564.26%9,1487.43%
1996 32,71428.17%67,40658.04%16,02013.79%
1992 30,47923.32%76,15858.27%24,07018.42%
1988 46,85539.73%69,39458.85%1,6711.42%
1984 56,88749.02%57,53349.58%1,6301.40%
1980 49,67845.78%39,23136.16%19,59818.06%
1976 53,42552.52%43,59042.86%4,7004.62%
1972 54,12352.10%47,41445.64%2,3462.26%
1968 41,42250.05%36,27843.84%5,0556.11%
1964 28,68238.06%46,46261.65%2200.29%
1960 37,62057.29%27,88842.47%1570.24%
1956 33,79265.94%17,30133.76%1510.29%
1952 31,17867.08%14,82431.90%4751.02%
1948 18,74757.06%12,54038.17%1,5684.77%
1944 13,30447.69%14,51652.04%760.27%
1940 10,97448.47%11,36550.20%3011.33%
1936 6,21133.44%12,15265.43%2091.13%
1932 6,48038.13%9,76457.45%7524.42%
1928 7,86257.44%5,68641.54%1401.02%
1924 5,78053.52%6566.07%4,36440.41%
1920 5,37568.80%1,68821.61%7509.60%
1916 4,32850.05%3,78943.82%5306.13%
1912 00.00%2,84944.52%3,55155.48%
1908 2,73268.25%98324.56%2887.19%
1904 2,19970.71%77224.82%1394.47%
1900 1,68163.58%90434.19%592.23%
1896 1,44861.41%87437.07%361.53%
1892 1,18653.59%94942.88%783.52%
1888 93652.76%80245.21%362.03%
1884 85153.62%72745.81%90.57%
1880 76156.58%56141.71%231.71%

Marin has voted for many gubernatorial candidates who went on to become high-profile national figures, including Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Jerry Brown, and Dianne Feinstein.

On November 4, 2008, the citizens of Marin County voted strongly against Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment which eliminated the right of same-sex couples to marry, by a 75.1 percent to 24.9 percent margin. The official tally was 103,341 against and 34,324 in favor. [55] Only San Francisco County voted against the measure by a wider margin (75.2% against). [56]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Marin County has 161,870 registered voters. Of those, 89,526 (55.31%) are registered Democrats, 23,380 (14.44%) are registered Republicans, 7,020 (4.35%) are registered with other political parties, and 41,908 (25.89%) have declined to state a political party. [57] Democrats hold wide voter-registration majorities in all political subdivisions in Marin County. Democrats' largest registration advantage in Marin is in the town of Fairfax, wherein there are only 344 Republicans (6.1%) out of 5,678 total voters compared to 3,758 Democrats (66.2%) and 1,276 voters who have declined to state a political party (22.5%).

The last time Marin elected a Republican to represent them in the United States House of Representatives was William S. Mailliard in 1972. The last competitive race for the U.S. House of Representatives in Marin was in 1982 when Barbara Boxer was first elected. The longest serving representative of Marin in congress was Clarence F. Lea who served in the House from 1917 to 1949.[ citation needed ]

Due to the rapidly expanding nature of California's population, Marin's congressional district has changed numerous times over the decades. The county has been part of the 2nd congressional district of California since 2012; the only other time it was part of the 2nd district was 1902–12. It has also been part of the 1st (1894–1902 and 1912–66), 3rd (1864–94), 5th (1974–82), and the 6th (1972–74 and 1982–2012). The only time the county has not been in a single congressional district was between 1966 and 1972, when it was divided between the northern half in the 1st district and the southern half in the 6th district.[ citation needed ]

"Marin County hot-tubber"

In 2002, former U.S. President George H. W. Bush denounced convicted American Taliban associate John Walker Lindh as "some misguided Marin County hot-tubber," as a reference to the county's liberal, "hippie" political culture, mispronouncing "Marin" as he did so. Outraged by the label, some local residents wrote scathing letters to the Marin Independent Journal , complaining of Bush's remarks. In response, Bush wrote a letter to readers in the same newspaper, admitting regret and promising to not use the phrases Marin County and hot tub "in the same sentence again." [58]

Transportation

CA Bicycle Network Route 6 along Muir Woods Road near Mill Valley MillValleyBikeRouteSign 20150920 (22125651208).jpg
CA Bicycle Network Route 6 along Muir Woods Road near Mill Valley

Major highways

Public transportation

San Rafael Transit Center, a hub for Marin Transit and Golden Gate Transit buses and station for SMART. San Rafael Transit Center 2.jpeg
San Rafael Transit Center, a hub for Marin Transit and Golden Gate Transit buses and station for SMART.

Golden Gate Transit provides service primarily along the U.S. 101 corridor, serving cities in Marin County, as well as San Francisco and Sonoma County. Service is also provided to Contra Costa County via the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge. Ferries to San Francisco operate from Larkspur, Sausalito and Tiburon. Ferry service from Tiburon is provided by Golden Gate Ferry, Blue and Gold Fleet and by the Angel Island Ferry.

Local bus routes within Marin County are operated by Golden Gate Transit under contract with Marin Transit. Marin Transit also operates the West Marin Stage, serving communities in the western, rural areas of Marin County, the Muir Woods Shuttle, and 6 community shuttle routes.

The Sonoma–Marin Area Rail Transit system, which began service in August 2017, is a commuter rail service and bicycle-pedestrian pathway serving Sonoma and Marin counties. As of 2019 service operates from Sonoma County Airport to six stations in Marin ending near Larkspur Landing. Later phases of construction will extend service further north to Cloverdale in Sonoma County.

The Marin Airporter offers scheduled bus service to and from Marin County and the San Francisco Airport.

Greyhound Lines buses service San Rafael.[ citation needed ]

Airports

Marin County Airport or Gnoss Field (ICAO: KDVO) is a general aviation airport operated by the County Department of Public Works. The nearest airports with commercial flights are San Francisco International Airport and Oakland International Airport, as well as Charles M. Schulz - Sonoma County Airport north of Marin County.

Education

Marin County Free Library is the county library system. It is headquartered in San Rafael. [59] In addition, the Belvedere-Tiburon Library is in Tiburon.

College of Marin, established in 1926, includes two campuses. The Kentfield Campus is in Kentfield; the Indian Valley Campus is in Novato. The college offers more than 40 degree programs leading to an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree and over 20 Certificates of Achievement with various specialties. The college serves approximately 9,000 students each term. Approximately 5,700 students enroll in COM's credit program. About 1,300 students enroll in English as a Second Language classes. Approximately 1,900 enroll in community education classes. The college employs about 300 permanent staff and faculty and many part-time employees.

Marin is also home to Dominican University of California, in San Rafael. Founded as a women's college in 1890 by the Dominican Sisters of San Rafael, it became the first Catholic institution in California to offer bachelor's degrees to women. The college became fully coeducational in 1971, and in 2000 became an independent liberal-arts university, changing from its original name of Dominican College of San Rafael. [60] There are about 1,400 undergraduate and 500 graduate students. [61]

Culture

Economy

As of 2011, the largest private-sector employers in Marin County were: [62]

  1. Kaiser Permanente (1,803 full-time employees in Marin County)
  2. Marin Health (1,100)
  3. Fireman's Fund Insurance Company (950)
  4. Autodesk (878)
  5. BioMarin Pharmaceutical (871)
  6. Safeway Inc. (841)
  7. Comcast (620)
  8. Macy's (380)
  9. Bradley Real Estate (376)
  10. MHN (350)
  11. Dominican University of California (346)
  12. Wells Fargo (332)
  13. Kentfield Rehabilitation and Specialty Hospital (315)
  14. Community Action Marin (268)
  15. Costco (260)
  16. Brayton Purcell (256)
  17. CVS/pharmacy (232)
  18. Novato Community Hospital (227)
  19. Lucasfilm (220)
  20. FICO (200+)
  21. Mollie Stone's Markets (190)
  22. Guide Dogs for the Blind (189)
  23. W. Bradley Electric (185)
  24. Bank of Marin (178)
  25. Cagwin & Dorward (175)
  26. Ghilotti Bros. (145)
  27. West Bay Builders (133)
  28. Villa Marin (130)

The 2013 gross value of all agricultural production in Marin County was about $84 million; of this, more than $63 million was from the sale of livestock and their products (milk, eggs, wool, etc.). [63] Only 175 acres were planted to grapes. [64]

As of the fourth quarter 2021, Marin County had a median home value of $1,090,583, an increase of 11% from the prior year. [65]

Media

Marin County receives media from the rest of the Bay Area.

The county also has several media outlets that serve the local community:

Communities

Cities and towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Marin County. [68]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 San Rafael City61,271
2 Novato City53,225
3 Mill Valley City14,231
4 Larkspur City13,064
5 San Anselmo Town12,830
6 Tamalpais-Homestead Valley CDP11,492
7 Corte Madera Town10,222
8 Tiburon Town9,146
9 Fairfax Town7,605
10 Sausalito City7,269
11 Kentfield CDP6,808
12 Lucas Valley-Marinwood CDP6,259
13 Strawberry CDP5,447
14 Santa Venetia CDP4,292
15 Marin City CDP2,993
16 Sleepy Hollow CDP2,401
17 Ross Town2,338
18 Belvedere City2,126
19 Lagunitas-Forest Knolls CDP1,924
20 Bolinas CDP1,483
21 Black Point-Green Point CDP1,431
22 Woodacre CDP1,410
23 Inverness CDP1,379
24 Point Reyes Station CDP895
25 Alto CDP732
26 Stinson Beach CDP541
27 San Geronimo CDP510
28 Muir Beach CDP304
29 Dillon Beach CDP246
30 Tomales CDP187
31 Nicasio CDP81

See also

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sonoma County, California</span> County in California, United States

Sonoma County is located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 United States Census, its population was 488,863. Its seat of government and largest city is Santa Rosa. It is to the north of Marin County and the south of Mendocino County. It is west of Napa and Lake Counties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belvedere, California</span> City in California, United States

Belvedere is a residential incorporated city located on the San Francisco Bay in Marin County, California, United States. Consisting of two islands and a lagoon, it is connected to the Tiburon Peninsula by two causeways. At the 2020 census, the population was 2,126. The per-capita income of Belvedere residents in the year 2000 was $250,000, but currently the average income is $283,000, making it one of the highest-income cities in California and the eighth highest-income community in the United States. Belvedere and Tiburon share a post office and the 94920 ZIP code.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kentfield, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Kentfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in Marin County, California, United States, just north of San Francisco. Kentfield is located 2 miles (3 km) southwest of downtown San Rafael, at an elevation of 115 feet. The population was 6,808 at the 2020 census. The ZIP codes are 94904 for street addresses, and 94914 for PO boxes, and are shared with the neighboring community of Greenbrae.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lagunitas-Forest Knolls, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Lagunitas-Forest Knolls is a census-designated place, composed of two unincorporated areas in the western half of the San Geronimo Valley in Marin County, California. It is located to the west of San Geronimo and Woodacre. The population was 1,924 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Larkspur, California</span> City in California, United States

Larkspur is a city in Marin County, California, United States. Larkspur is located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of San Rafael, at an elevation of 43 feet (13 m). As of the 2020 Census, the city's population was 13,064. Larkspur's Police Department is shared with that of the neighboring Corte Madera and town of San Anselmo as the Central Marin Police Authority. Intersecting Larkspur's downtown is Madrone Canyon, a residential area amidst a redwood grove.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mill Valley, California</span> City in California, United States

Mill Valley is a city in Marin County, California, United States, located about 14 miles (23 km) north of San Francisco via the Golden Gate Bridge and 52 miles (84 km) from Napa Valley. The population was 14,231 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Novato, California</span> City in California, United States

Novato is a city in Marin County, California, United States, situated in the North Bay region of the Bay Area. At the 2020 census, Novato had a population of 53,225.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Geronimo, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

San Geronimo is a census-designated place (CDP) located in the San Geronimo Valley in Marin County, California in the United States. San Geronimo is bordered by Lagunitas-Forest Knolls to its west and Woodacre to its east. It is 8 miles (13 km) southwest of downtown Novato at an elevation of 292 feet (89 m). The population was 510 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Rafael, California</span> City in California, United States

San Rafael is a city and the county seat of Marin County, California, United States. The city is located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. As of the 2020 U.S. census, the city's population was 61,271, up from 57,713 in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Strawberry, Marin County, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Strawberry is a census-designated place (CDP) and an unincorporated district of Marin County, California, United States. It shares a ZIP code (94941) with Mill Valley and falls within its school districts; however, it is considered within the sphere of influence of the town of Tiburon. It is separated from Mill Valley by U.S. Route 101. Its population was 5,447 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coast Miwok</span> Tribe of Native American people

Coast Miwok are an Indigenous people that was the second-largest group of Miwok people. Coast Miwok inhabited the general area of modern Marin County and southern Sonoma County in Northern California, from the Golden Gate north to Duncans Point and eastward to Sonoma Creek. Coast Miwok included the Bodega Bay Miwok, or Olamentko (Olamentke), from authenticated Miwok villages around Bodega Bay, the Marin Miwok, or Hookooeko (Huukuiko), and Southern Sonoma Miwok, or Lekahtewutko (Lekatuit). While they did not have an overarching name for themselves, the Coast Miwok word for people, Micha-ko, was suggested by A. L. Kroeber as a possible endonym, keeping with a common practice among tribal groups and the ethnographers studying them in the early 20th Century and with the term Miwok itself, which is the Central Sierra Miwok word for people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marin City, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Marin City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Marin County, California, United States. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 2,993, up from 2,666 in 2010. It is located 1.5 miles northwest of downtown Sausalito, 8 miles (13 km) south-southeast of San Rafael, and about 5 miles (8 km) north of San Francisco from the Golden Gate Bridge, at an elevation of 23 feet (7.0 m). Marin City was developed for housing starting in 1942, to accommodate wartime shipyard workers and other migrants to California. Among those were African Americans from the South in the Great Migration, which continued until 1970.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Bay (San Francisco Bay Area)</span> Subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area in California, United States

The North Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, in California, United States. The largest city is Santa Rosa, which is the fifth-largest city in the Bay Area. It is the location of the Napa and Sonoma wine regions, and is the least populous and least urbanized part of the Bay Area. It consists of Marin, Napa, Solano and Sonoma counties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lagunitas Creek</span> Stream in California, United States

Lagunitas Creek is a 24 miles (39 km)-long northward-flowing stream in Marin County, California. It is critically important to the largest spawning runs of endangered coho salmon in the Central California Coast Coho salmon Evolutionary Significant Unit.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Coast (California)</span> Region of California, United States

The North Coast of California is a region in Northern California that lies on the Pacific coast between San Francisco Bay and the Oregon border. It commonly includes Mendocino, Humboldt, and Del Norte counties and sometimes includes Lake and two counties from the San Francisco Bay area, Marin and Sonoma.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tamalpais Union High School District</span> School district in California

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lagunitas, California</span> Unincorporated community in California, United States

Lagunitas is an unincorporated community in Marin County, California. It is located 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Novato, at an elevation of 217 feet. Lagunitas is aggregated with Forest Knolls by the U.S. Census into the census-designated place (CDP) Lagunitas-Forest Knolls.

Sleepy Hollow is a census-designated place in Marin County, California, United States. It is located 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Novato at an elevation of 177 feet (54 m). Its population as of the 2020 census was 2,401.

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