Last updated
Marina on Portugal Avenue, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Guarda-corpo da Avenida Portugal - Rio de Janeiro - 20220923024517.jpg
Marina on Portugal Avenue, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Marina in Fort Lauderdale, Florida New River South Fork (30392885610).jpg
Marina in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

A marina (from Spanish [maˈɾina] , Portuguese [mɐˈɾinɐ] and Italian [maˈriːna] : "related to the sea") is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats. A marina differs from a port in that a marina does not handle large passenger ships or cargo from freighters.


The word marina may also refer to an inland wharf on a river or canal that is used exclusively by non-industrial pleasure craft such as canal narrowboats.


Marinas may be located along the banks of rivers connecting to lakes or seas and may be inland. They are also located on coastal harbors (natural or man made) or coastal lagoons, either as stand alone facilities or within a port complex.


In the 19th century, the few existing pleasure craft shared the same facilities as trading and fishing vessels. The marina appeared in the 20th century with the popularization of yachting.

Facilities and services

A marina with floating docks on False Creek inlet in Vancouver, Canada Granville Island Marina.JPG
A marina with floating docks on False Creek inlet in Vancouver, Canada
Entering to Izola Marina, Slovenia Marina Izola.jpg
Entering to Izola Marina, Slovenia

A marina may have refuelling, washing and repair facilities, marine and boat chandlers, stores and restaurants. A marina may include ground facilities such as parking lots for vehicles and boat trailers. Slipways (or boat ramps) transfer a trailered boat into the water. A marina may have a travel lift, a specialised crane used for lifting heavier boats out of the water and transporting them around the hard stand. A marina may provide in- or out-of-water boat storage.

Fee-based services such as parking, use of picnic areas, pubs, and clubhouses for showers are usually included in long-term rental agreements. Visiting yachtsmen usually have the option of buying each amenity from a fixed schedule of fees; arrangements can be as wide as a single use, such as a shower, or several weeks of temporary berthing. The right to use the facilities is frequently extended at overnight or period rates to visiting yachtsmen. Since marinas are often limited by available space, it may take years on a waiting list to get a permanent berth.

Moorings and access

Boats are moored on buoys, on fixed or floating walkways tied to an anchoring piling by a roller or ring mechanism (floating docks, pontoons). Buoys are cheaper to rent but less convenient than being able to walk from land to boat. Harbor shuttles (water taxis) or launches, may transfer people between the shore and boats moored on buoys. The alternative is a tender such as an inflatable boat. Facilities offering fuel, boat ramps and stores will normally have a common-use dock set aside for such short term parking needs.

Where the tidal range is large, marinas may use locks to maintain the water level for several hours before and after low water.

Economic organisation

Marinas may be owned and operated by a private club, especially yacht clubs but also as private enterprises or municipal facilities. Marinas may be standalone private businesses, components of a resort, or owned and operated by public entities.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wharf</span> Structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships dock

A wharf, quay, staith, or staithe is a structure on the shore of a harbour or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers. Such a structure includes one or more berths, and may also include piers, warehouses, or other facilities necessary for handling the ships. Wharves are often considered to be a series of docks at which boats are stationed. A marginal wharf is connected to the shore along its full length.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mooring</span> Structure for securing floating vessels

A mooring is any permanent structure to which a seaborne vessel may be secured. Examples include quays, wharfs, jetties, piers, anchor buoys, and mooring buoys. A ship is secured to a mooring to forestall free movement of the ship on the water. An anchor mooring fixes a vessel's position relative to a point on the bottom of a waterway without connecting the vessel to shore. As a verb, mooring refers to the act of attaching a vessel to a mooring.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Poole Harbour</span> Natural harbour in England

Poole Harbour is a large natural harbour in Dorset, southern England, with the town of Poole on its shores. The harbour is a drowned valley (ria) formed at the end of the last ice age and is the estuary of several rivers, the largest being the Frome. The harbour has a long history of human settlement stretching to pre-Roman times. The harbour is extremely shallow, with one main dredged channel through the harbour, from the mouth to Holes Bay.

A floating dock, floating pier or floating jetty is a platform or ramp supported by pontoons. It is usually joined to the shore with a gangway. The pier is usually held in place by vertical poles referred to as pilings, which are embedded in the seafloor or by anchored cables. Frequently used in marinas, this type of pier maintains a fixed vertical relationship to watercraft secured to it, independent of tidal, river or lake elevation. The angle of the gangway varies with the water level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dock</span> Human-made structure involved in the handling of boats or ships

The word dock in American English refers to one or a group of human-made structures that are involved in the handling of boats or ships. In British English, the term is not used the same way as in American English, it is used to mean the area of water that is next to or around a wharf or quay. The exact meaning varies among different variants of the English language.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Houseboat</span> Boat used as a home

A houseboat is a boat that has been designed or modified to be used primarily for regular dwelling. Most houseboats are not motorized, as they are usually moored or kept stationary, fixed at a berth, and often tethered to land to provide utilities. However, many are capable of operation under their own power.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fisherman's Village</span> Tourist attraction in Marina del Rey, California, USA

Fisherman's Village is a waterfront mall, commercial boat anchorage, and tourist attraction in Marina del Rey, Los Angeles County. Constructed in the style of a New England fishing village, Fisherman's Village consists of five brightly painted wooden buildings, a waterfront promenade, a lighthouse, a water fountain and commercial boat docks. Tourist attractions include live music concerts, restaurant and café dining, harbor and fishing cruises, boat and bicycle rentals, a Catalina Island ferry service, souvenir shops, a nightclub and a public water shuttle service. The waterfront promenade offers panoramic views of the harbor, where approximately 5,300 pleasure boats, yachts, and commercial vessels are berthed across 21 individual marinas, including yacht clubs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sovereign Harbour</span> Human settlement in England

Sovereign Harbour is a development of the beachland in the seaside resort of Eastbourne, England to the east of the town centre. Opened in 1993 and formerly known as The Crumbles, the marina consists of five separate harbours,, a retail park and several housing projects with both permanent and holiday properties. Sovereign Harbour is Northern Europe’s largest composite marina complex.

Oak Harbor Marina is located in Oak Harbor, Washington, between metropolitan Seattle and the San Juan Islands. The marina was built in 1974 and expanded its guest moorage in 1988 with the installation of the floating breakwater. Income from the marina goes into a city enterprise fund dedicated to the facility's operation and maintenance. It is a 420-boat facility with 217 open and 135 covered permanent slips, 52 guest moorage slips, ample side-tie moorage and 96 dry storage. The boat mix is 40% sailboats and 60% powerboats, ranging in size from 24 feet (7.3 m) up to 50 feet. Twenty-five vessels are liveaboards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Port of Poulsbo</span> Port in United States

The Port of Poulsbo is a port serving the city of Poulsbo, Washington, United States. It is located in Liberty Bay on Puget Sound. The port includes the Poulsbo Marina, a seaplane mooring, commercial shops, residential housing, the SEA Discovery Center, and Liberty Bay Waterfront Park. The port is part of downtown Poulsbo, also known as "Little Norway".

A berth is a designated location in a port or harbour used for mooring vessels when they are not at sea. Berths provide a vertical front which allows safe and secure mooring that can then facilitate the unloading or loading of cargo or people from vessels.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milwaukee Yacht Club</span> Advertisement

The Milwaukee Yacht Club has been in operation on Lake Michigan's coast since 1871. The yacht club's slips are in Milwaukee's McKinley Marina. The Milwaukee Yacht Club is leasing the land from Milwaukee County; the current lease is for 50 years beginning in 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ala Wai Harbor</span> Small boat and yacht harbor in Hawaii

Ala Wai Harbor is the largest small boat and yacht harbor in Hawaii. The harbor is situated in Honolulu at the mouth of the Ala Wai Canal, between Waikiki and downtown Honolulu. To the east are Waikiki and Diamond Head; to the west, Magic Island and the Honolulu waterfront.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Cruz harbor</span> Harbor and marina in Santa Cruz, California

The Santa Cruz Small Craft Harbor is situated in Santa Cruz, California, on the site of the former Woods Lagoon. Built in 1962–1963, its public use specializes in boating and extracurricular marine activities for the local community and visitors. The harbor straddles the city limits which runs down the center of Arana Gulch; the west side of the harbor is in Santa Cruz's Seabright neighborhood while the east is in unincorporated Santa Cruz County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Port of Pescara</span> Port in Italy

The port of Pescara is an Italian port on the Adriatic Sea at the mouth of the River The Pescara in the city of Pescara.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kochi International Marina</span>

The Kochi International Marina is a marina in the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India. It is located in the eastern coast of the Mulavukad, in the premises of the Bolgatty Palace, a 'heritage hotel'.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dobson Yacht Club</span> Yacht club in Nova Scotia, Canada

Dobson Yacht Club (DYC) is a private yacht club based in Westmount, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Dobson Yacht Club sits on the western shore of the South Arm of Sydney Harbour, directly opposite the Sydney downtown area, part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. Its location on the chart is shown as Dobson's Point, formerly known as Shingle Point.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huguenot Yacht Club (Long Island Sound)</span> Private yacht club in New York, US

The Huguenot Yacht Club (HYC) is a private yacht club located on Neptune Island along New Rochelle Harbor in the city of New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York. The club offers a number of boating activities, including yacht racing, frostbiting, one-design sail boat racing, and junior sailing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Echo Bay (Long Island Sound)</span>

Echo Bay is an embayment located off Long Island Sound in the city of New Rochelle in Westchester County, New York. It is an anchorage for small craft and is generally fully occupied during the summer. The depths at the anchorage range from 4 to 15 feet, and launches can anchor in the shallow cove on the northeast side of the harbor, entering between Harrison Islands and the rocky, grassy islet off the northwest side of Echo Island. Vessels frequently anchor between the entrance of Echo Bay and Hicks Ledge, in depths of 20 to 24 feet. On the northwest side of Echo Bay a dredged channel 100 feet wide and 15 feet deep, marked by buoys, leads to the New Rochelle Municipal Marina at Beaufort Point.

The Dehler 25 is a German trailerable sailboat that was designed by E. G. van de Stadt as a cruiser and first built in 1984.