Mario Cuomo

Last updated

It is my responsibility as governor to deal with this extraordinarily severe problem. Were it not, I would travel to New Hampshire today and file my name as a candidate in this presidential primary. That was my hope and I prepared for it. But it seemed to me that I cannot turn my attention to New Hampshire while this threat hangs over the head of the New Yorkers I have sworn to put first. [4]

Cuomo's supporters launched a draft movement and encouraged people to write in his name in the Democratic primary, which was held on February 18, 1992. Cuomo did not discourage it, which many saw as implicit endorsement of the campaign. [27] Cuomo went on to receive 6,577 votes in the primary, 3.92% of the total cast and subsequently asked the draft committee to close down, saying, "I am flattered by their support and impressed by their commitment, but I am also convinced that in fairness to themselves they ought now to end their effort." [27] The group closed down, but Cuomo refused to rule out joining the primaries later in the year, stating, "I have said more than once that the nomination should go to someone willing and able to campaign for it. I am willing, but because New York's budget has not been settled I am not able to campaign for it." [27] Ultimately, Cuomo did not enter the race and Bill Clinton went on to win the Democratic nomination and the general election. Because of Cuomo's refusal to run for national office, despite his popularity, he was referred to as the "Hamlet on the Hudson". [28]

After Bill Clinton won the Democratic nomination for president in 1992, Cuomo was a candidate for vice president but he refused to be considered and did not make Clinton's final shortlist. [29] He was also spoken of as a candidate for nomination to the United States Supreme Court, but when President Clinton was considering nominees during his first term to replace the retiring Byron White, Cuomo stated he was not interested in the office. [30] George Stephanopoulos wrote in 1999 that Clinton came within 15 minutes of nominating Cuomo before the latter pre-emptively rejected the post. [31]

In 1994, Cuomo ran for a fourth term. In this election, Republicans attacked him for the weak economic recovery within the state since the early 1990s recession and the resulting high unemployment as well as his opposition to the death penalty by highlighting the case of Arthur Shawcross, a multiple murderer convicted of manslaughter who was paroled by the state in 1987 and while on release became a serial killer. Republicans were able to associate Shawcross with Cuomo much like William Horton with Michael Dukakis six years earlier. Cuomo was defeated by George Pataki in the 1994 Republican landslide, taking 45.4% of the vote to Pataki's 48.8%. Cuomo lost mainly because his support outside of New York City all but vanished; he only carried one county outside the Five Boroughs, Albany County.

Cuomo and fellow Democrat Ann Richards, the Governor of Texas who had been defeated in her re-election campaign by George W. Bush, appeared in a series of humorous Super Bowl XXIX television advertisements for the snack food Doritos shortly afterwards, in which they discussed the "sweeping changes" occurring. The changes they were discussing turned out to be the new Doritos packaging. [32]


Groundbreaking of Pilot Field in July 1986. From left to right: Buffalo Bisons owner Robert E. Rich Jr., Governor Mario Cuomo and Buffalo Mayor James D. Griffin. Groundbreaking of Pilot Field (now Sahlen Field), July 1986.jpg
Groundbreaking of Pilot Field in July 1986. From left to right: Buffalo Bisons owner Robert E. Rich Jr., Governor Mario Cuomo and Buffalo Mayor James D. Griffin.

In Cuomo's first term as Governor of New York State, he produced a balanced budget and earned the highest credit rating over the long term for the State in one decade. [11] His philosophy in leading the State was one of "progressive pragmatism". [11] Cuomo and the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives (Democrats had over a 3:2 margin in House) was successful in stopping U.S. President Ronald Reagan's administration from eliminating "federal income tax deductibility of state, local and property taxes". [11]

During his second term as governor, Cuomo successfully pushed for the enactment of sweeping fiscal reforms for the State. [11] Comprehensive reform measures were also enacted in governmental ethics for New York State under Cuomo's leadership. [11] Cuomo extended New York State's economic reach in business globally, contributing to both strengthening and developing it. [11] [33]

Cuomo is also known for beginning the "Decade of the Child" initiative, an effort that included multiple health care and educational strategies to better the lives of children in New York State. [11] Further, in 1988, the "Rebuild NY" Transportation Bond Act was an initiative under Cuomo that was a continuance of efforts to rebuild bridges and roads throughout the State. [11] Cuomo increased assistance to local law enforcement agencies in order to help reduce or eliminate crime; [11] and prison expansion in the State was continued which he is said to have regretted. [11] Under Cuomo, New York State was also the first in the nation to enact seat belt laws.

Cuomo established the Office of the MTA Inspector General (OIG) in 1983, as an independent watchdog for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. [34] The OIG provides oversight and monitors the activities of the MTA. [35]

Governor Mario and his wife Matilda Cuomo presided over the First New York State Family Support Conference in 1988. His statewide initiatives in developing over 1,000 family support programs are today termed "individual and family support" nationwide and are cited by the National Council on Disability. He was the first governor to support an ecological approach to families which was represented by community integration and community development as the goal of deinstitutionalization.

Healthcare was also an area that Cuomo improved as governor, implementing initiatives that succeeded in reducing costs of prescription medications. [11] This endeavor assisted senior citizens in making the medications more affordable. [11] Under Cuomo's leadership, a public health plan that tackled the AIDS epidemic was the most intense in the nation. [11]

Overseeing programs for environmental preservation and conservation, Cuomo implemented aggressive initiatives in these areas. [11] Under Cuomo's leadership, New York State was the first in the United States to integrate both environmental protection and energy conservation goals. [11]

Cuomo's progressivism was also evident in his appointments of judges to the New York Court of Appeals. Cuomo appointed all of the judges to the State Appeals Court, including the first two female judges, as well as both the first African-American and Hispanic judges.

Cuomo eliminated the New York State Regents Scholarship given to all students who ranked high on a statewide special examination. [36]

Planned assassination

Maurizio Avola, a former Sicilian Mafioso believed to have killed about 80 people, including journalists, lawyers, politicians and mobsters, before becoming a pentito , or informer, and serving life in prison, told The Guardian in 2016 that the Sicilian Mafia had planned to assassinate Governor Cuomo on a visit to Italy in November 1992. The plan was for about a dozen gunmen armed with Kalashnikov assault rifles and explosives to ambush Cuomo. Avola's godfather, Aldo Ercolano, considered that Cuomo would be an "excellent target". Avola stated, "The aim was to target politicians or members of institutions in order to send out a clear message... Killing a prominent American was a warning to law enforcement agencies that had allowed several prominent mafia informants to live in the US under assumed identities." This was several months after the mafia had already assassinated antimafia judges Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino. The attack was to be carried out in the main square of Messina, Sicily during the day. However, after Cuomo arrived in Rome on November 19 with security consisting of many bodyguards and a bulletproof car, the attack was called off. [37]

Political views

Cuomo was notable for his liberal political views, particularly his steadfast opposition to the death penalty, [38] an opinion that was unpopular in New York during the high-crime era of the 1980s and early 1990s. [38] While governor, he vetoed several bills that would have re-established capital punishment in New York State. [38] The death penalty was reinstated by Pataki the year after he defeated Cuomo in the 1994 election, although it was never put into effect and the statute was declared unconstitutional by the New York Court of Appeals in 2004. [39]

Cuomo, a Roman Catholic, was personally opposed to abortion, but he was pro-choice on the issue, believing that the State does not have the right to ban the procedure. In a speech at the University of Notre Dame on September 13, 1984, he used the statements of the American Catholic hierarchy to make an argument: "What is ideally desirable isn't always feasible, ... there can be different political approaches to abortion besides unyielding adherence to an absolute prohibition." [40] For this position, Cardinal John Joseph O'Connor considered excommunicating him. [41] [42]

Cuomo was also outspoken on what he perceived to be the unfair stereotyping of Italian Americans as mobsters by the media, including denying the existence of the Mafia, and urging the media to stop using the word "mafia". [43] Joseph Pistone, an FBI agent widely known for his undercover operation as Donnie Brasco, wrote disparagingly of Cuomo in his book, Unfinished Business. [43]

Cuomo opposed the move of the National Football League's New York Giants and New York Jets to the Meadowlands in East Rutherford, New Jersey, choosing instead to attend the home games of the Buffalo Bills while serving as governor, referring to the Bills as "New York State's only team".


Mario Cuomo giving a speech in 2007 GovernorMarioCuomo.jpg
Mario Cuomo giving a speech in 2007

From 1995 until his death, Cuomo worked as counsel at the New York law firm, Willkie Farr & Gallagher. [33] In 1996, Cuomo joined the board of Medallion Financial Corp., a lender to purchasers of taxi medallions in leading cities across the U.S. He was named to the board through his personal and business relationship with Andrew M. Murstein, president of Medallion. [44] [45] [46] Cuomo also sat on the advisory council of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission.


Mario Cuomo
Mario Cuomo 1987 (cropped).jpg
Cuomo in 1987
52nd Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1983 December 31, 1994
External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Booknotes interview with Cuomo on Why Lincoln Matters, July 25, 2004, C-SPAN

Cuomo's first book, Forest Hills Diary: The Crisis of Low-income Housing, became an influential text in the fields of political science and housing policy, and it helped make his name with the public outside New York.

In 1996, Cuomo wrote Reason to Believe . He also wrote a narrative essay titled "Achieving the American Dream" about his parents' struggles in coming to America and how they prospered. Cuomo was the author of Why Lincoln Matters , published in 2004, and he co-edited Lincoln on Democracy, an anthology of Abraham Lincoln's speeches.

Cuomo also wrote and delivered numerous speeches and remarks.

Selected works

Honors and awards

At its 1983 commencement ceremonies, Barnard College awarded Cuomo its highest honor, the Barnard Medal of Distinction. Also in 1983, Yeshiva University awarded him an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.

In 2017, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed legislation officially naming the Tappan Zee Bridge replacement the "Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge". [47] This has been met with significant opposition. A petition and several pieces of proposed legislation have sought to restore the bridge's name to that of its predecessor.

Family and personal life

Cuomo was married for 60 years to Matilda (née Raffa), from 1954 until his death in 2015. She is a graduate of St. John's University's Teachers College. [48] They had five children, Margaret, Andrew, Maria, Madeline, and Christopher. In 2017, Matilda was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. [49]

Cuomo's older son Andrew married Kerry Kennedy, a daughter of Robert F. and Ethel Skakel Kennedy, on June 9, 1990. They had three daughters, twins Cara Ethel and Mariah Matilda Cuomo, born on January 11, 1995; and Michaela Andrea Cuomo, born on August 26, 1997. The couple divorced in 2005. Andrew served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President Bill Clinton from 1997 to 2001. In his first attempt to succeed his father, he ran as Democratic candidate for New York governor in 2002, but withdrew before the primary. He withdrew after criticizing Republican incumbent George Pataki's leadership following the terrorist attacks on the city on September 11 the previous year. In November 2006, Andrew was elected New York State Attorney General; and on November 2, 2010, he was elected Governor of New York, inaugurated on January 1, 2011, and was re-elected two more times, serving until he resigned in August 2021 due to sexual harassment allegations. [50]

Cuomo's younger son Chris was a journalist on the ABC Network news magazine Primetime . He anchored news segments and served as co-host on Good Morning America , before moving to CNN in 2013, where he co-hosted the morning news magazine New Day . He anchored his own prime time show Cuomo Prime Time until he was suspended and ultimately fired in 2021 for assisting his brother Andrew in navigating a sexual harassment scandal which had previously led to Andrew’s resignation as Governor of New York and after two accusations of sexual harassment against Chris were made. [51] He was picked as one of People magazine's 50 Most Beautiful People in 1997. [52]

Cuomo's daughter Maria is married to Kenneth Cole, the New York fashion designer. She is Chair of the Board of HELP USA, [53] a charitable foundation that is also associated with the organization her mother founded, Mentoring USA. [48]

His daughter Margaret is "a board certified radiologist, teaching professional, and national advocate for the prevention of cancer, heart disease, and diabetes". [54] She is the author of A World Without Cancer: The Making of a New World and the Real Promise of Prevention (2013), [54] and she serves on the board of directors of the nonprofit organization, LessCancer. [54] She has been featured on such TV shows as Good Morning America , Good Day New York , Morning Joe , and Inside Edition . [54] In 2011, she was awarded the Commendation of the Order of the Star by the president and prime minister of Italy. [54] [55]

Cuomo remained a baseball fan after his athletic career ended, reportedly limiting his television watching to baseball games and C-SPAN. [9] He was an avid player of fantasy baseball, always with an Italian-American player on his team, regardless of how many Italian-American players were available or how well they were doing. [56] In 1994, he was featured several times on the Ken Burns PBS series Baseball , where he shared memories of his life in baseball before he entered politics.

Cuomo was the first guest on the long-running CNN talk show Larry King Live that began in 1985 and ended in 2010. [57]

Neal Conan described the man as both the most intelligent and wittiest politician he has ever interviewed. [58]

Illness and death

Officers of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and a state police honor guard saluting Cuomo's hearse as it passes through the Queens Midtown Tunnel, January 6, 2015 Gov. Mario Cuomo Hearse at QMT (16221388421).jpg
Officers of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and a state police honor guard saluting Cuomo's hearse as it passes through the Queens Midtown Tunnel, January 6, 2015

On November 30, 2014, it was announced that Cuomo had been hospitalized for a heart condition; he was described as being "in good spirits". [59]

On January 1, 2015, Andrew Cuomo was sworn in for his second term as governor. The elder Cuomo was not well enough to attend the inaugural ceremony, though his son remarked, "He is in the heart and mind of every person who is here. He is here and his inspiration and his legacy and his experience is what has brought the state to this point." [60] Mario Cuomo died from heart failure at his home in Manhattan at 5:15 p.m. EST that afternoon, at the age of 82. [61]

Cuomo's wake was held on January 5, 2015, and his funeral was held at Saint Ignatius Loyola Church in Manhattan on January 6. [62] He is interred at St. John Cemetery, in Middle Village, Queens.


Various elected officials praised Cuomo following his death. President Barack Obama stated: "An Italian Catholic kid from Queens, born to immigrant parents, Mario paired his faith in God and faith in America to live a life of public service – and we are all better for it. He rose to be chief executive of the state he loved, a determined champion of progressive values, and an unflinching voice for tolerance, inclusiveness, fairness, dignity, and opportunity. His own story taught him that as Americans, we are bound together as one people, and our country's success rests on the success of all of us, not just a fortunate few." [63]

Vice President Joe Biden described Cuomo as "a forceful voice for civil rights, for equal rights, for economic opportunity and justice. He had the courage to stand by his convictions, even when it was unpopular." [64] Former Governor of New York George Pataki called Cuomo "a proud son of immigrants and a compassionate leader who possessed a soaring intellect". [65] Former Mayor of New York City Rudy Giuliani stated: "Mario was a giant political influence of his generation. His ability to make riveting political speeches was only exceeded by his ability to logically argue and defend his position." [65]


Cuomo and Ed Koch are remembered as two New York politicians who dominated during the late 1970s and 1980s, as well for his public speaking ability. [66] [67]

The rebuilt Tappan Zee Bridge was renamed the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge in his honor. However, this would be controversial as the old bridge was named after Malcolm Wilson.

The rebuilt Tappan Zee Bridge was named in Cuomo's honor. Tappan Zee Bridge 2019b crop.jpg
The rebuilt Tappan Zee Bridge was named in Cuomo's honor.

His legacy also ran in his family, with the election of his son Andrew Cuomo in 2010. Andrew Cuomo would serve as Governor for ten years, from 2011 until his resignation in 2021.

See also

Related Research Articles

Herman Carl McCall is an American politician of the Democratic Party. A former New York State Comptroller and New York State Senator, McCall was the Democratic candidate for Governor of New York in 2002. McCall was the first African-American to be elected New York State Comptroller. He is an ordained minister in the United Church of Christ, and he currently serves on the board of directors of several corporations. From October 17, 2011 until his retirement on June 30, 2019, McCall served as chairman of the State University of New York Board of Trustees.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Pataki</span> 53rd Governor of New York from 1995 to 2006

George Elmer Pataki is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 53rd governor of New York from 1995 to 2006. An attorney by profession, Pataki was elected mayor of his hometown of Peekskill, New York, and went on to be elected to the State Assembly and the State Senate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ed Koch</span> Mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989

Edward Irving Koch was an American politician, lawyer, political commentator, film critic, and television personality. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1969 to 1977 and was mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989.

The Liberal Party of New York is a political party in New York. Its platform supports a standard set of socially liberal policies, including abortion rights, increased spending on education, and universal health care.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Cuomo</span> Governor of New York from 2011 to 2021

Andrew Mark Cuomo is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 56th governor of New York from 2011 to 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, he was elected to the same position that his father, Mario Cuomo, held for three terms. In 2021, Cuomo resigned from office amidst numerous allegations of sexual misconduct and covering up COVID-19 deaths in nursing homes. At the time of his resignation, he was the longest-serving governor in the United States still in position.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Conservative Party of New York State</span> Conservative third party in the United States

The Conservative Party of New York State is an American political party founded in 1962 following conservative dissatisfaction with the Republican Party in New York. Running on the Conservative Party line, James L. Buckley won election to the U.S. Senate in 1970 and served for one term. Since 2010, the party has held "Row C" on New York ballots—the third-place ballot position, directly below the Democratic and Republican parties—because it received the third-highest number of votes of any political party in the 2010, 2014 and 2018 New York gubernatorial elections. The party is known for its strategy of attempting to influence the Republican Party in a more conservative direction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cuomo family</span> American political family

The Cuomo family is an American political family. It includes Mario Cuomo and Matilda Cuomo and their five children: Margaret, Andrew, Maria, Madeline, and Christopher. Mario Cuomo and his son Andrew Cuomo both have served as governor of New York.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2006 New York gubernatorial election</span> Election in New York

The 2006 New York gubernatorial election took place on November 7, 2006, to elect the governor and lieutenant governor of New York, concurrently with elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections, then incumbent Republican governor George Pataki chose not to run for re-election in a fourth term. Democrat Eliot Spitzer, the New York Attorney General, won the election over former Republican state Assembly minority leader John Faso. As of 2023, this is the last time the Governor’s office in New York changed partisan control.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Independence Party of New York</span> Third party in New York, United States

The Independence Party is a political party in the U.S. state of New York. The party was founded in 1991 by Dr. Gordon Black, Tom Golisano, and Laureen Oliver from Rochester, New York, and acquired ballot status in 1994. They lost their ballot status in 2020 under a change in the New York state election law that required at least 130,000 votes on the party line every two years. Although often associated with Ross Perot, as the party came to prominence in the wake of Perot's 1992 presidential campaign, it was created prior to Perot's run. In 2020, it affiliated with the Alliance Party, but disaffiliated in 2021. It used to have one elected member of the New York State Assembly, Fred Thiele, until Thiele switched his party affiliation to the Democratic Party in 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lieutenant Governor of New York</span> Political office of the government of New York, US

The lieutenant governor of New York is a constitutional office in the executive branch of the Government of the State of New York. It is the second highest-ranking official in state government. The lieutenant governor is elected on a ticket with the governor for a four-year term. Official duties dictated to the lieutenant governor under the present New York Constitution are to serve as president of the state senate, serve as acting governor in the absence of the governor from the state or the disability of the governor, or to become governor in the event of the governor's death, resignation or removal from office via impeachment. Additional statutory duties of the lieutenant governor are to serve on the New York Court for the Trial of Impeachments, the State Defense Council, and on the board of trustees of the College of Environmental Science and Forestry. The lieutenant governor of New York is the highest-paid lieutenant governor in the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2002 New York gubernatorial election</span> Election in New York

The 2002 New York gubernatorial election was held on November 5, 2002. Republican Governor George Pataki was re-elected to a third term, defeating Democrat Carl McCall and Rochester billionaire Tom Golisano, who ran on the Independence Party line. As of 2022, this was the last time a Republican won a statewide election in New York, and the last time Albany, Tompkins and Westchester counties have voted Republican in a statewide election.

Herbert Ira London was an American conservative activist, commentator, author, and academic. London was the president of the Hudson Institute from 1997 to 2011. He was a frequent columnist for The Washington Times. London was president of the London Center for Policy Research, a conservative think tank hosted at The King's College in New York City, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Alfred Benedict DelBello was an American politician and lawyer from New York. A registered Democrat, he served as the Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1983 to 1985. DelBello was the first Democrat to be elected Westchester County Executive, an office he held from 1974 until 1982, when he stepped down to become Lieutenant Governor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2006 New York state elections</span>

New York held various elections on November 7, 2006. The senatorial and gubernatorial elections were two of the most lopsided elections in New York statewide election history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1994 New York gubernatorial election</span> American election

The 1994 New York gubernatorial election was an election for the state governorship held on November 8, 1994. Incumbent Democratic Governor Mario Cuomo ran for a fourth term, but was defeated by Republican George Pataki in an upset victory. Pataki had previously been described by the New York Daily News as "a little-known Republican state senator." The conservative New York Post attributed the result to how voters "had grown tired of the 12-year incumbent Cuomo and his liberalism."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1982 New York gubernatorial election</span> Election

The 1982 New York gubernatorial election was held on November 2, 1982 to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York. Incumbent Democratic Governor Hugh Carey chose not to run for a third term, which resulted in an open race. Democratic nominee Mario Cuomo, the Lieutenant Governor of New York, narrowly defeated Republican Lewis Lehrman, a banker who ran as a conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1977 New York City mayoral election</span> Election

The New York City mayoral election of 1977 occurred on Tuesday, November 8, 1977.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 New York Attorney General election</span> Election

The 2014 New York Attorney General election took place on November 4, 2014, to elect the Attorney General of New York. The incumbent Democratic Attorney General Eric Schneiderman won reelection to a second term in office, defeating Republican John P. Cahill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 New York gubernatorial election</span> Election for Governor of New York

The 2018 New York gubernatorial election occurred on November 6, 2018. Incumbent Democratic Governor Andrew Cuomo won re-election to a third term, defeating Republican Marc Molinaro and several minor party candidates. Cuomo received 59.6% of the vote to Molinaro's 36.2%.

<i>A Tale of Two Cities</i> (speech) Speech by Mario Cuomo

A Tale of Two Cities was a speech delivered by New York Governor Mario Cuomo on July 16, 1984, at the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco, California. The speech galvanized the convention; it was watched on television by nearly 80 million people and received copious attention in the media. Less than halfway through his first term as governor, Cuomo was widely celebrated for the speech, and he took on new political cachet as a Democratic leader on a national scale.


  1. Guide to U.S. Elections .
  2. Eidenmuller, Michael E. "American Rhetoric: Mario Cuomo - Keynote Address at the 1984 Democratic National Convention". Archived from the original on October 7, 2006. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  3. Plante, Bill (August 22, 2012). "Best and worst convention addresses: How will Gov. Chris Christie measure up?". CBS News. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Kornacki, Steve (April 10, 2011). "The Mario Effect: Last time a group of presidential challengers was this unimpressive, there was a reason". Politico . p. all. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  5. Sack, Kevin (February 5, 1995). "For Citizen Cuomo, a Law Job and a Book Deal". The New York Times . Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  6. Immacolata Andrea Cuomo, Epoca, Google Books, 1988, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  7. Siemaszko, Kerry Burke, Corky. "Mario Cuomo's death stirs memories of his parents' grocery store for Queens resident". Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  8. Baseball: A film by Ken Burns, PBS, 2010, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  9. 1 2 3 McCarron, Anthony (January 3, 2015). "Mario Cuomo - 1932–2015: Ex-minor league teammates remember former governor's other passion". New York Daily News.
  10. Roberts, Quinn (January 2, 2015). "Former NY governor Cuomo dies at 82, played in Minors". Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 University convocation and inauguration of William R. Greiner: Thirteenth president of the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY: University at Buffalo Inaugural Program, September 18, 1992.
  12. Hynes, Charles J.; Drury, Bob (2011). Incident at Howard Beach. p. 86. ISBN   978-0399135002.
  13. McElvaine, Robert S. (1988). Mario Cuomo: A Biography. New York City: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 143. ISBN   9780684189703.
  14. "Donald Trump's Seduction of Mario Cuomo | Village Voice". March 4, 2019.
  15. "From the Archives: Mario Cuomo and Those Mob Rumors". Intelligencer. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  16. Raab, Selwyn (April 14, 1989). "Cuomo Settles Suit on a Share In a Law Firm". The New York Times .
  17. Viscusi, Robert (2006). "Buried Caesars, and Other Secrets of Italian American Writing". New York City: SUNY Press. p. 133. ISBN   978-0791466339.
  18. Roberts, Sam (January 2, 2015). "An Outsider's Borough Shaped a Politician Who Helped Shape It". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  19. Poster, Thomas (December 20, 1974). "Cuomo Named N.Y. Sec. of State". New York Daily News. p. 37. Archived from the original on September 28, 2018. Retrieved September 28, 2018 via Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  20. Edward I. Koch, a mayor as brash, shrewd and colorful as the city he led, dies at 88, The New York Times, February 1, 2013, McFadden, R.D., Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  21. 1 2 3 Ladies and gentlemen, the Bronx is burning: 1977, baseball, politics, and the battle for the soul of a city, New York: Picador/Macmillan Publishers, 2006, Mahler, J.
  22. "Mario Cuomo Delivers Keynote Address to Democratic National Convention". History Channel. A & E Television Networks. 2013. Archived from the original on December 31, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  23. Cuomo, M.M. (1993). More than words: The speeches of Mario Cuomo. St. Martin's Press.
  24. Schmalz, Jeffrey (May 15, 1988). "The mystery of Mario Cuomo". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  25. Fassin, Éric (1996). "Une morale de la vérité: Journalisme et pouvoir dans la culture politique américaine contemporaine". Esprit (in French). 226 (11): 176–177. ISSN   0014-0759. JSTOR   24277975.
  26. Gitell, Seth (September 26, 2006). "New Hampshire Factor". New York Sun. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. There have, of course, been big names from New York whose names have been raised in presidential contests . . . Governor [Mario] Cuomo dashed the hopes of Democratic activists, salivating since his 1984 convention speech over the prospect of a presidential run by him, when he kept a New Hampshire-bound plane waiting on the tarmac . . .
  27. 1 2 3 Sack, Kevin (February 22, 1992). "The 1992 Campaign: Write-In: Cuomo tells presidential draft group to end campaign". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  28. Mario Cuomo, Hamlet on the Hudson, The Economist, High Beam Research, Independence, Kansas: High Beam Research/Cengage Learning, September 28, 1991. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  29. Ifill, Gwen (July 10, 1992). "The 1992 Campaign: Democrats: Clinton selects Senator Gore of Tennessee as running mate". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  30. Sack, Kevin (April 8, 1993). "Cuomo announces he is not seeking seat on high court". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  31. McFadden, R.D. (March 8, 1999). "Book tells of 'courtship' to get Cuomo on high court". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  32. Anon., "Doritos—Mario Cuomo and Ann Richards", Ad Age , January 29, 1995.
  33. 1 2 In Memoriam: Mario M. Cuomo (1932-2015), Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP (January 2, 2015).
  34. Levine, Richard (June 12, 1983). "The Region in Summary; Cuomo Salvages Something on His M.T.A. Plan". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  35. "StackPath". Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  36. Klein, J., "The Crisis Corps—A Plan to Start Turning New York Around", New York, May 14, 1990.
  37. Lorenzo Tondo (March 11, 2016). "Mafia planned to kill Mario Cuomo during Italy trip as New York governor". The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  38. 1 2 3 Kolbert, Elizabeth (March 21, 1989). "Cuomo vetoes death penalty seventh time". The New York Times . Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  39. The People of the State of New York v Stephen S. Lavalle, 3 N.Y.3d 88 (2004), 817 N.E.2d 341, 783 N.Y.S.2d 485.
  40. Religious belief and public morality: A Catholic Governor's perspective, Mario Cuomo, University of Notre Dame Archives, Speech of Mario Cuomo, September 13, 1984, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  41. Beltramini, Enrico (September 12, 2009). "Il cattolicesimo politico in America". Limes (in Italian). Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  42. West, John G.; MacLean, Iain S. (1999). Encyclopedia of religion in American politics, Volume 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 98. ISBN   9781573561303 . Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  43. 1 2 Pistone, Joseph (2007). "Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business". Swindon, England: Orchard Press Mysteries. p. 179. ISBN   9780786741199.
  44. Medallion Financial Group 2010 annual report, p. 78 [ permanent dead link ], Medallion Financial Group, New York, 2010, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  45. Medallion Financial Group 2012 annual report, p. 139 [ permanent dead link ], Medallion Financial Group, New York, 2012, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  46. Medallion Financial Mourns the Passing of Board Member Governor Mario M. Cuomo (press release), Medallion Financial Corp. (January 2, 2016).
  47. Campbell, Jon (June 29, 2017). "Tappan Zee Bridge gets new name: The Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge". lohud. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  48. 1 2 "Our Founder- Matilda Raffa Cuomo". Mentoring USA. New York. 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  49. "Ten women added to National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca". Syracuse, NY: Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc. September 17, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  50. Gregorian, Dareh; Finn, Teaganne (August 10, 2021). "New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo resigns". NBC News. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  51. Grynbaum, Michael M.; Koblin, John; Kantor, Jodi (December 4, 2021). "CNN Fires Chris Cuomo Amid Inquiry Into His Efforts to Aid His Brother". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved February 25, 2023.
  52. "Christopher Cuomo". People Magazine. May 12, 1997. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  53. "Board and Leadership: Board of Directors". HELP USA. New York. 2013. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  54. 1 2 3 4 5 Less Cancer Board of Directors: Margaret I. Cuomo, Maryland, LessCancer, 2014, Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  55. Pirani, Alessia (June 11, 2011). "Star of Italian Solidarity for Matilda Raffa Cuomo and Margaret Cuomo". i-Italy. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  56. Walker, Sam (February 20, 2006). Fantasyland: A Season on Baseball's Lunatic Fringe. Viking Press. ISBN   978-0-670-03428-4.
  57. Twitter, @KingsThings, Twitter, 2014, Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  58. Conan, Neal (October 16, 2013). "KCUR Reception with Neal Conan" (Interview). Kansas City, Missouri: KCUR-FM.
  59. Nottingham, Shawn (November 30, 2014). "Former New York Gov. Mario Cuomo hospitalized". CNN . Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  60. Helsel, Phil. "'Lost a Giant': Former New York Gov. Mario Cuomo Dies". NBC News. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  61. Lovett, Kenneth; McShane, Larry (January 5, 2015). "Mario Cuomo, former New York governor, dead at 82". New York Daily News.
  62. Blain, Glenn; Lovett, Kenneth (January 2, 2015). "Former Gov. Mario Cuomo's funeral planned for Tuesday". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  63. Obama, Barack (January 1, 2015). "Statement by the President on the passing of Mario Cuomo". . Retrieved February 13, 2015 via National Archives.
  64. Biden, Joe (January 2, 2015). "Statement by the Vice President on the passing of Mario Cuomo". . Retrieved February 13, 2015 via National Archives.
  65. 1 2 "Political world reacts to the passing of former NY Governor Mario Cuomo". WABC-TV. January 2, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  66. [ bare URL ]
  67. "What is Mario Cuomo's Legacy?". The New Yorker . January 5, 2015.

Further reading

Political offices
Preceded by Secretary of State of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Liberal nominee for Mayor of New York City
Succeeded by
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of New York
1982, 1986, 1990, 1994
Succeeded by
Liberal Party nominee for Governor of New York
1982, 1986, 1990, 1994
Succeeded by
Preceded by Keynote Speaker at the Democratic National Convention
Succeeded by