| French: Alpes Maritimes|
Italian: Alpi Marittime
|Elevation||3,297 m (10,817 ft)|
|Countries||France, Italy and Monaco|
|Regions, Régions||Piedmont, Liguria and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur|
|Rivers||Verdon, Ubaye, Roya, Var and Stura di Demonte|
|Borders on||Ligurian Alps, Cottian Alps, Provence Alps and Prealps and Mediterranean Sea|
The Maritime Alps (French : Alpes Maritimes [alp maʁitim] ; Italian : Alpi Marittime [ˈalpi maˈrittime] ) are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and the Italian regions of Piedmont and Liguria. They are the southernmost part of the Alps.
Administratively the range is divided between the Italian provinces of Cuneo and Imperia (eastern slopes) and the French department of Alpes-Maritimes (western slopes).
The Maritime Alps are drained by the rivers Roya, Var and Verdon and their tributaries on the French side; by the Stura di Demonte and other tributaries of the Tanaro and Po on the Italian side. There are many attractive perched villages, such as Belvédère at the entrance to the spectacular Gordolasque valley, some concealing unexpected architectural riches (for example in the south there are numerous churches decorated with murals and altarpieces by primitive Niçois painters).
The borders of the Maritime Alps are (anticlockwise):
The main peaks of the Maritime Alps are:
|Monte Argentera||3,297 m|
|Monte Stella||3,262 m|
|Cime du Gélas||3,135 m|
|Cima di Nasta||3,108 m|
|Monte Matto||3,097 m|
|Mont Pelat||3,053 m|
|Mont Clapier||3,046 m|
|Mont Ténibre||3,032 m|
|Mont Bégo||2,872 m|
|Mont Mounier||2,818 m|
|Roche de l'Abisse||2,755 m|
The chief passes of the Maritime Alps are:
|Col de la Bonette||Tinée Valley to Barcelonnette||Road (minor loop climbs to 2,802 m)||2715|
|Col de Restefond||Col de la Bonette to Barcelonnette||Road||2680|
|Bassa di Druos||Tinée Valley to Terme di Valdieri||Bridle path||2630|
|Colle di Ciriegia||Saint-Martin-Vésubie to Terme di Valdieri||Bridle path||2551|
|Col des Granges Communes||Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée to Barcelonnette||Bridle path||2512|
|Col de Pourriac||Tinee Valley to Argentera||Footpath||2506|
|Colle di Guercia||Tinee Valley to Vinadio||Footpath||2451|
|Col de la Lombarde||Isola to Vinadio||Road||2350|
|Col de la Cayolle||Var River valley to Barcelonnette||Road||2327|
|Col du Sabion||Tende to Valdieri||Bridle path||2264|
|Col d'Allos||Verdon River valley to Barcelonnette||Road||2250|
|Maddalena Pass||Barcelonnette to Cuneo||Road||1995|
|Col de Tende||Tende to Cuneo||Road, road tunnel|
|Col de Turini||Vésubie river valley to Sospel||Road||1607|
The French Mercantour National Park (central area:68,500 ha + peripheral area:140,000 ha) is part of the Maritime Alps as well as the Parco naturale delle Alpi Marittime, an Italian regional nature park of 28,455 ha.
The Cottian Alps are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between France and Italy (Piedmont). The Fréjus Road Tunnel and Fréjus Rail Tunnel between Modane and Susa are important transportation arteries between France and Italy (Turin).
The Pennine Alps, also known as the Valais Alps, are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. They are located in Switzerland (Valais) and Italy.
The Graian Alps are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.
The Ligurian Alps are a mountain range in northwestern Italy. A small part is located in France. They form the south-western extremity of the Alps, separated from the Apennines by the Colle di Cadibona. The Col de Tende and the Vermenagna valley separate them from the Maritime Alps. They form the border between Piedmont in the north and Liguria in the south.
The Tanaro, is a 276-kilometre (171 mi) long river in northwestern Italy. The river begins in the Ligurian Alps, near the border with France, and is the most significant right-side tributary to the Po in terms of length, size of drainage basin, and discharge.
Mercantour National Park a French national park located in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes departments. Since it was created in 1979, the park has proven popular, with 800,000 visitors annually enjoying the 600 km of marked footpaths and visiting its villages.
Tende is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.
Entracque is a small town in the Valle Gesso of the Maritime Alps of north-west Italy, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Cuneo and close to the French border. It is the principal settlement and capoluogo of the comune or municipality of the same name in the Piedmontese Province of Cuneo.
Monte Frontè is a mountain in Liguria, northern Italy, part of the Alps. It is located in the province of province of Imperia. It lies at an altitude of 2,152 metres. After Monte Saccarello it is the second highest peak in the Ligurian region.
Monte Saccarello (Italian) or Mont Saccarel (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Liguria, Piedmont and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Enciastraia is a mountain in the Maritime Alps, on the boundary between the province of Cuneo and the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur.
Monte Tanarello (Italian) or Mont Tanarel (French) is a 2094 metres high mountain located on the French-Italian border.
The Regional Natural Park of the Ligurian Alps is a natural park in Province of Imperia. It was established in 2007 by the legge regionale nr.34 of 15/11/2007.
Cima di Pertegà (Italian) or Cime de la Pertègue (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Piemonte and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
The Cime de Capoves (French) or Cima Capoves (Italian) is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, close to the French-Italian border.
Monte Bertrand (Italian) or Mont Bertrand (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Piemonte and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
The Cime de Mussun (French) or Cima Missun (Italian) is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps.
The Cima della Fascia is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.
The Cima delle Saline is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.
The Punta Mirauda is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.