Maritime Alps

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Maritime Alps
French: Alpes Maritimes
Italian: Alpi Marittime
Maritime Alps.jpg
Maritime Alps
Highest point
PeakMonte Argentera
Elevation 3,297 m (10,817 ft)
Coordinates 44°10′45″N7°18′18″E / 44.17917°N 7.30500°E / 44.17917; 7.30500
Geography
Countries France, Italy and Monaco
Regions, Régions Piedmont, Liguria and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Rivers Verdon, Ubaye, Roya, Var and Stura di Demonte
Range coordinates 44°13.9′N7°10.6′E / 44.2317°N 7.1767°E / 44.2317; 7.1767 Coordinates: 44°13.9′N7°10.6′E / 44.2317°N 7.1767°E / 44.2317; 7.1767
Parent range Alps
Borders on Ligurian Alps, Cottian Alps, Provence Alps and Prealps and Mediterranean Sea
Geology
Orogeny Alpine orogeny

The Maritime Alps (French : Alpes Maritimes [alp maʁitim] ; Italian : Alpi Marittime [ˈalpi maˈrittime] ) are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and the Italian regions of Piedmont and Liguria. They are the southernmost part of the Alps.

Contents

Geography

Administratively the range is divided between the Italian provinces of Cuneo and Imperia (eastern slopes) and the French department of Alpes-Maritimes (western slopes).

The Maritime Alps are drained by the rivers Roya, Var and Verdon and their tributaries on the French side; by the Stura di Demonte and other tributaries of the Tanaro and Po on the Italian side. There are many attractive perched villages, such as Belvédère at the entrance to the spectacular Gordolasque valley, some concealing unexpected architectural riches (for example in the south there are numerous churches decorated with murals and altarpieces by primitive Niçois painters).

Borders

The borders of the Maritime Alps are (anticlockwise):

Peaks

The main peaks of the Maritime Alps are:

NameElevation
Monte Argentera 3,297 m
Monte Stella 3,262 m
Cime du Gélas 3,135 m
Cima di Nasta 3,108 m
Monte Matto 3,097 m
Mont Pelat 3,053 m
Mont Clapier 3,046 m
Mont Ténibre 3,032 m
Enciastraia 2,955 m
Mont Bégo 2,872 m
Mont Mounier 2,818 m
Roche de l'Abisse 2,755 m

Mountain passes

Col d'allos (2,250 m) Allos001.jpg
Col d'allos (2,250 m)

The chief passes of the Maritime Alps are:

NameLocationTypeElevation
Col de la Bonette Tinée Valley to Barcelonnette Road (minor loop climbs to 2,802 m)2715
Col de Restefond Col de la Bonette to Barcelonnette Road2680
Bassa di Druos Tinée Valley to Terme di Valdieri Bridle path2630
Colle di Ciriegia Saint-Martin-Vésubie to Terme di ValdieriBridle path2551
Col des Granges Communes Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée to BarcelonnetteBridle path2512
Col de Pourriac Tinee Valley to Argentera Footpath2506
Colle di Guercia Tinee Valley to Vinadio Footpath2451
Col de la Lombarde Isola to VinadioRoad2350
Col de la Cayolle Var River valley to BarcelonnetteRoad2327
Col du Sabion Tende to Valdieri Bridle path2264
Col d'Allos Verdon River valley to BarcelonnetteRoad2250
Maddalena Pass Barcelonnette to Cuneo Road1995
Col de Tende Tende to CuneoRoad, road tunnel
Railway tunnel
1873
Col de Turini Vésubie river valley to Sospel Road1607

Nature conservation

Mercantour National Park Le Mercantour National Park.jpg
Mercantour National Park

The French Mercantour National Park (central area:68,500 ha + peripheral area:140,000 ha [1] ) is part of the Maritime Alps as well as the Parco naturale delle Alpi Marittime, an Italian regional nature park of 28,455 ha. [2]

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Pennine Alps

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Tanaro Italian river

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Mercantour National Park French national park in Alpes-Maritimes and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence

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Entracque Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Entracque is a small town in the Valle Gesso of the Maritime Alps of north-west Italy, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Cuneo and close to the French border. It is the principal settlement and capoluogo of the comune or municipality of the same name in the Piedmontese Province of Cuneo.

Monte Frontè

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Monte Saccarello

Monte Saccarello (Italian) or Mont Saccarel (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Liguria, Piedmont and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.

Enciastraia

Enciastraia is a mountain in the Maritime Alps, on the boundary between the province of Cuneo and the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur.

Monte Tanarello

Monte Tanarello (Italian) or Mont Tanarel (French) is a 2094 metres high mountain located on the French-Italian border.

Regional Natural Park of the Ligurian Alps Nature reserve in Italy

The Regional Natural Park of the Ligurian Alps is a natural park in Province of Imperia. It was established in 2007 by the legge regionale nr.34 of 15/11/2007.

Cima di Pertegà

Cima di Pertegà (Italian) or Cime de la Pertègue (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Piemonte and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.

Cime de Capoves

The Cime de Capoves (French) or Cima Capoves (Italian) is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, close to the French-Italian border.

Monte Bertrand

Monte Bertrand (Italian) or Mont Bertrand (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Piemonte and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.

Cime de Missun

The Cime de Mussun (French) or Cima Missun (Italian) is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps.

Cima della Fascia Mountain in Italy

The Cima della Fascia is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.

Cima delle Saline Mountain in Italy

The Cima delle Saline is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.

Punta Mirauda Mountain in Italy

The Punta Mirauda is a mountain of the Ligurian Alps located in Piedmont.

References

  1. Le Parc national du Mercantour, www.vesubian.com (accessed on April 2012)
  2. Parco delle Alpi Marittime, web-site of the park on www.parks.it (accessed on April 2012)

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