Mark Hatfield

Last updated

Mark Hatfield
Mark hatfield.jpg
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
In office
January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997
Preceded by Robert Byrd
Succeeded by Ted Stevens
In office
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1987
Preceded by Warren Magnuson
Succeeded by John C. Stennis
United States Senator
from Oregon
In office
January 10, 1967 January 3, 1997
Preceded by Maurine Neuberger
Succeeded by Gordon Smith
29th Governor of Oregon
In office
January 12, 1959 January 9, 1967
Preceded by Robert D. Holmes
Succeeded by Tom McCall
16th Secretary of State of Oregon
In office
January 7, 1957 January 12, 1959
Governor Elmo Smith
Robert D. Holmes
Preceded by Earl T. Newbry
Succeeded by Howell Appling, Jr.
Personal details
Born
Mark Odom Hatfield

(1922-07-12)July 12, 1922
Dallas, Oregon, U.S.
DiedAugust 7, 2011(2011-08-07) (aged 89)
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
Resting place Willamette National Cemetery
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)Antoinette Kuzmanich
Children4
Education Willamette University (BA)
Stanford University (MA)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Navy (official).svg  United States Navy
Years of service1943–1947
Battles/wars World War II
  Pacific Theater

Mark Odom Hatfield (July 12, 1922 – August 7, 2011) was an American politician and educator from the state of Oregon. A Republican, he served for 30 years as a United States Senator from Oregon, and also as chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. A native Oregonian, he served in the United States Navy in the Pacific Theater during World War II after graduating from Willamette University. After the war he earned a graduate degree from Stanford University before returning to Oregon and Willamette as a professor.

Oregon State of the United States of America

Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. With the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the U.S. Navy is the third largest of the U.S. military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the third-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force and the United States Army.

Contents

While still teaching, Hatfield served in both houses of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. He won election to the Oregon Secretary of State's office at the age of 34 and two years later was elected as the 29th Governor of Oregon. He was the youngest person to ever serve in either of those offices, and served two terms as governor before election to the United States Senate. In the Senate he served for 30 years, and now holds the record for longest tenure of any Senator from Oregon. At the time of his retirement, he was 7th most senior Senator as well as second most senior Republican. In 1968, he was considered a candidate to be Richard Nixon's running mate for the Republican Party presidential ticket.

Oregon Legislative Assembly legislative body of Oregon, USA

The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the state legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon. The Legislative Assembly is bicameral, consisting of an upper and lower house: the Senate, whose 30 members are elected to serve four-year terms; and the House of Representatives, with 60 members elected to two-year terms. There are no term limits for either house in the Legislative Assembly.

Oregon Secretary of State

The Secretary of State of Oregon, an elected constitutional officer within the executive branch of government of the U.S. state of Oregon, is first in line of succession to the Governor. The duties of office are: auditor of public accounts, chief elections officer, and administrator of public records. Additionally, the Secretary of State serves on the Oregon State Land Board and chairs the Oregon Sustainability Board. Following every United States Census, if the Oregon Legislative Assembly cannot come to agreement over changes to legislative redistricting, the duty falls to the Secretary of State.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.

Hatfield served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriations on two different occasions. With this role, he was able to direct funding to Oregon and research-related projects. Several Oregon institutions, buildings and facilities are named in his honor, including the Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse in Portland, the Mark O. Hatfield Library at Willamette University (his alma mater), the Hatfield Government Center light-rail station in Hillsboro, the Mark O. Hatfield School of Government in the College of Urban and Public Affairs at Portland State University, and the Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport. Outside of Oregon, a research center at the National Institutes of Health is also named in his honor for his support of medical research while in the Senate. Hatfield died in Portland on August 7, 2011, after a long illness.

United States Senate Committee on Appropriations Standing committee of the United States Senate

The United States Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It has jurisdiction over all discretionary spending legislation in the Senate.

Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse

The Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse is a federal courthouse in Portland, Oregon. It is named in honor of former U.S. Senator Mark O. Hatfield. It is used by the United States District Court for the District of Oregon.

Portland, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers. As of 2018, Portland had an estimated population of 653,115, making it the 25th most populated city in the United States, and the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. Approximately 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area (MSA), making it the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area (CSA) ranks 19th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. Approximately 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.

Early life

Hatfield was born in Dallas, Oregon, on July 12, 1922, [1] the only son of Dovie E. (Odom) Hatfield, a schoolteacher, and Charles Dolen Hatfield, a blacksmith for the Southern Pacific Railroad. [2] Hatfield's father was from California and his mother from Tennessee. [2] When he was five years old, his maternal grandmother took over the household while his mother, Dovie attended Oregon State College (now Oregon State University) and graduated with a teaching degree after four years. [2] Dovie taught school in Dallas for two years before the family moved to Salem, where she taught junior high school. [2]

Dallas, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

The city of Dallas is the county seat of Polk County, Oregon, United States. The population was 14,583 at the 2010 census.

Blacksmith person who creates wrought iron or steel products by forging, hammering, bending, and cutting

A blacksmith is a metalsmith who creates objects from wrought iron or steel by forging the metal, using tools to hammer, bend, and cut. Blacksmiths produce objects such as gates, grilles, railings, light fixtures, furniture, sculpture, tools, agricultural implements, decorative and religious items, cooking utensils and weapons.

Tennessee State of the United States of America

Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by eight states with Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, and Missouri to the northwest. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560 and a 2017 metro population of 1,903,045. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017.

Encouraged by his mother, Hatfield's first experience with politics came at the age of 10, when he campaigned in his neighborhood for President Herbert Hoover's 1932 re-election campaign. [3] In the late 1930s Hatfield worked as a tour guide at the new Oregon State Capitol Building in Salem, using his key to enter the governor's office, where he sat in the governor's chair. [3]

Herbert Hoover 31st president of the United States

Herbert Clark Hoover was an American engineer, businessman, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A member of the Republican Party, he held office during the onset of the Great Depression. Prior to serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgium, served as the director of the U.S. Food Administration, and served as the 3rd U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Oregon State Capitol The building housing the state legislature and the offices of the governor, secretary of state, and treasurer of the U.S. state of Oregon

The Oregon State Capitol is the building housing the state legislature and the offices of the governor, secretary of state, and treasurer of the U.S. state of Oregon. It is located in the state capital, Salem. Constructed from 1936 to 1938 and expanded in 1977, the current building is the third to house the Oregon state government in Salem. The first two capitols in Salem were destroyed by fire, one in 1855 and the other in 1935.

On June 10, 1940, the 17-year-old Hatfield, driving his mother's car, struck and killed a pedestrian, Alice Marie Lane, as she crossed the street. [4] Hatfield was not held criminally liable for the crash, but was found civilly liable to the family. [5] The case made its way to the Oregon Supreme Court in 1943, with the court affirming the trial court's decision. [4]

Oregon Supreme Court the highest court in the U.S. state of Oregon

The Oregon Supreme Court (OSC) is the highest state court in the U.S. state of Oregon. The only court that may reverse or modify a decision of the Oregon Supreme Court is the Supreme Court of the United States. The OSC holds court at the Oregon Supreme Court Building in Salem, Oregon, near the capitol building on State Street. The building was finished in 1914 and also houses the state's law library, while the courtroom is also used by the Oregon Court of Appeals.

Hatfield graduated from Salem High School (now North Salem High School) in 1940 and then enrolled at Willamette University, also in Salem. [6] While attending Willamette, Hatfield became a brother of Alpha Phi Omega and Kappa Gamma Rho, which he later helped become a chapter of Beta Theta Pi. [7] (In 1964, Hatfield was elected to the National position of Third Vice President of Alpha Phi Omega). [8] In college he also worked part-time for then Oregon Secretary of State Earl Snell, where he learned how to build a political base by sending out messages to potential voters after reading about life changes posted in newspapers, such as deaths and graduations. [3] He also sketched out a political career path beginning with the state legislature and culminating in a spot in the United States Senate, with a blank for any position beyond the Senate. [3] Hatfield graduated from Willamette in 1943 with a Bachelor of Arts degree after three years at the school. [1] While at the school he lost his only election, for student body president. [9]

Hatfield joined the U.S. Navy after graduation, [1] taking part in the World War II battles at Iwo Jima and Okinawa as a landing craft officer where he witnessed the carnage of the war. [3] A lieutenant, he also witnessed the effects of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, as one of the first Americans to see the ruins of the city (later, as Senator, Hatfield opposed arms proliferation and the Vietnam War). [3] [10] After Japan, he served in French Indochina, where he witnessed firsthand the wealth divide between the peasant Vietnamese and the colonial French bourgeoisie. [3] After his discharge, he spent one year at Willamette's law school, but decided politics or teaching better suited him. [11] [12]

Hatfield then enrolled at Stanford University, where he obtained a master's degree in political science in 1948. [1] He returned to Salem and Willamette after Stanford and began working as an assistant professor in political science. [3] During his tenure as professor, he built a political base by sending out messages and speaking at any public forum where he could get an invitation. [3]

Political career

Hatfield in 1950 Mark Hatfield 1950.jpg
Hatfield in 1950

Mark Hatfield's career in public office spanned five decades as he held office in both the legislative and executive branches of Oregon's state government, including two terms as governor. [3] On the national stage he became the longest serving U.S. Senator from Oregon and a candidate for the Republican Vice Presidential nomination in 1968. In the U.S. Senate he would twice serve as chairman of the Appropriations Committee, and twice be investigated for possible ethics violations. [3]

Oregon

In 1950 while teaching political science and serving as dean of students at Willamette, Hatfield began his political career by winning election to the Oregon House of Representatives as a Republican. [13] He defeated six others for the seat at a time when state assembly elections were still determined by county-wide votes. [3] He served for two terms representing Marion County and Salem in the lower chamber of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. [14] At the time he was the youngest legislator in Oregon and still lived at his parents' home. [15] Hatfield would teach early-morning classes and then walk across the street to the Capitol to legislate. [15]

In 1952 he won re-election to his seat in the Oregon House. He also received national attention for his early support for coaxing Dwight D. Eisenhower to run for President of the United States as a Republican. [16] This earned him a spot as a delegate at the Republican National Convention that year. [16]

While in college he saw firsthand the discrimination against African Americans in Salem when he was tasked by his fraternity, Alpha Phi Omega, after a dinner with driving their guest, black artist Paul Robeson back to Portland, as African Americans were prohibited from staying in hotels in Salem. [3] In 1953, he introduced and passed legislation in the House that prohibited discrimination based on race in public accommodations before federal legislation and court decisions did so on a national level. [3] In 1954, Hatfield ran and won a seat in the Oregon State Senate representing Marion County. [17] While in the legislature, he continued to apply the grassroots strategy he learned from Earl Snell, but expanded it to cover the entire state to increase his political base. [3]

After serving in the state senate, [1] he became the youngest secretary of state in Oregon history after winning election in 1956 at age 34. Hatfield defeated fellow state senator Monroe Sweetland for the office, receiving 51.3% of the vote in the November general election. [18] He took office on January 7, 1957, and remained until he resigned on January 12, 1959. [19]

For his first run for Governor of Oregon in 1958, the Republican Party opposed his candidacy going into the primary election. [3] The large political base he had cultivated allowed him to win the party's primary despite the party's opposition. [3] In the primary he defeated Oregon State Treasurer Sig Unander for the Republican nomination. [5] In July 1958, after the primary election, Hatfield married Antoinette Kuzmanich, a counselor at Portland State College (now Portland State University). [5] The marriage during the campaign drew some attention as the Catholic Kuzmanich converted to Hatfield's Baptist religion. [5] The couple would have four children: Elizabeth, Mark Jr., Theresa and Charles ("Visko"). He continued his campaign for the governor's office after the wedding, but avoided most public appearances with fellow Republican candidates for office and did not mention them during his campaign, despite requests by other Republicans for joint appearances. [5]

In the November general election Hatfield faced Democratic incumbent Robert D. Holmes. [5] In the final days of the campaign U.S. Senator Wayne Morse, a Democrat, implied Hatfield lied in his trial regarding the deadly car accident when he was 17. [20] This tactic backfired as the press denounced the comments, as did Holmes and other Democrats. [5] Hatfield defeated Holmes, winning 55.3% of the vote in the election. [5] That same election saw the Democratic Party gain a majority in both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since 1878. [5] Holmes' defeat was attributed in part to the image and charisma portrayed by Hatfield and in part due to the campaign issues such as the declining economy, increased taxation, capital punishment, labor, and education. [5] After the election, Holmes attempted to appoint David O'Hara as Secretary of State to replace Hatfield, who would have to resign to become governor. [5] Hatfield appointed Howell Appling, Jr. to the office, [19] and O'Hara challenged the appointment in state court. The Oregon Supreme Court ruled in favor of Hatfield on the constitutional issue, with the appointment of Appling confirmed. [21] He was the youngest governor in the history of Oregon at that point in time at the age of 36. [5]

In 1962 Hatfield had been considered a possible candidate to run against Morse for his Senate seat, but Hatfield instead ran for re-election. [22] He faced Oregon Attorney General Robert Y. Thornton in the general election, winning with 345,497 votes to Thorton's 265,359. [22] He became the state's first two-term governor in the 20th century when he was re-elected in 1962, [23] and later became only the second governor up to that point in the state's history to serve two full-terms. [5]

Hatfield gave the keynote speech at the 1964 Republican National Convention in San Francisco that nominated Barry Goldwater and served as temporary chairman of the party during the convention. [24] He advocated a moderate approach for the party and opposed the extreme conservatism associated with Goldwater and his supporters. [3] He also was the only governor to vote against a resolution by the National Governors' Conference supporting the Johnson Administration's policy on the Vietnam War, as Hatfield opposed the war, but pledged "unqualified and complete support" for the troops. [25] He preferred the use of economic sanctions to end the war. [25]

Hatfield was a popular Governor who supported Oregon's traditional industries of timber and agriculture, but felt that in the postwar era expansion of industry and funding for transportation and education needed to be priorities. [26] While governor he worked to begin the diversification of the state's economy, such as recruiting industrial development and holding trade missions. [3] As part of the initiative, he helped to found the Oregon Graduate Center in what is now the Silicon Forest in Washington County in 1963. [27] A graduate level school in the Portland area (Portland State was still a college with no graduate programs at this time) was seen by business leaders as essential to attracting new industries and by Tektronix as needed to retain highly skilled workers. [27] In lieu of the standard portrait for former governors, Hatfield is represented by a marble bust at the Oregon State Capitol. [3]

National

Senator Hatfield in 1967 Mark Hatfield - 1967.jpg
Senator Hatfield in 1967
Hatfield (left) with George Barasch (center) and Senator Vance Hartke (right) in 1968 Barasch Hatfield Hartke1968.jpg
Hatfield (left) with George Barasch (center) and Senator Vance Hartke (right) in 1968

Limited to two terms as governor, Hatfield announced his candidacy in the 1966 U.S. Senate election for the seat vacated by the retiring Maurine Neuberger. During the Vietnam War, and during an election year, he was the only person to vote against a resolution by a governors' conference that expressed support for the U.S. involvement in the war in 1966. [28] [29] At that time the war was supported by 75 percent of the public, and was also supported by Hatfield's opponent in the November election. [3] He won the primary election with 178,782 votes compared to a combined 56,760 votes for three opponents. [28] Hatfield then defeated Democratic Congressman Robert Duncan in the election. [28] In order to finish his term as governor, which ended on January 9, 1967, he delayed taking his oath of office in the Senate until January 10 instead of the usual January 3. [1]

Hatfield's re-election victory for governor in 1962 and successful Senate campaign in 1966 made him something of a national figure. In 1968, Hatfield was on Richard Nixon's short list for vice president, [3] and received the strong backing of his friend, the Rev. Billy Graham. [30] Hatfield was considered too liberal by many conservatives and Southern moderates, and Nixon chose the more centrist Maryland Governor Spiro Agnew. [3] Hatfield would later find himself at odds with Nixon over Vietnam and other issues, including a threat by Hatfield to reduce funding for the White House's legal department in 1973 during the Watergate Scandal, after Nixon had failed to use funds appropriated for renovating dams on the Columbia River. [3]

As a senator Hatfield took positions that made him hard to classify politically. In the Summer of 1969, he had told Murray Rothbard that he had "committed himself to the cause of libertarianism." [31] Rothbard remarked concerning Hatfield, "obviously his voting record is not particularly libertarian—it's very good on foreign policy and the draft, but it's not too great on other things", adding that "in the abstract, at least, he is very favorable to libertarianism." [31] Hatfield was pro-life on the issues of abortion and the death penalty, though as governor he chose not to commute the sentence of a convicted murderer and allowed that execution to go forward. [32] As a prominent evangelical Christian, he opposed government-sponsored school prayer and supported civil rights for minorities. [33]

In 1970, with Senator George McGovern (D-South Dakota), he co-sponsored the McGovern-Hatfield Amendment, which called for a complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam. [34] In 1973 he explained to the Eugene Register-Guard his "Neighborhood Government Act" which he repeatedly introduced in congress. It would have permitted Americans to divert their personal federal tax money from Washington to their local community. He explained that his long-term goal was to have all social services provided at the neighborhood level. [35] [36]

Senator Hatfield in 1986 Mark Hatfield 1986.jpg
Senator Hatfield in 1986

In 1981, Hatfield served as the chairman of the Congressional Joint Committee on Presidential Inaugurations, overseeing the first inauguration of Ronald Reagan in January of that year.

On December 2, 1981, Hatfield was one of four senators to vote against [37] an amendment to President Reagan's MX missiles proposal that would divert the silo system by $334 million as well as earmark further research for other methods that would allow giant missiles to be based. The vote was seen as a rebuff of the Reagan administration. [38] [39]

In the 1980s, Hatfield co-sponsored nuclear freeze legislation with Senator Edward M. Kennedy, as well as co-authoring a book on the topic. [40] He also advocated for the closure of the N-Reactor at the Hanford Nuclear Site in the 1980s, [41] though he was a supporter of nuclear fusion programs. [42] The N-Reactor was used for producing weapons grade plutonium while producing electricity. [41]

Hatfield frequently broke with his party on issues of national defense and foreign policy in support for non-interventionism, [43] such as military spending and the ban on travel to Cuba, while often siding with them on environmental and conservation issues. [33] [44] Senator Hatfield supported increased logging on federal lands. [45] [46] He was the lone Republican to vote against the 1981 fiscal year's appropriations bill for the Department of Defense. [47] He was rated as the sixth most respected senator in a 1987 survey by fellow senators. [48] In 1991, Hatfield voted against authorizing military action against Iraq in the Gulf War, one of only two members of his party to do so in the Senate. [34] [49]

Scandal and rebukes

Hatfield was sometimes referred to as "Saint Mark". [34] In 1984, columnist Jack Anderson revealed that Mrs. Hatfield, a realtor, had been paid $55,000 in fees by Greek arms dealer Basil Tsakos. [50] Tsakos had been lobbying Hatfield, then Appropriations Chairman, for funding for a $6 billion trans-African pipeline. [51] One year after his death, in 2011, it was revealed that the $55,000 Tsakos paid had actually been given to his wife Antoinette Hatfield to win the senator's support for construction of a trans-Africa oil pipeline. [52] [53] In 1984, the Hatfields apologized and donated the money to a Portland hospital. [54] [55]

In 1991, it was also revealed that Hatfield had failed to report a number of expensive gifts from the president of the University of South Carolina, James B. Holderman. [56] Again, he apologized. But the Senate's Ethics Committee rebuked Hatfield for the latter act. [10] [55]

Hatfield received another rebuke from the Senate after the Ethics Committee investigated two gifts that he had received in the form of forgiven loans from a former congressman and a California businessman. [57]

Mark O. Hatfield Research Center at OHSU Mark O. Hatfield Research Center.jpg
Mark O. Hatfield Research Center at OHSU

His final re-election campaign came in 1990 against businessman Harry Lonsdale. [54] Lonsdale aggressively went after Hatfield with television attack ads that attacked Hatfield as out of touch on issues such as abortion and timber management and accused the incumbent of being too closely allied with special interest groups in Washington. Lonsdale's tactics moved him even with, and then ahead of Hatfield in some polls. [58] Hatfield, who had typically stayed above the fray of negative campaigning, was forced to respond in kind with attack ads of his own. [58] He raised $1 million in a single month after trailing Lonsdale in the polls before the November election. [3] He defeated the Democrat with 590,095 (53.7 percent) votes to 507,743 (46.2 percent) votes. [59]

In 1993, he became the longest-serving senator from Oregon, surpassing the record of 9,726 days in office previously held by Charles McNary. [10] In 1995, Hatfield was the only Republican in the Senate to vote against the proposed balanced budget amendment, and was the deciding vote that prevented the passage of the bill. [60] In 1996 the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, a group he served on previously, granted him their Distinguished Service Award. [61]

Hatfield retired in 1996, having never lost an election in 46 years and 11 campaigns as an elected official. [62] During his tenure he gained billions of dollars in the form of federal appropriations for projects in Oregon. [10] This included funding for transportation projects, [63] environmental protection of wilderness areas and scenic rivers, [33] research facilities, and health care facilities. [34]

Later years and legacy

Hatfield in 2004 Mark Hatfield NIH 2004.jpg
Hatfield in 2004
Mark O. Hatfield Library at Willamette University WillametteUniversityStream.jpg
Mark O. Hatfield Library at Willamette University

After retiring from political office, he returned to Oregon and teaching, joining the faculty of George Fox University in Newberg, Oregon. [11] In 2006, he was named the Herbert Hoover Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Politics at the school. Additionally, he taught at the Hatfield School of Government at Portland State University, which is named in his honor, and lectured at Willamette University and Lewis & Clark College while living in Portland. [11]

In July 1999, Hatfield and his wife were passengers on a tour bus when a car collided with the bus. [64] They received only minor injuries, but the experience led them to advocate for seat belts to be required on buses. [64]

Numerous buildings, organizations, awards, and outdoor areas have been named in honor of Hatfield. These include:

Work is underway to start a Mark O. Hatfield Memorial Trail in the Columbia River Gorge, a 60-mile trail through much of the Mark O. Hatfield Wilderness area.[ citation needed ]

From February 2000 to May 2008 Hatfield served on the board of directors for Oregon Health & Science University. [69] His papers and book collection are stored in the Willamette University Archives and Special Collections, inside the Mark O. Hatfield Library. [70] Senator Hatfield merited his own chapter in Tom Brokaw's The Greatest Generation. [71]

In 2014, a 90-minute documentary about Hatfield's Life and Career called The Gentleman of the Senate: Oregon's Mark Hatfield was released. [72] [73]

Hatfield was admitted to the Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research hospital at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland in November 2010 for observation after his health began to decline. [74] Mark Hatfield died at a care facility in Portland on August 7, 2011, after several years of illness. A specific cause of death was not immediately given. [75] [76]

Works authored

A selection of items Hatfield authored or contributed to: [77]

Author

Contributor

See also

Related Research Articles

Bob Packwood American politician

Robert William Packwood is an American former attorney and politician from Oregon and a member of the Republican Party. He resigned from the United States Senate, under threat of expulsion, in 1995 after allegations of sexual harassment, abuse and assault of women emerged.

1966 United States Senate elections

The 1966 United States Senate elections was an election on November 8, 1966 for the United States Senate which occurred midway through the second term of President Lyndon B. Johnson. With divisions in the Democratic base over the Vietnam War, and with the traditional mid-term advantage of the party not holding the presidency, the Republicans took three Democratic seats. Despite Republican gains, the balance remained overwhelmingly in favor of the Democrats, who retained a 64–36 majority. This was also the first election that occurred after the Voting Rights Act of 1965 became law.

Norma Paulus American politician

Norma Jean Paulus was an American lawyer and politician in the state of Oregon. A native of Nebraska, she was raised in Eastern Oregon before becoming a lawyer. A Republican, she first held political office as a representative in the Oregon House of Representatives, and then became the first woman elected to statewide public office in Oregon when she became Oregon Secretary of State in 1977. Paulus later served as Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction for nine years. She made unsuccessful bids to become Governor of Oregon and United States Senator. Prior to her death on February 28, 2019, Paulus lived in Portland, where she was involved with several non-profit groups and sponsored a ballot measure to create open primaries in Oregon's statewide elections.

Verne Duncan American politician

Verne Allen Duncan is an American politician from the state of Oregon. As an educator and moderate Republican, he has become outspoken in protest of policies of his own party he views as extreme.

2008 United States Senate election in Oregon

The 2008 United States Senate election in Oregon was held on November 4, 2008. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Gordon H. Smith decided to seek re-election. Smith was the only Republican Senator from the west coast and the only Republican holding statewide office in Oregon. He was opposed by Democrat Jeff Merkley, the Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives, and David Brownlow of the Constitution Party of Oregon. Merkley won by a narrow margin, with Smith not conceding until two days after the election. Merkley became the first Democrat to win this seat since 1966. The race was the most expensive in Oregon history. As of late October 2008, advertising related to the race exceeded $27 million, outstripping the $15 million spent on a 2007 tobacco tax ballot measure and the $14.7 million spent in the gubernatorial election of 2006. This was one of the most competitive races during the 2008 United States Senate election.

Mark O. Hatfield Library library

The Mark O. Hatfield Library is the main library at Willamette University in Salem, Oregon, United States. Opened in 1986, it is a member of the Orbis Cascade Alliance along with several library lending networks, and is a designated Federal depository library. Willamette's original library was established in 1844, two years after the school was founded. The library was housed in Waller Hall before moving to its own building in 1938.

Peter Courtney American politician

Peter C. Courtney is an American politician, lawyer, and professor who is currently a Democratic member of the Oregon State Senate, representing the 11th District since 1999. He is currently President of the Senate, serving since 2003. He was a member of the Oregon House of Representatives in 1981, 1983, and from 1989 through 1998. Courtney teaches at Western Oregon University.

Tobias Read American politician

Tobias Read is an American Democratic politician who is the current Oregon State Treasurer. He was a member of the Oregon House of Representatives, representing District 27 from 2007–2017, which comprises parts of Beaverton, southwest Portland, and unincorporated Multnomah and Washington Counties. He served as Speaker Pro Tempore, and was formerly the Democratic Majority Whip.

Bruce Starr American politician

Bruce Starr is an American politician and businessman in Oregon. A Republican, he served two terms in the Oregon House of Representatives before winning election to the Oregon State Senate in 2002. There he joined his father Senator Charles Starr and they became the first father-son team to serve at the same time in Oregon's Senate. Bruce had previously been a member of the Hillsboro City Council, and was re-elected to the Senate in 2006 and 2010, but lost a bid in 2012 to be the Oregon Labor Commissioner.

Howard Belton American politician

Howard C. Belton was an American farmer from the state of Oregon. A native of Algona, Iowa, he served as the nineteenth Treasurer of the State of Oregon after appointment by Oregon Governor Mark O. Hatfield. A Republican, he had previously served one term in the Oregon House of Representatives and five terms in the Oregon State Senate.

2010 Oregon gubernatorial election

The Oregon gubernatorial election of 2010 was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010 to elect the Governor of Oregon, who will serve a four-year term to begin on January 10, 2011. The incumbent governor, Democrat Ted Kulongoski, was ineligible to run due to term limits barring him from being elected to more than two consecutive terms.

Monroe Sweetland American politician

Monroe Mark Sweetland was an American politician in the state of Oregon. A native of the state, he served in both houses of the Oregon Legislative Assembly starting in 1953 for a total of ten years. A Democrat, he also twice ran and lost bids to serve as the Oregon Secretary of State and was a Democratic National Committeeman. Sweetland later served on the staff of the National Education Association, supporting passage of the Bilingual Education Act of 1968.

Rick Dancer is an American journalist and politician in the state of Oregon. A native of Hillsboro, he was a longtime anchor for KEZI television in Eugene. Among his other activities as anchor, he covered the Thurston High School shooting. He later left broadcasting to run as a Republican for Oregon Secretary of State, losing in the general election to Democrat Kate Brown in 2008.

Harry Lonsdale Businessman, scientist, politician

Harold K. Lonsdale was an American scientist, businessman, and former politician. A Democrat, he ran for United States Senate in the U.S. state of Oregon three times, losing twice in the primaries and once as the Democratic candidate, losing in the 1990 general election to incumbent Mark Hatfield. In 2011 Lonsdale sponsored a research challenge to determine the origin of life on Earth.

1990 United States Senate election in Oregon

The 1990 Oregon United States Senate election was held on November 6, 1990, to select the U.S. Senator from the state of Oregon. Republican candidate Mark Hatfield was re-elected to a fifth term, defeating Democratic businessman Harry Lonsdale.

1966 United States Senate election in Oregon

The 1966 Oregon United States Senate election was held on November 6, 1966 to select the U.S. Senator from the state of Oregon. Incumbent Senator Maurine Brown Neuberger did not seek re-election. Held during the escalation of United States involvement of the Vietnam War, the race was between Republican candidate and incumbent Governor of Oregon Mark Hatfield, who opposed the war, and Democratic congressman Robert B. Duncan, who supported the war. In an unusual move, Oregon's other Senator, Democrat Wayne Morse, who also opposed the war, crossed party lines to endorse Hatfield, who won in a close election, his first of five terms in the United States Senate.

2014 United States Senate election in Oregon

The 2014 United States Senate election in Oregon took place on November 4, 2014 to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Oregon, concurrently with the election of the Governor of Oregon, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

2014 Oregon gubernatorial election

The 2014 Oregon gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 2014, to elect the Governor of Oregon, concurrently with other in Oregon and across the United States.

Mark Callahan American politician

Mark Allen Callahan is an American politician. He was the Republican nominee in the 2016 United States Senate election in Oregon. He is an information technology consultant based out of Portland, Oregon.

80th Oregon Legislative Assembly

The 80th Oregon Legislative Assembly is the current meeting of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. It began January 22, 2019.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Hatfield, Mark Odom". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved April 13, 2007.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Eells, Robert; Nyberg., Bartell (1979). Lonely Walk: The Life of Senator Mark Hatfield. Chappaqua, New York: Christian Herald Books. pp. 19–20.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Walth, Brent. "Mark of distinction". The Oregonian , December 29, 1996.
  4. 1 2 Lane v. Hatfield, 173 Or. 79, 143 P.2d 230 (1943).
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Swarthout, John M. "The 1958 Election in Oregon." The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 1, Part 2. (March, 1959), pp. 328–344.
  6. 16 grads to enter North's hall of fame. Statesman Journal , April 8, 2006.
  7. "All in the Family". The Scene. Fall 2005. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  8. Alpha Phi Omega Torch and Trefoil Magazine, February 1965
  9. Eells, p. 22.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Ultich, Roberta (August 26, 1993). "Hatfield chalks up yet another mark". The Oregonian .
  11. 1 2 3 [Mark Hatfield]. Statesman Journal , March 28, 2004.
  12. Eells, p. 24.
  13. Oregon Legislative Assembly (46th) 1951 Regular Session. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  14. Oregon Legislative Assembly (47th) 1953 Regular Session. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  15. 1 2 Eells, p. 25.
  16. 1 2 Eells, p. 27.
  17. Oregon Legislative Assembly (48th) 1955 Regular Session. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  18. Swarthout, John M. The 1956 Election in Oregon. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1. (March, 1957), pp. 142–150.
  19. 1 2 Oregon Blue Book: Secretaries of State of Oregon. Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved on March 27, 2008.
  20. Cross, Travis. "The 1958 Hatfield Campaign in Oregon". The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 2 (June, 1959), Western Political Science Association. pp. 568-571.
  21. State ex rel. O'Hara v. Appling, 215 Or. 303, 334 P.2d 482 (1959)
  22. 1 2 Balmer, Donald G. "The 1962 Election in Oregon". The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 2, A Symposium: The 1962 Elections in the West (June, 1963), Western Political Science Association. pp. 453-459.
  23. "House Report 104-587 – Designation of Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse". U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved April 13, 2007.
  24. Waltzer, Herbert (Spring 1966). "In the Magic Lantern: Television Coverage of the 1964 National Conventions". The Public Opinion Quarterly. American Association for Public Opinion Research. 30 (1): 33–53. JSTOR   2747369.
  25. 1 2 The Viet Nam Race. Time, October 14, 1966.
  26. Hatfield, Mark O., and Diane N. Solomon. Against the Grain: Reflections of a Rebel Republican. Ashland, OR: White Cloud Press, 2001. p. 105.
  27. 1 2 Nelson, Bryce. "Oregon Graduate Center: A New Portland Scientific Institution". Science , New Series, Vol. 157, No. 3793 (September 8, 1967), American Association for the Advancement of Science. pp. 1151-1154.
  28. 1 2 3 Balmer, Donald G. The 1966 Election in Oregon. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2, Part 2. (June, 1967), pp. 593601.
  29. "Governors back Viet action". The Register-Guard. July 8, 1966. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
  30. Graham, Billy. Just As I Am: The Autobiography of Billy Graham. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco/Zondervan, 1999. p. 446.
  31. 1 2 Rothbard, Murray N. (February 25, 1972). "Exclusive Interview With Murray Rothbard". The New Banner: A Fortnightly Libertarian Journal.
  32. Eells, pp. 46, 9596, 118.
  33. 1 2 3 Egan, Timothy (November 26, 1994). "Oregon's 'Out-of-Step' Senator Steps Forward". The New York Times . Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  34. 1 2 3 4 Egan, Timothy. Oregon's Hatfield to Retire After 5 Terms in Senate. The New York Times , December 2, 1995.
  35. Walker, Jesse (August 8, 2011). "Mark O. Hatfield, RIP". Reason . Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  36. Shepard, Robert (November 12, 1973). "Return of local powers sought]". Eugene Register-Guard . Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  37. "The 90-4 vote by which the Senate approved the..." UPI. December 3, 1981.
  38. Roberts, Steven V. (December 3, 1981). "Senators Reject Plan for Placing MX Missile in Silos". New York Times.
  39. Webbe, Stephen (December 4, 1981). "Reagan scorns Senate rejection of silo-based MX missile plan". The Christian Science Monitor.
  40. de Leon, Peter (March 1983). "Review: Freeze: The Literature of the Nuclear Weapons Debate". The Journal of Conflict Resolution. Sage Publications, Inc. 27 (1): 181–189. JSTOR   173847.
  41. 1 2 Raloff, J. (August 16, 1986). "Hanford Reactor's Safety Is Questioned". Science News. Society for Science & the Public. 130 (7): 101–102. JSTOR   3970795.
  42. Lawler, Andrew (December 16, 1994). "New GOP Chairs Size Up Science". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 266 (5192): 1796–1797. JSTOR   2885014.
  43. https://www.oregonoutpost.com/?p=5343
  44. Safire, William. Essay; Not 'Ready to Go'. The New York Times , April 8, 1993.
  45. Egan, Timothy. Administration Offers Plan To Limit Northwest Logging. The New York Times , September 22, 1990.
  46. Sleeth, Peter D. Kitzhaber urges Clinton to open timber stands. The Oregonian , February 22, 1995.
  47. Florio, David H. "Elections, Policy Issues, and Research Agendas". Educational Researcher, Vol. 10, No. 1 (January, 1981), American Educational Research Association. pp. 22–23.
  48. Hibbing, John R. and Sue Thomas. "The Modern United States Senate: What is Accorded Respect". The Journal of Politics, Vol. 52, No. 1 (February, 1990), Southern Political Science Association. pp. 126–145.
  49. On This Day: 12 January: 1991: US Congress votes for war in Iraq. BBC. Retrieved on April 20, 2008.
  50. Lamar Jr., Jacob V. (August 24, 1984). "Oil Slick". Time .
  51. "An Inquiry Clears Hatfield". Time Magazine . October 1, 1984. Retrieved April 12, 2007.
  52. Killen, John (February 12, 2005). "Throwback Thursday: Oregon has had its share of political scandals, large and small". The Oregonian . Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  53. Mapes, Jeff (June 2, 2012). "Mark Hatfield was named as bribe target in secret 1985 indictment of Greek arms dealer, newly released FBI documents show". The Oregonian . Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  54. 1 2 Oreskes, Michael. 'Anti-Incumbent Fever' Threatens Oregon Senator. The New York Times , October 23, 1990.
  55. 1 2 Headliners. The New York Times , January 20, 1985.
  56. Berke, Richard L. (June 6, 1991). "For Hatfield, a Shining Image Tarnished by Ethics Charges". The New York Times . Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  57. Zusman, Mark (7 August 2011). "Mark Hatfield, 89, Dies. Lion of Oregon Politics". Willamette Week. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  58. 1 2 Walth, Brent (October 21, 1990). "Hatfield shifts gears in race". The Register-Guard . Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  59. Leip, David. 1990 Senatorial General Election Results - Oregon. Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved on April 1, 2008.
  60. Estepa, Jessica (8 August 2011). "Hatfield Remembered for Vote Against Balanced Budget Amendment". Roll Call.
  61. The National Historical Publications and Records Commission (August 1996). "Hatfield Receives 1996 NHPRC Distinguished Service Award" (PDF). Annotation. p. 2. ISSN   0160-8460.
  62. "Former U.S. Sen. Mark O. Hatfield to help guide OHSU as member of its governing board". Oregon Historical Society. February 24, 2000. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2007.
  63. Law, Steve (September 13, 1996). "Hatfield delivers on local project funds". Portland Business Journal .
  64. 1 2 Walth, Brent and Jonathan Nelson. Deadly accident drives Hatfields to campaign for bus seat belts... The Oregonian , July 30, 1999.
  65. "Personnel; New U.S. National Institutes of Health center named for Mark Hatfield". Health Insurance Week. October 17, 2004. p. 69.
  66. Mark Hatfield Award. Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved on March 3, 2008.
  67. "Council for Christian Colleges & Universities - CCCU Awards". www.cccu.org. Archived from the original on 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  68. "Mark O. Hatfield Distinguished Historians Forum". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
  69. "Executive Order No. 08-12: Designating the Mark O. Hatfield Chair of the Oregon Health & Science University Board of Directors" (PDF). Office of the Governor, State of Oregon. May 23, 2008.
  70. Cowan, Ron. Willamette University's first archivist puts a face on history Statesman Journal , September 19, 2007.
  71. Brokaw, Tom. The Greatest Generation. New York: Random House, 1998. p. 333.
  72. "The Gentleman of the Senate: Oregon's Mark Hatfield (2014)". IMDB. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  73. Mapes, Jeff. "Mark Hatfield documentary in the works". www.OregonLive.com. June 14, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  74. Mapes, Jeff (November 24, 2010). "Former Sen. Mark Hatfield now in NIH hospital unit named for him". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  75. Mapes, Jeff (August 7, 2011). "Mark O. Hatfield, former Oregon governor and senator, died tonight". The Oregonian . Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  76. Clymer, Adam (August 8, 2011). "Mark O. Hatfield, Republican Champion of Liberal Causes, Dies at 89". The New York Times . Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  77. Search results for 'au:Mark O Hatfield'. WorldCat. Retrieved on June 17, 2008.
Political offices
Preceded by
Earl T. Newbry
Secretary of State of Oregon
1957–1959
Succeeded by
Howell Appling, Jr.
Preceded by
Robert D. Holmes
Governor of Oregon
1959–1967
Succeeded by
Tom McCall
Party political offices
Preceded by
Elmo Smith
Republican nominee for Governor of Oregon
1958, 1962
Succeeded by
Tom McCall
Preceded by
Walter Judd
Keynote Speaker of the Republican National Convention
1964
Succeeded by
Daniel J. Evans
Preceded by
Elmo Smith
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Oregon
(Class 2)

1966, 1972, 1978, 1984, 1990
Succeeded by
Gordon H. Smith
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Maurine Neuberger
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Oregon
1967–1997
Served alongside: Wayne Morse, Bob Packwood, Ron Wyden
Succeeded by
Gordon H. Smith
Preceded by
Howard Cannon
Chair of the Joint Inaugural Ceremonies Committee
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Charles Mathias
Preceded by
Warren Magnuson
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1981–1987
Succeeded by
John C. Stennis
Preceded by
Robert Byrd
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Ted Stevens