Mark Twain National Forest

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Mark Twain National Forest
St. Francis River at Silver Mines Recreation Area 2.jpg
A kayaker on the St. Francis River at Silver Mines Recreation Area in the Mark Twain National Forest
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Location Missouri, United States
Nearest city Rolla, MO
Coordinates 37°38′13″N91°05′24″W / 37.637°N 91.09°W / 37.637; -91.09 Coordinates: 37°38′13″N91°05′24″W / 37.637°N 91.09°W / 37.637; -91.09
Area1,491,840 acres (6,037.3 km2) [1]
EstablishedSeptember 23, 1939 [2]
Named for Mark Twain
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
Website Mark Twain National Forest

Mark Twain National Forest (MTNF) is a U.S. National Forest located in the southern half of Missouri. MTNF was established on September 11, 1939. It is named for author Mark Twain, a Missouri native. The MTNF covers 3,068,800 acres (12,419 km2) of which 1,506,100 acres (6,095 km2) is public owned, 78,000 acres (320 km2) of which are Wilderness, and National Scenic River area. MTNF spans 29 counties and represents 11% of all forested land in Missouri. MTNF is divided into six distinct ranger districts: Ava-Cassville-Willow Springs, Eleven Point, Houston-Rolla, Cedar Creek, Poplar Bluff, Potosi-Fredericktown, and the Salem. The six ranger districts actually comprise nine overall unique tracts of forests. Its headquarters are in Rolla, Missouri.

Contents

Some unique features of the Mark Twain include Greer Spring, which is the largest spring on National Forest land and part of the Eleven Point National Scenic River with an average daily flow of 214 million U.S. gallons (810 million liters). [3] The public can also visit the Glade Top Trail National Scenic Byway, which offers views of over 30 miles (48 km) to the Boston Mountains in Arkansas. The 350-mile Ozark Trail system winds through much of the National Forest.

The Forest has two trail systems for certain motorized vehicles and bikes, being the Chadwick Motorcycle & ATV Use Area and the Sutton Bluff ATV, UTV, and Motorcycle Trail System. [4] [5]

History

The Mark Twain National Forest, as we know it today, was created on February 17, 1976. The Mark Twain National forest has a rather unusual history – for it was once known as both the Clark National Forest and the Mark Twain National Forest – both being proclaimed on September 11, 1939.

Map of the National Forest Mtnf map.jpg
Map of the National Forest

In June 1973, the Clark and Mark Twain NF were brought under one headquarters in Rolla and became known as the National forests in Missouri. On February 17, 1976, the forests were combined and renamed the Mark Twain National Forest.

Missouri’s only national forest, The Mark Twain, encompasses roughly 1.5 million acres, mostly within the Ozark Highlands. Located across southern Missouri and northern Arkansas, the Ozark Highlands are an ancient landscape characterized by large permanent springs, over 5,000 caves, rocky barren glades, old volcanic mountains and nationally recognized streams. Portions of the Ozarks were never under oceans, nor were the areas glaciated.

In the 1870s, citizens of southern Missouri began an era of extensive logging of the state's native oak, hickory, and pine forests. Lumber mills were commonplace, but by the 1920s they had disappeared, along with much of the state's native forests. Thus, in 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the MTNF into existence. In March 1933, he also created the Emergency Conservation Work Act, better known as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). In the area that would later become the Mark Twain National Forest, hundreds of young men at over 50 CCC sites worked at building roads and planting hundreds of acres of pine to preserve and enhance the natural resources of southern Missouri. Many of their contributions can still be visited and enjoyed today including the Rolla Ranger Station Historic District and Winona Ranger Station Historic District. [6] [7]

Wilderness areas

Counties

CountyArea
Acres Hectares
Oregon County 104,72142,379
Ripley County 97,43739,431
Iron County 96,04738,869
Carter County 90,64136,681
Reynolds County 89,93336,395
Wayne County 88,37235,763
Shannon County 83,93433,967
Washington County 82,13333,238
Dent County 73,01129,547
Taney County 65,95326,690
Phelps County 65,37926,458
Barry County 55,18722,333
Christian County 52,26021,149
Madison County 51,17020,708
Howell County 50,50420,438
Crawford County 50,04820,254
Texas County 49,58120,065
Butler County 48,49419,625
Douglas County 41,03016,604
Pulaski County 39,17715,854
Ozark County 38,67215,650
Laclede County 30,54212,360
Callaway County 12,4675,045
Stone County 10,3354,182
Sainte Genevieve County 10,2544,150
Wright County 7,1592,897
Boone County 4,1021,660
Bollinger County 1,646666
Saint Francois County 673272

Although it is far from being the largest National Forest in acreage, Mark Twain National Forest is located in more counties than any other. As of September 30, 2007, its 1,490,862 acres (2,329.472 sq mi; 6,033.30 km2) were spread over parts of 29 counties in southern and central Missouri. [8]

Climate

Climate data for Mark Twain National Forest
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)75
(24)
80
(27)
88
(31)
90
(32)
94
(34)
100
(38)
107
(42)
104
(40)
99
(37)
94
(34)
83
(28)
75
(24)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C)42
(6)
48
(9)
58
(14)
68
(20)
75
(24)
83
(28)
88
(31)
87
(31)
80
(27)
69
(21)
57
(14)
44
(7)
67
(19)
Average low °F (°C)21
(−6)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
65
(18)
64
(18)
55
(13)
44
(7)
34
(1)
25
(−4)
43
(6)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−11
(−24)
−2
(−19)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
44
(7)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
4
(−16)
−10
(−23)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.1
(53)
2.29
(58)
4.18
(106)
4.28
(109)
4.95
(126)
4.22
(107)
3.70
(94)
3.40
(86)
3.91
(99)
3.44
(87)
3.91
(99)
3.30
(84)
43.68
(1,108)
Average snowfall inches (cm)6.7
(17)
4.6
(12)
2.1
(5.3)
0.3
(0.76)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.9
(2.3)
7.1
(18)
22
(56.12)
Source: [9]

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References

  1. "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. January 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2012.
  2. "The National Forests of the United States" (PDF). Forest History Society. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  3. "Chadwick Motorcycle and ATV Use Area". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  4. "Sutton Bluff ATV, UTV, and Motorcycle Trail System". United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  5. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  6. Mark Twain National Forest MPS
  7. Table 6 - NFS Acreage by State, Congressional District and County - United States Forest Service - September 30, 2007
  8. [ permanent dead link ]