Marlies Göhr

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Marlies Göhr
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1984-0602-003, Marlies Gohr.jpg
Marlies Göhr 1984
Personal information
Nationality German
Born (1958-03-21) 21 March 1958 (age 62)
Gera, East Germany
Sport
Sport Running

Marlies Göhr (née Oelsner, born 21 March 1958 in Gera, Bezirk Gera) is a former East German track and field athlete, the winner of the 100 metres at the inaugural World Championships in 1983. She ranked in the top 10 of the 100 m world rankings for twelve straight years, ranking first in six of those years. During this time she won many medals as a sprinter at major international championships and set several world records.

Contents

Biography

The 1970s

Finish photo of Oelsner's world record race, 1 July 1977. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S0702-0019, 100m-Weltrekordlauf Marlies Oelsner, Zielfoto.jpg
Finish photo of Oelsner's world record race, 1 July 1977.
Marlies Gohr (1978) Bundesarchiv Bild 183-T0528-0005, Marlies Gohr-Olsner.jpg
Marlies Göhr (1978)

Competing under her maiden name of Oelsner, Marlies finished second in the 100 m in her first major international at the 1975 European Athletics Junior Championships in Athens. [1] The following year, at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, she qualified for the 100 m final, finishing eighth, but went on to win her first Olympic gold medal on East Germany's victorious 4 x 100 m relay team.

Her breakthrough year was in 1977, winning the 100 m title at the East German championships at Dresden in a world record time of 10.88 s. This landmark performance was the first time a woman had run under 11 seconds with electronic timing. Later that year, she won the 100 m title at the inaugural World Cup in Düsseldorf, where she also won a silver medal in the relay.

She had a unique style of running, dubbed 'sewing machine' (or 'staccato') for the high frequency of relatively short-paced strides (this is very easy to see in the 1977 World Cup Video after 253 on YouTube).

Marlies continued to dominate in 1978, competing under her married name of Göhr. She won the gold medal in the 100 m in that year's European Championships in Prague and was just beaten by one hundredth of a second in the 200 m by Lyudmila Kondratyeva (Soviet Union).

In 1979, at the World Cup in Montreal, she was beaten into second place in the 100 m by Evelyn Ashford (U.S.), thus starting a competitive rivalry.

The 1980s

In early 1980 Göhr confirmed herself as the firm favourite for the Olympic 100 m title. During a two-week span in May she ran 10.98 s at Potsdam, followed by an 11.00 s at Jena and at Dresden she ran a fast 10.93 sec, second only to her own world record time of 10.88 s. At the Moscow Olympic Games Göhr's main opposition was Lyudmila Kondratyeva (Soviet Union) who had beaten Göhr in the 200 m at the 1978 European Championships. Göhr got a bad start in the final and was edged out by Kondratyeva, who made a final lunge near the finish to win the gold medal, again by one hundredth of a second. Six days later, Göhr lined up for the 4 x 100 m relay final and anchored the team home to win the gold medal in a world record of 41.60 s.

Marlies Gohr (1982) Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1982-0701-039, Marlies Gohr, Sabine Rieger.jpg
Marlies Göhr (1982)

Göhr made a good start to the 1981 season winning her third consecutive European Cup 100 m title at Zagreb in 11.17 s. Yet, on the world stage at the World Cup in Rome, Göhr had to settle for less than gold, again beaten by Evelyn Ashford, as well as by Kathy Smallwood (Great Britain). The following year at the 1982 European Championships in Athens, Göhr won in 11.01 s, becoming the first woman to defend the title.

The Göhr/Ashford rivalry blossomed in 1983, when both broke the world record. Firstly, Göhr broke her own world record at the Olympic Day meet in East Berlin winning in a time of 10.81 s. This record lasted less than a month, however, since Ashford broke it with a 10.79 s. Both athletes were in top form leading up to the inaugural World Championships, held in Helsinki. Both Göhr and Ashford won their respective semi-finals. Unfortunately, the final was anticlimactic since Ashford tore her hamstring during the race. Göhr won the gold medal from compatriot Marita Koch in 10.97 s, and she won a second gold medal in the 4 x 100 m relay.

Marlies Göhr and Evelyn Ashford continued their dominance of the 100 m in 1984, recording the season's fastest 10 times between them. Unfortunately, Göhr was unable to compete at that year's Olympic Games in Los Angeles, because of the boycott by the Eastern Bloc countries. Ashford, unchallenged, went on to win the gold medal. Ashford's time of 10.97 secs was the first time a woman had run a legal sub-11 second clocking in the Olympic Games. They had a showdown in Zurich, in which Ashford won setting a new world record of 10.76 to Gohr's 10.84. [2]

In 1986, Göhr was focused on retaining her 100 m title at the European Championships in Stuttgart. She defended her title with a season's best time of 10.91 s and became the first woman to win three European 100 m titles. She then won a second gold medal in the 4 x 100 m relay.[ citation needed ] In October 1986, she was awarded a Star of People's Friendship in gold (second class) for her sporting success. [3]

Göhr's last two appearances in major international championships were at the 1987 World Championships in Athletics in Rome and at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. She was eliminated in the semi-finals of the 100 m in Rome but won a silver medal in the 4 x 100 m relay. At the Olympics, she was again eliminated in the 100 m semi-finals, but she won another silver in the relay. Ashford, anchoring the USA team, made up a three-metre deficit and won by a clear metre over Göhr.

Drug testing

With the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Stasi (secret police) files suggested widespread official doping under the East German regime. However, Göhr only tested positive for androgenic steroids in 1975 as a 17-year-old. [1]

Achievements

YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
Representing Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1975 European Junior Championships Athens, Greece 2nd100 m11.43
1st4 × 100 m44.05
1976 Olympic Games Montreal, Canada 8th100 m
1st4 × 100 m
1977 European Indoor Championships San Sebastián, Spain 1st60 m
1977 World Cup Düsseldorf, West Germany 1st100 m11.16
2nd4 × 100 m42.65
1978 European Indoor Championships Milan, Italy 1st60 m
1978 European Championships Prague, Czechoslovakia 1st100 m
2nd200 m
3rd4 × 100 m
1979 European Indoor Championships Vienna, Austria 1st60 m
1979 Universiade Mexico City, Mexico 1st100 m
1979 World Cup Montreal, Canada 2nd100 m11.17
2nd4 × 100 m42.32
1980 Olympic Games Moscow, Soviet Union 2nd100 m
1st4 × 100 m
1981 World Cup Rome, Italy 3rd100 m11.13
1st4 × 100 m42.22
1982 European Indoor Championships Milan, Italy 1st60 m
1982 European Championships Athens, Greece 1st100 m
1st4 × 100 m
1983 European Indoor Championships Budapest, Hungary 1st60 m
1983 World Championships Helsinki, Finland 1st100 m
1st4 × 100 m
1984 Friendship Games Prague, Czechoslovakia 1st100 m10.95
1985 European Indoor Championships Piraeus, Greece 2nd60 m
1985 World Cup Canberra, Australia 1st100 m11.10
1st4 × 100 m41.37
1986 European Indoor Championship Madrid, Spain 2nd60 m
1986 European Championships Stuttgart, West Germany 1st100 m
1st4 × 100 m
1987 European Indoor Championships Lievin, France 3rd60 m
1987 World Championships Rome, Italy semi-final100 m
2nd4 × 100 m
1988 European Indoor Championships Budapest, Hungary 3rd60 m
1988 Olympic Games Seoul, South Korea semi-final100 m11.13
2nd4 × 100 m

World records

EventTimeDate
1100 m10.881 July 1977
24 X 100 m relay41.8513 July 1980
34 X 100 m relay41.601 August 1980
4100 m10.889 July 1982
5100 m10.818 June 1983
64 X 100 m relay41.5331 July 1983
74 X 100 m relay41.376 October 1985

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Franke, Werner; Brigitte Berendonk (1997). "Hormonal doping and androgenization of athletes: a secret program of the German Democratic Republic government". Proceedings of the Doping in Sport Symposium. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2007.
  2. "Hohe staatliche Auszeichnungen verliehen" [Awarded high state awards]. Neues Deutschland (in German). 42 (243). 15 October 1986. p. 6. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
Records
Preceded by
Flag of Germany.svg Annegret Richter
Women's 100 m World Record Holder
1 July 1977 – 3 June 1980
Succeeded by
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lyudmila Kondratyeva
Preceded by
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lyudmila Kondratyeva
Women's 100 m World Record Holder
8 June 1983 – 3 July 1983
Succeeded by
Flag of the United States.svg Evelyn Ashford