Marne (department)

Last updated
Marne
Prefecture de la Marne (51).jpg
Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
Drapeau fr departement Marne.svg
Flag
Blason departement Marne.svg
Coat of arms
Marne-Position.svg
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250 Coordinates: 49°00′N04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250
Country France
Region Grand Est
Prefecture Châlons-en-Champagne
Subprefectures Épernay
Reims
Vitry-le-François
Government
   President of the General Council René-Paul Savary
Area
1
  Total8,162 km2 (3,151 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total570,883
  Rank 45th
  Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 51
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 23
Communes 613
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Marne (French pronunciation:  [maʁn] ) is a department in the Grand Est region of France. It is named after the river Marne which flows through it. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne). The subprefectures are Épernay, Reims, and Vitry-le-François.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-five departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Grand Est Administrative region of France

Grand Est is an administrative region in northeastern France. It superseded three former administrative regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine—on 1 January 2016 under the provisional name of Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, as a result of territorial reform which had been passed by the French legislature back in 2014.

France Republic in Europe with several non-European regions

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Contents

The Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

Champagne Sparkling wine

Champagne is sparkling wine. Many people use the term Champagne as a generic term for sparkling wine but in some countries, it is illegal to label any product Champagne unless it both comes from the Champagne region and is produced under the rules of the appellation. Where EU protectionism laws apply, this alcoholic drink is produced from grapes grown in the Champagne region of France following rules that demand, among other things, secondary fermentation of the wine in the bottle to create carbonation, specific vineyard practices, sourcing of grapes exclusively from specific parcels in the Champagne appellation and specific pressing regimes unique to the region.

Name

The department is named after the Marne, which was called Matrona in Roman times.

Marne (river) river in France

The Marne is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. It is 514 kilometres (319 mi) long. The river gave its name to the departments of Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, and Val-de-Marne.

History

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the province of Champagne.

French Revolution Revolution in France, 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

Champagne (province) historic province in the northeast of France

Champagne was a province in the northeast of the Kingdom of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name in modern-day France. The Countship of Champagne, descended from the early medieval kingdom of Austrasia, passed to the French Crown in 1314.

Marne has a long association with the French Army. The training ground of the Camp Militaire de Mailly straddles the border with the département of Aube in the south while that of the Camp de Mourmelon occupies a large area north of Châlons-en-Champagne. The smaller Camp de Moronvilliers lies to the east of Reims and the Camp Militaire de Suippes lies to the east of that. These are all on the chalk of the Champagne plateau, a feature comparable in geology but not size, with the British military training ground on Salisbury Plain.

French Army Land warfare branch of Frances military

The French Army, officially the Ground Army to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de l'Air or Air Army, is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces. It is responsible to the Government of France, along with the other four components of the Armed Forces. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army (CEMAT) is General Thierry Burkhard, a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA). General Burkhar is also responsible, in part, to the Ministry of the Armed Forces for organization, preparation, use of forces, as well as planning and programming, equipment and Army future acquisitions. For active service, Army units are placed under the authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA), who is responsible to the President of France for planning for, and use, of forces.

Châlons-en-Champagne Prefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Châlons-en-Champagne is a city in the Grand Est region of France. It is the capital of the department of Marne, despite being only a quarter the size of the city of Reims.

Salisbury Plain Chalk plateau in England

Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering 300 square miles (780 km2). It is part of a system of chalk downlands throughout eastern and southern England formed by the rocks of the Chalk Group and largely lies within the county of Wiltshire, but stretches into Berkshire and Hampshire. The plain is famous for its rich archaeology, including Stonehenge, one of England's best known landmarks. Large areas are given over to military training and thus the sparsely populated plain is the biggest remaining area of calcareous grassland in northwest Europe. Additionally the plain has arable land, and a few small areas of beech trees and coniferous woodland. Its highest point is Easton Hill.

Geography

Marne is part of the region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the departments of Ardennes, Meuse, Haute-Marne, Aube, Seine-et-Marne, and Aisne.

Regions of France France top-level territorial subdivision

France is divided into 18 administrative regions, which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions, located on the European continent, and 5 overseas regions, located outside the European continent. The 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". Similarly, Corsica is a "territorial collectivity" that also consists of only a single department. The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18. The overseas regions should not be confused with the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status.

Ardennes (department) Department of France

Ardennes is a department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France named after the Ardennes area.

Meuse (department) Department of France

Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Marne, Haute-Marne, Vosges, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun.

Geologically, it divides into two distinct parts; the Upper Cretaceous chalk plain in the east and the more wooded and hilly Eocene and Oligocene in the west.

Rivers draining the department include the Marne, Vesle, Ardre and Somme-Soude. Numerous other rivers, such as the Grande and the Petite Morin rise in the department but flow mainly in others. Conversely, the Aube joins the Seine in the department of Marne.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Marnais.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801304,651    
1806311,017+0.41%
1821307,644−0.07%
1831337,076+0.92%
1841356,632+0.57%
1851373,302+0.46%
1861385,498+0.32%
1872386,157+0.02%
1881421,800+0.99%
1891434,734+0.30%
1901432,882−0.04%
1911436,310+0.08%
1921366,734−1.72%
1931412,156+1.17%
1936410,238−0.09%
1946386,926−0.58%
1954415,141+0.88%
1962442,135+0.79%
1968485,388+1.57%
1975530,399+1.27%
1982543,627+0.35%
1990558,217+0.33%
1999565,229+0.14%
2006565,841+0.02%
2011566,571+0.03%
2016570,883+0.15%
source: [1]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Marne's 1st constituency Valérie Beauvais The Republicans
Marne's 2nd constituency Aina Kuric La République En Marche!
Marne's 3rd constituency Éric Girardin La République En Marche!
Marne's 4th constituency Lise Magnier The Republicans
Marne's 5th constituency Charles de Courson Union of Democrats and Independents

Tourism

Reims, with its famous cathedral in which the kings of France were traditionally crowned, is a major attraction. Other branches of tourism are provided by the bird reserve on the Lake Der-Chantecoq and the fishing lakes nearby. The Parc Naturel Régional de la Montagne de Reims is a major area of country recreation. In the west of the département there are many scenic routes to be explored as also are the several wine cellars of Épernay.

See also

Related Research Articles

Champagne (wine region) wine region of France

The Champagne wine region is a wine region within the historical province of Champagne in the northeast of France. The area is best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the region's name. EU law and the laws of most countries reserve the term "Champagne" exclusively for wines that come from this region located about 100 miles (160 km) east of Paris. The viticultural boundaries of Champagne are legally defined and split into five wine producing districts within the historical province: Aube, Côte des Blancs, Côte de Sézanne, Montagne de Reims, and Vallée de la Marne. The towns of Reims and Épernay are the commercial centers of the area. Reims is famous for its cathedral, the venue of the coronation of the French Kings and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Aube Department of France

Aube is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises

Champagne-Ardenne Place in France

Champagne-Ardenne is a former administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium. Mostly corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is known for its sparkling white wine of the same name.

Côte-dOr Department of France

Côte-d'Or is a department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Épernay Subprefecture and commune in Grand Est, France

Épernay is a commune in the Marne department in northern France. Épernay is located some 130 km north-east of Paris on the main line of the Eastern railway to Strasbourg. The town sits on the left bank of the Marne at the extremity of the Cubry valley which crosses it.

Arcis-sur-Aube Commune in Grand Est, France

Arcis-sur-Aube is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Vesle river in France

The Vesle is the river on which the city of Reims stands. It is a fourth order river of France and a left-bank tributary of the Aisne. It is 140 kilometres long, rises in the département of Marne through which it flows most of its course.

The 4 arrondissements of the Marne department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Châlons-en-Champagne, with 150 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 110,297 in 2015.
  2. Arrondissement of Épernay, with 210 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 120,815 in 2015.
  3. Arrondissement of Reims, with 143 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 294,724 in 2015.
  4. Arrondissement of Vitry-le-François, with 110 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 46,457 in 2015.
Arrondissement of Épernay Arrondissement in Grand Est, France

The arrondissement of Épernay is an arrondissement of France in the Marne department in the Grand Est region. In 2006 it absorbed the canton of Aÿ from the arrondissement of Reims. Since the April 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Marne, it has 210 communes.

Arrondissement of Reims Arrondissement in Grand Est, France

The arrondissement of Reims is an arrondissement of France in the Marne department in the Grand Est region. In 2006 it lost the canton of Aÿ to the arrondissement of Épernay. Since the April 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Marne, it has 143 communes.

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Marne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

A26 autoroute Road in France

The A26 is a 357.6 km (222.2 mi) long French motorway connecting Calais and Troyes. It is also known as the Autoroute des Anglais as its length forms the first part of the main route from the Dover-Calais ferries and the Channel Tunnel towards Southern and Eastern France and the Cote d'Azur. The motorway is used by a high proportion of British cars, particularly during the summer holiday season. The A26 between Calais and Arras is part of one of the two main routes between London and Paris, the other being the A16.

Gare de Reims railway station in France

Gare de Reims is the main railway station in the city of Reims, Marne department, northern France. Services are provided by the SNCF under its branded TER Grand Est network to Châlons-en-Champagne, Dijon, Épernay, Paris, Charleville-Mézières, Laon and Fismes.

The Route nationale 3 is a trunk road (nationale) in France connecting Paris to the frontier of Germany.

Mairy-sur-Marne Commune in Grand Est, France

Mairy-Sur-Marne is a village situated on the River Marne, which travels through Chalons-en-Champagne, Épernay and on in to Paris where it links on to the Seine. In the centre of the village is a church, the mayor's office and the village's 17th century Chateau.

Togny-aux-Bœufs Commune in Grand Est, France

Togny-aux-Bœufs is a commune in the Marne department in Grand Est, in the north-east of France.

References

  1. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/