Maros-Torda County

Last updated

Maros-Torda County
Comitatus Maramarosiensis-Tordensis  (Latin)
Maros-Torda vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Mieresch-Thorenburg  (German)
Comitatul Mureş-Turda  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1876-1920, 1940-1945)
Coa Hungary County Maros-Torda (history).svg
Coat of arms
Maros-torda.png
Capital Marosvásárhely
Area
  Coordinates 46°33′N24°34′E / 46.550°N 24.567°E / 46.550; 24.567 Coordinates: 46°33′N24°34′E / 46.550°N 24.567°E / 46.550; 24.567
 
 1910
4,203 km2 (1,623 sq mi)
Population 
 1910
219589
History 
 Established
1876
 Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
 County recreated (Second Vienna Award)
30 August 1940
 Disestablished
1945
Today part ofFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Târgu Mureș is the current name of the capital.
Contemporary map about the county Maros-Torda.jpg
Contemporary map about the county

Maros-Torda was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (eastern Transylvania) and has been administratively succeeded by county Mureș which consist of about half the territory of the previous Maros-Torda administrative county. Its county seat was Marosvásárhely (present-day Târgu Mureș).

Contents

Geography

Maros-Torda county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Kolozs, Beszterce-Naszód, Csík, Udvarhely, Kis-Küküllő and Torda-Aranyos. The river Maros flowed through the county. Its area was 4188 km² around 1910.

History

Maros-Torda county was formed in 1876 on the territory of the Székely settlement Marosszék and part of Torda County. In 1920, after the Treaty of Trianon, the county became part of Romania except after the Second Vienna Award, between 1940 until the end of World War II, when much of the county's territory was awarded to Hungary. Today, its territory lies in the present (larger) Romanian county Mureș.

Demographics

In 1900, the county had a population of 197,618 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities: [1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities: [2]

Total:

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description) Maros-Torda ethnic map.png
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

In 1910, county had a population of 219,589 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities: [3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities: [4]

Total:

Subdivisions

Around 1910, the subdivisions of Maros-Torda county were:

Districts (járás)
DistrictSeat
Marosi alsóMarosvásárhely, RO Târgu Mureș
Marosi felsőMarosvásárhely, RO Târgu Mureș
NyáradszeredaNyáradszereda, RO Miercurea Nirajului
Régeni alsóSzászrégen, RO Reghin
Régeni felsőMagyarrégen, RO Reghin-Sat
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Marosvásárhely, RO Târgu Mureș
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szászrégen, RO Reghin

See also

Related Research Articles

Brassó County County of the Kingdom of Hungary

Brassó was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The capital of the county was Brassó.

Szilágy County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Szilágy was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania. The capital of the county was Zilah.

Csanád County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now part of Hungary, except a small area which is part of Romania. The capital of the county was Makó.

Krassó-Szörény County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Krassó-Szörény was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now mostly located in south-western Romania, with one small part which is located in Serbia. The capital of the county was Lugos.

Temes County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

County of Temes was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary. Its territory is now in southwestern Romania and northeastern Serbia. The capital of the county was Temesvár, which also served as the kingdom's capital between 1315–1323.

Torontál County Historical county in the Kingdom of Hungary

Torontál was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Serbia and Romania, except a small area which is part of Hungary. The capital of the county was Nagybecskerek, the current Zrenjanin.

Alsó-Fehér County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Alsó-Fehér was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Romania. The capital of the county was Nagyenyed.

Beszterce-Naszód County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Beszterce-Naszód was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northern Romania. The capital of the county was Beszterce.

Csík County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Csík was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The capital of the county was Csíkszereda.

Fogaras County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Fogaras was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The county's capital was Fogaras.

Hunyad was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and of the Principality of Transylvania. Its territory is now in Romania in Transylvania. The capital of the county was Déva.

Kis-Küküllő County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Kis-Küküllő was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. Kis-Küküllő is the Hungarian name for the river Târnava Mică. The capital of the county was Dicsőszentmárton.

Nagy-Küküllő County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Nagy-Küküllő was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. Nagy-Küküllő is the Hungarian name for the river Târnava Mare. The capital of the county was Segesvár.

Kolozs County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Kolozs County was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and of the Principality of Transylvania. Its territory is now in north-western Romania. The capital of the county was Kolozsvár.

Szeben County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Szeben was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The capital of the county was Nagyszeben.

Szolnok-Doboka County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Szolnok-Doboka was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northern Romania. The capital of the county was Dés.

Torda-Aranyos County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Torda-Aranyos was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The capital of the county was Torda.

Udvarhely County county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Udvarhely was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania. The capital of the county was Székelyudvarhely.

Békés County (former) county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Békés was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present Békés county, is now in southeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Gyula.

Csongrád County (former) county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Csongrád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád county, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

References

  1. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  2. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  3. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  4. "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 20 June 2012.