Maroun Elias Nimeh Lahham
|Ordination||24 June 1972|
|Consecration||8 September 2005|
|Born||20 July 1948|
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
|Motto||UT COGNOSCANT TE|
(So that they may know you)
|Coat of arms|
Maroun Elias Nimeh Lahham (born 20 July 1948, Irbed, Jordan), was the first Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis from 2010 to 2012, after having been a bishop for more than four years. Lahham was named the Patriarchal Vicar to Jordan of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem in 2012.
Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and the east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine to the west. The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a small coastline to the Red Sea in its extreme south-west, but is otherwise landlocked. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
In Christianity, an archbishop is a bishop of higher rank or office. In some cases, such as the Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Church of England, the title is borne by the leader of the denomination. Like popes, patriarchs, metropolitans, cardinal bishops, diocesan bishops, and suffragan bishops, archbishops are in the highest of the three traditional orders of bishops, priests, and deacons. An archbishop may be granted the title or ordained as chief pastor of a metropolitan see or another episcopal see to which the title of archbishop is attached.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tunis is a Roman Catholic diocese in Tunis, Tunisia. It was founded on 10 November 1884 under the name "Archdiocese of Carthage", with territory corresponding to that of the then French protectorate of Tunisia. On 9 July 1964, it became a territorial prelature under the ecclesiastical title of Prelature of Tunis. It was made a diocese, keeping the name of Tunis, on 31 May 1995, and raised to the rank of archdiocese on 22 May 2010.
On June 24, 1972, Lahham was ordained a Catholic priest in Jerusalem. He later became Fidei donum in Dubai and vicar and priest in Jordan.
Dubai is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). On the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf, it is the capital of the Emirate of Dubai, one of the seven emirates that make up the country.
In 1992, Lahham received his PhD in pastoral theology and catechesis in the Pontifical Lateran University. In 1994, he was appointed rector of the Latin Seminary in Beit Jala.
The Pontifical Lateran University, also sometimes referred to as the Pontifical University of Apollinaire, is a university by pontifical right based in Rome. The university also hosts the central session of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family. The university is known as "The Pope's University". Its Grand Chancellor is the Vicar General to the Holy Father for the Diocese of Rome. Four of its graduates have been canonized. As of 2014 the Pontifical Lateran university had students from more than a hundred countries.
Beit Jala is a Palestinian Christian town in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank. Beit Jala is located 10 km south of Jerusalem, on the western side of the Hebron road, opposite Bethlehem, at 825 meters (2,707 ft) altitude. In 2007, Beit Jala had 11,758 inhabitants according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. About 75% of the population were Christians and about 25% Muslims.
On September 8, 2005, Lahham was appointed Bishop of Tunis by Pope Benedict XVI and was ordained on October 2 of the same year in the parish church of Beit Jala by Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Michel Sabbah.
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Michel Sabbah was the Archbishop and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1987 to 2008, the first non-Italian to hold this position in more than five centuries.
On May 22, 2010, Pope Benedict XVI raised the Diocese of Tunis to an Archdiocese and gave to Lahham the title of Archbishop of Tunis.
Less than two years later, on January 19, 2012, Lahham was recalled to the Middle East where he became Auxiliary Bishop and vicar of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem for Jordan. He received the title of Titular bishop of Madaba and maintained, as an individual, the dignity of archbishop.
The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey, and Egypt. Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest Middle Eastern nation while Bahrain is the smallest. The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is Middle Easterner. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the term Near East beginning in the early 20th century.
The Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem is the Catholic episcopal see of Jerusalem, officially seated in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. It was originally established in 1099 with the Kingdom of Jerusalem encompassing the newly territories in the Holy Land conquered by the First Crusade. From 1374-1847 it was a titular see, with the Patriarchs of Jerusalem being based at the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura in Rome. A resident Latin Patriarch was re-established in 1847 by Pius IX.
A titular bishop in various churches is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese. By definition, a bishop is an "overseer" of a community of the faithful, so when a priest is ordained a bishop, the tradition of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches is that he be ordained for a specific place. There are more bishops than there are functioning dioceses. Therefore, a priest appointed not to head a diocese as its diocesan bishop but to be an auxiliary bishop, a papal diplomat, or an official of the Roman Curia is appointed to a titular see.
On February 6, 2017, Pope Francis accepted the resignation of Lahham as Auxiliary Bishop of Jordan.
Gaudencio Borbon Rosales is a Roman Catholic Cardinal who was Archbishop of Manila, succeeding Jaime Sin in 2003, and succeeded by Luis Antonio Tagle in 2011. Being the Metropolitan of the ecclesiastical province of Manila, he was the 31st archbishop of Manila and the fourth native Filipino to hold the post, following centuries of Spanish, American, and Irish prelates. During his last year as archbishop, he was concurrently named Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Pasig from December 21, 2010 to April 20, 2011, a post he accepted after the resignation of Pasig's first bishop, Francisco San Diego.
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